Coca wine is an alcoholic beverage combining wine with cocaine. One
popular brand was Vin Mariani, developed in 1863 by French-Corsican
entrepreneur Angelo Mariani.
At the end of the 19th century, the fear of drug abuse made coca-based
drinks less popular. This led to the prohibition of cocaine in the
United States in 1914 via the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act, and the
removal of cocaine from coca wine as well as Coca-Cola, though coca
Coca wine itself became illegal in the United States
when its other main drug, alcohol, was banned just a few years later
with Eighteenth Amendment in 1920.
Wine of Coca
Coca Mariani medal by Louis-Oscar Roty
In Atlanta, John Pemberton, a pharmacist, developed a beverage based
on Vin Mariani, called Pemberton's French
Wine Coca. It proved popular
among American consumers. In 1886, when Georgia introduced
Prohibition, Pemberton had to replace the wine in his recipe with
non-alcoholic syrup. The new recipe became Coca-Cola.
^ G. Harding (2005). A
Wine Miscellany. New York: Clarkson Potter
Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0-307-34635-8.
^ a b c "Coca Wine". cocaine.org. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
Media related to Cocawine at Wikimedia Commons
University of Buffalo "Before Prohibition: Images from the
preprohibition era when many psychotropic substances were legally
available in America and Europe" Addiction Research Unit<