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Colaba
Colaba
([koˈlaːbaː]) is a part of the city of Mumbai, India, and also a Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency. During Portuguese rule in the 16th century, the island was known as Candil. After the British took over the island in the late 17th century, it was known as Colio.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Present

2.1 Visitor attractions

3 Gallery 4 Terrorist attack in November 2008 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Seven islands of Bombay, before reclamation

The name Colaba
Colaba
comes from Kolabhat, a word in the language of Kolis, the indigenous inhabitants of the islands, before the arrival of the Portuguese.[3] The area that is now Colaba
Colaba
was originally a region consisting of two islands: Colaba
Colaba
and Little Colaba
Colaba
(or Old Woman's Island). The island of Colaba
Colaba
was one of the Seven islands of Bombay ruled by the Portuguese. The Portuguese had acquired these lands from the Sultanate of Cambay by the Treaty of Bassein (1534). The group of islands was given by Portugal
Portugal
to Charles II of England
Charles II of England
as a dowry when he married Catherine of Braganza. The cession of Bombay and dependencies was strongly resented by Portuguese officials in Goa
Goa
and Bombay, who resisted transfer of possession for several years, while the English representatives were confined to the island of Anjediva
Anjediva
while negotiations continued. Angered by the back-tracking, Charles II leased these lands to the British East India
India
Company for a nominal annual rent. Gerald Aungier, second Governor of Bombay
Governor of Bombay
(1672), and the president of the English settlement of Surat, took possession of Colaba
Colaba
and Old Woman's Island on behalf of the Company in 1675. Portugal
Portugal
continued to hold Little Colaba
Colaba
island for several decades more before ceding it to the English in about 1762, subject to the retention of Portuguese ownership of a house on the island, that is now the Blessed Sacrament Chapel in Middle Colaba. This was leased by the Portuguese Government of Goa
Goa
to the Bishop of Damao, the head of the Padroado party in Bombay, as his residence. After an attempt by the Propaganda Fide
Propaganda Fide
party to seize the chapel, a court ruled that the house remained the property of the Government of Portugal
Portugal
and evicted the Propaganda Fide
Propaganda Fide
party.

Old Bombay, 1909

Ambitious reclamation plans from 1912 have been only partly realised.

Colaba
Colaba
Chapel, Bombay (Clutterbuck, 1889, p. 173)[4]

In 1743, British Colaba
Colaba
was leased to Richard Broughton at Rs. 200 yearly, and the lease was renewed in 1764.[5] By 1796, Colaba
Colaba
had become a cantonment. Colaba
Colaba
was known for the variety of fishes – the bombil (Bombay duck), rawas, halwa, turtles, crabs, prawns and lobsters. A Colaba
Colaba
Observatory, a meteorological observatory was established in 1826 in the part that was called Upper Colaba. The Colaba Causeway
Colaba Causeway
was completed in 1838, and thus, the remaining two islands were joined to the others. Gradually, Colaba
Colaba
became a commercial centre, after the Cotton Exchange was opened at Cotton Green
Cotton Green
in 1844. The real estate prices in the area went up. The Colaba Causeway
Colaba Causeway
was widened in 1861 and 1863.

One of the Colonial-era buildings opposite Regal Cinema

Colaba
Colaba
became a separate municipality ward in 1872. The Sick Bungalows (now known as INHS Ashwini) were built in the 19th century. The construction of the Anglican church of St. John the Evangelist (now known as Afghan Church
Afghan Church
after the First Afghan War
First Afghan War
of 1838) began in 1847. The Church was consecrated in 1858, with the work on the steeple being concluded in 1865. The horse-drawn tram-cars were introduced in 1873 by Stearns and Kitteredge, who had their offices on the west side of the Causeway, where the Electric House now stands. The Prong's lighthouse was constructed at the southern tip of the island in 1875. The eponymous Sassoon Docks
Sassoon Docks
were built by David Sassoon on reclaimed land in the same year. The BB&CI Railways established the Colaba
Colaba
railway station or terminus, the site of which is now occupied by the Badhwar Park layout. The development of Colaba pushed the native kolis to the edges of the island. The Bombay City Improvement Trust reclaimed around 90,000 square yards (75,000 m2) on the western shore of Colaba. Eminent citizens of Mumbai, such as Sir Pherozeshah Mehta, opposed the work, fearing that the reclamation would depress prices of land. However, the reclamation work continued and was completed in 1905. There was no fall in the land prices. In 1906, a seafront road with a raised sea-side promenade was completed, and named as "Cuffe Parade" after T. W. Cuffe of the Trust. Present[edit] The Gateway of India, the art deco style Regal theatre, the cafes (Café Mondegar, Royal and Leopold Cafe), and the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel, Bademiya Restaurant and Bagdadi restaurant, as well as a number of modern pubs, restaurants and clubs all add to the atmosphere . The southern tip is occupied by a military cantonment, including the large Navy Nagar
Navy Nagar
layout built on reclaimed land known as Holiday Camp. The older parts of the cantonment retains its large, wooded spaces and is the only bit of green left in this otherwise congested area. In the midst of Navy Nagar
Navy Nagar
lies the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), one of India's leading scientific institutions. Colaba
Colaba
is renowned for high-end boutiques and imitation consumer goods, and is popular with tourists. Notable residents include Ratan Tata. Colaba
Colaba
Causeway, or just "Causeway" as it is known in Mumbai, offers everything from bracelets to perfumes to clothes to watches, clocks, DVDs and CDs. It has an old English charm and a very modern feel as well. Colaba
Colaba
is also the art centre of Mumbai, with all the major galleries and museums located in and around this area.[6] Colaba
Colaba
is home to the Cooperage Football Ground.

A 180° panoramic view of Colaba. Click to enlarge

Nearest railway stations:

Churchgate Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
("CST", Victoria Terminus)

Visitor attractions[edit]

Colaba
Colaba
Causeway Colaba
Colaba
Observatory Cowasji Jehangir Hall Ballard Estate Cathedral of the Holy Name Prong's Lighthouse Gateway of India Sassoon Docks David Sassoon
David Sassoon
Library

Gallery[edit]

Cafe Mondegar on Colaba
Colaba
Causeway

Colaba
Colaba
Apartments

Colaba Causeway
Colaba Causeway
construction, view from Colaba
Colaba
island, 1826

Terrorist attack in November 2008[edit] Main article: November 2008 Mumbai
Mumbai
attacks On 26 November 2008, terrorist strikes occurred at various places in Colaba, notably the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower, Leopold Café and Mumbai
Mumbai
Chabad House. The attacks resulted in over 100 deaths and significant damages. See also[edit]

Colaba
Colaba
Woods Other business districts in and around Mumbai: Fort, Nariman Point, Vashi, CBD Belapur, Worli, Bandra
Bandra
Kurla
Kurla
Complex, Andheri, Lower Parel

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colaba.

^ "Pin code : Colaba, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 9 February 2015.  ^ "Attractions in Mumbai, India". Lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Google Groups". bbs.keyhole.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ Clutterbuck, G W (1889). "A Sketch of the Mission in Bombay". Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine: 199. Retrieved 3 November 2015.  ^ Gupta, Sourendu (28 October 1999). "Colaba, Cuffe Parade
Cuffe Parade
and Navy Nagar: Mumbai/Bombay pages". theory.tifr.res.in. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Colaba: Latest News, Videos and Photos - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 

External links[edit]

History of Colaba

v t e

Tourist attractions in Mumbai
Mumbai
(list)

Pre-colonial

Elephanta Caves Kanheri Caves Worli
Worli
Fort Mahim
Mahim
Fort

Colonial

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus BMC Headquarters Hutatma Chowk Worli
Worli
Fort David Sassoon
David Sassoon
Library Gateway of India Rajabai Tower Mount Mary's Church Bombay High Court Ballard Bunder Gatehouse South Mumbai St. Thomas Cathedral

Beaches

Aksa Beach Dadar
Dadar
Chowpatty Girgaum Chowpatty Juhu
Juhu
Beach Kalamb Beach Madh Island Marvé Beach Powai
Powai
Lake Versova

Places of worship

Babulnath Haji Ali Jama Masjid Mahalaxmi Temple Cathedral of the Holy Name, Mumbai Mahim
Mahim
Church Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount, Bandra Shrine Of Don Bosco's Madonna ,Matunga St Peter's Church,Bandra St. Andrew's Church, Mumbai,Bandra,Mumbai Portuguese Church (Mumbai) Mumba Devi Mandir Siddhivinayak Temple Shitala
Shitala
Devi Temple Swaminarayan Mandir Walkeshwar
Walkeshwar
Temple

Cultural

National Centre for the Performing Arts Experimental Theatre (NCPA) Jehangir Art Gallery Taraporewala Aquarium Asiatic Society of Mumbai Marine Drive Royal Opera House Regal Cinema Eros Cinema Metro Adlabs Nehru Science Centre Film City Capitol Cinema Liberty Cinema

Boulevards

Marine Drive Fashion Street Linking Road Nepean Sea Road Breach Candy Bandstand Promenade Worli
Worli
Seaface Bandra- Worli
Worli
Sea Link Carter Road Promenade

Districts

Western Suburbs Nariman Point Malabar Hill Kala Ghoda Colaba Bandra
Bandra
Kurla
Kurla
Complex

Shopping

Chor Bazaar Fashion Street Colaba
Colaba
Causeway Lamington Road Linking Road

Buildings

Bombay Stock Exchange Hutatma Chowk David Sassoon
David Sassoon
Library Taj Mahal Palace & Tower Nehru Planetarium India
India
Government Mint

Parks, zoos and stadia

Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra Kurla Complex
Ground Brabourne Stadium Cross Maidan Essel World Gowalia Tank Hanging Gardens Horniman Circle Gardens Jijamata Udyaan Kamala Nehru Park Mahalaxmi Racecourse Middle Income Group Club Ground Sanjay Gandhi National Park Shivaji Park Wankhede Stadium

Museums

INS Vikrant Prince of Wales Museum Mani Bhavan National Gallery of Modern Art

Forts

Bassein Fort Belapur Fort Bombay Castle Castella de Aguada Dongri Fort Fort George Madh Fort Mahim
Mahim
Fort Mazagon Fort Riwa Fort Sewri Fort Sion Hillock Fort Worli
Worli
Fort

Restaurants & Bars

Café Mondegar Leopold Cafe

v t e

Mumbai
Mumbai
metropolitan area

South Mumbai

Byculla Colaba Cuffe Parade Dharavi Nariman Point Churchgate Marine Lines Walkeshwar Malabar Hill Kemps Corner Kalbadevi Mumbai
Mumbai
Central Altamount Road Carmichael Road Mahalaxmi Worli Lower Parel Parel Dadar Prabhadevi Matunga Mahim Sion Wadala

Navi Mumbai

Sanpada Vashi Juinagar Nerul Seawoods Belapur (CBD) Kharghar Koparkhairane Airoli New Panvel Mahape Taloja Ghansoli

Eastern Suburbs

Bhandup Chembur Ghatkopar Govandi Hiranandani Gardens Kanjurmarg Kurla Mankhurd Mulund Nahur Powai Trombay Vidyavihar Vikhroli

Western Suburbs

Bandra Khar Santacruz Vile Parle Juhu Andheri Marol Saki Naka Versova Jogeshwari Oshiwara Goregaon Malad Kandivali Borivali Dahisar

Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar
( Thane
Thane
district)

Mira Road Bhayandar Uttan

Thane
Thane
( Thane
Thane
district)

Thane Kopri Wagle Estate Kolshet Majiwada Ghodbunder Road Kalwa Mumbra Kausa Shil Phata Diva

Kalyan-Dombivali
Kalyan-Dombivali
( Thane
Thane
district)

Dombivli Thakurli Kalyan Mohone Titwala

Ulhasnagar
Ulhasnagar
( Thane
Thane
district)

Vithalwadi Ulhasnagar Shahad Ambernath Badlapur Kulgaon

Bhiwandi-Nizampur ( Thane
Thane
district)

Bhiwandi Nizampur

Vasai-Virar
Vasai-Virar
( Palghar
Palghar
district)

Naigaon Vasai Vasai
Vasai
Road Navghar Manickpur Nala Sopara Virar Palghar Boisar

Suburbs in Raigad district

Alibag Rasayani Pen Neral Matheran Karjat Khop