HOME
The Info List - Coal Region


--- Advertisement ---



The Coal
Coal
Region is a historically important coal-mining area in Northeastern Pennsylvania
Northeastern Pennsylvania
in the central Ridge-and-valley Appalachian Mountains, comprising Lackawanna, Luzerne, Columbia, Carbon, Schuylkill, Northumberland, and the extreme northeast corner of Dauphin counties. Academics have made the distinction North Anthracite Coal
Coal
Field and South Anthracite
Anthracite
Coal
Coal
Field (each of Pennsylvania),[1] the lower region bearing the further classification Anthracite Uplands[2] in physical geology. The Southern Coal
Coal
Region can be further broken into the Southeastern and Southwestern Coal
Coal
Regions, with the divide between the Little Schuylkill and easternmost tributary of the Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
with the additional divide line from the Lehigh watershed extended through Barnesville the determining basins. The region's combined population was 898,834 people as of 2015. Many of the place names in the region are from the Delaware Indians (the self-named Lenape
Lenape
peoples) and the powerful Susquehannock
Susquehannock
nation, an Iroquoian people who dominated the Susquehanna valley in the 16th and 17th century when Dutch, Swedish and French migrants were exploring North America and founding settlements along the Atlantic Seaboard. The Coal
Coal
region or Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Anthracite
Anthracite
region or fields is home to the largest known deposits of anthracite coal found in the Americas, with an estimated reserve of seven billion short tons.[3] It is these deposits that provide the region with its nickname. The discovery of anthracite coal was first made near the Schuylkill –Northampton line in the vicinity of Summit Hill by a hunter in 1791, 16 years after the North Field saw its first mine.

Anthracite, or hard coal

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 People 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit] The Region lies north of the Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
and Berks County
Berks County
Regions, south of the Endless Mountains, west of the Pocono Mountains, and east of the region known in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
as the Susquehanna Valley. The Region lies at the northern edge of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, and draws its name from the vast deposits of anthracite coal that can be found under several of the valleys in the region. The Wyoming Valley is the most densely populated of these valleys, and contains the cities of Wilkes-Barre, Greater Pittston, and Scranton. Hazleton and Pottsville are two of the larger cities in the southern portion of the region. The Lehigh and Schuylkill Rivers both originate within the region, while the much larger Susquehanna River
Susquehanna River
skirts the northern edge.

The money route, North Coal
Coal
Field to New York City, eventually the route of the Delaware and Hudson Railroad, alongside the same company's 1828-built canal

County 2015 Population 2010 Population Area

Carbon County 63,960 65,249 387 sq mi (1,002 km2)

Columbia County 66,672 67,295 490 sq mi (1,269 km2)

Lackawanna County 211,917 214,437 465 sq mi (1,204 km2)

Luzerne County 318,449 320,918 906 sq mi (2,350 km2)

Northumberland County 93,246 94,528 478 sq mi (1,238 km2)

Schuylkill County 144,590 148,289 783 sq mi (2,028 km2)

Total 898,834 910,716 3,509 sq mi (9,088 km2)

Yellow: the largest county by area and population History[edit]

Coal
Coal
Region, Pennsylvania

Coal
Coal
Region, Pennsylvania

Main articles: Lehigh Coal
Coal
& Navigation Company and Old Mine Road The population of the Amerindian tribesmen of the Susquehannock
Susquehannock
nation was reduced 90 percent[4] in three years of a plague of diseases and possibly war,[4] opening up the Susquehanna Valley
Susquehanna Valley
and all of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
to settlement as the tribe was all but eliminated, the survivors adopted[4] into a quasi-enemy but related Iroquois
Iroquois
by formal treaty in 1870.[4] Settlement in the region predates the American Revolution: both Delaware and Susquehannock
Susquehannock
power had been broken by disease and Indian-on-Indian warfare before the British took over the Dutch and Swedish colonies and settled Pennsylvania. The first discovery of the anthracite coal occurred in 1762, and the first mine was established in 1775 near Pittston, Pennsylvania.[5] In 1791 Anthracite
Anthracite
was discovered by a hunter atop Pisgah Ridge, and by 1792 the Lehigh Coal Mining Company began producing and shipping coal to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
via Mauch Chunk from the Southern Anthracite
Anthracite
Field and Summit Hill, Pennsylvania, built atop the line between Schuylkill County and what would be renamed Carbon County. By 1818, customers fed up with the inconsistent mismanagement, leased the Lehigh Coal
Coal
Mining Company and founded the Lehigh Navigation Company: construction soon began for navigation; the locks and dams on the Lehigh River
Lehigh River
rapids stretches, later known as the Lehigh Canal
Canal
(finished in 1820). In 1822, the two companies merged as the Lehigh Coal
Coal
& Navigation Company (LC&N) and by 1824 were turning heads with the volume of coal shipped down the Lehigh and Delaware Canals. Meanwhile, three brothers had similar ideas from near the turn of the century, and about the same time began mining coal in Carbondale, 15 miles (24.1 km) northeast of Scranton, but high enough to run a gravity railroad to the Delaware River and feed New York City
New York City
via the Delaware and Hudson Canal. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
began the Delaware Canal
Canal
to connect the Lehigh Canal
Canal
to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and environs, while funding to build a canal across the Appalachians' Allegheny Mountains
Allegheny Mountains
to Pittsburgh. In 1827, LC&N built the second railroad in the country, a gravity railroad from Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, running Summit Hill to Mauch Chunk. Population rapidly grew in the period following the American Civil War, with the expansion of the mining and railroad industries. English, Welsh, Irish and German immigrants formed a large portion of this increase, followed by Polish, Slovak, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Italian, Russian, Jewish,[6] and Lithuanian immigrants. The influence of these immigrant populations is still strongly felt in the region, with various towns possessing pronounced ethnic characters and cuisine. The anthracite mining industry loomed over the region until its decline in the 1950s. Strip mines and fires, most notably in Centralia, remain visible. Several violent incidences in the history of the U.S. labor movement occurred within the coal region as this was the location of the Lattimer Massacre
Lattimer Massacre
and the home of the Molly Maguires.[7] The Knox Mine Disaster
Knox Mine Disaster
in 1959 served as the death knell for deep mining which faded away in the mid 1960s;[8] almost all current anthracite mining is done via strip mining. Tours of underground mines can be taken in Ashland, Scranton, and Lansford, each of them also having museums dedicated to the mining industry. Also evident are patch towns, small villages affiliated with a particular mine. These towns were owned by the mining company. Though no longer company owned, many hamlets survive; one of them, the Eckley Miners' Village, is a museum and preserved historical town owned and administered by the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Historical and Museum Commission, which seeks to restore patch towns to their original state. People[edit]

Welsh Miner in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Coal
Coal
Mine in 1910

Notable people from the Coal
Coal
Region

Nick Adams, actor Joe Amato, five-time NHRA Top Fuel Champion Drag Racing Joe Biden, U.S. Vice President David Bohm, quantum physicist George Bretz (1842-1895), photographed the Coal
Coal
Region Les Brown, jazz musician Ben Burnley, lead singer of rock band Breaking Benjamin P. J. Carlesimo, professional basketball coach, San Antonio Spurs Robert P. Casey, former Governor of Pennsylvania Bob Casey, Jr., U.S. Senator George Catlin, artist Jimmy Cefalo, professional football player, Miami Dolphins Stan Coveleski, Major League Baseball Hall of Fame member Anthony P. Damato, United States Marine, Medal of Honor recipient Jack Dolbin, professional football player, Denver Broncos Jimmy Dorsey, jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, big band leader Tommy Dorsey, jazz trombonist, big band leader Ellen Albertini Dow, actress, The Wedding Singer's Rapping Granny Ham Fisher, cartoonist Daniel J. Flood, U.S. Congressman Alexander Joseph Foley, United States Marine, Medal of Honor recipient Howard Gardner, scientist, author James M. Gavin, Lieutenant General, United States Army Jimmy Gownley, author, illustrator, cartoonist Henry Hynoski, professional football player for the New York Giants Jane Jacobs, sociologist, author Russell Johnson, actor John E. Jones III, judge, born in Pottsville Paul E. Kanjorski, member of Congress Jean Kerr, author Eddie Korbich, actor Matthew Lesko, infomercial personality Edward B. Lewis, Nobel Prize-winning scientist Joe Maddon, manager of the Chicago Cubs Joseph L. Mankiewicz, film director, producer, and screenwriter Richard Marcinko, Navy Seal, author Christy Mathewson, professional baseball player Mary McDonnell, actress Gerry McNamara, college basketball player, Syracuse University Jason Miller, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, actor Mike Munchak, professional football coach and former professional football player Jozef Murgaš, radio pioneer Amedeo Obici, founder of the Planters Peanuts Company John O'Hara, author Jack Palance, actor Bob Patterson, former international rugby player William Daniel Phillips, Nobel Prize-winning scientist Joe Pisarcik, former NFL quarterback Darryl Ponicsan, author, screenwriter Robert Reich, former U.S. Secretary of Labor Paul W. Richards, former astronaut Conrad Richter, author Hugh Rodham, father of Hillary Rodham Clinton Tim Ruddy, center for the Miami Dolphins, 1994-2003 Victor Schertzinger, composer, film director, film producer and screenwriter William Scranton, former Governor of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and 1964 U.S. Presidential candidate William Scranton, III, former Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania B. F. Skinner, psychologist, radical behaviorist, Harvard professor, and author Jimmy Spencer, former NASCAR driver and current TV analyst Bob Sura, Houston Rockets NBA basketball player Charley Trippi, played for Pittston Patriots, NFL Hall of Fame John Anthony Walker, spy for the Soviet Union Ed Walsh, former professional baseball player, Chicago White Sox

See also[edit]

Eckley Miners' Village Franklin B. Gowen Hazleton, Pennsylvania Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania Mahantongo Major coal producing regions Schuylkill Canal Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

References[edit]

^ Healey, Richard (2005) "The Breakers of the Northern Anthracite Coalfield of Pennsylvania", 'Vol. 1, Major breakers prior to 1902'. Dept of Geography, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth. quote="Northern Anthracite
Anthracite
Coalfield of Pennsylvania" (implying there is a Southern Anthracite
Anthracite
Coalfield of Pennsylvania) ^ Sevon, W. D., compiler, 2000, "Physiographic provinces of Pennsylvania", Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Geological Survey of the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 4th ser., Map 13, scale 1:2,000,000. ^ PA DEP Website ^ a b c d see facts cited and cites of American Heritage book of Indians (1961) in articles: Iroquois, Susquehannock ^ http://www.msha.gov/district/dist_01/history/history.htm%7Cwork=The U.S. Department of Laborpublisher=Mine Safety and Health Administration ^ Many descents of openly-Jewish immigrants were born in, e.g., Luzerne County
Luzerne County
alone, per JewishGen
JewishGen
and Ancestry.com. ^ Thomas Keil, Jacqueline M. Keil; 2014. Anthracite's Demise and the Post- Coal
Coal
Economy of Northeastern Pennsylvania. Lehigh University Press. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-1-61146-176-3. ^ Karen Ahlquist, 2006. Chorus and Community. University of Illinois Press. p. 225. ISBN 978-0-252-07284-0.

External links[edit]

Coal
Coal
Mine Region - The Carpathian Connection Coal
Coal
Region travel guide from Wikivoyage Pennsylvania's Northern Coal
Coal
Field A collection of nostalgia and regionalisms from the Anthracite
Anthracite
Coal Region of Pennsylvania The Anthracite
Anthracite
Coal
Coal
region Map of the anthracite coal fields of Pennsylvania History of anthracite coal mining Abandoned Anthracite
Anthracite
Mines in PA Brief history of the Molly Maguires "A Jewel In the Crown of Old King Coal
Coal
Eckley Miners' Village" by Tony Wesolowsky, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Heritage Magazine, Volume XXII, Number 1 - Winter 1996 A website with extensive detail on and a virtual tour of Eckley

v t e

 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (capital)

Topics

Index Delegations Government History Geography Geology Law Pennsylvanians State parks Symbols Tourist attractions

Society

Agriculture Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Gambling Politics Sports

Metro areas

Altoona Baltimore-Washington Erie Harrisburg–Carlisle Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon Lehigh Valley New York Philadelphia Pittsburgh Reading Scranton‑Wilkes-Barre State College Williamsport York-Hanover

Largest cities

Allentown Altoona Bethlehem Butler Chester DuBois Easton Erie Greensburg Harrisburg Hazleton Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon McKeesport New Castle Philadelphia Pittsburgh Pottsville Reading Scranton Sunbury Wilkes-Barre Williamsport York

Largest municipalities

Abington Bensalem Bethel Park Bristol Cheltenham Cranberry Darby Falls Hampden Haverford Hempfield Lower Macungie Lower Makefield Lower Merion Lower Paxton Manheim McCandless Middletown Millcreek Township Monroeville Mount Lebanon Norristown Northampton North Huntingdon Penn Hills Radnor Ridley Ross Shaler Spring State College Tredyffrin Upper Darby Upper Merion Warminster West Chester Whitehall York Township

Regions

Allegheny Mountains Allegheny National Forest Allegheny Plateau Atlantic Coastal Plain Bald Eagle Valley Blue Ridge Central Coal
Coal
Region Cumberland Valley Delaware Valley Dutch Country Eastern Endless Mountains Great Valley Mahoning Valley Happy Valley Laurel Highlands Lehigh Valley Main Line Moshannon Valley Nittany Valley Northeastern Northern Tier Northwestern North Penn Valley Ohio Valley Oil Region Oley Valley Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Highlands Penns Valley Philicon Valley Piedmont Pocono Mountains Ridge and Valley Saucon Valley South Central Southeastern Southern Southwestern Susquehanna Valley Western Wyoming Valley

Counties

Adams Allegheny Armstrong Beaver Bedford Berks Blair Bradford Bucks Butler Cambria Cameron Carbon Centre Chester Clarion Clearfield Clinton Columbia Crawford Cumberland Dauphin Delaware Elk Erie Fayette Forest Franklin Fulton Greene Huntingdon Indiana Jefferson Juniata Lackawanna Lancaster Lawrence Lebanon Lehigh Luzerne Lycoming McKean Mercer Mifflin Monroe Montgomery Montour Northampton Northumberland Perry Philadelphia Pike Potter Schuylkill Snyder Somerset Sullivan Susquehanna Tioga Union Venango Warren Washington Wayne Westmor

.