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The COLORADO PLATEAU, also known as the COLORADO PLATEAU PROVINCE , is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus , roughly centered on the Four Corners
Four Corners
region of the southwestern United States . The province covers an area of 337,000 km2 (130,000 mi2) within western Colorado
Colorado
, northwestern New Mexico
New Mexico
, southern and eastern Utah
Utah
, and northern Arizona
Arizona
. About 90% of the area is drained by the Colorado
Colorado
River and its main tributaries : the Green , San Juan , and Little Colorado
Colorado
. Most of the remainder of the plateau is drained by the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
and its tributaries. :395

The Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
is largely made up of high desert, with scattered areas of forests. In the southwest corner of the Colorado Plateau
Plateau
lies the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
of the Colorado
Colorado
River. Much of the Plateau's landscape is related, in both appearance and geologic history, to the Grand Canyon. The nickname "Red Rock Country" suggests the brightly colored rock left bare to the view by dryness and erosion. Domes , hoodoos , fins , reefs , river narrows , natural bridges , and slot canyons are only some of the additional features typical of the Plateau.

The Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
has the greatest concentration of U.S. National Park Service (NPS) units in the country outside of the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Among its ten National Parks are Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
, Glen Canyon
Canyon
, Zion , Bryce Canyon
Canyon
, Capitol Reef
Reef
, Canyonlands , Arches , Mesa
Mesa
Verde , and Petrified Forest . Among its 18 National Monuments are Bears Ears , Rainbow Bridge , Dinosaur , Hovenweep , Wupatki , Sunset Crater Volcano , Grand Staircase-Escalante , Natural Bridges , Canyons of the Ancients , Chaco Culture National Historical Park and the Colorado
Colorado
National Monument .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography
Geography
* 2 Human history * 3 Geology
Geology
* 4 Energy generation

* 5 Natural resources

* 5.1 Petroleum
Petroleum
* 5.2 Uranium
Uranium
* 5.3 Coal
Coal
* 5.4 Gilsonite and uintaite * 5.5 Scenic beauty

* 6 Protected lands * 7 See also

* 8 References

* 8.1 Further reading

GEOGRAPHY

The Four Corners
Four Corners
region and the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. Click image to see state lines. The Book Cliffs of western Colorado
Colorado
. The Green River runs north to south from Wyoming
Wyoming
, briefly through Colorado
Colorado
, and converges with the Colorado
Colorado
River in southeastern Utah. Sunset in Ojito Wilderness, near Albuquerque, NM

The province is bounded by the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, and by the Uinta Mountains and Wasatch Mountains branches of the Rockies in northern and central Utah. It is also bounded by the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
Rift , Mogollon Rim and the Basin and Range Province . Isolated ranges of the Southern Rocky Mountains such as the San Juan Mountains
San Juan Mountains
in Colorado and the La Sal Mountains in Utah
Utah
intermix into the central and southern parts of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. It is composed of six sections: :367

* Uinta Basin Section * High Plateaus Section * Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
Section * Canyon Lands Section * Navajo Section * Datil Section

As the name implies, the High Plateaus Section is, on average, the highest section. North-south trending normal faults that include the Hurricane, Sevier, Grand Wash, and Paunsaugunt separate the section's component plateaus. :366 This fault pattern is caused by the tensional forces pulling apart the adjacent Basin and Range province to the west, making this section transitional.

Occupying the southeast corner of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
is the Datil Section. Thick sequences of mid- Tertiary to late- Cenozoic -aged lava covers this section.

Development of the province has in large part been influenced by structural features in its oldest rocks. Part of the Wasatch Line and its various faults form the western edge of the province. Faults that run parallel to the Wasatch Fault that lies along the Wasatch Range form the boundaries between the plateaus in the High Plateaus Section. :376 The Uinta Basin, Uncompahgre Uplift, and the Paradox Basin were also created by movement along structural weaknesses in the region's oldest rock.

In Utah, the province includes several higher fault-separated plateaus :

* Awapa Plateau
Plateau
* Aquarius Plateau
Plateau
* Kaiparowits Plateau
Plateau
* Markagunt Plateau
Plateau
* Paunsaugunt Plateau
Plateau
* Sevier Plateau
Plateau
* Fishlake Plateau
Plateau
* Pavant Plateau
Plateau
* Gunnison Plateau
Plateau
and the * Tavaputs Plateau
Plateau
.

Some sources also include the Tushar Mountain
Mountain
Plateau
Plateau
as part of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau, but others do not. The mostly flat-lying sedimentary rock units that make up these plateaus are found in component plateaus that are between 1,500 to 3,350 metres (4,900 to 11,000 ft) above sea level . A supersequence of these rocks is exposed in the various cliffs and canyons (including the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
) that make up the Grand Staircase
Grand Staircase
. Increasingly younger east-west trending escarpments of the Grand Staircase
Grand Staircase
extend north of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
and are named for their color:

* Chocolate Cliffs , * Vermillion Cliffs , * White Cliffs , * Gray Cliffs , and the * Pink Cliffs . :369

Within these rocks are abundant mineral resources that include uranium , coal , petroleum , and natural gas . Study of the area's unusually clear geologic history (which is laid bare due to the arid and semiarid conditions) has greatly advanced that science.

A rain shadow from the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
far to the west and the many ranges of the Basin and Range means that the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
receives 15 to 40 centimetres (6 to 16 in) of annual precipitation. :369 Higher areas receive more precipitation and are covered in forests of pine, fir, and spruce.

Though it can be said that the Plateau
Plateau
roughly centers on the Four Corners, Black Mesa
Mesa
in northern Arizona
Arizona
is much closer to the east-west, north-south midpoint of the Plateau
Plateau
Province. Lying southeast of Glen Canyon
Canyon
and southwest of Monument Valley at the north end of the Hopi Reservation, this remote coal-laden highland has about half of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau's acreage north of it, half south of it, half west of it, and half east of it.

HUMAN HISTORY

The Ancestral Puebloan People lived in the region from around 2000 to 700 years ago. :374

A party from Santa Fe led by Fathers Dominguez and Escalante, unsuccessfully seeking an overland route to California, made a five-month out-and-back trip through much of the Plateau
Plateau
in 1776-1777.

Despite having lost one arm in the American Civil War , U.S. Army Major and geologist John Wesley Powell explored the area in 1869 and 1872. Using wooden oak boats and small groups of men the Powell Geographic Expedition charted this largely unknown region of the United States for the federal government.

Construction of the Hoover Dam in the 1930s and the Glen Canyon
Canyon
Dam in the 1960s changed the character of the Colorado
Colorado
River. Dramatically reduced sediment load changed its color from reddish brown (_Colorado_ is Spanish for "red") to mostly clear. The apparent green color is from algae on the riverbed's rocks, not from any significant amount of suspended material. The lack of sediment has also starved sand bars and beaches but an experimental 12-day-long controlled flood from Glen Canyon
Canyon
Dam in 1996 showed substantial restoration. Similar floods are planned for every 5 to 10 years. :375

GEOLOGY

The Redwall Limestone cliffs of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
tower above the northern Mojave Desert. The Permian
Permian
through Jurassic stratigraphy of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
area of southeastern Utah
Utah
that makes up much of the famous prominent rock formations in protected areas such as Capitol Reef
Reef
National Park
National Park
and Canyonlands National Park . From top to bottom: Rounded tan domes of the Navajo Sandstone , layered red Kayenta Formation , cliff-forming, vertically jointed, red Wingate Sandstone , slope-forming, purplish Chinle Formation , layered, lighter-red Moenkopi Formation , and white, layered Cutler Formation sandstone. Picture from Glen Canyon
Canyon
National Recreation Area , Utah. Erosion-resistant sandstones of Mesozoic age result in bands of continuous cliffs, central Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. MODIS satellite image of Grand Canyon, Lake Powell (black, left of center) and the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. White areas are snow-capped.

One of the most geologically intriguing features of the Colorado Plateau
Plateau
is its remarkable stability. Relatively little rock deformation such as faulting and folding has affected this high, thick crustal block within the last 600 million years or so. In contrast, provinces that have suffered severe deformation surround the plateau. Mountain
Mountain
building thrust up the Rocky Mountains to the north and east and tremendous, earth-stretching tension created the Basin and Range province to the west and south. Sub ranges of the Southern Rocky Mountains are scattered throughout the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau.

The Precambrian and Paleozoic history of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
is best revealed near its southern end where the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
has exposed rocks with ages that span almost 2 billion years. The oldest rocks at river level are igneous and metamorphic and have been lumped together as "Vishnu Basement Rocks"; the oldest ages recorded by these rocks fall in the range 1950 to 1680 million years. An erosion surface on the "Vishnu Basement Rocks" is covered by sedimentary rocks and basalt flows, and these rocks formed in the interval from about 1250 to 750 million years ago: in turn, they were uplifted and split into a range of fault-block mountains . :383 Erosion
Erosion
greatly reduced this mountain range prior to the encroachment of a seaway along the passive western edge of the continent in the early Paleozoic. At the canyon rim is the Kaibab Formation, limestone deposited in the late Paleozoic (Permian) about 270 million years ago.

A 12,000-to-15,000-foot high (3,700 to 4,600 m) extension of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains called the Uncompahgre Mountains were uplifted and the adjacent Paradox Basin subsided. Almost 4 mi. (6.4 km) of sediment from the mountains and evaporites from the sea were deposited (see geology of the Canyonlands area for detail). :383 Most of the formations were deposited in warm shallow seas and near-shore environments (such as beaches and swamps ) as the seashore repeatedly advanced and retreated over the edge of a proto- North America
North America
(for detail, see geology of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
area ). The province was probably on a continental margin throughout the late Precambrian and most of the Paleozoic era. Igneous rocks injected millions of years later form a marbled network through parts of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau's darker metamorphic basement. By 600 million years ago North America had been leveled off to a remarkably smooth surface.

Throughout the Paleozoic Era, tropical seas periodically inundated the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
region. Thick layers of limestone, sandstone, siltstone, and shale were laid down in the shallow marine waters. During times when the seas retreated, stream deposits and dune sands were deposited or older layers were removed by erosion. Over 300 million years passed as layer upon layer of sediment accumulated.

It was not until the upheavals that coincided with the formation of the supercontinent Pangea
Pangea
began about 250 million years ago that deposits of marine sediment waned and terrestrial deposits dominate. In late Paleozoic and much of the Mesozoic era the region was affected by a series of orogenies (mountain -building events) that deformed western North America
North America
and caused a great deal of uplift. Eruptions from volcanic mountain ranges to the west buried vast regions beneath ashy debris. Short-lived rivers, lakes, and inland seas left sedimentary records of their passage. Streams , ponds and lakes created formations such as the Chinle, Moenave, and Kayenta in the Mesozoic era. Later a vast desert formed the Navajo and Temple Cap formations and dry near-shore environment formed the Carmel (see geology of the Zion and Kolob canyons area for details).

The area was again covered by a warm shallow sea when the Cretaceous Seaway opened in late Mesozoic time. The Dakota Sandstone and the Tropic Shale were deposited in the warm shallow waters of this advancing and retreating seaway. Several other formations were also created but were mostly eroded following two major periods of uplift.

The Laramide orogeny closed the seaway and uplifted a large belt of crust from Montana
Montana
to Mexico
Mexico
, with the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
region being the largest block. Thrust faults in Colorado
Colorado
are thought to have formed from a slight clockwise movement of the region, which acted as a rigid crustal block. The Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
Province was uplifted largely as a single block, possibly due to its relative thickness. This relative thickness may be why compressional forces from the orogeny were mostly transmitted through the province instead of deforming it. :376 Pre-existing weaknesses in Precambrian rocks were exploited and reactivated by the compression. It was along these ancient faults and other deeply buried structures that much of the province's relatively small and gently inclined flexures (such as anticlines , synclines , and monoclines ) formed. :376 Some of the prominent isolated mountain ranges of the Plateau, such as Ute Mountain
Mountain
and the Carrizo Mountains , both near the Four Corners
Four Corners
, are cored by igneous rocks that were emplaced about 70 million years ago.

Minor uplift events continued through the start of the Cenozoic era and were accompanied by some basaltic lava eruptions and mild deformation. The colorful Claron Formation that forms the delicate hoodoos of Bryce Amphitheater and Cedar Breaks was then laid down as sediments in cool streams and lakes (see geology of the Bryce Canyon area for details). The flat-lying Chuska Sandstone was deposited about 34 million years ago; the sandstone is predominantly of eolian origin and locally more than 500 meters thick. The Chuska Sandstone caps the Chuska mountains , and it lies unconformably on Mesozoic rocks deformed during the Laramide orogeny .

Younger igneous rocks form spectacular topographic features. The Henry Mountains , La Sal Range , and Abajo Mountains , ranges that dominate many views in southeastern Utah, are formed about igneous rocks that were intruded in the interval from 20 to 31 million years: some igneous intrusions in these mountains form laccoliths , a form of intrusion recognized by Grove Karl Gilbert during his studies of the Henry Mountains . Ship Rock (also called Shiprock ), in northwestern New Mexico, and Church Rock and Agathla , near Monument Valley , are erosional remnants of potassium-rich igneous rocks and associated breccias of the Navajo Volcanic Field, produced about 25 million years ago. The Hopi Buttes in northeastern Arizona
Arizona
are held up by resistant sheets of sodic volcanic rocks, extruded about 7 million years ago. More recent igneous rocks are concentrated nearer the margins of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau. The San Francisco Peaks
San Francisco Peaks
near Flagstaff , south of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
, are volcanic landforms produced by igneous activity that began in that area about 6 million years ago and continued until 1064 C.E., when basalt erupted in Sunset Crater National Monument . Mount Taylor , near Grants, New Mexico
New Mexico
, is a volcanic structure with a history similar to that of the San Francisco Peaks: a basalt flow closer to Grants was extruded only about 3000 years ago (see El Malpais National Monument ). These young igneous rocks may record processes in the Earth's mantle that are eating away at deep margins of the relatively stable block of the Plateau.

Tectonic activity resumed in Mid Cenozoic time and started to unevenly uplift and slightly tilt the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
region and the region to the west some 20 million years ago (as much as 3 kilometers of uplift occurred). Streams had their gradient increased and they responded by downcutting faster. Headward erosion and mass wasting helped to erode cliffs back into their fault-bounded plateaus, widening the basins in-between. Some plateaus have been so severely reduced in size this way that they become mesas or even buttes . Monoclines form as a result of uplift bending the rock units. Eroded monoclines leave steeply tilted resistant rock called a hogback and the less steep version is a cuesta. Cliffs of Navajo Sandstone in Zion National Park
National Park

Great tension developed in the crust, probably related to changing plate motions far to the west. As the crust stretched, the Basin and Range province broke up into a multitude of down-dropped valleys and elongate mountains. Major faults, such as the Hurricane Fault , developed that separate the two regions. The dry climate was in large part a rainshadow effect resulting from the rise of the Sierra Nevada further west. Yet for some reason not fully understood, the neighboring Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
was able to preserve its structural integrity and remained a single tectonic block.

A second mystery was that while the lower layers of the Plateau appeared to be sinking, overall the Plateau
Plateau
was rising. The reason for this was discovered upon analyzing data from the USARRAY project. It was found that the asthenosphere had invaded the overlying lithosphere , as a result of an area of mantle upwelling stemming from either the disintegration of the descending Farallon Plate
Farallon Plate
, or the survival of the subducted spreading center connected to the East Pacific Rise and Gorda Ridge beneath western North America, or possibly both. The asthenosphere erodes the lower levels of the Plateau. At the same time, as it cools, it expands and lifts the upper layers of the Plateau. Eventually, the great block of Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
crust rose a kilometer higher than the Basin and Range. As the land rose, the streams responded by cutting ever deeper stream channels. The most well-known of these streams, the Colorado
Colorado
River , began to carve the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
less than 6 million years ago.

The Pleistocene
Pleistocene
epoch brought periodic ice ages and a cooler, wetter climate. This increased erosion at higher elevations with the introduction of alpine glaciers while mid-elevations were attacked by frost wedging and lower areas by more vigorous stream scouring. Pluvial lakes also formed during this time. Glaciers and pluvial lakes disappeared and the climate warmed and became drier with the start of Holocene
Holocene
epoch.

ENERGY GENERATION

Castle Gate Power Plant near Helper, UT . Coal
Coal
mine in Carbon County, UT . Oil well
Oil well
in the Uinta Basin , Utah
Utah
.

Electrical power generation is one of the major industries that takes place in the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
region. Most electrical generation comes from coal fired power plants.

NATURAL RESOURCES

PETROLEUM

The rocks of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
are a source of oil and a major source of natural gas . Major petroleum deposits are present in the San Juan Basin of New Mexico
New Mexico
and Colorado
Colorado
, the Uinta Basin of Utah
Utah
, the Piceance Basin of Colorado
Colorado
, and the Paradox Basin of Utah
Utah
, Colorado
Colorado
, and Arizona
Arizona
.

URANIUM

Main article: Uranium
Uranium
mining in Utah
Utah

The Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
holds major uranium deposits, and there was a uranium boom in the 1950s. The Atlas Uranium
Uranium
Mill near Moab has left a problematic tailings pile for cleanup, which is soon to happen.

COAL

Major coal deposits are being mined in the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
in Utah
Utah
, Arizona
Arizona
, Colorado
Colorado
, and New Mexico
New Mexico
, though large coal mining projects, such as on the Kaiparowits Plateau
Plateau
, have been proposed and defeated politically. The ITT Power Project, eventually located in Lynndyl, Utah
Utah
, near Delta, was originally suggested for Salt Wash near Capitol Reef
Reef
National Park. After a firestorm of opposition, it was moved to a less beloved site. In Utah
Utah
the largest deposits are in aptly named Carbon County. In Arizona
Arizona
the biggest operation is on Black Mesa
Mesa
, supplying coal to Navajo Power Plant.

GILSONITE AND UINTAITE

Perhaps the only one of its kind, a gilsonite plant near Bonanza, southeast of Vernal, Utah
Utah
, mines this unique, lustrous, brittle form of asphalt, for use in "varnishes, paints,...ink, waterproofing compounds, electrical insulation,...roofing materials."

SCENIC BEAUTY

The scenic appeal of this unique landscape had become, well before the end of the twentieth century, its greatest financial natural resource. The amount of commercial benefit to the four states of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
from tourism exceeded that of any other natural resource.

PROTECTED LANDS

North Rim
North Rim
of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
National Park
National Park
, Arizona
Arizona
. Painted Desert
Desert
seen from Blue Mesa, Petrified Forest National Park
National Park
Erosional features within Glen Canyon National Recreation Area . Cliff Palace at Mesa
Mesa
Verde National Park
National Park
, Colorado
Colorado
.

This relatively high semi-arid province produces many distinctive erosional features such as arches, arroyos , canyons , cliffs , fins, natural bridges , pinnacles, hoodoos , and monoliths that, in various places and extents, have been protected. Also protected are areas of historic or cultural significance, such as the pueblos of the Anasazi culture. There are nine U.S. National Parks , a National Historical Park, sixteen U.S. National Monuments and dozens of wilderness areas in the province along with millions of acres in U.S. National Forests , many state parks, and other protected lands. In fact, this region has the highest concentration of parklands in North America
North America
. :365 Lake Powell , in foreground, is not a natural lake but a reservoir impounded by Glen Canyon Dam .

National parks (from south to north to south clockwise):

* Petrified Forest National Park
National Park
* Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
National Park
National Park
* Zion National Park
National Park
* Bryce Canyon
Canyon
National Park
National Park
* Capitol Reef
Reef
National Park
National Park
* Canyonlands National Park
National Park
* Arches National Park
National Park
* Black Canyon
Canyon
of the Gunnison National Park
National Park
* Mesa
Mesa
Verde National Park
National Park
* Chaco Culture National Historical Park

National Monuments (alphabetical):

* Aztec Ruins National Monument * Canyon
Canyon
De Chelly National Monument * Canyons of the Ancients National Monument * Cedar Breaks National Monument * Colorado
Colorado
National Monument * Dinosaur National Monument * Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument * Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
* El Malpais National Monument * El Morro National Monument * Hovenweep National Monument * Navajo National Monument * Natural Bridges National Monument * Rainbow Bridge National Monument * Sunset Crater National Monument * Vermilion Cliffs National Monument * Walnut Canyon
Canyon
National Monument * Wupatki National Monument

Wilderness areas:

* Kachina Peaks Wilderness * Strawberry Crater Wilderness * Kendrick Mountain
Mountain
Wilderness * Beaver Dam Mountains Wilderness * Paiute Wilderness * Grand Wash Cliffs Wilderness * Mount Logan Wilderness * Mount Trumbull Wilderness * Kanab Creek Wilderness * Cottonwood Point Wilderness * Paria Canyon-Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness * Saddle Mountain
Mountain
Wilderness * Mount Baldy Wilderness * Escudilla Wilderness * Black Ridge Canyons Wilderness * Flat Tops Wilderness * Uncompahgre Wilderness * Mount Sneffels Wilderness * Lizard Head Wilderness * Weminuche Wilderness * South San Juan Wilderness * Cebolla Wilderness * Ojito Wilderness * West Malpais Wilderness * Bisti/De-Na-Zin Wilderness * Pine Valley Mountain
Mountain
Wilderness * Ashdown Gorge Wilderness * Box-Death Hollow Wilderness * Dark Canyon
Canyon
Wilderness * High Uintas Wilderness

Other notable protected areas include: Glen Canyon
Canyon
National Recreation Area , Dead Horse Point State Park , Goosenecks State Park , the San Rafael Swell , the Grand Gulch Primitive Area , Kodachrome Basin State Park , Goblin Valley State Park , Monument Valley , and Barringer Crater .

Sedona, Arizona
Arizona
and Oak Creek Canyon
Canyon
lie on the south-central border of the Plateau. Many but not all of the Sedona area's cliff formations are protected as wilderness. The area has the visual appeal of a national park, but with a small, rapidly growing town in the center.

SEE ALSO

* Deserts
Deserts
* Rocky Mountains * Mojave Desert
Desert
* Great Basin * Sonoran Desert
Desert

REFERENCES

* ^ " Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
plateau, United States". _Encyclopedia Britannica_. Retrieved 2017-06-05. * ^ Leighty, Robert D. (2001). " Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
Physiographic Province". _Contract Report_. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD) Information Sciences Office. Archived from the original on 2004-09-26. Retrieved 2007-12-25. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ _M_ Kiver, Eugene P.; Harris, David V. (1999). _ Geology
Geology
of U.S. Parklands_ (5th ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-33218-6 . * ^ Crampton, Gregory (1964). _Standing Up Country_. New York: Alfred Knopf. pp. 43–46. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _ This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey
United States Geological Survey
document: " Colorado
Colorado
Plateau Province". Geologic Provinces of the United States_. Retrieved 2017-07-04. * ^ "Why is the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau
Plateau
Rising?". _Geology.com_. Archived from the original on 2011-05-05. Retrieved 9 May 2011. * ^ _Utah: A Guide to the State_. 1982. p. 590.

FURTHER READING

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to COLORADO PLATEAU _.

_ Prickly pear cactus are common throughout the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau region.

* Baars, Donald L. (1972). Red Rock Country: The Geologic History of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau_. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-01341-8 . * Baars, Donald L. (2002). _Traveler's Guide to the Geology
Geology
of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau_. University of Utah
Utah
Press. ISBN 0-87480-715-8 . * Baldridge, W. Scott (2004). _ Geology
Geology
of the American Southwest: A Journey Through Two Billion Years of Plate-Tectonic History_. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-01666-5 . * Fillmore, Robert (2011). _Geological Evolution of the Colorado Plateau
Plateau
of Eastern Utah
Utah
and Western Colorado_. University of Utah Press. ISBN 978-1-60781-004-9 . * Harris, Ann G.; Tuttle, Esther; Tuttle, Sherwood D. (1997). _ Geology
Geology
of National Parks_ (Fifth ed.). Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. pp. 2–3,19–20,25. ISBN 0-7872-5353-7 . * Plummer, Charles C.; McGeary, David; Carlson, Diane H. (1999). _Physical Geology_ (Eighth ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill. p. 320. ISBN 0-697-37404-1 . * Stanley, Steven M. (1999). _Earth System History_. W.H. Freeman and Company. pp. 511–513,537. ISBN 0-7167-2882-6 . * Foos, Annabelle. _ Geology
Geology
of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau_ (PDF). National Park Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-06-10. Retrieved 2005-12-21. * Roylance, Ward (1982). _Utah: A Guide to the State_. Salt Lake City: Utah: A Guide to the State Foundation. OL 3508093M . * Look, Al (1947). _A Thousand Million Years on the Colorado Plateau_. Golden Bell Publications. OCLC 254673147 . * Trimble, Stephen (1979). _The Bright Edge: A Guide to the National Parks of the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau_. Museum of Northern Arizona
Arizona
Press. OCLC 768218015 .

LINKS TO RELATED ARTICLES

* v * t * e

Colorado
Colorado
River system

JURISDICTIONS

* United States

* Arizona
Arizona
* California
California
* Colorado
Colorado
* Nevada
Nevada
* New Mexico
New Mexico
* Utah
Utah
* Wyoming
Wyoming

* Mexico
Mexico

* Baja California
California
* Sonora

CANYONS

* Byers Canyon
Canyon
* Gore Canyon
Canyon
* Red Gorge * Glenwood Canyon
Canyon
* De Beque Canyon
Canyon
* Horsethief Canyon * Ruby Canyon
Canyon
* Westwater Canyon
Canyon
* Cataract Canyon
Canyon
* Narrow Canyon * Glen Canyon
Canyon

* Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon

* Marble Canyon
Canyon
* Granite Gorge * Middle Granite Gorge * Lower Granite Gorge

* Grand Wash Canyon * Iceberg Canyon * Virgin Canyon * Boulder Canyon
Canyon
* Black Canyon
Canyon
* Pyramid Canyon
Canyon
* Mohave Canyon

NATURAL FEATURES

* River course * Rocky Mountains * Colorado
Colorado
River Basin * Colorado
Colorado
Plateau * Grand Lake
Lake
* Horseshoe Bend * Sonoran Desert
Desert
* Mojave Desert
Desert
* Lower Colorado
Colorado
River Valley * Mohave Valley * Parker Valley
Parker Valley
* Palo Verde Valley * Colorado
Colorado
Desert
Desert
* Alamo River * New River * Salton Sea * Imperial Valley * Delta * Montague Island * Gulf of California/Sea of Cortez

TRIBUTARIES

* Blue River * Dirty Devil River
Dirty Devil River
* Dolores River * Escalante River * Eagle River * Fraser River * Gila River * Green River * Gunnison River * Kanab Creek * Little Colorado
Colorado
River * Paria River * Roaring Fork River * San Juan River * Thunder River / Tapeats Creek * Virgin River * Las Vegas Wash * Williams Fork * Río Hardy

ENGINEERING

MAINSTEM DAMS

* Shadow Mountain
Mountain
* Granby * Windy Gap * Grand Valley * Price-Stubb * Glen Canyon
Canyon
* Hoover * Davis * Parker * Headgate Rock * Palo Verde * Imperial * Laguna * Morelos

MAJOR RESERVOIRS

* Fontenelle Reservoir * Flaming Gorge Reservoir * Blue Mesa
Mesa
Reservoir * Navajo Lake
Lake
* Lake Powell * Lake
Lake
Mead * Lake
Lake
Mohave * Lake
Lake
Havasu * Imperial Reservoir * Theodore Roosevelt Lake
Lake
* San Carlos Lake
Lake

Aqueducts and canals

* Grand Ditch
Grand Ditch
* Colorado
Colorado
River Aqueduct * San Diego Aqueduct * Central Arizona
Arizona
Project * All-American Canal * Coachella Canal
Coachella Canal

WATER PROJECTS

* Boulder Canyon
Canyon
Project * Colorado-Big Thompson Project * Colorado
Colorado
River Storage Project * Grand Valley AVA * Yuma Project

DESIGNATED AREAS

* Arches National Park
National Park
* Canyonlands National Park
National Park
* Colorado
Colorado
National Monument * Dead Horse Point State Park * Glen Canyon National Recreation Area * Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
National Park
National Park
* Lake
Lake
Mead National Recreation Area * Rocky Mountain
Mountain
National Park
National Park

RELATED TOPICS

* _ Arizona
Arizona
v. California
California
_ * Colorado
Colorado
River Board of California
California
* Colorado
Colorado
River Compact * Floyd Dominy * Lee\'s Ferry * International Boundary and Water Commission * Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
California
* Rapids and features * U.S. Bureau of Reclamation * William Mulholland

* v * t * e

Geography
Geography
topics

* History * Index * Outline

BRANCHES

HUMAN

* Agricultural * Behavioral * Cultural * Development * Economic * Health * Historical * Political * Population

* Settlement

* Regional * Urban

PHYSICAL

* Biogeography
Biogeography

* Ecology * Phytogeography * Zoogeography

* Coastal / Oceanography

* Earth sciences /Geosciences and Environmental science

* Atmospheric science / Meteorology
Meteorology
* Climatology
Climatology
/ Paleoclimatology / Palaeogeography
Palaeogeography
* Geobiology
Geobiology
* Geophysics
Geophysics
/ Geodesy
Geodesy

* Earth system science * Geomorphology / Geology
Geology
* Glaciology * Hydrology / Limnology * Pedology ( Edaphology / Soil science ) * Quaternary science

INTEGRATED

* Integrated / Environmental

* Environmental social science * Environmental studies * Landscape architecture * Landscape ecology

* Time geography

TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS

* Geoinformatics / Geomathematics

* Cartography * Geologic modelling * Geostatistics * Geographic information system

* Geochronology * Geomatics

* Hydrography

* Photogrammetry * Remote sensing

INSTITUTIONS

* Geographic data and information organizations * Geographical societies * Geoscience societies * National mapping agency

EDUCATION

* Geography
Geography
education

* Geo-literacy * International Geography
Geography
Olympiad * MSc in Geographic Information Science/Systems * Spatial citizenship

* _ CATEGORY * PORTAL * COMMONS * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

World deserts

* Desert
Desert
* Desertification * List of deserts * List of deserts by area

AFRICA

* Algerian * Bayuda * Blue * Chalbi * Danakil * Djurab * Eastern * Ferlo * Farafra (White) * Kalahari * Libyan * Moçâmedes * Namib * Nubian * Nyiri * Owami * Richtersveld * Sahara
Sahara
* Tanezrouft
Tanezrouft
* Ténéré * Western

ASIA

* Ad-Dahna * Akshi * Arabian * Aral Karakum * Aralkum * Badain Jaran * Betpak-Dala * Cholistan * Dasht-e Kavir
Dasht-e Kavir
* Dasht-e Khash * Dasht-e Leili * Dasht-e Loot * Dasht-e Margo * Dasht-e Naomid * Gurbantünggüt * Gobi * Hami * Indus Valley * Judaean * Karakum * Katpana * Kharan * Kumtag * Kyzylkum * Liwa * Lop * Maranjab * Muyunkum * Nefud * Negev
Negev
* Polond * Ordos * Qaidam * Ramlat al-Sab\'atayn * Rub\' al Khali * Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Registan * Saryesik-Atyrau * Syrian * Taklamakan * Tengger * Thal * Thar * Ustyurt Plateau
Plateau
* Wahiba Sands

AUSTRALIA

* Gibson * Great Sandy * Great Victoria * Little Sandy * Nullarbor Plain
Nullarbor Plain
* Painted * Pedirka * Simpson * Strzelecki * Sturt\'s Stony * Tanami * Tirari

EUROPE

* Accona * Bardenas Reales * Błędów * Cabo de Gata * Deliblatska Peščara * Hálendi * Monegros * Oleshky * Oltenian Sahara
Sahara
* Ryn * Stranja * Tabernas

NORTH AMERICA

* Alvord * Amargosa * Baja California
California
* Black Rock * Carcross * Carson * Channeled scablands * Chihuahuan * Colorado
Colorado
* Escalante * Forty Mile * Gran Desierto de Altar
Gran Desierto de Altar
* Great Basin * Great Salt Lake
Lake
* Great Sandy * Jornada del Muerto * Kaʻū * Lechuguilla * Mojave * North American Arctic * Owyhee * Painted Desert
Desert
* Red Desert
Desert
* Sevier * Smoke Creek * Sonoran * Tonopah Desert
Desert
* Tule (Arizona) * Tule (Nevada) * Yp * Yuha * Yuma

SOUTH AMERICA

* Atacama * La Guajira * Los Médanos de Coro * Monte * Patagonian * Sechura * Tatacoa

OCEANIA

* Zealandia : Rangipo Desert
Desert

POLAR REGIONS

* Antarctica
Antarctica
* Arctic
Arctic
* Greenland
Greenland
* North American Arctic * Russian Arctic
Arctic

* Project * Category
Category
* Commons

* v * t * e

State of Colorado
Colorado

DENVER (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * Coloradans * Elections * Federal lands * Geography
Geography
* Government * Highways

* History

* Timeline

* Images * Law * Military * Mountains * Museums * Public Defender * Paleontology * Rivers * Symbols * Transportation * Tourist attractions

SOCIETY

* Crime * Culture * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics * Sports

REGIONS

* Central Colorado
Colorado
* Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area * Eastern Plains * Front Range * Grand Valley * High Plains * High Rockies * Mineral
Mineral
Belt * Northern Colorado
Colorado
* Northwestern Colorado
Colorado
* Piedmont * Plateau * Roan Plateau
Plateau
* Roaring Fork Valley * San Luis Valley * Sangre de Cristo Mountains * South-Central Colorado
Colorado
* Southwest Colorado
Colorado
* Uinta Mountains * Uintah Basin * Western Slope

MUNICIPALITIES

* Akron * Alamosa * Arvada * Aspen * Aurora * Boulder * Breckenridge * Brighton * Broomfield * Cañon City * Castle Rock * Centennial * Colorado
Colorado
Springs * Commerce City * Cortez * Craig * Delta * Denver
Denver
* Durango * Englewood * Erie * Evans * Fairplay * Federal Heights * Fort Collins * Fort Morgan * Fountain * Golden * Glenwood Springs * Grand Junction * Greeley * Greenwood Village * Gunnison * La Junta * Lafayette * Lakewood * Lamar * Leadville * Littleton * Longmont * Louisville * Loveland * Montrose * Northglenn * Parker * Platteville * Pueblo
Pueblo
* Salida * Steamboat Springs * Sterling * Superior * Thornton * Trinidad * Vail * Westminster * Wheat Ridge * Windsor

COUNTIES

* Adams * Alamosa * Arapahoe * Archuleta * Baca * Bent * Boulder * Broomfield * Chaffee * Cheyenne * Clear Creek * Conejos * Costilla * Crowley * Custer * Delta * Denver
Denver
* Dolores * Douglas * Eagle * El Paso * Elbert * Fremont * Garfield * Gilpin * Grand * Gunnison * Hinsdale * Huerfano * Jackson * Jefferson * Kiowa * Kit Carson * La Plata * Lake
Lake
* Larimer * Las Animas * Lincoln * Logan * Mesa
Mesa
* Mineral
Mineral
* Moffat * Montezuma * Montrose * Morgan * Otero * Ouray * Park * Phillips * Pitkin * Prowers * Pueblo
Pueblo
* Rio Blanco * Rio Grande
Rio Grande
* Routt * Saguache * San Juan * San Miguel * Sedgwick * Summit * Teller * Washington * Weld * Yuma

* v * t * e

State of Utah
Utah

SALT LAKE CITY (capital)

TOPICS

* Cities * Congressional districts * Counties * Flag * Geography
Geography
* Government * Governors * Healthcare * History * People * Portal
Portal
* State fair * Symbols * Tourist attractions

SOCIETY

* Culture * Crime * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS

* Cache Valley * Colorado
Colorado
Plateau * Dixie * Great Basin * Great Salt Lake
Lake
* Great Salt Lake
Lake
Desert
Desert
* Mojave Desert
Desert
* Monument Valley * San Rafael Swell * Uinta Basin * Uinta Mountains * Wasatch Back * Wasatch Front * Wasatch Range

LARGEST CITIES

* American Fork * Bountiful * Cedar City * Clearfield * Cottonwood Heights * Draper * Holladay * Kaysville * Layton * Lehi * Logan * Midvale * Millcreek * Murray * Ogden * Orem * Pleasant Grove * Provo * Riverton * Roy * St. George * Salt Lake
Lake
City * Sandy * South Jordan * South Salt Lake
Lake
* Spanish Fork * Springville * Taylorsville * Tooele * West Jordan * West Valley City

COUNTIES

* Beaver * Box Elder * Cache * Carbon * Daggett * Davis * Duchesne * Emery * Garfield * Grand * Iron * Juab * Kane * Millard * Morgan * Piute * Rich * Salt Lake
Lake
* San Juan * Sanpete * Sevier * Summit * Tooele * Uintah * Utah
Utah
* Wasatch * Washington * Wayne * Weber

ATTRACTIONS

FESTIVALS

* Sundance Film Festival
Festival
* Utah
Utah
Shakespeare Festival
Festival

NATIONAL MONUMENTS

* Bears Ears National Monument * Cedar Breaks National Monument * Dinosaur National Monument * Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
* Hovenweep National Monument * Natural Bridges National Monument * Rainbow Bridge National Monument * Timpanogos Cave National Monument

NATIONAL PARKS

* Arches National Park
National Park
* Bryce Canyon
Canyon
National Park
National Park
* Canyonlands National Park
National Park
* Capitol Reef
Reef
National Park
National Park
* Zion National Park
National Park

NATIONAL RECREATION AREAS

* Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area * Glen Canyon National Recreation Area

SKI RESORTS

* Alta Ski Area * Beaver Mountain
Mountain
* Brian Head Ski Resort * Brighton Ski Resort * Cherry Peak Resort * Deer Valley * Park City Mountain
Mountain
Resort * Powder Mountain
Mountain
* Snowbasin * Snowbird Ski Resort * Solitude Mountain
Mountain
Resort * Sundance Resort * Wolf Mountain
Mountain

OTHER

* Bonneville Salt Flats * Golden Spike National Historic Site * Great Salt Lake
Lake
* Lagoon (amusement park) * Temple Square

* v * t * e

State of Arizona
Arizona

PHOENIX (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * Climate * Delegations * Geography
Geography
* Government

* History

* World War II

* Museums * Music * People * Transportation * Tourist attractions

SOCIETY

* Culture * Crime * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS

* Arizona
Arizona
Strip * Arizona
Arizona
Sun Corridor * Coconino Plateau
Plateau
* Colorado
Colorado
Plateau * Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
* Kaibab Plateau
Plateau
* Mogollon Plateau
Plateau
* Mogollon Rim * Mojave Desert
Desert
* Monument Valley * North Central Arizona
Arizona
* Northeast Arizona
Arizona
* Northern Arizona
Arizona
* Oak Creek Canyon
Canyon
* Phoenix Metropolitan Area * Safford area * San Francisco Volcanic Field * Sonoran Desert
Desert
* Southern Arizona
Arizona
(Traditional Arizona
Arizona
) * Transition zone * Verde Valley * White Mountains

COUNTIES

* Apache * Cochise * Coconino * Gila * Graham * Greenlee * La Paz * Maricopa * Mohave * Navajo * Pima * Pinal * Santa Cruz * Yavapai * Yuma

CITIES

* Chandler * Flagstaff * Gilbert * Glendale * Kingman * Lake
Lake
Havasu City * Mesa
Mesa
* Peoria * Phoenix * Prescott * Scottsdale * Sierra Vista * Tempe * Tucson * Yuma

* v * t * e

State of New Mexico
New Mexico

SANTA FE (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * Delegations * Geography
Geography
* Government

* History

* World War II

* Landmarks * Military * Nuevomexicanos * New Mexicans * Paleontology * Municipalities * Census-designated places * Symbols * Transportation * Tribes * Tourist attractions * New Mexican cuisine

SOCIETY

* Crime * Culture * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS

* Central New Mexico
New Mexico
* Colorado
Colorado
Plateau * Eastern New Mexico
New Mexico
* Llano Estacado
Llano Estacado
* Northern New Mexico
New Mexico
* Permian
Permian
Basin * San Luis Valley * Sangre de Cristo Mountains * Southwestern New Mexico
New Mexico

CITIES

* Alamogordo * Albuquerque * Artesia * Carlsbad * Clovis * Corrales * Deming * Española * Farmington * Gallup * Grants * Hobbs * Las Cruces * Las Vegas * Los Alamos * Los Lunas * Lovington * Portales * Raton * Rio Rancho * Roswell * Ruidoso * Santa Fe * Silver City * Socorro * Sunland Park * Taos * Tucumcari

COUNTIES See: List of counties in New Mexico
New Mexico
_

* Bernalillo * Catron * Chaves * Cibola * Colfax * Curry * De Baca * Doña Ana * Eddy * Grant * Guadalupe * Harding * Hidalgo * Lea * Lincoln * Los Alamos * Luna * McKinley * Mora * Otero * Quay * Rio Arriba * Roosevelt * San Juan * San Miguel * Sandoval * Santa Fe * Sierra * Socorro * Taos * Torrance * Union * Valencia

Coordinates : 37°N 110°W / 37°N 110°W / 37; -110

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 233666076 * LCCN : sh85028685 * GND : 4010409-6

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