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Cobra is the common name of various elapid snakes, most of which belong to the genus Naja.[1]

Biology

All of the known cobras are venomous and many are capable of rearing upwards and producing a hood when threatened.[2]

Other snakes known as "cobras"

All members of the genus Naja, the "true" cobras, can rear upwards and produce hoods when threatened.

Other "cobra" genera and species are as follows:

The false water cobra (Hydrodynastes gigas) is the only "cobra" species that is not a member of the Elapidae. It does not rear upwards, produces only a slight flattening of the neck when threatened, and is only mildly venomous.[5]:p.53

References

  1. ^Cobra is the common name of various elapid snakes, most of which belong to the genus Naja.[1]

    Biology

    All of the known cobras are venomous and many are capable of rearing upwards and producing a hood when threatened.[2]

    Other snakes known as "cobras"

    All members of the genus Naja, the "true" cobras, can rear upwards and produce hoods when threatened.

    Other "cobra" genera and species are as follows:

    • The rinkhals, ringhals or ring-necked spitting cobra (Hemachatus haemachatus) so-called for its neck band as well as its habit of rearing upwards and producing a hood when threatened[3]
    • The king cobra or hamadryad (Ophiophagus hannah)[4]
    • The two species of tree cobras, Goldie's tree cobra (Pseudohaje goldii) and the black tree cobra (Pseudohaje nigra)[5]
    • The two species of shield-nosed cobras, the Cape coral snake (Aspidelaps lubricus) and the shield-nosed cobra (Aspidelaps scutatus)[5]:p.76
    • The two species of black desert cobras or desert black snakes, Walterinnesia aegyptia and Walterinnesia morgani, neither of which rears upwards and produces a hood when threatened[2]

      All members of the genus Naja, the "true" cobras, can rear upwards and produce hoods when threatened.

      Other "cobra" genera and species are as follows:

      • The rinkhals, ringhals or ring-necked spitting cobra (Hemac

        Other "cobra" genera and species are as follows:

        The false water cobra (Hydrodynastes gigas) is the only "cobra" species that is not a member of the Elapidae. It does not rear upwards, produces only a slight flattening of the neck when threatened, and is only mildly venomous.[5]:p.53

        References

        1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cobra" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 613.