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The CLWYDIAN RANGE (Welsh : Bryniau Clwyd) is a series of hills and mountains in north east Wales
Wales
that runs from Llandegla in the south to Prestatyn in the north, with the highest point being the popular Moel Famau . The range is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty . The AONB has been extended to include the Dee Valley around Llangollen
Llangollen
including the Horseshoe Pass and Castell Dinas Bran , extending the area to 150 square miles (389 square km). The highest point in the AONB is Moel y Gamelin at 1,893 feet (577 metres).

CONTENTS

* 1 Geology * 2 The hills * 3 Area of outstanding natural beauty * 4 Wildlife * 5 Recreation * 6 Summits * 7 References * 8 External links

GEOLOGY

The Clwydian Hills are formed from an upstanding block of Silurian age sandstones , mudstones and siltstones . The range's rocks are intensely faulted ; the major Vale of Clwyd Fault is responsible for the impressive west-facing scarp of the Clwydian Range. It downthrows the rocks to the west and separates the younger Carboniferous
Carboniferous
and Permo-Triassic rocks of the Vale of Clwyd from those of the hills.

THE HILLS

The summits of the hills in the Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
provide extensive views across northern Wales
Wales
, to the high peaks of Snowdonia , eastwards across the Cheshire Plain and the Peak District
Peak District
, and towards Manchester
Manchester
and Liverpool
Liverpool
to the northeast. They have heather-clad summits above rolling pastures. The Offa’s Dyke National Trail traverses the range from Chirk
Chirk
to Prestatyn and at the southeastern end of the range is Llandegla Forest , a wooded area with mountain bike trails.

The range includes a number of hills possessing Iron Age
Iron Age
hillforts , including (from the north) Y Foel ( Moel Hiraddug ), Moel-y-gaer , Penycloddiau , Moel Arthur, a second Moel y Gaer and Foel Fenlli . There are, as with many places in the west of Britain , a number of legends associated with King Arthur
King Arthur
surrounding these hills. There are a number of tumuli and cairns on the hills.

AREA OF OUTSTANDING NATURAL BEAUTY

The Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
was in 1985 designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty , one of only five in Wales. The original area was 167 square kilometres (64 sq mi) but in 2011, the area was extended southwards by a further 229 square kilometres (88 sq mi) to include the Dee Valley, the towns of Llangollen
Llangollen
and Corwen , the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct , Chirk
Chirk
Castle and Valle Crucis Abbey .

WILDLIFE

A wide range of wildlife thrives in the range, including red kites and red foxes , which both prey on rabbits and voles. There is also one of the few Welsh populations of Black Grouse and there is a project to conserve the European water vole
European water vole
, which is suffering a large decline in numbers across the United Kingdom. Another project is trying to get rid of the non-native Himalayan balsam
Himalayan balsam
which has invaded the Alyn Valley area.

RECREATION

The Offa\'s Dyke Path follows the Clwydian Range, although Offa\'s Dyke itself was not constructed on it. The Clwydian Way long distance footpath passes through the Clwydian Range, and the North Wales
Wales
Path follows the foot of the scarp between Prestatyn and Dyserth .

SUMMITS

# PEAK ELEVATION (M ) GRID REFERENCE

1 Bryn Coed yr Esgob 211 SJ068812

2 Moel Hiraddug 265 SJ063785

3 Mynydd y Cwm 300 SJ073768

4 Moel Maenfa 290 SJ085745

5 Moel y Parc 381 SJ114703

6 Penycloddiau 440 SJ127678

7 Moel Plas-yw 420 SJ152669

8 Moel Arthur 456 SJ145661

9 Moel Llys-y-coed 465 SJ145655

10 Moel Dywyll 475 SJ151632

11 Moel Famau 554 SJ161626

12 Moel y Gaer 339 SJ148617

13 Moel Fenlli 511 SJ162600

14 Moel Eithinen 434 SJ168592

15 Gyrn 384 SJ165586

16 Moel Gyw 467 SJ171575

17 Moel Llanfair 447 SJ169566

18 Moel y Plâs 440 SJ170554

19 Moel y Gelli 361 SJ166545

20 Moel y Waun 412 SJ168534

21 Moel yr Acre 400 SJ169525

REFERENCES

* ^ " Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
and Dee Valley AONB". ClwydianRangeandDeeValleyaonb.org.uk. Retrieved November 4, 2014. * ^ "British Geological Survey 1:50K map sheets 107 'Denbigh' ">'". British Geological Survey. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "Exploring the Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
and Dee Valley". Explore Wales. Welsh Government. Retrieved 25 April 2016. * ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25K map sheet 265 'Clwydian Range/Bryniau Clwyd". Ordnance Survey. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ " Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
and Dee Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty". Denbighshire Countryside Services. Retrieved 25 April 2016. * ^ "Wildlife projects". Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
and Dee Valley AONB. Retrieved 25 April 2016. * ^ "Clwydian Way". North Wales
Wales
Area of The Ramblers Association. Retrieved 25 April 2016.

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