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Comcast
Comcast
Corporation (formerly registered as Comcast
Comcast
Holdings)[note 1] is an American global telecommunications conglomerate that is the largest broadcasting and cable television company in the world by revenue (through its Xfinity
Xfinity
brand).[4] It is the second-largest pay-TV company after AT&T, largest cable TV company and largest home Internet
Internet
service provider in the United States, and the nation's third-largest home telephone service provider. Comcast
Comcast
services U.S. residential and commercial customers in 40 states and in the District of Columbia.[10] The company's headquarters are located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[11] As the owner of the international media company NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
since 2011,[12][13][14][15] Comcast
Comcast
is a producer of feature films and television programs intended for theatrical exhibition and over-the-air and cable television broadcast. Comcast
Comcast
owns and operates the Xfinity
Xfinity
cable/telecommunications service, over-the-air national broadcast network channels ( NBC
NBC
and Telemundo), multiple cable-only channels (including MSNBC, CNBC, USA Network, NBCSN, E!, The Weather Channel, among others), the film production studio Universal Pictures, and Universal Parks & Resorts in Los Angeles, California; Orlando, Florida; and Osaka, Japan. Universal Studios Singapore, one of the four Universal operating theme parks, is wholly owned by Genting Group, and a few new locations such as Universal Studios Beijing
Universal Studios Beijing
are currently under construction or planned in the future.[16] Comcast
Comcast
also has significant holdings in digital distribution, such as thePlatform, acquired in 2006. In February 2014, the company agreed to merge with Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
in an equity swap deal worth $45.2 billion. Under the terms of the agreement Comcast
Comcast
was to acquire 100% of Time Warner Cable.[17] However, on April 24, 2015, Comcast
Comcast
terminated the agreement.[18][19] Comcast
Comcast
and Charter Communications
Charter Communications
entered into an agreement to conduct exclusive discussions with Sprint in late June 2017.[20] Comcast
Comcast
has been criticized for multiple reasons; the company's customer satisfaction often ranks among the lowest in the cable industry.[21][22] In addition, Comcast
Comcast
has violated net neutrality practices in the past; and, despite Comcast's commitment to a narrow definition of net neutrality,[23] critics advocate a definition which precludes any distinction between Comcast's private network services and the rest of the Internet.[24] Critics also point out a lack of competition in the vast majority of Comcast's service area; there is limited competition among cable providers.[25] Furthermore, given Comcast's negotiating power as a large ISP, some suspect that Comcast could leverage paid peering agreements to unfairly influence end-user connection speeds. And its ownership of both content production (in NBCUniversal) and content distribution (as an ISP) has raised antitrust concerns. These issues, in addition to others, led to Comcast
Comcast
being dubbed "The Worst Company in America" by The Consumerist in 2010 and 2014.[26][27]

Contents

1 Overview

1.1 Leadership 1.2 Corporate offices 1.3 Employee relations 1.4 Financial performance 1.5 Lobbying
Lobbying
and electoral fundraising 1.6 Philanthropy

2 History

2.1 American Cable Systems 2.2 Comcast 2.3 Increasing market share (1990–2000) 2.4 Largest U.S. cable provider (2001–present)

2.4.1 Adelphia purchase 2.4.2 NBCUniversal 2.4.3 Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable 2.4.4 DreamWorks Animation 2.4.5 Cellular service 2.4.6 Minority in Amblin Partners 2.4.7 Full ownership of Universal Studios Japan 2.4.8 21st Century Fox 2.4.9 Possible acquisition of Lionsgate

3 Divisions and subsidiaries

3.1 Comcast Cable
Comcast Cable
(Xfinity) 3.2 NBCUniversal

3.2.1 DreamWorks Animation

3.3 Professional sports 3.4 Venture capital

4 Criticism and controversy 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Overview Leadership Comcast
Comcast
is sometimes described as a family business.[28] Brian L. Roberts, chairman, president, and CEO of Comcast, is the son of co-founder Ralph Roberts. Roberts owns or controls about 1% of all Comcast
Comcast
shares but all of the Class B supervoting shares, which gives him an "undilutable 33% voting power over the company".[29] Legal expert Susan P. Crawford
Susan P. Crawford
has said this gives him "effective control over [Comcast's] every step".[30] In 2010, he was one of the highest paid executives in the United States, with total compensation of about $31 million.[30] Corporate offices Comcast
Comcast
is headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and also has corporate offices in Atlanta, Detroit, Denver, Manchester, New Hampshire and New York City.[31] On January 3, 2005, Comcast
Comcast
announced that it would become the anchor tenant in the new Comcast Center
Comcast Center
in downtown Philadelphia. The 975 ft (297 m) skyscraper is the tallest building in Pennsylvania. Comcast
Comcast
has begun construction on a second 1,121 ft (342 m) skyscraper directly adjacent to the original Comcast
Comcast
headquarters in the summer of 2014.[32] Employee relations The company is often criticized by both the media and its own staff for its less upstanding policies regarding employee relations. A 2012 Reddit post written by an anonymous Comcast
Comcast
call center employee eager to share their negative experiences with the public received attention from publications including The Huffington Post.[33] A 2014 investigative series published by The Verge involved interviews with 150 of Comcast's employees. It sought to examine why the company has become so widely criticized by its customers, the media and even members of its own staff. The series claimed part of the problem is internal and that Comcast's staff endures unreasonable corporate policies. According to the report: "customer service has been replaced by an obsession with sales; technicians are understaffed while tech support is poorly trained; and the company is hobbled by internal fragmentation."[34] A widely read article penned by an anonymous call center employee working for Comcast
Comcast
appeared in November 2014 on Cracked. Titled "Five Nightmares You Live While Working For America's Worst Company," the article also claimed that Comcast
Comcast
is obsessed with sales, doesn't train its employees properly and concluded that "the system makes good customer service impossible."[35] Comcast
Comcast
has also earned a reputation for being anti-union. According to one of the company's training manuals, " Comcast
Comcast
does not feel union representation is in the best interest of its employees, customers, or shareholders".[36] A dispute in 2004 with CWA, a labor union that represented many employees at Comcast's offices in Beaverton, Oregon, led to allegations of management intimidating workers, requiring them to attend anti-union meetings and unwarranted disciplinary action for union members.[37] In 2011, Comcast
Comcast
received criticism from Writers Guild of America for its policies in regards to unions.[38] Despite these criticisms, Comcast
Comcast
has appeared on multiple "top places to work" lists. In 2009, it was included on CableFAX magazine's "Top 10 Places to Work in Cable", which cited its "scale, savvy and vision".[39] Similarly, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Business Journal awarded Comcast
Comcast
the silver medal among extra-large companies in Philadelphia, with the gold medal going to partner organization, Comcast-Spectacor.[40][41] The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
found Comcast
Comcast
to be that city's top place to work in 2009.[42] Employee diversity is also an attribute upon which Comcast
Comcast
receives strong marks. In 2008, Black Enterprise magazine rated Comcast
Comcast
among the top 15 companies for workforce diversity.[43] Comcast
Comcast
was also named a "Top 2014 Workplace" by The Washington Post in their annual feature.[44] the Human Rights Campaign has given Comcast
Comcast
a 100 on the Corporate Equality Index[45] and one of the best places for LGBT people to work[46] Financial performance The book value of the company nearly doubled from $8.19 a share in 1999 to $15 a share in 2009. Revenues grew sixfold from 1999's $6 billion to almost $36 billion in 2009. Net profit margin rose from 4.2% in 1999 to 8.4% in 2009, with operating margins improving 31 percent and return on equity doubling to 6.7 percent in the same time span. Between 1999 and 2009, return on capital nearly tripled to 7 percent.[47] Comcast
Comcast
reported first quarter 2012 profit increases of 30% due to increase in high-speed internet customers.[48] In February 2014, Comcast
Comcast
generated 1.1 billion in revenue during the first quarter due to the Sochi Olympics.[49] Lobbying
Lobbying
and electoral fundraising With $18.8 million spent in 2013, Comcast
Comcast
has the seventh largest lobbying budget of any individual company or organization in the United States.[50] Comcast
Comcast
employs multiple former US Congressmen as lobbyists.[51] The National Cable & Telecommunications Association, which has multiple Comcast
Comcast
executives on its board, also represents Comcast
Comcast
and other cable companies as the fifth largest lobbying organization in the United States, spending $19.8 million in 2013.[50] Comcast
Comcast
was among the top backers of Barack Obama's presidential runs, with Comcast
Comcast
vice president David Cohen raising over $2.2 million from 2007 to 2012.[52][53] Cohen has been described by many sources as influential in the US government,[54] though he is no longer a registered lobbyist, as the time he spends lobbying falls short of the 20% which requires official registration.[55] Comcast's PAC, the Comcast
Comcast
Corporation and NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Political Action Committee, is the among the largest PACs in the US, raising about $3.7 million from 2011 to 2012 for the campaigns of various candidates for office in the United States
United States
Federal Government.[56] Comcast
Comcast
is also a major backer of the National Cable and Telecommunications
Telecommunications
Association Political Action Committee, which raised $2.6 million from 2011 to 2012.[57][58] Comcast
Comcast
spent the most money of any organization in support of the Stop Online Piracy
Stop Online Piracy
and PROTECT IP bills, spending roughly $5 million to lobby for their passage.[59] Comcast
Comcast
also backs lobbying and PACs on a regional level, backing organizations such as the Tennessee Cable Telecommunications Association[60] and the Broadband
Broadband
Communications Association of Washington PAC.[61] Comcast
Comcast
and other cable companies have lobbied state governments to pass legislation restricting or banning individual cities from offering public broadband service.[62] Municipal broadband restrictions of varying scope have been passed in a total of 20 US States.[63] Philanthropy Comcast
Comcast
offers low cost internet and cable service to schools, subsidized by general broadband consumers through the US government's E-Rate program.[64] Critics have noted that many of the strongest supporters of Comcast's business deals have received substantial funding from the Comcast
Comcast
Foundation.[51][65] History American Cable Systems In 1963, Ralph J. Roberts
Ralph J. Roberts
in conjunction with his two business partners, Daniel Aaron[66] and Julian A. Brodsky, purchased American Cable Systems[67] as a corporate spin-off from its parent, Jerrold Electronics, for US $500,000. At the time, American Cable was a small cable operator in Tupelo, Mississippi, with five channels and 12,000 customers.[68] Storecast Corporation of America, a product placement supermarket specialist marketing firm, was purchased by American Cable in 1965. With Storecast being a Muzak client, American Cable purchased its first Muzak franchise of many in Orlando, Florida.[67] Comcast

Comcast
Comcast
logo from 1969 to 1999 before it was replaced with the crescent logo

The company was re-incorporated in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
in 1969, under the new name Comcast
Comcast
Corporation.[67] The name "Comcast" is a portmanteau of the words "Communication" and "Broadcast".[69] Comcast's initial public offering occurred on June 29, 1972, with a market capitalization of US $3,010,000.[67][70] In 1977, HBO
HBO
was first launched on a Comcast
Comcast
system with 20,000 customers in western Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with a five-night free preview getting a 15% sign up rate.[67] Comcast
Comcast
bought 26% of Group W Cable
Group W Cable
in 1986, doubling its number of subscribers to 1 million.[71][72] Also that year, Comcast
Comcast
made a founding investment of $380 million in QVC.[67] Although Comcast
Comcast
lost a bidding war with Kohlberg Kravis Roberts
Kohlberg Kravis Roberts
to buy Storer Communications in 1985, in 1988, it was able to buy a 50% share of the company's assets in a joint deal with Tele-Communications Inc..[73] Comcast
Comcast
also acquired American Cellular Network Corporation in 1988 for $230 million,[74] marking the first time it became a mobile phone operator. Comcast
Comcast
started its Comcast
Comcast
Cellular Communications division.[67] Increasing market share (1990–2000) In February 1990, Ralph Roberts' son, Brian L. Roberts, succeeded his father as president of Comcast.[75] Comcast
Comcast
Cellular purchased a controlling interest in Metromedia's Metrophone in 1992.[67] In 1994, Comcast
Comcast
became the third-largest cable operator in the United States, with around 3.5 million subscribers following its purchase of Maclean-Hunter's American division for $1.27 billion.[72][76] The company's UK branch, Comcast
Comcast
UK Cable Partners, went public while constructing a cable telecommunications network. With five other media companies, the corporation became an original investor in The Golf Channel.[67] Following a bid in 1994 for $2.1 billion, Comcast increased its ownership of QVC
QVC
from 15.5% of stock to a majority, in a move to prevent QVC
QVC
from merging with CBS.[77] Comcast
Comcast
later sold its QVC
QVC
shares in 2004 to Liberty Media
Liberty Media
for $7.9 billion.[78] In October 1995, Comcast
Comcast
announced the purchase of the cable operation of E. W. Scripps Company
E. W. Scripps Company
for $1.575 billion in stock, a deal making Comcast
Comcast
the no. 3 cable company at the time with 4.3 million customers.[79] Comcast
Comcast
offered internet connection for the first time in 1996, with its part in the launch of the @Home Network.[80] By December 31, 1997, it was available in the Philadelphia, Detroit, Baltimore, Orange County, CA, Sarasota and Union, NJ areas ( Comcast
Comcast
no longer serves Orange County, CA). It was soon rolled out to all Comcast
Comcast
serviceable areas. After Excite@Home
Excite@Home
went bankrupt in October 2001, Comcast
Comcast
took over providing internet directly to consumers in January 2002.[81] In 1996, Comcast Spectacor
Comcast Spectacor
and Comcast SportsNet
Comcast SportsNet
were formed as Comcast
Comcast
units. Comcast Spectacor
Comcast Spectacor
by joining Ed Snider's Spectacor sports venture company and Comcast SportsNet
Comcast SportsNet
as a Philadelphia
Philadelphia
region sports channel which launches in 1997. Microsoft
Microsoft
invested $1 billion in Comcast
Comcast
in 1997. Also that year, Digital TV was rolled out by Comcast. In partnership with Disney, Comcast
Comcast
got a 50.1 percent controlling interest in E! Entertainment.[67] In February 1998, Comcast
Comcast
sold its UK division to NTL for US $600 million, along with the division's $397 million in debt.[82] Additionally, Comcast
Comcast
launched the Style Network. 1997 cable acquisitions were Jones Intercable, Inc. with 1 million customers and a stake in Prime Communications with 430,000 subscribers.[67] Comcast
Comcast
sold Comcast
Comcast
Cellular to SBC Communications
SBC Communications
in 1999 for $400 million, releasing them from $1.27 billion in debt.[83] Comcast acquired Greater Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Cablevision
Cablevision
in 1999. In March 1999, Comcast
Comcast
offered to buy MediaOne for $60 billion.[67] However, MediaOne decided to accept AT&T Corporation's offer of $62 billion instead.[84] Comcast
Comcast
University started in 1999 as well as Comcast Interactive Capital Group to make technology and Internet
Internet
related investments taking its first investment in VeriSign.[67] With AT&T Broadband
Broadband
in 1999, the company agreed to trade cable systems. The trade was completed in 2000 with Comcast
Comcast
gaining systems in Florida, Michigan, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
A trade was also completed with Adelphia thus receiving systems in Florida, Indiana, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico and Pennsylvania. Lenfest Communications, Inc. with about 1.3 million cable subscribers, acquisition is closed.[67] Largest U.S. cable provider (2001–present) Further information: List of assets owned by Comcast

Proposed merger name logo, 2001

Comcast
Comcast
logo from 1999 to 2012

In 2001, Comcast
Comcast
announced it would acquire the assets of the largest cable television operator at the time, AT&T Broadband, for US$44.5 billion.[85] The proposed name for the merged company was "AT&T Comcast", but the companies ultimately decided to keep only the Comcast
Comcast
name. In 2002, Comcast
Comcast
acquired all assets of AT&T Broadband, thus making Comcast
Comcast
the largest cable television company in the United States
United States
with over 22 million subscribers.[85][86] This also spurred the start of Comcast
Comcast
Advertising Sales (using AT&T's groundwork) which would later be renamed Comcast
Comcast
Spotlight. As part of this acquisition, Comcast
Comcast
also acquired the National Digital Television
Television
Center in Centennial, Colorado
Colorado
as a wholly owned subsidiary, which is today known as the Comcast
Comcast
Media Center. On February 11, 2004, Comcast
Comcast
announced a $54 billion bid for The Walt Disney
Disney
Company, as well as taking on $12 billion of Disney's debt. The deal would have made Comcast
Comcast
the largest media conglomerate in the world.[87][88] However, after rejection by Disney
Disney
and uncertain response from investors, the bid was abandoned in April.[89] The main reason for the buyout attempt was so that Comcast
Comcast
could acquire Disney's 80 percent stake in ESPN, which a Comcast
Comcast
executive called "the most important and valuable asset" that Disney
Disney
owned.[90] On April 8, 2005, a partnership led by Comcast
Comcast
and Sony Pictures Entertainment finalized a deal to acquire MGM and its affiliate studio, United Artists, and created an additional outlet to carry MGM/UA's material for cable and Internet
Internet
distribution.[91][92] On October 31, 2005, Comcast
Comcast
officially announced that it had acquired Susquehanna Communications a South Central Pennsylvania, -based cable television and broadband services provider and unit of the former Susquehanna Pfaltzgraff company, for $775 million cash.[93][94] In this deal Comcast
Comcast
acquired approximately 230,000 basic cable customers, 71,000 digital cable customers, and 86,000 high-speed Internet
Internet
customers. Comcast
Comcast
previously owned approximately 30 percent of Susquehanna Communications through affiliate company Lenfest.[93] In December 2005, Comcast
Comcast
announced the creation of Comcast Interactive Media, a new division focused on online media. In July 2006, Comcast
Comcast
purchased the Seattle-based software company thePlatform. This represented an entry into a new line of business – selling software to allow companies to manage their Internet
Internet
(and IP-based) media publishing efforts. On April 3, 2007, Comcast
Comcast
announced it had entered into an agreement to acquire the cable systems owned and operated by Patriot Media, a privately held company owned by cable veteran Steven J. Simmons, Spectrum Equity Investors and Spire Capital, that serves approximately 81,000 video subscribers. Comcast
Comcast
will acquire Patriot for a net cash investment of approximately $483 million.[95] By acquiring the niche provider the deal will plug a hole in its central New Jersey service.[96] Comcast
Comcast
announced in May 2007[97] and launched in September 2008 a dashboard called SmartZone.[98] Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard
led "design, creation and management". Collaboration and unified messaging technology came from open-source vendor Zimbra.[97] "SmartZone users will be able to send and receive e-mail, listen to their voicemail messages online and forward that information via e-mail to others, send instant messages and video instant messages and merge their contacts into one address book".[97] There is also Cloudmark spam and phishing protection and Trend Micro
Trend Micro
antivirus.[97] The address book is Comcast
Comcast
Plaxo software.[97] In May 2008 Comcast
Comcast
purchased Plaxo
Plaxo
for a reported $150 million to $170 million.[99] Comcast
Comcast
won the Consumerist Worst Company In America ("Golden Poo") award in 2010.[100] A gold trophy in the shape of a pile of human feces was delivered to Comcast
Comcast
Corporate Headquarters to commemorate the unmatched level of enmity flowing from their customer base to their business. Competitor Verizon
Verizon
congratulated Comcast
Comcast
on their award via the Verizon
Verizon
Twitter feed. Comcast
Comcast
responded immediately by publicly acknowledging the dubious award, and citing ongoing efforts to improve its customer service.[101] One effort to change this is a new app called, Tech ETA, that allows customers to see exactly when a technician is coming.[102] Adelphia purchase In April 2005, Comcast
Comcast
and Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
announced plans to buy the assets of bankrupted Adelphia Cable.[103] The two companies paid a total of $17.6 billion in the deal that was finalized in the second quarter of 2006—after the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) completed a seven-month investigation without raising an objection.[104] Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
became the second-largest cable provider in the U.S., ranking behind Comcast. As part of the deal, Time Warner
Time Warner
and Comcast
Comcast
traded existing subscribers in order to consolidate them into larger geographic clusters.[105][106] In August 2006, Comcast
Comcast
and Time Warner
Time Warner
dissolved a 50/50 partnership that controlled the systems in the Houston, Southwest Texas, San Antonio, and Kansas City markets under the Time Warner
Time Warner
brand. After the dissolution, Comcast
Comcast
obtained the Houston
Houston
system, and Time Warner retained the others.[107] On January 1, 2007, Comcast
Comcast
officially took control of the Houston
Houston
system, but continued to operate under the Time Warner Cable brand until June 19, 2007. NBCUniversal Main article: Acquisition of NBC
NBC
Universal by Comcast

NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
logo from 2004 to 2011

NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
logo from 2011 to present

Media outlets began reporting in late September 2009 that Comcast
Comcast
was in talks to buy NBCUniversal. Comcast
Comcast
denied the rumors at first, while NBC
NBC
would not comment on them.[108] However, C NBC
NBC
itself reported on October 1 that General Electric
General Electric
was considering spinning NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
off into a separate company that would merge the NBC television network and its cable properties such as USA Network, Syfy and MSNBC, as well as Universal Studios, with Comcast's content assets. GE would maintain 49% control of the new company, while Comcast
Comcast
owned 51%.[109][110] Vivendi, which owns 20%, would have to sell its stake to GE. It was reported that under the current deal with GE that it would happen in November or December.[111][112] It was also reported that Time Warner
Time Warner
would be interested in placing a bid, until CEO Jeffrey L. Bewkes
Jeffrey L. Bewkes
directly denied interest,[113] leaving Comcast the sole bidder. On November 1, 2009, The New York Times
The New York Times
reported Comcast
Comcast
had moved closer to a deal to purchase NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
and that a formal announcement could be made sometime the following week.[114] Following a tentative agreement on by December 1,[115] on December 3, 2009, the parties announced that Comcast
Comcast
would buy a controlling 51% stake in NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
for $6.5 billion in cash and $7.3 billion in programming.[116][117][118] GE would take over the remaining 49% stake in NBCUniversal, using $5.8 billion to buy out Vivendi's 20% minority stake in NBCUniversal.[117] On January 18, 2011, the FCC approved the deal by a vote of 4 to 1.[119][120] The sale was completed on January 28, 2011.[121][122] In late December 2012, Comcast
Comcast
added the NBC
NBC
peacock symbol to their new logo.[123] On February 12, 2013, Comcast
Comcast
announced an intention to acquire the remaining 49% of General Electric's interest in NBCUniversal,[124][125] which Comcast
Comcast
completed on March 19, 2013.[14][15][126] Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable Main article: Attempted purchase of Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
by Comcast On February 12, 2014, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times reported that Comcast sought to acquire Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
in a deal valued at $45.2 billion.[127] On February 13, it was reported that Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable agreed to the acquisition.[128] This was to add several metropolitan areas to the Comcast
Comcast
portfolio, such as New York City, Los Angeles, Dallas-Fort Worth, Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Charlotte, San Diego, and San Antonio.[129] Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
and Comcast
Comcast
aimed to merge into one company by the end of 2014 and both have praised the deal, emphasizing the increased capabilities of a combined telecommunications network, and to "create operating efficiencies and economies of scale".[130] In 2014, critics expressed concern that the deal would give Comcast greater negotiating power in a number of areas, including rebroadcast fees with television channels,[131] and peering agreements with ISPs.[132] Critics noted in 2013 that Tom Wheeler, the head of the FCC, which has to approve the deal, is the former head of both the largest cable lobbying organization, the National Cable & Telecommunications Association, and as largest wireless lobby, CTIA – The Wireless Association.[133][134] According to Politico, Comcast
Comcast
"donated to almost every member of Congress who has a hand in regulating it."[135] The US Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing on the deal on April 9, 2014.[136] The House Judiciary Committee
House Judiciary Committee
planned its own hearing.[137] On March 6, 2014, the United States
United States
Department of Justice Antitrust Division confirmed it was investigating the deal.[138] In March 2014, the division's chairman, William Baer, recused himself because he was involved in the prior Comcast NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
acquisition.[139] Several states' attorneys general have announced support for the federal investigation.[140] On April 24, 2015, Jonathan Sallet, general counsel of the F.C.C., said that he was going to recommend a hearing before an administrative law judge, equivalent to a collapse of the deal.[141] In August 2015, Comcast
Comcast
announced to speed up Internet
Internet
for low income customers from 5 megabits per second (mbps) to 10 Mbit/s, provide free wireless routers, and will pilot an initiative to increase Internet access for low-income senior citizens.[142] In September of that year Comcast
Comcast
also launched Watchable, a YouTube
YouTube
competitor.[143] The move was seen by Variety as an attempt to appeal to the cord cutting market.[143] DreamWorks Animation Main article: DreamWorks Animation In April 2016, Comcast
Comcast
confirmed that its NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
division would acquire DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
for $3.8 billion.[144][145] The deal closed on August 22, 2016.[146] Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
will take over distribution of DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
films beginning in 2019 with How to Train Your Dragon 3 when DreamWorks Animation's deal with 20th Century Fox expires. Cellular service In September 2016, Comcast
Comcast
confirmed that it had reached a partnership with Verizon
Verizon
Wireless to launch a cellular network as an MVNO. The new service, described as being a "Wi-Fi and MVNO-integrated product", and was expected to launch in mid-2017.[147] The partnership and the addition of wireless would allow Comcast
Comcast
to offer a quadruple play of services.[148][149] Including Comcast's Home Security offering, customers now have the option of a Quintuple Play.[150] The service was officially announced on April 6, 2017, as Xfinity
Xfinity
Mobile.[151] Minority in Amblin Partners On February 15, 2017, Comcast
Comcast
(through NBCUniversal's division Universal Studios) acquired a minority stake in Amblin Partners (parent company of Amblin Entertainment
Amblin Entertainment
and DreamWorks Pictures), strengthening the relationship between Universal and Amblin,[152] and reuniting a minority percentage of the DreamWorks Pictures
DreamWorks Pictures
label with DreamWorks Animation. Full ownership of Universal Studios Japan On February 28, 2017, Comcast
Comcast
(through NBCUniversal) announced that it would acquire the remaining 49% stake in the Universal Studios Japan theme park that it did not own.[153] 21st Century Fox On November 16, 2017, it is reported that Comcast
Comcast
attempted to purchase 21st Century Fox, following the news 10 days earlier that The Walt Disney
Disney
Company negotiated with Fox to acquire the same assets. Like Disney, the deal included 20th Century Fox, cable entertainment and broadcast satellite networks including FX Networks, National Geographic Partners, Fox Sports Networks, and international channels such as Star India
Star India
and Sky UK. It would not include the Fox Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Company, Fox Television
Television
Stations, Fox Sports, and Fox News units, all which will be spun-off into a new independent company.[154] The deal would also give Comcast
Comcast
access to Fox's distribution rights to DreamWorks Animation's 2013-2017 releases and The Simpsons
The Simpsons
television animated series, whose themed areas at Comcast's Universal Parks & Resorts in Florida and Hollywood are based on. However, on December 11, 2017, Comcast
Comcast
officially dropped the bid, saying that "We never got the level of engagement needed to make a definitive offer.”[155] On December 14, Disney
Disney
officially confirmed its acquisition of 21st Century Fox, which is still under review from the United States
United States
Department of Justice Antitrust Division.[156] On February 5, 2018, a new report by C NBC
NBC
claims that despite the Disney/Fox deal, Comcast
Comcast
is considering topping Disney's $52.4 billion offer once the AT&T– Time Warner
Time Warner
merger goes through, with a trial starting on March 18, after the Department of Justice Antitrust Division sued to block the merger on November 20, 2017. Possible acquisition of Lionsgate In January 2018, following the proposed acquisition of 21st Century Fox and its assets by The Walt Disney
Disney
Company,[157] it was reported that Lionsgate
Lionsgate
is being subject to a bidding war for a possible acquisition, with Amazon.com, CBS
CBS
Corporation, Comcast
Comcast
itself, Verizon Communications, and Viacom
Viacom
having made offers.[158][159][160] If Comcast
Comcast
acquires Lionsgate, Lionsgate's film assets (Summit Entertainment, CodeBlack Films, the Globalgate Entertainment consortium, Pantelion Films
Pantelion Films
and Grindstone Entertainment Group) will merge with Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
to form a more competitively sized film studio with a even larger film library, while Lionsgate's television assets will merge with NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television
Television
Group. NBCUniversal will enter the pay television business by taking over Lionsgate's Starz Inc.
Starz Inc.
division which includes the flagship Starz
Starz
network and Celestial Tiger Entertainment Asian broadcasting joint venture with Saban Capital Group
Saban Capital Group
and Celestial Pictures. NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Telemundo Enterprises will possess the Pantaya streaming service launched in 2017 with Hemisphere Media Group[161] along with the Pantelion Films joint venture with Televisa
Televisa
which will become a sister company to Telemundo's own film division Telemundo
Telemundo
Films.[162] Meanwhile, Lionsgate's British division will merge with Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
UK to form a new British film and television division consisting of Lionsgate
Lionsgate
UK's assets (Primal Media, Potboiler Television
Television
and Elevation Sales) and Universal UK's assets (Working Title Films). The acquisition, however, will not include Lionsgate's 45% stake in independent film distributor Roadside Attractions, due to NBCUniversal owning another independent film distributor, which is its currently operating Focus Features
Focus Features
division, nor will it include Lionsgate's 50% stake in the Pop television network joint venture with CBS Corporation, as NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
already owns a pop culture-focused television channel (like Pop) called E!. However, Lionsgate
Lionsgate
Vice Chairman Michael Burns has stated in an interview with C NBC
NBC
that Lionsgate
Lionsgate
is mostly interested in merging with CBS
CBS
and Viacom.[163] Divisions and subsidiaries Comcast Cable
Comcast Cable
(Xfinity) Main article: Xfinity Comcast Cable
Comcast Cable
is the cable television division of Comcast
Comcast
Corporation, providing cable television, broadband internet, and landline telephone under the Xfinity
Xfinity
brand. Comcast Cable
Comcast Cable
also provides connections to small to medium-sized business through its Comcast Business
Comcast Business
brand, and Fortune 1000 companies through its Comcast
Comcast
Enterprise brand.[164] NBCUniversal Main article: NBCUniversal Comcast
Comcast
delivers third-party television programming content to its own customers, and also produces its own first-party content both for subscribers and customers of other competing television services. Fully or partially owned Comcast
Comcast
programming includes Comcast Newsmakers, Comcast
Comcast
Network, Comcast
Comcast
SportsNet, SportsNet New York, MLB Network, Comcast
Comcast
Sports Southeast/Charter Sports Southeast, NBC Sports Network, The Golf Channel, Syfy, and USA Network. On May 19, 2009, Disney
Disney
and ESPN
ESPN
announced an agreement to allow Comcast Corporation to carry the channels ESPNU
ESPNU
and ESPN3.[165] The U.S. Olympic Committee and Comcast
Comcast
intended to team up to create The U.S. Olympic Network, which was slated to launch after the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Games.[166] These plans were then put on hold by the U.S. Olympic Committee.[167] The U.S. Olympic Committee and Comcast
Comcast
have ended the plans to create The U.S. Olympic Network.[168] Comcast's content networks and assets also include E!, Oxygen, Golf Channel, NBCSN, Universal Kids, Bravo, and the regional Comcast SportsNets. When Comcast
Comcast
took majority ownership in NBCUniversal, significant number of cable networks were added to this list. Comcast's NHL deal obligated them to create a U.S. version of NHL Network, launched in October 2007. Comcast
Comcast
also owns many local channels. Comcast
Comcast
also has a variety network known as Comcast
Comcast
Network, available exclusively to Comcast
Comcast
and Cablevision
Cablevision
subscribers. The channel shows news, sports, and entertainment and places emphasis in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and the Baltimore/ Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
areas, though the channel is also available in New York, Pittsburgh, and Richmond. In August 2004, Comcast
Comcast
started a channel called Comcast
Comcast
Entertainment Television, for Colorado Comcast
Comcast
subscribers, and focusing on life in Colorado. It also carries some National Hockey League
National Hockey League
and National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
games when Altitude Sports & Entertainment is carrying the NHL or NBA. In January 2006, CET became the primary channel for Colorado's Emergency Alert System in the Denver
Denver
Metro Area. In 2006, Comcast helped found the channel SportsNet New York, acquiring a minority stake. The other partners in the project were New York Mets
New York Mets
and Time Warner Cable. DreamWorks Animation On April 28, 2016, NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
bought DreamWorks Animation, along with its major IPs including Shrek, How to Train Your Dragon, Kung Fu Panda, and Madagascar.[169][170][171][172] Professional sports Main article: Comcast
Comcast
Spectacor In 1996, Comcast
Comcast
bought a controlling stake in Spectacor from the company's founder, Ed Snider.[173] Comcast Spectacor
Comcast Spectacor
holdings now include the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers NHL hockey team and their home arena in Philadelphia. Over a number of years, Comcast
Comcast
became majority owner of Comcast
Comcast
SportsNet, as well as Golf Channel
Golf Channel
and NBCSN
NBCSN
(formerly the Outdoor Life Network, then Versus). In 2002, Comcast
Comcast
paid the University of Maryland $25 million for naming rights to the new basketball arena built on the College Park campus, the XFINITY Center. Before it was renamed for Comcast's cable subsidiary, XFINITY Center was called Comcast Center
Comcast Center
from its opening in 2002 through July 2014. Venture capital Comcast
Comcast
founded its first venture capital fund in January 1999, as Comcast
Comcast
Interactive Capital.[174] Around 2011, following the 2009 NBC Universal acquisition, Comcast
Comcast
Interactive Capital was merged with The Peacock Equity Fund, the venture capital subsidiary of NBCUniversal.[175] The combined company, Comcast
Comcast
Ventures, backs various companies such as FanDuel[176] and Vox Media,[177] for example. Criticism and controversy Main article: Criticism of Comcast

Comcast
Comcast
service van, Ypsilanti Township, Michigan

In 2004 and 2007, the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) survey found that Comcast
Comcast
had the worst customer satisfaction rating of any company or government agency in the country, including the Internal Revenue Service. The ACSI indicates that almost half of all cable customers (regardless of company) have registered complaints, and that cable is the only industry to score below 60 in the ACSI.[178] Comcast's Customer Service Rating by the ACSI surveys indicate that the company's customer service has not improved since the surveys began in 2001. Analysis of the surveys states that " Comcast
Comcast
is one of the lowest scoring companies in ACSI. As its customer satisfaction eroded by 7% over the past year, revenue increased by 12%." The ACSI analysis also addresses this contradiction, stating that "Such pricing power usually comes with some level of monopoly protection and most cable companies have little competition at the local level. This also means that a cable company can do well financially even though its customers are not particularly satisfied."[179][180] In April 2014, Comcast
Comcast
was awarded the 2014 "Worst Company in America" award; an annual contest by the consumer affairs blog The Consumerist that runs a series of reader polls to determine the least popular company in America. This was the second time Comcast
Comcast
had been awarded this title, the first being in 2010.[181] Comcast
Comcast
spends millions of dollars annually on lobbying.[182][183] Comcast
Comcast
employs the spouses, sons and daughters of mayors, councilmen, commissioners, and other officials to assure its continued preferred market allocations.[184][185][186] Comcast
Comcast
was given an "F" for its corporate governance practices in 2010, by Corporate Library, an independent shareholder-research organization. According to Corporate Library, Comcast's board of directors ability to oversee and control management was severely compromised (at least in 2010) by the fact that several of the directors either worked for the company or had business ties to it (making them susceptible to management pressure), and a third of the directors were over 70 years of age. According to The Wall Street Journal nearly two-thirds of the flights of Comcast's $40 million corporate jet purchased for business travel related to the NBCU acquisition, were to CEO Brian Roberts' private homes or to resorts.[187] In January 2015 Comcast
Comcast
customer Ricardo Brown received a bill from Comcast
Comcast
with his name changed to "Asshole Brown". Brown's wife, Lisa, believed a Comcast
Comcast
employee changed the name in response to the Browns' request to cancel their cable service, an incident in which she was refused a cancellation unless she paid a $60 fee and instead was routed to a retention specialist. Comcast
Comcast
refused to correct the name on their bill after bringing it to the attention of numerous customer service outlets for the company by explaining that Ricardo is the legal name of the customer, so the Browns turned to consumer advocate Christopher Elliott. Elliott posted the facts of the incident, along with a copy of the bill, on his blog. Shortly thereafter, Elliott contacted Comcast
Comcast
and Comcast
Comcast
offered the Browns an apology, a $60 refund, and a promise to track down and fire the responsible employee. The Browns instead requested a full refund for their negative experience and Comcast
Comcast
agreed to refund the family the last two years of service and provide the next two years of service at no charge. Comcast
Comcast
released a statement explaining: "We have spoken with our customer and apologized for this completely unacceptable and inappropriate name change. We have zero tolerance for this type of disrespectful behavior and are conducting a thorough investigation to determine what happened. We are working with our customer to make this right and will take appropriate steps to prevent this from happening again." [188] On February 19, 2015, a Comcast
Comcast
customer-support representative was caught falsely telling a customer that the company is required by law to implement data caps. In a SoundCloud recording posted on Reddit, the Comcast
Comcast
agent, Lionel, can be heard telling the customer, "Every Internet
Internet
service provider has data caps. It is mandated by the law." [189] On August 1, 2016, Washington State Attorney General Bob Ferguson filed a lawsuit against cable television and Internet
Internet
giant Comcast Corporation in King County Superior Court, alleging the company’s own documents reveal a pattern of illegally deceiving their customers to pad their bottom line by tens of millions of dollars.[190] The FCC issued a $2.3 million fine to Comcast
Comcast
after finding that the company was charging customers for unordered services and equipment. More than a thousand customers issued complaints about these unprecedented charges to their bill. In addition, numerous customers reported inappropriate name-calling and interrogation by customer service representatives. Comcast’s executive vice president, David Cohen, admitted the company needed to improve their customer service.[191] On August 8, 2016 an Official Comcast
Comcast
Employee confirmed that Comcast was changing 1080i channels to the 720p60 format. "Official Employees are from multiple teams within Comcast: Product, Support, Leadership."[192] In February 2017, Comcast
Comcast
was ordered by the self-regulatory National Advertising Review Board to cease using a claim based on Speedtest.net data that it has "America's fastest internet", stating that "Ookla’s data showed only that Xfinity
Xfinity
consumers who took advantage of the free tests offered on the Speedtest.net
Speedtest.net
website subscribed to tiers of service with higher download speeds than Verizon
Verizon
FiOS consumers who took advantage of the tests." They were also ordered to stop using a claim that the company offers the "fastest in-home Wi-Fi", which was poorly substantiated.[193] Notes

^ Before the AT&T merger in 2001, the parent company was Comcast Holdings Corporation. Comcast
Comcast
Holdings Corporation now refers to a subsidiary of Comcast
Comcast
Corporation, not the parent company (see: Bloomberg profile on Comcast
Comcast
Holdings Corporation). Technically, the current parent company was founded December 7, 2001, as CAB Holdings Corporation, which changed its name to AT&T Comcast
Comcast
Corporation before finally taking on the Comcast
Comcast
Corporation name (see: Nov 2002 8K/A Form and Nov 2002 S-4).

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spreads cash wide on Capitol Hill. Politico. Retrieved March 11, 2014. ^ Bob Fernandez (April 11, 2014). "A sometimes-tense hearing on Capitol Hill on proposed Comcast- Time Warner
Time Warner
merger". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved April 14, 2014.  ^ Jessica Collins or Lauren Hammond (February 13, 2014). "Goodlatte and Bachus Statement on Proposed Comcast- Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
Merger". judiciary.house.gov. Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.  ^ Agence France-Presse (March 6, 2014). "US confirms antitrust probe of Comcast-TWC deal". Yahoo News. Retrieved March 23, 2014.  ^ EDWARD WYATT (March 6, 2014). "Top Official Can't Rule on Cable Merger". The New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2014.  ^ Diane Bartz (March 19, 2014). "Exclusive: States to probe Comcast plan to buy Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable". Reuters. Retrieved March 23, 2014.  ^ Steel, Emily; Gelles, David; Ruiz, Rebecca; Lipton, Eric (April 23, 2015). " Comcast
Comcast
Is Said to End $45 Billion Bid for Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ Tali Arbel Associated Press (August 4, 2015). " Comcast
Comcast
speeding up its discounted Internet
Internet
service". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ a b Spangler, Todd. " Comcast
Comcast
Launches Watchable: Can Web Video Help Save Cable TV?". Variety. Retrieved April 10, 2016.  ^ Peter Spence (April 28, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
to buy DreamWorks Animation for £2.6bn". The Telegraph.  ^ Anousha Sakoui (April 27, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
in Discussions to Buy DreamWorks Animation, WSJ Reports". Bloomberg.com.  ^ McNary, Dave (August 22, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
Completes $3.8 Billion Purchase of DreamWorks Animation".  ^ Chris Welch, The Verge. " Comcast
Comcast
confirms plans to launch mobile phone service in 2017." Sep 20, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2017. ^ " Comcast
Comcast
confirms plans to launch mobile phone service in 2017". The Verge. Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ " Comcast
Comcast
Is Launching a Wireless Service Next Year". The Motley Fool. Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ Athavaley, Anjali. "RPT- Comcast
Comcast
builds out "smart home" strategy as cable shrinks". Business Insider. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ " Comcast
Comcast
plunges again into cell phone service. Can it overcome past failures?". Philly.com. Retrieved 6 April 2017.  ^ Perry, Spencer (February 15, 2017). "Universal Studios Buys a Minority Stake in Amblin Partners". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved February 20, 2017.  ^ Jamerson, Joshua (28 February 2017). " Comcast
Comcast
to Buy Remaining Stake in Universal Studios Japan
Universal Studios Japan
for $2.3 Billion". The Wall Street Journal.  ^ C. Chmielewski, Dawn; Hayes, Dade (2017-11-16). "Comcast-Fox Deal Talks Latest Entry Into Media Merger Mania". Deadline. Retrieved 2017-11-28.  ^ Reuter Staff, Reuter Staff (2017-12-11). " Comcast
Comcast
drops bid for Fox assets, leaving Disney
Disney
in pole position". Reuters. Retrieved 2017-12-11.  ^ Riley, Hadas Gold and Charles. " Disney
Disney
is buying most of 21st Century Fox for $52.4 billion". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ " The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock". The Walt Disney
Disney
Company (Press release). December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.  ^ "These 4 Tech, Media Giants Are In Talks To Buy Lionsgate". Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ " Lionsgate
Lionsgate
Ripe For Takeover As Amazon, Verizon
Verizon
and CBS-Viacom Emerge As Potential Suitors". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "CBS, Lionsgate, Viacom
Viacom
heat up media space M&A rumors". FierceCable. Retrieved 2018-01-26.  ^ Munson, Ben. "Lionsgate, Hemisphere launch Spanish-language SVOD Pantaya." FierceCable, 1 August 2017 accessed 15 November 2017 at https://www.fiercecable.com/online-video/lionsgate-hemisphere-launch-spanish-language-svod-pantaya ^ "NBCU Telemundo
Telemundo
Launches Film Division". Deadline.com.  ^ "CBS, Lionsgate, Viacom
Viacom
heat up media space M&A rumors". FierceCable. Retrieved 2018-01-26.  ^ Editorial, Reuters. "$ Instrument_CompanyName $ Instrument_Ric Company Profile Reuters.com". Reuters. Retrieved 2017-06-15.  ^ " Comcast
Comcast
adds ESPNU
ESPNU
and ESPN360.COM to line up with content on television, on demand and online". espnmediazone.com, Comcast
Comcast
press release, May 19, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2009. Archived May 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Comcast, U.S. Olympic Committee to Launch Cable Net, Mediaweek, July 8, 2009 ^ U.S. Olympic Cable Network Put on Hold, Mediaweek, August 17, 2009 ^ U.S.O.C. Ends Plans for Its Own Olympic Channel, The New York Times, April 21, 2010 ^ Limbong, Andrew (April 29, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
Buys DreamWorks Animation For $3.8 Billion In Race Against Disney". NPR. Retrieved May 2, 2016.  ^ Stelter, Brian (April 28, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
buys DreamWorks Animation in $3.8 billion deal". CNN Money. Retrieved May 2, 2016.  ^ Ortutay, Barbara (April 29, 2016). " Comcast
Comcast
Buying DreamWorks Animation for About $3.55B". KQED Arts. KQED. Associated Press. Retrieved May 2, 2016.  ^ Steele, Anne; Fritz, Ben; Mattioli, Dana (April 28, 2016). "Comcast to Buy DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
for $3.8 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 2, 2016.  ^ Bill Fleischman (March 22, 1996). "Msg What Comcast
Comcast
Hopes To Become". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Retrieved February 16, 2014.  ^ Peter Key (July 5, 1999). "Comcast: Not just cable anymore". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Business Journal. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ Mike Farrell (May 26, 2011). "Comcast, NBCU Combine Venture Capital Units". MultiChannel News. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ Darren Heitner (January 30, 2013). "Fantasy Sports Service, FanDuel, Secures $11 Million Investment; Includes Money From Comcast
Comcast
Ventures". Forbes. Retrieved February 16, 2014.  ^ staff (October 15, 2013). " Comcast
Comcast
Ventures-backed Vox Media
Vox Media
Raises $34 Million". CityBizList Philadelphia. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2014.  ^ The American Customer Satisfaction Index, First Quarter, 2004 Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ American Customer Satisfaction Index, First Quarter, 2007 Archived August 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ American Customer Satisfaction Index, Scores By Company: Comcast Corporation Archived November 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Congratulations To Comcast, Your 2014 Worst Company In America!". The Consumerist. April 8, 2014.  ^ The Center for Public Integrity, Comcast
Comcast
Corp. Political Influence Archived June 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Publicintegrity.org. Retrieved on July 8, 2011. ^ " Lobbying
Lobbying
Spending Database - Comcast
Comcast
Corp, 2017 OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ The Washington Post, Prominent Ties Among Comcast
Comcast
Hires. Washingtonpost.com (March 7, 2006). Retrieved on July 8, 2011. ^ The Washington Post, Md. Lawmakers Call for Probe of Comcast
Comcast
Ties. Washingtonpost.com (March 8, 2006). Retrieved on July 8, 2011. ^ Law.com, Federal Judge Certifies Antitrust Class Against Comcast. Law.com. Retrieved on July 8, 2011. ^ Maremont, Mark; McGInty, Tom (June 16, 2011). "Corporate Jet Set, Leisure vs. Businessw". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 26, 2014.  ^ Bort, Julie. [2] SFGate. Retrieved January 29, 2015 ^ Geller, Eric. [3] TheDailyDot. Retrieved February 19, 2015 ^ Office of the Attorney General. [4]. Retrieved August 1, 2016 ^ http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/bic1/NewsDetailsPage/NewsDetailsWindow?disableHighlighting=false&displayGroupName=News&currPage=&scanId=&query=&source=&prodId=BIC1&search_within_results=&p=BIC1&mode=view&catId=&u=sant38536&limiter=&display-query=&displayGroups=&contentModules=&action=e&sortBy=&documentId=GALE%7CA466395821&windowstate=normal&activityType=&failOverType=&commentary=[full citation needed] ^ "1080i channels are being changed to 720p channels". August 8, 2016.  ^ "Not so fast— Comcast
Comcast
told to stop claiming it has "fastest Internet"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Comcast.

Official website

Business data for Comcast
Comcast
Corporation: Google Finance Yahoo! Finance Reuters SEC filings

v t e

Comcast

Comcast
Comcast
Cable

Xfinity
Xfinity
(Areas with XFINITY)

Xfinity
Xfinity
Streampix

Comcast
Comcast
Entertainment TV Comcast
Comcast
TV Comcast
Comcast
Business Comcast
Comcast
Technology Solutions

HITS thePlatform

Xfinity
Xfinity
3D

Spectacor

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers Maine Mariners Wells Fargo Center Spectra

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NBCUniversal

Universal Pictures NBC Universal Parks NBCU Cable Telemundo NBCU TV Group NBC
NBC
Sports Group NBCU News Group Related articles

Other Holdings

Current

Leisure Arts Plaxo Midco
Midco
(part owner) In Demand
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(part owner)

Former

GuideWorks

Links to related articles

v t e

NBCUniversal

A subsidiary of Comcast

Corporate officials

Board of Directors

Steve Burke (CEO) Brian L. Roberts Jeffrey R. Immelt Keith Sherin

Executives

Dick Ebersol Robert Greenblatt Bonnie Hammer Ted Harbert Ronald Meyer

Universal Filmed Entertainment Group

Amblin Partners[nu 1] Back Lot Music Carnival Films Chiller Films DreamWorks Animation

DreamWorks Classics

Big Idea Entertainment Bullwinkle StudiosJV Harvey Entertainment

DreamWorks Channel Oriental DreamWorks[nu 2] DreamWorks New Media

AwesomenessTV[nu 3]

Big Frame

Fandango (70%) Focus Features

Gramercy Pictures

Illumination Entertainment

Illumination Mac Guff

NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Entertainment Japan United International Pictures[nu 4] Universal Animation Studios Universal Playback Universal Pictures Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
Home Entertainment Working Title Films

Universal Parks & Resorts

United States

Universal Studios Hollywood

CityWalk

Universal Orlando
Universal Orlando
Resort

Universal Studios Florida Universal's Islands of Adventure CityWalk

International

Universal Studios Japan Universal Studios Singapore Universal Studios Beijing

NBCU Cable Entertainment

Universal Cable Productions Craftsy
Craftsy
(major stake) Networks

Syfy USA Network

Lifestyle Group

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Hulu[nu 5] Movieclips

NBCU Telemundo Enterprises

NBC
NBC
Universo Telemundo

Puerto Rico Studios Telemundo
Telemundo
TV Studios

Telemundo
Telemundo
Deportesw/ NBC
NBC
Sports Group

NBC
NBC
Sports Group

NBC
NBC
Sports Ventures

Alli

Golf Channel NBC
NBC
Sports Digital

GolfNow

NBC
NBC
Sports NBCSN Olympic Channel part owner

MLB Network NHL Network

NBC
NBC
Sports Regional Networks

Bay Area (45%) Boston California Chicago (20%) Northwest Philadelphia Washington SNY (8%)

NBCUniversal News Group

NBC
NBC
News NBCNews.com The Weather Channel[nu 6] MSNBC Peacock Productions

C NBC
NBC
global channels

CNBC C NBC
NBC
Africa (licensee) C NBC
NBC
Asia C NBC
NBC
Europe C NBC
NBC
Latin America C NBC
NBC
World

C NBC
NBC
Europe branches

Class C NBC
NBC
(20%) C NBC
NBC
Africa (licensee) C NBC
NBC
Arabiya CNBC-e C NBC
NBC
Nordic

C NBC
NBC
Asia branches

CNBC-TV18 C NBC
NBC
Australia C NBC
NBC
Awaaz C NBC
NBC
Hong Kong C NBC
NBC
Pakistan C NBC
NBC
Singapore Nikkei CNBC SBS-CNBC

NBCUniversal International Networks

13th Street Universal

Australia Benelux France Germany Spain

Bravo New Zealand Euronews[nu 7] Syfy
Syfy
Universal

Asia Australia Benelux France Germany Italy[nu 8] Latin America Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovenia Spain United Kingdom

Diva Universal

Asia Italy Romania

Movies 24 Studio Universal

Latin America

Universal Channel

Asia Australia Germany Greece Japan Poland Turkey United Kingdom

Style Network

Australia

E!

Asia Australia Europe

NBC
NBC
Entertainment

NBC DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
Television Stamford Media Center Universal Television

NBC
NBC
Broadcasting

Affiliate Relations NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television
Television
Distribution

NBCU Owned TV Stations O&Os

NBC
NBC
Owned TV Stations

KNBC KNSD KNTV KXAS-TV WBTS-LD
WBTS-LD
& WYCN-CD WCAU WMAQ-TV WNBC WRC-TV WTVJ WVIT
WVIT
Other properties: Cozi TV

K15CU-D

LXTV New England Cable News

Telemundo Station Group

KBLR KDEN-TV KEJT-LP KHRR KNSD-DT20 KNSO[nu 9] KSTS KTAZ KTDO KTLM KTMD KVDA KVEA KXTX-TV WKAQ-TV WNEU WNJU WRDM-CD/WDMR-LP[nu 10] WRIW-CD WRMD-CD WSCV WSNS-TV WTMO-CD WWSI WWDT-CD WZTD-LD WZDC-CD[nu 10] Other properties: TeleXitos

Independent station

WZGS-CD

Other assets:

EMKA, Ltd. International Media Distribution PictureBox Films

Former/Defunct properties and predecessors:

Castle Films Chapman Entertainment Chiller CIC Video Cloo Comcast
Comcast
Network Esquire Network FilmDistrict G4 Good Machine Gramercy Pictures Harvey Films/Harvey Comics ITC Entertainment Interscope Communications Kitty Films Miss Universe[nu 11] Multimedia Entertainment MCA Inc. NBC
NBC
Weather Plus October Films Pacific Data Images PolyGram Filmed Entertainment Propaganda Films Seagram
Seagram
Company Ltd. Shift Seeso Total Television United Productions of America Universal HD ZGS Communications

^ Co-owned with The Amblin Group, Participant Media, Reliance Entertainment, Entertainment One
Entertainment One
and Alibaba Pictures. ^ Co-owned with China Media Capital, Shanghai Media Group
Shanghai Media Group
and Shanghai Alliance Investment. ^ Co-owned with Hearst Communications
Hearst Communications
and Verizon
Verizon
Communications. ^ 50%, with Viacom's Paramount Pictures. ^ Co-owned with 21st Century Fox, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
and Time Warner. ^ Co-owned with The Blackstone Group
The Blackstone Group
and Bain Capital. ^ Co-owned with Media Globe Networks and European public broadcasters. ^ Co-owned with Mediaset. ^ The station is owned by NBCUniversal, but is controlled by Serestar Communications. ^ a b Operated by NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
under a local marketing agreement. ^ Co-owned with The Trump Organization
The Trump Organization
before September 2015 sale to WME/IMG.

v t e

Companies of the NASDAQ-100
NASDAQ-100
index

21st Century Fox Activision Blizzard Adobe Systems Alexion Pharmaceuticals Align Technology Alphabet Amazon.com American Airlines Group Amgen Analog Devices Apple Applied Materials ASML Holding Autodesk Automatic Data Processing Baidu Biogen BioMarin Pharmaceutical Booking Holdings Broadcom Limited CA Technologies Cadence Design Systems Celgene Cerner Charter Communications Check Point Cintas Cisco Systems Citrix Systems Cognizant Comcast Costco CSX Ctrip.com International Dentsply Sirona Dish Network Dollar Tree eBay Electronic Arts Expedia Express Scripts Facebook Fastenal Fiserv Gilead Sciences Hasbro Henry Schein Hologic Idexx Laboratories Illumina Incyte Intel Intuit Intuitive Surgical J. B. Hunt
J. B. Hunt
Transport Services JD.com KLA-Tencor Kraft Heinz Lam Research Liberty Global Liberty Interactive Marriott International Maxim Integrated
Maxim Integrated
Products MercadoLibre Microchip Technology Micron Technology Microsoft Mondelez International Monster Beverage Mylan NetEase Netflix Nvidia O'Reilly Auto Parts Paccar Paychex PayPal Qualcomm Regeneron Ross Stores Seagate Technology Shire Sirius XM Holdings Skyworks Solutions Starbucks Symantec Synopsys T-Mobile US Take-Two Interactive Tesla, Inc. Texas Instruments Ulta Beauty Verisk Analytics Vertex Pharmaceuticals Vodafone Walgreens Boots Alliance Western Digital Workday Wynn Resorts Xilinx

v t e

Philadelphia-area corporations (including the Delaware Valley)

List of companies based in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area

Philadelphia-based Fortune 500 corporations (rank in the 2017 list)

Comcast
Comcast
(31) Aramark
Aramark
(192) Crown Holdings
Crown Holdings
(333)

Delaware Valley-based Fortune 500 corporations (rank in the 2017 list)

AmerisourceBergen
AmerisourceBergen
(11) DuPont
DuPont
(113) Lincoln National (207) Universal Health Services (276) Campbell Soup (339) UGI (457) Burlington Stores Inc. (463)

Other notable Philadelphia-based businesses

Amoroso's Beneficial Bank Chemtura Day & Zimmermann FMC Corporation Independence Blue Cross Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Real Estate Investment Trust Pep Boys Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Media Network Radian Group Urban Outfitters

Notable Philadelphia-based professional partnerships

Ballard Spahr Blank Rome Cozen O'Connor Dechert Drinker Biddle & Reath Duane Morris Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Pepper Hamilton Saul Ewing White and Williams

Other notable Delaware Valley-based businesses

Actua Corporation Airgas AlliedBarton Ametek Aqua America Asplundh Bentley Systems Brandywine Realty Trust Boscov's Carpenter Technology Cephalon Chemours Christiana Care Health System Crozer Keystone Health System David's Bridal DuckDuckGo EPAM Systems EnerSys Liberty Property Trust Penn Mutual Penn National Gaming Rita's Italian Ice SEI Investments SLM SunGard Susquehanna International Group Vanguard Toll Brothers Triumph Group Unisys ViroPharma Vishay Intertechnology VWR Wawa Wilmington Trust W. L. Gore and Associates WSFS Bank

Notable Delaware Valley-based US headquarters of foreign businesses

Aberdeen Asset
Asset
Management ACE AgustaWestland AstraZeneca Delaware Investments GlaxoSmithKline ING Group Keystone Foods SAP America Siemens Medical Shire Pharmaceuticals Subaru Teva Pharmaceuticals TD Bank

Notable Delaware Valley-based division headquarters of US corporations

Acme (Cerberus Capital Management) Centocor
Centocor
(Johnson & Johnson) Colonial Penn (Conseco) Delmarva Power (Exelon) GSI Commerce (eBay) Hercules (Ashland) MAB Paints
MAB Paints
(Sherwin-Williams) McNeil Laboratories (J&J) Neoware (Hewlett-Packard) PECO (Exelon) QVC
QVC
(Liberty Media) Rohm and Haas
Rohm and Haas
(Dow Chemical) Sunoco
Sunoco
(Energy Transfer) Tasty Baking (Flowers Foods)

v t e

Internet
Internet
service providers of the United States

Cable ISP

Adams Cable Allegiance Communications Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Docomo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Mediacom Midco Northland Communications OneLink Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

TruVista Communications WOW!

Satellite ISP

Dish (HughesNet) Exede

Fiber ISP

AT&T Fiber CenturyLink Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Bell FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Digital West EPB Frontier FiOS Google Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Telephone Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon
Verizon
FiOS Windstream

Copper / DSL
DSL
ISP

AT&T Internet
Internet
(U-Verse) CenturyLink Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Digital West Frontier Communications TDS Telecom Verizon Windstream

Defunct ISP

AGIS ANS Atala T Boston CitiNet ATMNet Excite@Home Prodigy Pure TalkUSA Texas.net WorldWide Access

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in the United States

Cable MVPD

Adams Cable Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband AT&T Alascom Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Comtech21 Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Deltacom DoCoMo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Hood Canal Communications Mediacom Midco Northlake Telecom Northland Communications Liberty Puerto Rico Ritter Communications Santel Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

Troy Cablevision TruVista Communications WOW! ZTelco

Satellite MVPD

Claro Dish Network DirecTV Glorystar Headend in the Sky Home2US

Fiber MVPD / IPTV

AT&T U-verse CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Prism TV Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Bell FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

EPB Frontier FiOS Google Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Datastream TV North State Communications Smithville Fiber Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon
Verizon
FiOS Whidbey Telecom Windstream Kinetic

Virtual MVPD

DirecTV
DirecTV
Now FuboTV Hulu
Hulu
with Live TV Philo PlayStation Vue Sling TV Spectrum TV Stream Xfinity
Xfinity
Instant TV YouTube
YouTube
TV

Over-the-top

Amazon Video Anime Network Apple iTunes Store CBS
CBS
All Access Crackle Crunchyroll CW Seed CuriosityStream DramaFever Fandor FunimationNow go90 Hallmark Movies Now HBO
HBO
Now History Vault Hulu iON (IPTV) Lifetime Movie Club Netflix Noggin Pluto TV Roku Seeso Showtime Starz Tribeca Shortlist Tubi TV UFC Fight Pass Univision
Univision
NOW YuppTV WWE Network

Defunct cable

Adelphia Communications Corporation Alameda Power and Telecom1 Astound Broadband AT&T Broadband

MediaOne/Continental Cablevision Tele-Communications Inc.

Baja Broadband

US Cable

Bresnan Communications Bright House Networks Cablevision Champion Broadband Cobridge Communications Community Home Entertainment Graceba Total Communications Insight Communications Jones Intercable King Videocable Knology Marcus Cable NPG Cable Paragon Cable Rapid Communications TelePrompTer/Group W Cable Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable UA-Columbia Cablevision Windjammer Communications

1 – Still in operation, but no longer offers cable or Internet
Internet
as part of its services

Defunct satellite

AlphaStar GlobeCast World TV PrimeStar United States
United States
Satellite Broadcasting Voom HD Networks

Defunct IPTV

Sky Angel Virtual Digital Cable

Defunct terrestrial

Aereo USDTV MovieBeam

Defunct virtual MVPD

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Stream

v t e

Additional resources on North American television

North America

List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template

Canada

Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States
United States
stations available in Canada 2001 Vancouver TV realignment 2007 Canada broadcast TV realignment

Mexico

Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations

United States

American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations (W) Local American TV stations (K) Spanish-language TV networks 1994 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV

Africa, Asia, Middle East and Oceania Americas Europe

v t e

Major telecommunications companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$10 billion

América Móvil AT&T Bell Canada Bezeq Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited BT Group CenturyLink China Mobile China Telecommunications
Telecommunications
Corporation

China Telecom

China Unicom Chunghwa Telecom Comcast Deutsche Telekom Digicel FLOW Hutchison Asia Idea Cellular Jio KDDI KPN KT Corporation Mahanagar Telephone Nigam MTN MTS Nippon NTT DoCoMo Oi Orange S.A. PCCW Reliance Rogers Shaw Singtel SK Telecom SoftBank Mobile Spark Sprint Corporation Swisscom Tata Teleservices Telecom Italia Telefónica Telenor Telus Telmex Telstra TPG Trilogy International Partners True Türk Telekom VEON Verizon Viettel Vivendi Vodafone

See also Largest IT companies List of mobile network operators List of telephone operating companies Category: Telecommunications
Telecommunications
companies

v t e

Telecommunications

History

Beacon Broadcasting Cable protection system Cable TV Communications satellite Computer network Drums Electrical telegraph Fax Heliographs Hydraulic telegraph Internet Mass media Mobile phone Optical telecommunication Optical telegraphy Pager Photophone Prepay mobile phone Radio Radiotelephone Satellite communications Semaphore Smartphone Smoke signals Telecommunications
Telecommunications
history Telautograph Telegraphy Teleprinter
Teleprinter
(teletype) Telephone The Telephone Cases Television Timeline of communication technology Undersea telegraph line Videoconferencing Videophone Videotelephony Whistled language

Pioneers

Edwin Howard Armstrong John Logie Baird Paul Baran Alexander Graham Bell Tim Berners-Lee Jagadish Chandra Bose Vint Cerf Claude Chappe Donald Davies Lee de Forest Philo Farnsworth Reginald Fessenden Elisha Gray Erna Schneider Hoover Charles K. Kao Hedy Lamarr Innocenzo Manzetti Guglielmo Marconi Antonio Meucci Radia Perlman Alexander Stepanovich Popov Johann Philipp Reis Nikola Tesla Camille Tissot Alfred Vail Charles Wheatstone Vladimir K. Zworykin

Transmission media

Coaxial cable Fiber-optic communication

Optical fiber

Free-space optical communication Molecular communication Radio waves Transmission line

Network topology and switching

Links Nodes Terminal node Network switching (circuit packet) Telephone exchange

Multiplexing

Space-division Frequency-division Time-division Polarization-division Orbital angular-momentum Code-division

Networks

ARPANET BITNET Cellular network Computer CYCLADES Ethernet FidoNet Internet ISDN LAN Mobile NGN NPL network Public Switched Telephone Radio Telecommunications
Telecommunications
equipment Television Telex WAN Wireless World Wide Web

Category Portal

v t e

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers

Founded in 1967 Based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Franchise

Team General managers Coaches Players Captains Draft picks (Expansion draft) Seasons Current season

History

1967 expansion Records Award winners Retired numbers

Personnel

Owner Comcast
Comcast
Spectacor President Paul Holmgren General manager Ron Hextall Head coach Dave Hakstol Team captain Claude Giroux Current roster

Arenas

Spectrum Wells Fargo Center

Rivalries

Boston Bruins New Jersey Devils New York Rangers Pittsburgh Penguins Washington Capitals

Affiliates

AHL Lehigh Valley Phantoms ECHL Reading Royals Affiliate history

Media

Networks

TV

NBC
NBC
Sports Philadelphia NBC
NBC
Sports Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Plus

Radio

97.5 The Fanatic

Broadcasters

TV

Jim Jackson Keith Jones Bill Clement Chris Therien

Radio

Tim Saunders Steve Coates

Culture and lore

"Big Orange" (The Goldbergs episode) Broad Street Bullies Curse of Billy Penn Ed Snider The Eric Lindros Trade Flyers–Senators brawl Gene Hart "God Bless America" "For a case of Tastykake!" Kate Smith Lauren Hart Legion of Doom Lou Nolan "Mac's Big Break" (It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
episode) Mike "Doc" Emrick The Night the Spectrum Shook Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Sports Hall of Fame "Welcome to the Jungle" 1976 Flyers–Red Army game 2010 NHL Winter Classic 2012 NHL Winter Classic 2017 NHL Stadium Series 2019 NHL Stadium Series

v t e

Current National Hockey League
National Hockey League
owners

Eastern Conference

Atlantic Division Metropolitan Division

Jeremy Jacobs (Boston Bruins) Terrence Pegula
Terrence Pegula
(Buffalo Sabres) Ilitch Holdings
Ilitch Holdings
( Detroit
Detroit
Red Wings) Vincent Viola (Florida Panthers) Molson family
Molson family
(Montreal Canadiens) Eugene Melnyk (Ottawa Senators) Jeffrey Vinik
Jeffrey Vinik
(Tampa Bay Lightning) Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (Toronto Maple Leafs)

Thomas Dundon and Peter Karmanos Jr. (Carolina Hurricanes) John P. McConnell (Columbus Blue Jackets) Joshua Harris (New Jersey Devils) Jon Ledecky and Scott D. Malkin (New York Islanders) Madison Square Garden Company
Madison Square Garden Company
(New York Rangers) Comcast Spectacor
Comcast Spectacor
( Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers) Mario Lemieux
Mario Lemieux
and Ronald Burkle
Ronald Burkle
(Pittsburgh Penguins) Ted Leonsis
Ted Leonsis
(Washington Capitals)

Western Conference

Central Division Pacific Division

Rocky Wirtz (Chicago Blackhawks) Ann Walton Kroenke ( Colorado
Colorado
Avalanche) Tom Gaglardi (Dallas Stars) Craig Leipold (Minnesota Wild) Predators Holdings LLC (Nashville Predators) SLB Acquisition Holdings LLC (St. Louis Blues) True North Sports & Entertainment (Winnipeg Jets)

Henry Samueli
Henry Samueli
(Anaheim Ducks) Andrew Barroway (Arizona Coyotes) Calgary Sports and Entertainment (Calgary Flames) Oilers Entertainment Group
Oilers Entertainment Group
(Edmonton Oilers) Anschutz Entertainment Group
Anschutz Entertainment Group
( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Kings) San Jose Sports & Entertainment (San Jose Sharks) Canucks Sports & Entertainment (Vancouver Canucks) Black Knight Sports & Entertainment (Vegas Golden Knights)

Coordinates: 39°57′16″N 75°10′07″W / 39.9545°N 75.1685°W /

.