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Coloane, officially Freguesia de São Francisco Xavier, is one of the two main islands of Macau. The island is located directly south of Macau's other main island, Taipa
Taipa
(氹仔), and east of Hengqin
Hengqin
Island of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in Guangdong
Guangdong
province, China. Coloane
Coloane
was known in Cantonese
Cantonese
as Gau Ou Saan (九澳山 lit. "Nine-inlet Mountain" or transcribed in Portuguese as Ká-Hó) and Yim Jou Waan (鹽灶灣, lit. "Salt-stove Bay"). The Portuguese name "Coloane" is derived from the Cantonese
Cantonese
pronunciation of Gwo Lou Waan (過路環, lit. "Passing-road Ring").

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Coloane
Coloane
Village 4 Lai Chi Vun Village 5 Tourist attractions 6 Government 7 Infrastructure 8 Transport 9 Education 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] Coloane
Coloane
has an area of 8.07 km2 (3 sq mi), is 4 km (2 mi) long and is 5.6 km (3 mi) from the Macau Peninsula. The narrowest part of Coloane
Coloane
is 300 metres (980 ft). The highest points in Macau
Macau
are eastern and central Coloane, with the highest point being the 170.6 metres (560 ft) Coloane
Coloane
Alto (Chinese: 疊石塘山; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Daahpsehk Tòhngsāan, Portuguese: Alto de Coloane). In the past,[when?] Coloane
Coloane
was separated from Taipa
Taipa
by the Seac Pai Bay, which was crossed by a 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi) causeway, the Estrada do Istmo, connecting Coloane
Coloane
to Taipa. However land reclamation has[when?] physically connected the two islands and a new town called Cotai
Cotai
has been built between Taipa
Taipa
and Coloane, which is home to the Cotai
Cotai
Strip and several other casinos under development. The northern shore of the island is 4.5 metres (15 ft) deep,[citation needed] and is the site of the Macau
Macau
Deepwater Port.[citation needed] The eastern Hac Sa Beach
Hac Sa Beach
(Chinese: 黑沙海灘; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Hāksā Hóitāan, Portuguese: Baía de Hác Sá) and the southern Cheoc Van Bay (Chinese: 竹灣; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Jūk wāan, Portuguese: Baía de Cheoc Van) are popular swimming beaches. History[edit] From the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
onwards and until the Portuguese arrival in 1864,[citation needed] Coloane
Coloane
was a sea salt farm for China. After their arrival, the Portuguese made Macau
Macau
an important trading port, but Coloane
Coloane
remained largely deserted, and was used as a base by pirates until 1910. The island became more populated after the Estrada do Istmo was completed in 1969. Coloane
Coloane
Village[edit]

Old Tin Hau Temple

Chapel of St. Francis Xavier

Coloane
Coloane
Village (Portuguese: Vila de Coloane; 路環村; Lùhuáncūn; Louhwàahn Chyūn), located on the southwestern coast of Coloane, is the island's main settlement. The village centers on Eduardo Marques Square, which is a rectangle paved in cobblestones that are black, white and yellow, laid out in a wavy pattern reminiscent of the sea. The square faces a seaside promenade that traces the channel dividing Macau
Macau
from the hills of China
China
proper. At the eastern end of the square stands the Chapel of St. Francis Xavier, built in 1928. A Tam Kung Temple is located at the southern end of Avenida de Cinco de Outubro (十月初五馬路).

Temples (from north to south)

Sam Seng Temple (三圣宫), also called Kam Fa Temple (金花庙),[1] located at 2 Rua dos Navegantes in Coloane
Coloane
Village. Dedicated to Kam Fa, Kun Iam and Va Kuong,[2] it was built in 1865.[3] Kun Iam Temple (Coloane), located at Travessa do Caetano.[4] Old Tin Hau Temple (天后古廟) in Coloane
Coloane
Village[5] Tam Kung Temple in Coloane
Coloane
Village. Dedicated to Lord Tam, a Taoist god of seafarers, it was built in 1862.[6][7]

Churches

Chapel of St. Francis Xavier
Chapel of St. Francis Xavier
(聖方濟各聖堂), of the Freguesia de São Francisco Xavier (聖方濟各堂區). The chapel, built in 1928, is located on the southwestern coast of the island and stands near a monument commemorating a victory over pirates in 1910. The chapel used to contain some of the most sacred Christian relics in Asia, including the remains of 26 foreign and Japanese Catholic priests who were crucified in Nagasaki in 1597, as well as those of some of the Japanese Christians who were killed during the Shimabara Rebellion
Shimabara Rebellion
in 1637. They are now located in the Museum of Sacred Art, opened in 1996 next to the Ruins of St. Paul's. Another relic was a bone from the arm of St. Francis Xavier, who died in 1552 on Shangchuan Island, 50 miles (80 km) from Macau. This relic has been transferred to St. Joseph's Church.[8]

Lai Chi Vun Village[edit]

A ship being built in the old shipyard

Estrada de Lai Chi Vun begins at the intersection Estrada de Seac Pai Van and Estrada do Campo in the north and ends at Largo do Cais in the south. The towering banyan tree at the northern end of the marks the northern entrance to Lai Chi Vun Village (荔枝碗村), whose name is associated with its abundance in lychee tress in the past and its bowl-shaped bay. The shipyards that once lay beyond the village are nowadays left in disuse. The single-storey business premises of Veng Lok Shipyard and of Association of Shipbuilders of Macao-Taipa- Coloane
Coloane
are located inside the small courtyard to the right of the road atop the hill. All the way down the road to the western side is the one-storey office building of the Customs office of Coloane
Coloane
in Portuguese architectural style. Coloane
Coloane
Pier, which was once the only entry and exit point of Coloane is located along the waterfront facing Largo do Cais the southern end of the road.[9] Lai Chi Vun Village Public Consultation The Lai Chi Vun shipyards are being evaluated to determine whether they meet the MSAR’s legal definition of cultural relics. The site is potentially significant because Macau’s shipbuilding industry began at the shipyards and because of the formation of a historical village near the area.[10] For more information visit the Macau
Macau
Heritage Website on Lai Chi Vun Village. To voice your opinion simply submit your opinion via cultural heritage's online form Tourist attractions[edit]

Tam Kung Temple

Southern coast of Coloane

Bus stop at Hac Sa Beach

Temples

Hung Shing Temple in Hac Sa Village[11] Sam Seng Temple (三圣庙), in the Ka Ho (九澳) area, in the northeastern part of the island[12] Kun Iam Temple (Ka Ho)[13] A-Ma
A-Ma
Statue (媽祖像), built on October 28, 1998 (lunar calendar: September 9)

Churches

Chapel of St. Francis Xavier Church of Our Lady of Sorrows
Our Lady of Sorrows
(九澳七苦聖母小堂), in the Ká-Hó area[14]

Others

"Fernando", a Portuguese restaurant at Baía de Hác Sá, is famous amongst locals in Macau
Macau
and visitors from Hong Kong Hac Sa Park Macao Giant Panda Pavilion Natural and Agrarian Museum Seac Pai Van Park Lord Stow's Bakery where the first Macau-style egg tart was invented is a popular spot for food lovers.[15]

Government[edit]

Correctional Services Bureau

Infrastructure[edit]

Coloane
Coloane
A Power Station Coloane
Coloane
B Power Station

Transport[edit] Coloane
Coloane
is served by buses and taxis. Education[edit]

Coloane
Coloane
Library

Public schools:

Escola Luso-Chinesa de Coloane
Coloane
(路環中葡學校) - Special education[16]

Subsidized private schools:

Escola Dom Luís Versíglia (zh) (雷鳴道主教紀念學校) - Primary and secondary school[17] Escola de São José de Ká Hó (九澳聖若瑟學校) - Preschool through junior high school[18]

Macao Public Library
Macao Public Library
operates the Coloane
Coloane
Library (Biblioteca de Coloane; 路環圖書館), which occupies 170 square metres (1,800 sq ft) space in the former Coloane
Coloane
Public Elementary School (路環公局市立學校), a Portuguese-style building. In 1983 the building was renovated so it could serve as a library.[19] See also[edit]

Kai Ho Port Macau
Macau
Prison List of islands and peninsulas of Macau

References[edit]

^ Kam Fa Temple (Coloane), in Macau
Macau
Temple Civilization website ^ Sam Seng Kong Temple, in Macau
Macau
Streets website ^ Sam Seng Temple in Coloane, in Ola! Macau
Macau
Tourism Guide ^ Kun Iam Temple (Coloane), in Macau
Macau
Temple Civilization website ^ Ancient Tin Hau Temple in Coloane, in Ola! Macau
Macau
Tourism Guide ^ Tam Kung Temple in Coloane, in Ola! Macau
Macau
Tourism Guide ^ Tam Kong Temple, on Macau
Macau
Government Tourist Office website ^ Chapel of St. Francis Xavier, on Macau
Macau
Government Tourist Office website ^ "Macao Streets Homepage - Estrada de Lai Chi Vun". macaostreets.iacm.gov.mo. Retrieved 2017-02-27.  ^ https://macaudailytimes.com.mo/consultation-lai-chi-vun-shipyards-starts-monday.html ^ Hung Shing Temple in Hac Sa Village, in Macau
Macau
Temple Civilization website ^ Sam Seng Temple, in Macau
Macau
Temple Civilization website ^ Kun Iam Temple (Ka Ho), in Macau
Macau
Temple Civilization website ^ Our Lady of Sorrows
Our Lady of Sorrows
Church, on Macau
Macau
Government Tourist Office website ^ Once in a Lifetime Journey. " Macau
Macau
Travel Guide".  ^ "Escola Luso-Chinesa de Coloane." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : AVENIDA 5 DE OUTUBRO, COLOANE" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 路環十月初五馬路" ^ "Escola Dom Luís Versíglia." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Caminho da Povoacao de Ka Ho" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 九澳村道" ^ "Escola de São José de Ká Hó." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Aldeia de Ká Hó" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 澳門路環九澳村聖母馬路1151號" ^ "Branch Libraries." Macao Public Library. Retrieved on April 16, 2017. Portuguese, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coloane.

Coloane
Coloane
travel guide from Wikivoyage Google Maps : Macau
Macau
/ Coloane Blog entries about Coloane

Places adjacent to Coloane

Cotai
Cotai
Landfill Zone

Xiangzhou District

Freguesia de São Francisco Xavier

South China
China
Sea

South China
China
Sea South China
China
Sea

v t e

Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau
Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau
(Freguesias of Macau)

Freguesias

Macau
Macau
Peninsula

N. Sra. de Fátima Sto. António S. Lázaro Sé S. Lourenço

Taipa
Taipa
and Coloane

N. Sra. do Carmo S. Francisco Xavier

Other zones

Cotai Macau
Macau
New Urban Zone University of Macau

Hengqin

Defunct subdivisions

Municipality of Macau Municipality of das Ilhas

Defunct territories

Lapa, Dom João, and Montanha

Note: The freguesias are purely symbolic there are no political administrative subdivisions in Macau
Macau
after the formation of Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais in 2002.

v t e

Major cities along the Pearl River

Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)

Major Tributaries

v t e

Bei River

Bei

Nanxiong Shaoguan

Zhenjiang Wujiang Qujiang

Yingde Qingyuan

Qingxin Qingcheng

Foshan

Sanshui waterways with Xi Nanhai Chancheng Sanshui

Guangzhou

Panyu Nansha

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Dong River

Dong

Heyuan

Yuancheng

Huizhou

Huicheng

Dongguan Guangzhou

Zengcheng Huangpu

merged into the Shiziyang

v t e

Xi River

Xi

Gui→Li

Guilin

Diecai Qixing Xiufeng Xiangshan Yanshan

Wuzhou

Changzhou Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

Xun

Yong→Yu

Zuo

Chongzuo

Jiangzhou

Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

You

Baise

Youjiang

Nanning

Xixiangtang

merged into the Yong→Yu

tributaries of Zuo & You Nanning

Jiangnan Xixiangtang Qingxiu Liangqing Yongning

Guigang

Qintang Gangnan Gangbei

Guiping merged into the Xun

Qian

Liu

Long

Hechi

Jinchengjiang

Yizhou merged into the Liu

Rong

Liuzhou

Liubei Liunan Chengzhong Yufeng

merged into the Liu

tributaries of Long & Rong merged into the Qian

Hongshui

Beipan

Xuanwei Liupanshui

Liuzhi

merged into the Hongshui

Nanpan

Qujing

Qilin

merged into the Hongshui

tributaries of Beipan & Nanpan Heshan Laibin

Xingbin

merged into the Qian

tributaries of Liu & Hongshui Guiping merged into the Xun

tributaries of Yong→Yu & Qian Wuzhou

Changzhou Longxu Wanxiu

merged into the Xi

tributaries of Gui→Li & Xun Wuzhou

Wanxiu

Yunfu

Yun'an

Zhaoqing

Gaoyao Duanzhou Dinghu

Foshan

Sanshui waterways with Bei Gaoming Nanhai Shunde

Heshan Jiangmen

Pengjiang waterways with Shiziyang
Shiziyang
& Lingdingyang

Zhongshan Jiangmen

Jianghai Xinhui

Zhuhai

Doumen Jinwan Xiangzhou

South China
China
Sea

Pearl River

Pearl

Guangzhou

Baiyun

Foshan

Nanhai

Guangzhou

Liwan Haizhu Yuexiu Tianhe Huangpu

Dongguan Shiziyang

Shiziyang

Pearl tributary of Dong Dongguan Guangzhou

Panyu tributary of Bei Nansha

waterways with Xi

Lingdingyang

Lingdingyang

Shiziyang Guangzhou

Nansha District

waterways with Xi Zhongshan Shenzhen

Bao'an District Guangming New District Longhua New District Nanshan District, Shenzhen Futian District Luohu District Yantian District Longgang District Pingshan New District Dapeng New District

Zhuhai

Xiangzhou Jinwan District Doumen District

Hong Kong

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Hong Kong
Island Kowloon

Macau

Macau
Macau
Peninsula Taipa Coloane Cotai

Jiuzhouyang

Jiuzhouyang

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China
Sea

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Elmina
(São Jorge da Mina)

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18th century

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19th century

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from 1753. 2 Or 1600. 3 A factory (Anosy Region) and small temporary coastal bases. 4 Part of Portuguese Guinea
Portuguese Guinea
from 1879. 5 Part of Portuguese Angola
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from the 1920s.

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[Malaysia]

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Macau
[China]

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17th century

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Portuguese Timor
(East Timor)1

19th century Portuguese Macau

 • 1864–1999 Coloane

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 • 1890–1999 Ilha Verde

20th century Portuguese Macau

 • 1938–1941 Lapa and Montanha (Hengqin)

1 1975 is the year of East Timor's Declaration of Independence and subsequent invasion by Indonesia. In 2002, East Timor's independence was fully recognized.

North America & North Atlantic

15th century [Atlantic islands]

1420 Madeira

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1536–1620 Barbados

17th century

1621–1751 Maranhão

1680–1777 Nova Colónia do Sacramento

18th century

1751–1772 Grão-Pará and Maranhão

1772–1775 Grão-Pará and Rio Negro

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19th century

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Cisplatina
(Uruguay)

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1822 Upper Peru
Upper Peru
(Bolivia)

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