A community (Welsh: cymuned) is a division of land in
Wales that forms
the lowest tier of local government in Wales. Welsh communities are
analogous to civil parishes in England. In 2016 there were 870
communities in Wales.
Wales was divided into civil parishes. These were
abolished by section 20 (6) of the Local Government Act 1972, and
replaced by communities by section 27 of the same Act. The principal
Wales are divided entirely into communities. Unlike in
England, where unparished areas exist, no part of
Wales is outside a
community, even in urban areas.
Most, but not all, communities are administered by Community councils,
which are equivalent to English parish councils in terms of their
powers and the way they operate. Welsh community councils may call
themselves town councils unilaterally and may have city status granted
by the Crown. In Wales, all town councils are community councils.
There are now three communities with city status: Bangor,
St Asaph and
St Davids. The Chair of a town council or city council will usually
have the title Mayor (Welsh: maer). However, not every community has a
council. In communities with populations too small to sustain a full
community council, community meetings may be established. The
communities in the urban areas of the cities of Cardiff,
Newport do not have community councils.
As of the
United Kingdom Census 2001
United Kingdom Census 2001 there were 869 communities in
Wales. More than 730 have a council (i.e. 84%). They vary in size
Rhayader with an area of 13,945 hectares (34,460 acres) to Cefn
Fforest with an area of 64 hectares (160 acres). In the 2001 Census
they ranged in population from Barry with 45,053 recorded inhabitants
Baglan Bay with no permanent residents.
The twenty-two principal area councils are required to review the
community boundaries within their area every fifteen years. The
councils propose changes to the Local Democracy and Boundary
Commission for Wales, which prepares a report and makes
recommendations to the Welsh Government. If the Welsh Government
accepts the recommendations then it implements them using a statutory
instrument. For example, in 2016 four new communities were created
in the City and County of Cardiff.
List of communities in Wales
Wards of the United Kingdom
Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Baines, Menna; Lynch, Peredur I (2008).
The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales
Press. [page needed]
^ a b c "Parishes and Communities". Office for National Statistics.
Retrieved 17 January 2016.
^ "Community councils".
Cardiff Council. Retrieved 7 April
2017. [permanent dead link]
^ "Community/Town Council contact details". City and County of
Swansea. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
Community council contact details". Newport City Council. Retrieved
7 April 2017.
^ Day, Liz (22 February 2015). "Communities in
Cardiff could be
merged, re-shaped or abolished under plans to change the electoral
Wales Online. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
^ "Community reviews – Orders". Local Democracy and Boundary
Commission for Wales. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
^ The City and County of
Cardiff (Communities) Order – 2016 No. 1155
(W. 277) (PDF). Welsh Statutory Instruments. 2016.
Administrative geography of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom local government
England local government
Metropolitan and Non-metropolitan counties
Unitary authorities (list)
Civil parishes (list)
Northern Ireland local government
Scotland local government
Community council areas
Wales local government
Subdivisions: Preserved counties