HOME
The Info List - Coliiformes


--- Advertisement ---



Colius Urocolius For fossil taxa, see text.

The mousebirds (family Coliidae, order Coliiformes) are a family of birds. They are the sister group to the clade Eucavitaves, which includes the cuckoo roller (Leptosomatiformes), trogons (Trogoniformes), Bucerotiformes, Coraciformes
Coraciformes
and Piciformes.[1] The mousebirds are therefore given order status as Coliiformes. This group is confined to sub-Saharan Africa, and is the only bird order confined entirely to that continent. They had a wider range in prehistoric times, with a widespread distribution in Europe
Europe
and North America during the Paleocene.[2]

Contents

1 Description 2 Behaviour and ecology 3 Systematics and evolution 4 Taxonomy 5 Footnotes 6 References 7 External links

Description[edit] They are slender greyish or brown birds with soft, hairlike body feathers. They are typically about 10 cm in body length, with a long, thin tail a further 20–24 cm in length, and weigh 45–55 grams.[3] They are arboreal and scurry through the leaves like rodents, in search of berries, fruit and buds. This habit, and their legs, gives rise to the group's English name. They are acrobatic, and can feed upside down. All species have strong claws and reversible outer toes (pamprodactyl feet). They also have crests and stubby bills. Behaviour and ecology[edit] Mousebirds are gregarious, again reinforcing the analogy with mice, and are found in bands of about 20 in lightly wooded country. These birds build cup-shaped twig nests in trees, which are lined with grasses. Two to four eggs are typically laid, hatching to give altricial young which develop quickly and soon leave the nest and acquire flight.[citation needed] Systematics and evolution[edit] The mousebirds could be considered "living fossils" as the 6 species extant today are merely the survivors of a lineage that was massively more diverse in the early Paleogene and Miocene. There are comparatively abundant fossils of Coliiformes, but it has not been easy to assemble a robust phylogeny. The family is documented to exist from the Early Paleocene
Early Paleocene
onwards; by at least the Late Eocene, two families are known to have existed, the extant Coliidae
Coliidae
and the longer-billed prehistorically extinct Sandcoleidae.[2] The latter were previously a separate order,[4] but eventually it was realized that they had come to group ancestral Coraciiformes, the actual sandcoleids and forms like Neanis together in a paraphyletic assemblage. Even though the sandcoleids are now assumed to be monophyletic following the removal of these taxa, many forms cannot be conclusively assigned to one family or the other.[5] The genus Selmes, for example, is probably a coliid, but only distantly related to the modern genera.[6] Taxonomy[edit] Order COLIIFORMES[7][8]

Genus
Genus
†Botauroides parvus Shufeldt 1915 ( Eocene
Eocene
of Wyoming, US) Genus
Genus
†Eobucco brodkorbi Feduccia & Martin 1976 - sandcoleid? Genus
Genus
†Eocolius walkeri Dyke & Waterhouse 2001 (London Clay Early Eocene
Eocene
of Walton-on-the-Naze, England) - sandcoleid or coliid Genus
Genus
†Limnatornis Milne-Edwards 1871 (Early Miocene
Miocene
of Saint-Gérand-le-Puy, France) - coliid? (Urocolius?)

†L. consobrinus Milne-Edwards 1871 [Picus consobrinus; Urocolius consobrinus] †L. paludicola Milne-Edwards 1871 [ Urocolius
Urocolius
paludicola] †L. archiaci [Picus archiaci; Urocolius
Urocolius
archiaci] (Early Miocene
Miocene
of Saint-Gérand-le-Puy, France)

Coliiformes gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene
Miocene
of Kohfidisch, Austria)[9] Genus
Genus
†Uintornis Marsh 1872 - sandcoleid?

†U. lucaris Brodkorb 1971 †U. marionae Feduccia & Martin 1976

Family †Chascacocoliidae Zelenkov & Dyke 2008

Genus
Genus
†Chascacocolius Houde & Olson 1992 (Late Paleocene ?- Early Eocene) - basal? sandcoleid?

†C. oscitans Houde & Olson 1992 †C. cacicirostris Mayr 2005

Family †Selmeidae Zelenkov & Dyke 2008

Genus
Genus
†Selmes absurdipes Peters 1999 (Middle Eocene ?-Late Oligocene of C Europe) - coliid? (synonym of Primocolius?)

Family †Sandcoleidae Houde & Olson 1992 sensu Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré 2004

Genus
Genus
†Sandcoleus copiosus Houde & Olson 1992 (Paleocene) Genus
Genus
†Anneavis anneae Houde & Olson 1992 Genus
Genus
†Eoglaucidium pallas Fischer 1987 Genus
Genus
†Tsidiiyazhi abini Ksepka et al., 2017

Family Coliidae
Coliidae
Swainson 1837 sensu Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré 2004

Genus
Genus
†Primocolius Mourer-Chauviré 1988 (Late Eocene/Oligocene of Quercy, France)

†P. sigei Mourer-Chauviré 1988 †P. minor Mourer-Chauviré 1988

Genus
Genus
†Oligocolius Mayr 2000 (Early Oligocene of Frauenweiler, Germany)

†O. brevitarsus Mayr 2000 †O. psittacocephalon Mayr 2013

Genus
Genus
†Masillacolius brevidactylus Mayr & Peters 1998 (middle Eocene
Eocene
of Messel, Germany) Subfamily Coliinae

Genus
Genus
Urocolius
Urocolius
(2 species)

U. indicus (Latham 1790) (Red-faced mousebird) U. macrourus (Linnaeus 1766) (Blue-naped mousebird)

Genus
Genus
Colius
Colius
[Necrornis Milne-Edwards 1871] (4 species)

†C. hendeyi Vickers-Rich & Haarhoff 1985 †C. palustris (Milne-Edwards 1871) Ballmann 1969 [Necrornis palustris Milne-Edwards 1871] C. castanotus Verreaux & Verreaux 1855 (Red-backed mousebird) C. colius (Linnaeus 1766) (White-backed mousebird) C. leucocephalus Reichenow 1879 (White-headed mousebird) C. striatus Gmelin 1789 (Speckled mousebird)

The only known species of Necrornis (Milne-Edwards, 1871) (Middle Miocene
Miocene
of Sansan, La Grive-Saint-Alban, France) was redescribed by Peter Ballmann as Colius
Colius
palustris in 1969.[10] This treatment was approved by Olson in 1985.[11]

Footnotes[edit]

^ Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904 . PMID 25504713.  ^ a b Ksepka, D.T.; Stidham, T.A.; Williamson, T.E. "Early Paleocene landbird supports rapid phylogenetic and morphological diversification of crown birds after the K–Pg mass extinction". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1073/pnas.1700188114.  ^ Cunningham-Van Someren, G.R. (1991). Forshaw, Joseph, ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 138–139. ISBN 1-85391-186-0.  ^ Houde & Olson (1992) ^ Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré (1999) ^ It has a peculiar foot morphology not found in any other bird, with very stubby toes. The specific name absurdipes ("absurd foot") refers to this. The genus name is an anagram of "Messel", where it was first found. ^ Mikko's Phylogeny
Phylogeny
Archive [1] Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Aves [Avialae]– basal birds". Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ Paleofile.com (net, info) [2]. "Aves". Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ Similar to Urocolius
Urocolius
and Limnatornis (if distinct): Mlíkovský (2002) ^ Peter Ballmann (1969): Les oiseaux miocènes de La Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère). – Géobios 2: p 157-204. ^ Storrs Olson (1985): The Fossil Record of Birds In: Avian Biology, No. 8: p. 79–238

References[edit]

Hackett, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History". Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. PMID 18583609.  Houde, Peter; Olson, Storrs L. (1992). "A radiation of coly-like birds from the Eocene
Eocene
of North America
North America
(Aves: Sandcoleiformes, new order)" (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series. 36: 137–160.  Mayr, Gerald; Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile (1999). "Unusual tarsometatarsus of a mousebird from the Paleogene of France and the relationships of Selmes Peters, 1999" (PDF). J. Vertebr. Paleontol. 24 (2): 366–372.  McCormack, J.E. et al. (2012) A phylogeny of birds based on over 1,500 loci collected by target enrichment and high-throughput sequencing. Mlíkovský, Jirí (2002): Cenozoic Birds of the World, Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press, Prague. ISBN 80-901105-3-8 PDF fulltext

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coliiformes.

Mousebird
Mousebird
videos on the Internet Bird
Bird
Collection Picture of a mousebird atop a tree

v t e

Mousebirds (order: Coliiformes · family: Coliidae)

Genus

Species

Colius

Speckled mousebird White-headed mousebird Red-backed mousebird White-backed mousebird

Urocolius

Blue-naped mousebird Red-faced mousebird

v t e

Birds (class: Aves)

Anatomy

Bird
Bird
anatomy Flight Eggs Feathers Plumage Beak Vision Dactyly Preen gland

Behaviour

Singing Intelligence Migration Sexual selection Lek mating Seabird
Seabird
breeding Incubation Brood parasites Nesting Hybrids

Evolution

Origin of birds Origin of flight Evolution
Evolution
of birds Darwin's finches Seabirds

Fossil birds

Archaeopteryx Omnivoropterygiformes Confuciusornithiformes Enantiornithes Chaoyangiiformes Patagopterygiformes Ambiortiformes Songlingornithiformes Apsaraviformes Gansuiformes Ichthyornithiformes Hesperornithes Lithornithiformes Dinornithiformes Aepyornithiformes Gastornithiformes

Human interaction

Ringing Ornithology Bird
Bird
collections Birdwatching Bird
Bird
feeding Conservation Aviculture Waterfowl hunting Cockfighting Pigeon racing Falconry Pheasantry Egg
Egg
collecting Ornithomancy

Lists

Families and orders Genera Glossary of bird terms List by population Lists by region Recently extinct birds Late Quaternary prehistoric birds Notable birds

Individuals Fictional

Neornithes

Palaeognathae

Struthioniformes (ostriches) Rheiformes (rheas) Tinamiformes (tinamous) Apterygiformes (kiwis) Casuariiformes
Casuariiformes
(emus and cassowaries)

Neognathae

Galloanserae (fowls)

Anseriformes (waterfowls)

Anatidae (ducks)

Anatinae Anserinae

swans true geese

Aythyinae Dendrocygninae Merginae Oxyurinae Plectropterinae Stictonettinae Tadorninae Thalassorninae

Anhimidae

Anhima Chauna

Anseranatidae

Anatalavis Anseranas

Galliformes (landfowls- gamebirds)

Cracidae

Cracinae Oreophasinae Penelopinae

Megapodidae

Aepypodius Alectura Eulipoa Leipoa Macrocephalon Megapodius Talegalla

Numididae

Acryllium Agelastes Guttera Numida

Odontophoridae

Callipepla Colinus Cyrtonyx Dactylortyx Dendrortyx Odontophorus Oreortyx Philortyx Rhynchortyx

Phasianidae

Meleagridinae Perdicinae Phasianinae
Phasianinae
(pheasants and relatives) Tetraoninae

Neoaves

Columbea

Columbimorphae

Columbiformes
Columbiformes
(doves and pigeons) Mesitornithiformes (mesites) Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)

Mirandornithes

Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos) Podicipediformes (grebes)

Passerea

Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos) Musophagiformes (turacos) Otidiformes (bustards)

Strisores

Caprimulgiformes
Caprimulgiformes
(nightjars and relatives) Steatornithiformes Podargiformes Apodiformes
Apodiformes
(swifts and hummingbirds)

Opisthocomiformes

Opisthocomiformes
Opisthocomiformes
(hoatzin)

Cursorimorphae

Charadriiformes
Charadriiformes
(gulls and relatives) Gruiformes
Gruiformes
(cranes and relatives)

Phaethontimorphae

Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds) Eurypygiformes
Eurypygiformes
(kagu and sunbittern)

Aequornithes

Gaviiformes (loons or divers) Sphenisciformes (penguins) Procellariiformes
Procellariiformes
(albatrosses and petrels) Ciconiiformes
Ciconiiformes
(storks) Suliformes
Suliformes
(cormorants and relatives) Pelecaniformes
Pelecaniformes
(pelicans and relatives)

Australaves

Cariamiformes
Cariamiformes
(seriemas and relatives) Falconiformes (falcons and relatives) Psittaciformes (parrots) Passeriformes (perching birds)

Afroaves

Cathartiformes
Cathartiformes
(New World vultures and condors) Accipitriformes
Accipitriformes
(eagles and hawks) Strigiformes (owls) Coliiformes (mousebirds) Trogoniformes (trogons and quetzals) Leptosomatiformes
Leptosomatiformes
(cuckoo roller) Bucerotiformes
Bucerotiformes
(hornbills and hoopoes) Coraciiformes
Coraciiformes
(kingfishers and rollers) Piciformes
Piciformes
(woodpeckers and relatives)

Category Portal Outline

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q180691 ADW: Coliidae EoL: 7980 EPPO: 1KOLIF Fossilworks: 39365 GBIF: 9305 ITIS:

.