COLWYN BAY (Welsh : Bae Colwyn) is a town , community and seaside
Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough on the north coast of
Irish Sea . Eight neighbouring communities are incorporated within
its postal district. Established as its own separate parish in 1844
with just a small grouping of homes and farms where the community of
Old Colwyn stands today,
Colwyn Bay has expanded to become the
second-largest community and business centre in the north of
well as the 15th largest in the whole of
Wales with the urban
statistical area having a population of 31,353 at the 2011 census.
Old Colwyn ,
Rhos-on-Sea , Mochdre and Llysfaen
communities]. Locally nicknamed "The Bay".
* 1 History
* 2 Government
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Climate
* 4 Demography
* 5 Economy
* 6 Culture
* 7 Community facilities
* 8 Landmarks
* 9 Transport
* 9.1 Tramline
* 10 Education
* 11 Religious sites
* 12 Sport
* 13 Notable people
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
"Pier and Pavilion, Colwyn Bay, Wales", ca. 1890 - 1900.
The western side of Colwyn Bay,
Rhos-on-Sea , includes a number of
historic sites associated with St Trillo and
Ednyfed Fychan , the 13th
century general and councillor to
Llywelyn the Great
Llywelyn the Great .
Bay of Colwyn
Town Council is a statutory body, covering the
communities in the urban area. The mayor for 2016 - 2017 is Councillor
The town is situated about halfway along the north coast of Wales,
between the sea and the Pwllycrochan Woods on the towering hillside.
Groes yn Eirias (Welsh:Cross in Torch) was once a separate hamlet
centred on the Glyn farmhouse (c1640) but the area is now occupied by
the Glyn estate and
Eirias Park .
As with the rest of the
British Isles ,
Colwyn Bay experiences a
maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters, and often high
winds. The local climate is well known for the prevalence of Foehn
winds - where winds from the South pass over the nearby mountains and
warm and dry on their descent, leading to far higher temperatures than
otherwise might be expected; the area holds the Welsh high temperature
record for January, March, August, October, November and December.
CLIMATE DATA FOR COLWYN BAY 36M ASL, 1981-2010
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Prior to local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974 Colwyn Bay
was a municipal borough with a population of around 25,000, but in
1974 this designation disappeared leaving five separate parishes,
known as communities in Wales, of which the one bearing the name
Colwyn Bay encompassed just the central part of the overall town and
in the 2001 Census contained just 9,742 people, with the others as
follows: Mochdre (1,862),
Rhos-on-Sea (7,110), Glan
Conwy (2,290), Old
Colwyn (7,626) and
Llysfaen (2,652). This gives a total figure for the
six communities of 31,382, generally referred to as the population of
Colwyn Bay, making it the 16th largest urban area in
Wales and the
second largest settlement in North
Wales . Bringing 2011 figures into
account that figure is now 33,549. The area is sometimes referred to
by the name Bay of Colwyn.
According to the census of 2001, 20% of the population can speak
Welsh fluently. The highest percentage of speakers is in the 10–14
years age group, where 38% can speak the language.
The town is dominated by the tourist trade, because of its famous
beaches. A business and commercial centre with rail links and close
access to the activities that are available in the surrounding
Colwyn Bay is a Fairtrade
Town as certified by the
Fairtrade Foundation as part of the Fairtrade Towns scheme.
Colwyn Bay hosted the
National Eisteddfod in 1910, 1947.
The town has parks and gardens and many places of natural beauty such
Eirias Park .
Colwyn Bay has received a gold award 8 times in the
Wales in Bloom competition. In 2009 and 2010 the town has been invited
to enter Britain in Bloom and has been awarded silver gilt in both
Welsh Mountain Zoo is nearby.
The Porth Eirias Watersports Centre offers tuition in sailing,
windsurfing and power boating as well as kayak and canoe hire. In 2013
it was nominated for
Building Design 's
Carbuncle Cup .
Victoria Pier has been closed to the public since 2009 when a
Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough Council and the pier's owner led
to him being declared bankrupt. There are now arguments between
whether it should remain standing or if it would be better to remove
the pier. Rob Dix, Head of Business and Tourism in Conwy, has said:
“The straight answer to ‘Will it ever be demolished’ is that the
council hope it will, substantially. We want to see it demolished for
health and safety and visual reasons to be able to re-open that
section of the beach,”. The lower end of the pier partially
collapsed into the sea in January 2017 and in February
announced the pier would be dismantled and stored away with a view of
restoring it at a later date.
Llety\'r Dryw is a Grade II listed house in
Abergele Road, built for
the uncle of Anthony Eden and now used as the training centre for
Llys Euryn is a medieval manor house on Bryn Euryn
, now in ruins.
The town is served by
Colwyn Bay railway station located in the town
centre on the North
Wales Coast Line with trains run by Arriva Trains
Virgin Trains . The
A55 road passes through the town,
running parallel to the North
Wales Coast Line .
Llandudno and Colwyn Bay Electric Railway operated an electric
tramway service between
Rhos-on-Sea from 1907 and
Colwyn Bay in 1908. The service closed in 1956.
Colwyn Bay has three secondary schools - one private and two state.
Eirias High School is in
Eirias Park and
Ysgol Bryn Elian is in Old
Ysgol Bryn Elian mainly serves
Old Colwyn and Eirias High
School mainly serves Colwyn Bay,
Rhos on Sea
Rhos on Sea and Penrhyn Bay. Rydal
Penrhos is a private school, which is on multiple sites in the town.
The town's primary schools are Ysgol Glan y Mor, Ysgol Pendorlan,
Ysgol Pen-y-Bryn, Ysgol T Gwynn Jones, Ysgol Hen Golwyn, and Saint
Joseph's R.C. Primary and the Welsh-language Ysgol Bod Alaw.
Anglican churches in and around the town include the parish church St
Paul\'s Church , St David\'s Welsh Church , St John the Baptist\'s
Church , St Joseph\'s Roman Catholic Church and Christ Church,
Bryn-y-Maen to the south of the town.
The local football team is
Colwyn Bay F.C. , the local cricket team
Colwyn Bay Cricket Club who play at
Penrhyn Avenue and the rugby
union team is
Colwyn Bay RFC . As of 2012, the
RGC 1404 rugby team
also play in
Colwyn Bay as part of a development venture by the WRU.
Colwyn Bay Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1893. The club and
course closed in 1959 and the land was used for a housing development.
The Black Cat Cycling Club, founded in 2014, is based in
with members made up of cyclists from the town and the surrounding
See Category:People from
Carl Dale , footballer for Chester City and Cardiff City , as well
as several non-league clubs.
James Bond actor
Timothy Dalton .
* William Davies , a Welsh Roman Catholic priest and martyr,
beatified in 1987. It is believed but not confirmed that he was born
at Groes yn Eirias in 1555.
* Richard Ellis , the California-based astronomer, was born and went
to school in Old Colwyn
Monty Python star
Terry Jones (from
Old Colwyn ).
Tony Lewis who captained Glamorgan.
Alun Michael .
* Soap star
William Roache , (Ken Barlow in
Coronation Street ), who
attended Rydal Penrhos, a private school in the town.
* Rachel Taylor - Welsh women\'s rugby international player
* Mickey Thomas who played for Manchester United , Chelsea ,
Town and Wrexham lives in Mochdre.
* Mike Walker ex professional footballer and former manager of
Everton FC and
Norwich City FC
Helen Willetts , a
BBC weather reporter.
Big Breakfast presenter
Paula Yates .
Colwyn Bay in the early 2000s.
* Mochdre , a village to the west that was originally part of the
* ^ "The Mayor 2016/2017". www.colwyn-tc.gov.uk.
* ^ "
Colwyn Bay 1981-2010 averages".
Met Office . Retrieved 24 Aug
* ^ "Britain\'s ugliest new buildings named". Daily Telegraph.
* ^ "Engineers assess collapsed
Victoria Pier damage".
BBC News. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
* ^ "Collapsed
Colwyn Bay Pier to be dismantled for
BBC News. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February
* ^ The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis.
* ^ “
Colwyn Bay Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
* ^ "The Black Cat Cycling Club Club profile". British Cycling.
* ^ Davies, William (d. 1593) at National Library of Wales
Dictionary of Welsh Biography
* ^ Squad Profiles:
Wales Women at Welsh Rugby Union, 2012