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The COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, PORTSMOUTH was a senior commander of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
for hundreds of years. Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Command was a name given to the units, establishments, and staff operating under the post. The commanders-in-chief were based at High Street, Portsmouth
Portsmouth
from the 1790s until the 1830s and then at the Dockyard Commissioner 's house from the 1830s to 1969.

HISTORY

An admiral commanding in Portsmouth
Portsmouth
has been attested as early as 1697, but the first Flag Officer who records clearly establish was responsible for Portsmouth
Portsmouth
was Rear-Admiral Sir John Moore , appointed in 1766. The Command extended along the south coast from Newhaven in East Sussex to Portland in Dorset
Dorset
. In 1889 the Commander-in-Chief took HMS Victory
HMS Victory
as his Flagship
Flagship
. Admiralty
Admiralty
House, HMNB Portsmouth
Portsmouth

In the late 18th century port admirals began to reside ashore, rather than on board their flagships; the Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
Portsmouth
was provided with a large house in the High Street (formerly home to one Philip Varlo, four times Mayor of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
). In the 1830s this Admiralty
Admiralty
House was sold to the War Office (as Government House, it went on to house the Lieutenant-Governor of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
for the next fifty years). The Commander-in-Chief moved in turn into the former Dockyard Commissioner 's house, which still stands within HMNB Portsmouth
Portsmouth
.

During the Second World War the Command Headquarters was at Fort Southwick .

In 1952 the Commander-in-Chief took up the NATO post of Commander-in-Chief, Channel (CINCHAN). This move added Allied Command Channel to the NATO Military Command Structure
NATO Military Command Structure
. The admiral commanding at Portsmouth
Portsmouth
had control naval operations in the area since 1949 under WUDO auspices.

The post of Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
Portsmouth
was merged with that of Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth in 1969 to form the post of COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, NAVAL HOME COMMAND (CINCNAVHOME) / FLAG OFFICER PORTSMOUTH. The posts of Second Sea Lord and Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command were amalgamated in 1994 following the rationalisation of the British Armed Forces following the end of the Cold War . In 2012, however, all distinct Commander-in-Chief appointments were discontinued, with full operational command being vested instead in the First Sea Lord ; he now flies his flag from HMS Victory.

COMMANDERS-IN-CHIEF

Commanders-in-Chief have included: COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, PORTSMOUTH

* 1745 – 1747 Admiral James Steuart * 1748 – 1752 Admiral Sir Edward Hawke * 1755 – 1756 Admiral Sir Edward Hawke * 1756 – 1757 Admiral Henry Osborn * 1758 – 1766 Admiral Sir Francis Holburne
Francis Holburne
* 1766 – 1769 Admiral Sir John Moore * 1769 – 1771 Admiral Sir Francis Geary * 1771 – 1774 Admiral Thomas Pye * 1774 – 1777 Admiral Sir James Douglas * 1777 – 1783 Admiral Thomas Pye * 1783 – 1786 Admiral John Montagu * 1786 – 1789 Admiral Viscount Hood * 1789 – 1792 Admiral Robert Roddam * 1792 – 1793 Admiral Viscount Hood * 1793 – 1799 Admiral Sir Peter Parker * 1799 – 1803 Admiral Mark Milbanke * Mar – Jun 1803 Admiral Lord Gardner * 1803 – 1809 Admiral Sir George Montagu * 1809 – 1812 Admiral Sir Roger Curtis * 1812 – 1815 Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton * 1815 – 1818 Admiral Sir Edward Thornbrough
Edward Thornbrough
* 1818 – 1821 Admiral Sir George Campbell * 1821 – 1824 Admiral Sir James Hawkins-Whitshed * 1824 – 1827 Admiral Sir George Martin * 1827 – 1830 Admiral Sir Robert Stopford * 1830 – 1833 Admiral Sir Thomas Foley * 1833 – 1836 Admiral Sir Thomas Williams * 1836 – 1839 Admiral Sir Philip Durham * Apr – Nov 1839 Admiral Charles Elphinstone Fleeming * 1839 – 1842 Admiral Sir Edward Codrington * 1842 – 1845 Admiral Sir Charles Rowley * 1845 – 1848 Admiral Sir Charles Ogle * 1848 – 1851 Admiral Sir Thomas Capel * 1851 – 1852 Admiral Sir Thomas Briggs * 1852 – 1856 Admiral Sir Thomas Cochrane * 1856 – 1859 Admiral Sir George Seymour * 1859 – 1660 Admiral Sir William Bowles * 1860 – 1863 Admiral Sir Henry Bruce * 1863 – 1866 Admiral Sir Michael Seymour * 1866 – 1869 Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley * 1869 – 1872 Admiral Sir James Hope * 1872 – 1875 Admiral Sir Rodney Mundy * 1875 – 1878 Admiral Sir George Elliot * 1878 – 1879 Admiral Sir Edward Fanshawe * 1879 – 1882 Admiral Sir Alfred Ryder * 1882 – 1886 Admiral Sir Geoffrey Hornby
Geoffrey Hornby
* 1886 – 1888 Admiral Sir George Willes * 1888 – 1891 Admiral Sir John Commerell * 1891 – 1894 Admiral The Earl of Clanwilliam * 1894 – 1897 Admiral Sir Nowell Salmon * 1897 – 1900 Admiral Sir Michael Culme-Seymour * 1900 – 1903 Admiral Sir Charles Hotham * 1903 – 1904 Admiral Sir John Fisher * 1905 – 1907 Admiral Sir Archibald Douglas * 1907 – 1908 Admiral Sir Day Bosanquet * 1908 – 1910 Admiral Sir Arthur Fanshawe * 1910 – 1911 Admiral Sir Assheton Curzon-Howe * 1911 – 1912 Admiral Sir Arthur Moore * 1912 – 1916 Admiral of the Fleet Sir Hedworth Meux
Hedworth Meux
* 1916 – 1919 Admiral Sir Stanley Colville * 1919 – 1920 Admiral Sir Cecil Burney
Cecil Burney
* 1920 – 1923 Admiral Sir Somerset Gough-Calthorpe * 1923 – 1926 Admiral Sir Sydney Fremantle * 1926 – 1929 Admiral Sir Osmond Brock * 1929 – 1931 Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes * 1931 – 1934 Admiral Sir Arthur Waistell * 1934 – 1936 Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Kelly * 1936 – 1937 Admiral Sir William Fisher * 1937 – 1939 Admiral of the Fleet The Earl of Cork and Orrery * 1939 – 1942 Admiral Sir William James * 1942 – 1945 Admiral Sir Charles Little * 1945 – 1947 Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton * 1947 – 1948 Admiral The Lord Fraser of North Cape * 1948 – 1950 Admiral of the Fleet Sir Algernon Willis * 1950 – 1952 Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Power * 1952 – 1954 Admiral Sir John Edelsten * 1954 – 1957 Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Creasy
George Creasy
* 1957 – 1959 Admiral Sir Guy Grantham * 1959 – 1961 Admiral Sir Manley Power * 1961 – 1963 Admiral Sir Alexander Bingley * 1963 – 1965 Admiral Sir Wilfrid Woods * 1965 – 1966 Admiral Sir Varyl Begg * 1966 – 1967 Admiral Sir Frank Hopkins * 1967 – 1969 Admiral Sir John Frewen

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, NAVAL HOME COMMAND

* 1969 – 1970 Admiral Sir John Frewen * 1970 – 1972 Admiral Sir Horace Law * 1972 – 1974 Admiral Sir Andrew Lewis * 1974 – 1975 Admiral Sir Derek Empson * 1975 – 1976 Admiral Sir Terence Lewin * 1976 – 1979 Admiral Sir David Williams * 1979 – 1981 Admiral Sir Richard Clayton * 1981 – 1983 Admiral Sir James Eberle * 1983 – 1984 Admiral Sir Desmond Cassidi * 1984 – 1987 Admiral Sir Peter Stanford * 1987 – 1989 Admiral Sir Sandy Woodward * 1989 – 1991 Admiral Sir Jeremy Black * 1991 – 1994 Admiral Sir John Kerr

SECOND SEA LORD AND COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, NAVAL HOME COMMAND

* 1994 – 1995 Admiral Sir Michael Layard * 1995 – 1997 Admiral Sir Michael Boyce * 1997 – 2000 Admiral Sir John Brigstocke * 2000 – 2003 Vice-Admiral Sir Peter Spencer * 2003 – 2005 Admiral Sir James Burnell-Nugent * 2005 – 2008 Vice-Admiral Sir Adrian Johns * 2008 – 2010 Vice-Admiral Sir Alan Massey * 2010 – 2012 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Montgomery

In 2012 the appointment of separate Commanders-in-Chief was discontinued with full operational command being vested in the First Sea Lord .

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C History in Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Archived June 27, 2015, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Sea Your History * ^ A Chronolgy of HMS Victory
HMS Victory
Royal Naval Museum * ^ "Dockyard Chronology" (PDF). Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Dockyard. p. 63. Retrieved 22 November 2015. * ^ "History in Portsmouth: Government House". * ^ Capel, A.F., Commanding Canadians: the Second World War diaries of A.F.C. Layard, page 310 University of Columbia Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-7748-1193-4 * ^ " Fort Southwick
Fort Southwick
NATO Communications Centre". Subterranean Britain. Retrieved 18 February 2015. * ^ Admiral Sir Michael Layard, KCB, CBE * ^ "An independent report into the structure and management of the Ministry of Defence" (PDF). * ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1869 – 1969 * ^ William Loney RN * ^ "Letter regarding CINCHAN appointment" (PDF). NATO. Retrieved 20 February 2015.

* v * t * e

Admiralty
Admiralty
Department

Direction and control of Admiralty
Admiralty
and Naval affairs

* Office of First Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
and President of the Board of Admiralty
Admiralty
* Lord High Admirals Council

Boards and offices under the First Lord

* Board of Admiralty
Admiralty
* Navy Board * Office of the Naval Secretary * Office of the First Naval Lord * Office of the First Sea Lord * Office of the Senior Naval Lord * Office of the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
* Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
* Office of the Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty

Direction of Admirals Naval/Sea Lords War and Naval Staff

* Office of the Senior Naval Lord * Office of the First Naval Lord * Office of the First Sea Lord

Secretariat and staff under the First Sea Lord

* Office of the Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord * Office of the Additional Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord * Office of the Hydrographer of the Navy
Hydrographer of the Navy
* Offices of the Sea Lords * Admiralty
Admiralty
Navy War Council * Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff * Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Operational planning, policy strategy, tactical doctrine requirements

* Admiralty
Admiralty
Navy War Council * Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff * Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Divisions and sections under the War and Naval Staff

* Administrative Planning Division * Air Division * Anti-Submarine Division * Anti-Submarine and Warfare Division * Anti-U-boat Division * Air Warfare Division * Air Warfare and Fly Training Division * Air Warfare and Training Division * Communications Division * Convoy Section * Economic Warfare Division * Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Warfare Division * Gunnery Division * Gunnery and Torpedo Division * Historical Section * Local Defence Division Division * Mercantile Movements Division * Naval Air Division * Naval Air Organisation and Training Division * Naval Artillery and Torpedo Division * Navigation Division * Navigation and Direction Division * Minesweeping Division * Mobilisation Division * Naval Intelligence Division * Operations Division * Operations Division (Home) * Operations Division (Foreign) * Operations Division (Mining) * Plans Division * Plans Division Q * Press Division * Requirements and Organisation (Combined Operations) Division * Service Conditions and Fleet Supply Duties Division * Signal Division * Signal Section * Standardisation Division * Tactical Division * Tactical and Weapons Policy Division * Torpedo Division * Torpedo, Anti-Submarine and Minewarfare Division * Trade Division * Trade and Operations Division * Training Division * Training and Staff Duties Division * Undersurface Warfare Division

OFFICES OF THE SEA LORDS

* Office of the Second Sea Lord * Office of the Third Sea Lord * Office of the Fourth Sea Lord * Office of the Fifth Sea Lord

Admiralty
Admiralty
civil units under the Sea Lords

* Admiralty
Admiralty
Area Cash Offices * Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Metallurgical Laboratory * Admiralty
Admiralty
Civilian Shore Wireless Service * Admiralty
Admiralty
Compass Observatory * Admiralty
Admiralty
Constabulary * Admiralty
Admiralty
Gunnery Establishment * Admiralty
Admiralty
Interview Board * Admiralty
Admiralty
Labour Department * Admiralty
Admiralty
Mine Design Department * Admiralty
Admiralty
Mining Establishment * Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Aircraft Materials Laboratory * Admiralty
Admiralty
Regional Offices * Admiralty
Admiralty
Research Laboratory * Admiralty
Admiralty
Surveying Service * Admiralty
Admiralty
Torpedo Experimental Establishment * Admiralty
Admiralty
Underwater Weapons Establishment * Architectural and Engineering Works Department * Air Equipment and Naval Photography Department * Air Department * Air Materiel Department * Air Personnel Department * Amphibious Warfare Headquarters * Armament Supply Department * Board of Invention and Research
Board of Invention and Research
* Board of Longitude * Boom Defence Department * Boom Defence and Marine Salvage Department * Britannia Royal Naval College * Chemical Board * Chemical Department * Civil Catering Department * Civil Engineer in Chiefs Department * Coastguard and Reserves Branch * Combined Operations Headquarters * Commissioner for Property and Income-tax for the Naval Department * Compass Department * Contract and Purchase Department * Council of Naval Education * Dental Examining Board * Department of Radio Equipment * Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy * Department of Aeronautical and Engineering Research * Department of Miscellaneous Weapons Development * Department of Naval Assistant (Foreign) to Second Sea Lord * Department of Naval Education * Operational Research * Department of Personal Services and Officer Appointments * Department of Physical Research * Department of Physical Training border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
* Office of the First Naval Lord * Office of the First Sea Lord * Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Military units distributed under the Admiralty
Admiralty

* 1st Fleet * 2nd Fleet * 3rd Fleet * Admiral Commanding, Orkneys and Shetlands * Admiral of Patrols
Admiral of Patrols
* Africa Station * Atlantic Fleet * Australia Station * Cape of Good Hope Station * Cape and West Africa Station * Caspian Flotilla * Channel Fleet
Channel Fleet
* Coastal Forces * Coast of Ireland Station * Cork Station * Coast of Scotland * China Command * Dover Command * Downs Station * East Indies Station
East Indies Station
* East Indies and China Station * Eastern Fleet
Eastern Fleet
* Grand Fleet * Harwich Force
Harwich Force
* Home Fleet * Jamaica Station * Leeward Islands Station * Lisbon Station
Lisbon Station
* Mediterranean Fleet * Newfoundland Station * New Zealand Division * New Zealand Naval Forces * Nore Command * North America and West Indies Station * North Atlantic Command * North Sea Fleet * Pacific Fleet * Pacific Station * Plymouth Command * Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Command * Queenstown * Royal East African Navy
Royal East African Navy
* Royal Indian Navy * Rosyth * Reserve Fleet * Scotland and Northern Ireland * South Atlantic Command * South Atlantic and Pacific Station * South America Station * South East Coast of America Station * West Africa * Western Approaches Command

DIRECTION OF NAVAL FINANCE

* Department of the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty

Departments under Secretary

* Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
* Accountant-General\'s Department * Comptroller of the Navy * Department of the Surveyor of the Navy
Surveyor of the Navy

Direction of Naval Administration and the Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat

* Department of the Permanent Secretary

Branches and offices under Permanent Secretary

* Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Copying Branch * Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Registry Branch * Admiralty
Admiralty
Record Office * Admiralty
Admiralty
Library * Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat * Air Branch * Civil Branch * Legal Branch * Military Branch * Naval Branch * Ship Branch

CIVIL ADMINISTRATION

* Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
, Department of the Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty

Departments under Civil Administration

* Accountant-General\'s Department * Contract and Purchase Department * Department of the Director of Contract Labour * Department of the Surveyor of Buildings * Director of Works\' Department * Greenwich Hospital Department * Works Loan Department

LEGAL

* Judicial Department

Legal under Judicial Department

* Admiralty
Admiralty
court * High Court of Admiralty
Admiralty
* High Court of Justice * Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet * Office of the Chief Naval Judge Advocate * Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Advocate * Office of the Solicitor for the Affairs of the Admiralty
Admiralty
* Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty
Admiralty
and Navy * Court of Admiralty
Admiralty
for the Cinque Ports * King\'s Bench Division (Admiralty) * Queens\'s Bench Division (Admiralty) * Probate, Divorce and Admiralty
Admiralty
Division * Vice Admiralty
Admiralty
courts * Colonial Courts of Admiralty
Admiralty

* v * t * e

Historic fleets and naval commands of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy

* 1st Fleet * 2nd Fleet * 3rd Fleet * Atlantic Fleet * Australia * Caspian Flotilla * Channel Fleet
Channel Fleet
* Coast of Ireland * Coast of Scotland * China * Dover * Downs * East Indies * East Indies and China Station * Eastern Fleet
Eastern Fleet
* Good Hope * Grand Fleet * Home Fleet * Jamaica Station * Lisbon * Leeward Islands * Mediterranean Fleet * Newfoundland Station * New Zealand * New Zealand Naval Forces * Nore * North Sea * North America and West Indies * North Atlantic * Orkneys and Shetlands * Pacific Fleet * Pacific Station * Plymouth * Portsmouth * Rosyth * Reserve Fleet * South Atlantic * South East Coast of America * West Africa * Western Approaches * Western

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