The emblem of Vietnam is circular, has red background and a yellow star in the middle which represent the Communist Party of Vietnam, the revolutionary history and bright future of Vietnam. The cog and crops represent the cooperation of agriculture and industrial labor.
According to the Constitution of Vietnam:
The National Emblem is circular in shape; in the middle of a red background is a fivepointed gold star framed by rice ears below which is half a cog wheel and the inscription "Socialist Republic of Vietnam".
The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) adopted its emblem on November 30, 1955. The coat of arms was designed by artist Bùi Trang Chước and was edited by artist Trần Văn Cẩn. Usage went nationwide following reunification with South Vietnam on July 2, 1976. (The emblem of South Vietnam featured the blue dragon and the yellow-red stripes of the imperial Nguyễn dynasty.)
The design closely resembles the emblem of the People's Republic of China and the entire emblem is based on the coat of arms of the Soviet Union. In 2007 a representative of the National Assembly of Vietnam, the artist Trần Khánh Chương, commented that the printing process of Vietnam's national emblems featured too many errors and problems, resulting in many inaccurate "versions". Notable errors included: the rice corn is too big (just like the wheat corn), the gear only has 6 teeth instead of 10, the circles inside the gear are not accurate, and the space between the rice corn appears uneven.
Coat of arms of South Vietnam (1955–1957)
Coat of arms of South Vietnam (1957–1963)
Emblem of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976)
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