Colchis Lowland
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Colchis Lowland ( ka, კოლხეთის დაბლობი) is a geographical area in
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
, which consists of a coastal lowland plain of the eastern
Black Sea , with the skyline of Batumi Batumi (; ka, ბათუმი ) is the second largest city of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvelo''; ) is a country locat ...

Black Sea
. Named after
Colchis In pre-Hellenistic The Hellenistic period spans the period of Mediterranean history The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the nor ...

Colchis
, an
ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ), refers collectively to the diale ...
name of this region, the lowland is nearly triangular, squeezed between the
Greater Caucasus The Greater Caucasus ( az, Böyük Qafqaz, Бөјүк Гафгаз, بيوک قافقاز; ka, დიდი კავკასიონი, ''Didi K’avk’asioni''; russian: Большой Кавказ, ''Bolshoy Kavkaz'', sometimes translat ...
and
Lesser Caucasus The Lesser Caucasus, also called Caucasus Minor, is the second of the two main mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain r ...
mountains, with its base leaning on the Black Sea and apex directed to the east, reaching the environs of the town of
Zestaponi Zestafoni or Zestaponi ( ka, ზესტაფონი, tr, ) is the administrative center of Zestafoni District in Western Georgia (country), Georgia. Zestafoni is the center of an ancient, historical part of Georgia – Margveti, which is ...

Zestaponi
. To the northwest and southwest, respectively, the plain continues as narrow coastal strips in
Abkhazia Abkhazia, , ka, აფხაზეთი, , rus, Абха́зия, r=Abkhaziya, p=ɐˈpxazʲɪjə xmf, აბჟუა, or , ( or ) is a partially recognized state in the South Caucasus Transcaucasia, also known as the South Caucasus, ...

Abkhazia
and
Adjara Adjara ( ka, აჭარა ''Ač’ara'' ) or Adjaria, officially known as the Autonomous Republic of Adjara ( ka, აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა ''Ač’aris Avt’onomiuri Resp’ublik’a'' ) ...

Adjara
. The Colchis Lowland is formed by the combined alluvial plains of the
Rioni The Rioni ( ka, რიონი, ; , ) is the main river of western Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the C ...

Rioni
,
Inguri The Enguri ( ka, ენგური, tr, xmf, ინგირი, ingiri, ab, Егры, ''Egry'' russian: Ингури, ''Inguri'') is a river in western Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a count ...

Inguri
,
Khobi Khobi ( ka, ხობი) is a town in western Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvelo''; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe Eastern Eu ...
,
Supsa Supsa is a Black Sea , with the skyline of Batumi Batumi (; ka, ბათუმი ) is the second largest city of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvel ...
, Chorokhi, and other rivers, which have sources in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges. The lowland has an average elevation of 100 to 150 m, but some places are located below sea level. It is located in a damp
subtropical climate The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country locat ...
zone, with an annual precipitation of about 1,500 mm. The surface of the lowland was formed in
Late Pleistocene The Late Pleistocene is an unofficial age in the international geologic timescale The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological datingChronological dating, or simply dating, is the process of attributing to an object or event ...
and
Holocene The Holocene ( ) is the current geological epoch In geochronology, an epoch is a subdivision of the geologic timescale that is longer than an age (geology), age but shorter than a period (geology), period. The current epoch is the Holocene E ...
. It has significantly been modified by human activity. The region's subtropical conditions have supported agriculture since ancient times; citrus fruits, tea, and tung are grown, mostly on the surrounding foothills. The wetter lowlands in the centre of the plain collect cold air, and frosts preclude cultivation of more sensitive crops. Parts of the Colchis Lowland are included in a series of national parks and protected areas. A range of ecosystems such as deciduous rainforests and wetlands, percolation bogs and other mire types was inscribed, in 2021, on the
UNESCO World Heritage Site A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Heritage Sites are designated by UNES ...
list under the name of
Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands The Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Georgia (country), Georgia, which comprises parts of the Colchis Lowland along some 80 km of western Georgia's Black Sea coastline. It was List of World Heritage Sites by year ...
.


References

{{coord missing, Georgia (country) Plains of Georgia (country)