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The National Liberation Committee
National Liberation Committee
(Italian: Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale, CLN) was a political umbrella organization and the main representative of the Italian resistance movement
Italian resistance movement
fighting against the German occupation of Italy
Italy
in the aftermath of the armistice of Cassibile. It was a multi-party entity, whose members were united by their anti-fascism.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Composition 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The CLN was formed on 9 September 1943, following Italy's surrender to the Allies and Germany's invasion of the country. The member parties were the Italian Communist
Communist
Party, the Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party, the Action Party, Christian Democracy, the Labour Democratic Party, and the Italian Liberal Party. With the backing of the Royal government and the Allied powers, CLN gained official recognition as the representative of the Italian resistance movement, and had several leaders operating underground in German-occupied Italy.[2] The partisan formations controlled by the CLN were primarily divided between three main groups, Communist
Communist
Garibaldi Brigades, the Action Party's Justice and Freedom Brigades, and Socialist
Socialist
"Matteotti" Brigades. Smaller groups included Catholic
Catholic
and monarchist partisans. There were partisan units not represented in the CLN, including the Brigata Maiella and anarchist, republican and Trotskyist formations.[3] The CLN led the governments of Italy
Italy
from the liberation of Rome in June 1944 until the first post-war general election in 1946. Composition[edit]

Party Main ideology Leader/s

Christian Democracy Christian democracy Alcide De Gasperi

Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party Socialism Pietro Nenni

Italian Communist
Communist
Party Communism Palmiro Togliatti

Italian Liberal Party Liberalism Manlio Brosio

Action Party Liberal socialism Ferruccio Parri

Labour Democratic Party Social democracy Ivanoe Bonomi

See also[edit]

National Liberation Committee
National Liberation Committee
for Northern Italy Italian Resistance

References[edit]

^ Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale – CLN ^ La formazione del CLNAI (Comitato di liberazione nazionale Alta Italia) ^ Il Cln, spiegato bene: che cosa era il Comitato di Liberazione nazionale

v t e

National Liberation Committee
National Liberation Committee
of Italy

Parties

Christian Democracy Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party Italian Communist
Communist
Party Italian Liberal Party Action Party Labour Democratic Party

Armed forces

Garibaldi Brigades Autonomous Brigades Justice and Liberty Brigades Matteotti Brigades People's Brigades

Prime Ministers

Ivanoe Bonomi Ferruccio Parri Alcide De Gasperi

v t e

Italian Communist
Communist
Party

General Secretary

Amadeo Bordiga
Amadeo Bordiga
(1922–1923) Executive Committee (1923–1924) Antonio Gramsci
Antonio Gramsci
(1924–1927) Camilla Ravera
Camilla Ravera
(1927–1930) Palmiro Togliatti
Palmiro Togliatti
(1930–1934) Ruggero Grieco
Ruggero Grieco
(1934–1938) Palmiro Togliatti
Palmiro Togliatti
(1938–1964) Luigi Longo (1964–1972) Enrico Berlinguer
Enrico Berlinguer
(1972–1984) Alessandro Natta
Alessandro Natta
(1984–1988) Achille Occhetto
Achille Occhetto
(1988–1991)

Related articles

Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party L'Ordine Nuovo Culturalists Communist
Communist
Party of Italy
Italy
(banned in 1926) L'Unità XII International Brigade
XII International Brigade
(Garibaldi Battalion) Italian resistance movement National Liberation Committee May 1947 crises AvtoVAZ Tolyatti Italian Communist
Communist
Youth Federation Marxist-Leninism Bordigism Eurocommunism Meliorism

Derivatives

International Communist
Communist
Party Communist
Communist
Party of Italy
Italy
(Marxist–Leninist) / Italian Marxist–Leninist Party Union of Italian Communists (Marxist–Leninist) Proletarian Democracy Democratic Party of the Left
Democratic Party of the Left
/ Democrats of the Left
Democrats of the Left
/ Democratic Party Communist
Communist
Refoundation Party / Party of Italian Communists

Alliances

Popular Democratic Front (1947–1948) Historic Compromise
Historic Compromise
(1976–1980)

v t e

Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party

Secretary

Carlo Dell'Avalle (1892-1894) Filippo Turati
Filippo Turati
(1895-1896) Enrico Ferri (1896) Carlo Dell'Avalle (1896-1898) Alfredo Bertesi (1898-1899) Enrico Bertini (1899-1900) Savino Varazzani (1900-1904) Enrico Ferri (1904-1906) Oddino Morgari (1906-1908) Pompeo Ciotti (1908-1912) Costantino Lazzari
Costantino Lazzari
(1912-1918) Egidio Gennari (1918) Costantino Lazzari
Costantino Lazzari
(1918-1919) Arturo Vella (1919) Nicola Bombacci
Nicola Bombacci
(1919-1920) Egidio Gennari (1920-1921) Giovanni Bacci
Giovanni Bacci
(1921) Domenico Fioritto (1921-1923) Tito Oro Nobili (1923-1925) Olindo Vernocchi (1925-1930) Ugo Coccia (1930-1932) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1933-1939) Giuseppe Saragat, Oddino Morgari and Angelo Tasca (1939-1942) Giuseppe Romita (1942–1943) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1943–1945) Sandro Pertini
Sandro Pertini
(1945) Rodolfo Morandi (1945–1946) Ivan Matteo Lombardo (1946–1947) Lelio Basso
Lelio Basso
(1947–1948) Alberto Jacometti (1948–1949) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1949–1963) Francesco De Martino (1963–1968) Mario Tanassi
Mario Tanassi
(1966–1968) Mauro Ferri (1968–1969) Francesco De Martino (1969–1970) Giacomo Mancini (1970–1972) Francesco De Martino (1972–1976) Bettino Craxi
Bettino Craxi
(1976–1993) Giorgio Benvenuto
Giorgio Benvenuto
(1993) Ottaviano Del Turco (1993–1994) Valdo Spini (1994)

Related articles

Italian Labour Party Italian Revolutionary Socialist
Socialist
Party Fasci Siciliani Avanti! Critica Sociale Marxism Revolutionary socialism Maximalists National syndicalism Reformist socialism Democratic socialism Division over World War I National Liberation Committee Italian resistance movement Craxism Sigonella incident Banco Ambrosiano
Banco Ambrosiano
scandal Mani pulite

Derivatives

Italian Reformist Socialist
Socialist
Party Fasci of Revolutionary Action / National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
/ Republican Fascist Party Communist
Communist
Party of Italy
Italy
/ Italian Communist Party
Italian Communist Party
/ International Communist
Communist
Party Unitary Socialist
Socialist
Party Maximalist Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party Socialist
Socialist
Unity Italian Democratic Socialist
Socialist
Party Italian Socialists
Italian Socialists
/ Italian Democratic Socialists
Italian Democratic Socialists
/ Socialist
Socialist
League Labour Federation Reformist Socialist
Socialist
Party Socialist
Socialist
Party / New Italian Socialist
Socialist
Party Forza Italia
Forza Italia
(social-democrats faction) Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
(social-democrats faction)

Alliances

Popular Democratic Front (1947-1948) Organic Centre-left (1962-1976) Unified Socialist
Socialist
Party (1966-1971) Pentapartito
Pentapartito
(1981-1993) Alliance of P

.