Comiket (コミケット Komiketto), otherwise known as the Comic Market (コミックマーケット Komikku Māketto), is the world's largest dōjinshi fair, held twice a year in Tokyo, Japan. The first Comiket was held on December 21, 1975, with only about 32 participating circles and an estimated 600 attendees. Attendance has since swelled to over a half million people.
It is a grassroots, DIY effort for selling dōjinshi, self-published Japanese works. As items sold in Comiket are considered very rare (because dōjinshi are seldom reprinted), some items sold at Comiket can be found in shops or on the Internet at prices up to 10 times the item's original price, and in certain cases, more than 100 times. The continuing operation of Comiket is the responsibility of the Comic Market Preparatory Committee (ComiketPC).
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2009)
Comiket was founded in 1975 by Yoshihiro Yonezawa and a circle of friends, including Teruo Harada and Jun Aniwa, while they were studying at Meiji University. They wished to study manga and explore its potential, as commercial offerings were unchallenging and mainstream, following the closure of COM. Comiket was also founded as a freer form of the SF Taikai convention.
Comic Market is held twice a year; once in August, and once in December. These are typically referred to as NatsuComi (夏コミ Natsukomi) and FuyuComi (冬コミ Fuyukomi) (contractions of Summer and Winter Comiket) respectively. NatsuComi is three days long, and usually is held during the weekend around August 15. FuyuComi is two to three days long, and usually is held between December 28 and 31. The current convention location is the Tokyo Big Sight convention center near Ariake, in Odaiba, Kōtō, Tokyo. The major part of the convention runs from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., though the company booths run all the way until 5 p.m. On the last day of the convention, the company booths and Cosplay Square close an hour earlier, at 4 p.m. and 3 p.m. respectively. Due to the popularity of the event, the official Comic Market website advises first-time attendees to arrive in the afternoon to avoid having to wait in line. Those arriving at 10 a.m. can expect to wait in line for about an hour before being able to enter. Attendees who arrive on the first train can expect to wait about five hours before entering at roughly 10 or 10:30 a.m.
|1||1975||21 December||32||700||Nissho Hall|
|2||1976||4 April||39||550||Itabashi Industrial Union Building (板橋産業連合会館)|
|5||1977||10 April||94||1,300||Ōta City Industrial Building (大田区産業会館)|
|CS1[c]||6 May||Unknown||250||Yotsuya Public Hall (四谷公会堂)|
|–[d]||15 November||Unknown||Unknown||Hitotsubashi University Kunitachi Campus|
|10||17 December||200||3,000||Ōta City Industrial Building|
|12||28–29 July||330||4,000||Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Trade Center[e]|
|13||23 December||290||4,000||Ōta City Industrial Building|
|14||1980||11 May||380||6,000||Kawasaki Shimin Plaza (川崎市民プラザ)|
|18||15–16 August||512||10,000||Yokohama Sanbo Hall|
|19||20 December||600||9,000||Harumi Fairgrounds|
|31||27–28 December||4,400||40,000||Tokyo Ryutsu Center|
|34||1988||13–14 August||9,200||70,000||Harumi Fairgrounds|
|37||23–24 December||11,000||120,000||Makuhari Messe|
|40||1991||16–17 August||11,000||200,000||Harumi Fairgrounds|
|50||3–4 August||18,000||350,000||Tokyo Big Sight|
|CS3[i]||2000||13–15 August||200||1,500||Okinawa Convention Center|
|58||11–13 August||35,000||430,000||Tokyo Big Sight|
|CS5[l]||2010||14–16 August||1,500||33,000||Isejin Izumi-cho Kita Building (伊勢甚泉町北ビル)|
|78||13–15 August||35,000||560,000||Tokyo Big Sight|
|CS6[m]||2015||28–29 March||5,200||50,000||Makuhari Messe|
|88||14–16 August||35,000||550,000||Tokyo Big Sight|
In 1982, there were fewer than 10,000 attendees at Comiket. However, by 1989, there were over 100,000 attendees. Approximately 35,000 sellers, known as circles, participate in each edition of Comiket. Attendee numbers topped half a million for the first time during Comic Market 66, in August 2004. since Comic Market 72 in 2007, attendee numbers have fluctuated in the region of 500,000 for the winter edition and 560,000 for the summer edition. Comiket 82 took place on 10–12 August 2012 and attracted an estimated 560,000 attendees. Because there is no registration requirement for non-seller attendees, these attendee numbers are estimates based on how many people enter Tokyo Big Sight during the days of the convention. The estimates count the number of visits to the convention site rather than the number of individuals who attend; many participate on only one day, but others return once or even twice during the convention.
Because of the extreme number of people gathering in a single place, mobile phone companies set up temporary antennas that are usually employed when stationary antennas are out of service. Area hotels, trains, and bus services also make special arrangements to accommodate the large crowds. Since Comiket's inception, artist attendance (so called 'circle participants') has been predominantly female, though there have been recent changes in that in the last several Comikets. In Comiket 84, for example, women comprised 57% of the 'circle participants' while men comprised 43%. Meanwhile, attendees at the convention itself tend to favour men. In Comiket 78, for example, men comprised 64.4% of general participants while women only comprised 35.6%. However, depending greatly on the year, the participation by various genders has fluctuated wildly.
The Comiket Catalog contains information about the buyers and sellers at Comiket, and other general event information. It is available in print and DVD-ROM format, and as of Comiket 83 is available freely online. The print version is roughly the size of an average phone book. It contains lists of all the participating circles, maps of the convention layout, maps and directions to get to and from the convention, rules for the convention, results from surveys held among Comiket participants, articles about topics relevant for dōjinshi creators, and one to two pictures ("circle cuts") for every participating circle.
The catalog is no longer required for admittance, unlike most Japanese conventions, but without it the event is nearly impossible to navigate. Catalogs are often sold at tents in and around the event for the benefit of latecomers.
The DVD-ROM edition of the catalog includes the following features:
To date, there is no English edition of the catalog available. The catalog does contain a four-page basic guide for attending Comiket in English, Chinese, and Korean. This same guide is freely available on Comiket's official website.
The Comiket website usually has a list of stores (by prefecture) where the catalog can be ordered. Not all stores have the DVD-ROM version, and some may not have the print version. This is also on the list of stores on the Comiket homepage. Catalogs can be ordered from overseas, depending on the store. The catalog typically comes out two weeks before the convention, up until the first day of Comiket.
|Dōjin circles counted by the original work that is the basis for the derivative works, from Comiket 84 (August 2013) to Comiket 93 (December 2017)|
In South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, there are conventions similar to Comiket (Comic World in Seoul and Busan, Comic World in Taiwan (CWT), and Comic World in Hong Kong (CWHK)). These conventions are regularly held and attract both male and female fans. The trend of this type of comic related/dōjinshi conventions has spread to the Western world, e.g., Anime Expo (held annually in the U.S.A.) and Japan Expo (held in Paris, France). They exhibit comics, illustrations, musics, and videos of Japanese pop culture. Comiket inspired the New Zealand Doujin Overload convention (now called Overload) which began in Auckland in 2006 and has since expanded to include non-anime artists.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|