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The CLUB DE MADRID is an independent non-profit organization created to promote democracy and change in the international community. Composed of 95 regular members, 64 of whom are former presidents and 39 of whom are former prime ministers (some are both) from 65 countries, the Club de Madrid
Madrid
is the world’s largest forum of former heads of state and government.

Among its main goals are the strengthening of democratic institutions and counselling on the resolution of political conflicts in two key areas: democratic leadership and governance and response to crisis and post-crisis situations.

The Club de Madrid
Madrid
works together with governments, inter-governmental organizations, civil society, scholars and representatives from the business world, to encourage dialogue in order to foster social and political change. The Club de Madrid
Madrid
also works on the search for effective methods to provide technical advice and recommendations to transitional nations taking steps to establish democracy.

CONTENTS

* 1 Composition * 2 Structure and organization * 3 Funding sources * 4 The Club of Madrid
Madrid
Foundation (USA)

* 5 Members

* 5.1 List of current members

* 5.1.1 Member statistics

* 5.2 List of honorary members * 5.3 List of members of the constituent foundations * 5.4 List of former members (deceased)

* 6 References * 7 External links

COMPOSITION

As of March 2014 , there are 95 full Members, all of whom are previous government officials with full voting rights. The Club also has institutional members and foundations – those who belong to private and public organizations that share similar democratic objectives, including FRIDE , the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA), both original sponsors of the founding conference in 2001, the Madrid
Madrid
City Council, the regional government of Madrid, and the Government of Spain. Additionally, there are six honorary members (e.g. Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan
, Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi
) and a number of fellows, who are experts on democratic changeover.

The Club is based in Madrid
Madrid
(Spain), although meetings are held worldwide. Currently, Vaira Vike-Freiberga , the former President
President
of Latvia
Latvia
(1999–2007), is the organization's president, and it has two vice presidents: Jennifer Shipley (New Zealand) and Jorge Fernando Quiroga (Bolivia). The former president of the Club of Madrid
Madrid
is Wim Kok (2009–2013).

The Club was created from an event that was held in October 2001 in Madrid, a four-day Conference on Democratic Transition and Consolidation (CDTC). This event brought together 35 world leaders, over 100 esteemed academics and policy specialists from Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa
Africa
to discuss ideas and means of implementation from both objective and subjective perspectives. The conference discussed eight main topics:

* Constitutional design * The Legislative branch and its relation with the Executive branch * The Judicial branch and its relation with Executive branch * Anti-corruption procedures * The role of the armed forces and security forces * Reform of the state bureaucracy * Strengthening of political and social pluralism and of political parties * Economic and social conditions

STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION

The Club de Madrid's primary asset is its membership, which includes 95 distinguished former heads of state and government of democratic nations. The comparative advantage of the Club de Madrid
Madrid
is based on the following key assets:

* Personal experience and status of its Members * Access to the world’s leading experts on democracy * Specialization in democratic transition and consolidation issues * Practical approach of its activities, through the implementation of projects with tangible results

Full Members are members of the Club de Madrid
Madrid
who provide their personal and political experience as former Heads of State and Government. Their appointment, based on a proposal from the Board of Directors, is approved by the General Assembly.

Direct exchanges with current leaders of countries in the process of democratic transition on a peer-to-peer basis, and the Member’s ability to deliver the right message at the right time, are two of the major assets of the Club de Madrid. In this sense, the Members of the Club de Madrid
Madrid
can also help focus much needed international attention on targeted countries and leverage the work of other institutions trying to promote democracy.

The Club's members are supported by a network of world-class experts who work together to offer assistance on a range of democratic reform issues. The Club de Madrid
Madrid
is composed of four executive and advisory bodies:

* General Assembly * Board of Directors * General Secretariat * Advisory Committee

FUNDING SOURCES

The Club is a non-profit organisation and members offer their servies on a pro bono basis, It exists financially on donations which are used to support a permanent secretariat and fund some specific project. The Club's accounts are audited annually by an external organisation.

THE CLUB OF MADRID FOUNDATION (USA)

The Club of Madrid
Madrid
Foundation Inc. (COMFI) is a grant-making foundation that has US 501(c)(3) tax exemption status. It exists to raise funds in support of the Club's charitable and educational activities.

COMFI is independent and not controlled by the Club itself, but solely by a four-person Board of Directors each of whom resides in the US.

MEMBERS

Several members of the Club played prominent roles in the diplomatic and military proceedings aimed at ending the wars in the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s :

* In 1991, MILAN KUčAN , then the President
President
of the newly independent Slovenia
Slovenia
, negotiated the Brijuni Agreement
Brijuni Agreement
, bringing an end to the Ten-Day War . * In 1993, Bosnian politician ZLATKO LAGUMDžIJA advised the then- President
President
of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
against agreeing to the Vance-Owen peace plan . The two had been kidnapped by the JNA in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
in 1992, before their release was negotiated through the U.N.

* Former Polish Prime Minister TADEUSZ MAZOWIECKI was a special U.N. emissary to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
in 1992 and, in 1993, issued a report on human rights violations in the former Yugoslavia . In 1995, Mazowiecki stepped down in protest of the lack of international response to the atrocities being committed in Bosnia, particularly the Srebrenica massacre
Srebrenica massacre
. * U.S. President
President
BILL CLINTON was instrumental in pushing NATO
NATO
to intervene in Bosnia and Kosovo . In 1995, his efforts produced Operation Deliberate Force , resulting in the Dayton Accords which ended the Bosnian War. In 1999, the U.S. and other NATO
NATO
powers sought to end the Kosovo War with the Rambouillet Agreement , but Yugoslavia felt that the agreement forced them to concede too much and refused to sign. This refusal resulted in Operation Allied Force , during which NATO
NATO
utilized air supremacy and strategic bombing to cripple Serbian forces and force them to withdraw from Kosovo. * Former Swedish Prime Minister CARL BILDT served as the EU 's Special
Special
Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia and was a Co-Chairman of the Dayton Conference. He became the first High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina after the war, from 1995 to 1997, and was the UN Secretary-General 's Special
Special
Envoy for the Balkans
Balkans
from 1999 to 2001. * Other Club de Madrid
Madrid
members involved in the diplomatic process include HELMUT KOHL , the former Chancellor of Germany
Germany
who oversaw the reunification of East and West Germany
Germany
, who was a signee to the Dayton Accords, Canadian Prime Minister JEAN CHRéTIEN , who urged support for Canada's participation in Operation Allied Force, and Finnish President
President
MARTTI AHTISAARI who, along with Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin
Viktor Chernomyrdin
, convinced Serbian President
President
Slobodan Milošević to retreat from Kosovo in accordance with NATO's demands.

LIST OF CURRENT MEMBERS

NAME AGE NATION PARTY OFFICE(S) HELD

Adamkus, Valdas Valdas Adamkus 90 Lithuania
Lithuania
zzzz None President
President
of Lithuania
Lithuania
(1998–2003, 2004–2009)

Aho, Esko Esko Aho
Esko Aho
63 Finland
Finland
Centre Party Finland
Finland
Centre Prime Minister of Finland
Finland
(1991–1995)

Ahtisaari, Martti Martti Ahtisaari
Martti Ahtisaari
80 Finland
Finland
Social Democratic Party Finland
Finland
Social Democratic President of Finland (1994–2000)

al-Mahdi, Sadiq Sadiq al-Mahdi 81 Sudan
Sudan
Umma National Party Sudan
Sudan
Umma Prime Minister of Sudan
Sudan
(1966–1967, 1986–1989)

Arias, Óscar Óscar Arias 76 Costa Rica
Costa Rica
PLN Costa Rica
Costa Rica
PLN President
President
of Costa Rica
Costa Rica
(1986–1990, 2006–2010)

Jebali, Hamadi Hamadi Jebali
Hamadi Jebali
67 Tunisia
Tunisia
Ennahdha, Ennahdha Head of Government of Tunisia
Tunisia
(2011-2013)

Jomaa, Mehdi Mehdi Jomaa
Mehdi Jomaa
55 Tunisia
Tunisia
zzzz None Head of Government of Tunisia
Tunisia
(2014-2015)

Arzú, Álvaro Álvaro Arzú 71 Guatemala
Guatemala
PAN Guatemala
Guatemala
PAN President
President
of Guatemala
Guatemala
(1996–2000)

Aznar, José María José María Aznar
José María Aznar
64 Spain
Spain
PP Spain
Spain
PP President
President
of the Government of Spain
Spain
(1996–2004)

Bachelet, Michelle Michelle Bachelet 65 Chile
Chile
Socialist Party Chile
Chile
Socialist President
President
of Chile
Chile
(2006–2010, 2014–present) Executive Director of UN Women (2010–2013)

Banda, Rupiah Rupiah Banda
Rupiah Banda
80 Zambia
Zambia
MMD, MMD President
President
of Zambia
Zambia
(2008–2011)

Betancur, Belisario Belisario Betancur
Belisario Betancur
94 Colombia
Colombia
Conservative Party Colombia
Colombia
Conservative President
President
of Colombia
Colombia
(1982–1986)

Bildt, Carl Carl Bildt 68 Sweden
Sweden
Moderate Party Sweden
Sweden
Moderate Prime Minister of Sweden
Prime Minister of Sweden
(1991–1994) High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(1995–1997)

Birkavs, Valdis Valdis Birkavs 75 Latvia
Latvia
LC, LC Prime Minister of Latvia
Latvia
(1993–1994)

Bondevik, Kjell Magne Kjell Magne Bondevik 70 Norway
Norway
Christian Democratic Party Norway
Norway
Christian Democratic Prime Minister of Norway
Norway
(1997–2000, 2001–2005)

Brundtland, Gro Harlem Gro Harlem Brundtland
Gro Harlem Brundtland
78 Norway
Norway
Labour Party Norway
Norway
Labour Prime Minister of Norway
Norway
(1981, 1986–1989, 1990–1996) Director-General of the World Health Organization (1998–2003)

Bruton, John John Bruton 70 Ireland Fine Gael, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Taoiseach of Ireland (1994–1997) EU Ambassador to the United States
United States
(2004–2009)

Buzek, Jerzy Jerzy Buzek 77 Poland
Poland
Civic Platform, Civic Platform
Civic Platform
Prime Minister of Poland (1997–2001) President of the European Parliament
President of the European Parliament
(2009–2012)

Calderón, Felipe Felipe Calderón 55 Mexico
Mexico
PAN Mexico
Mexico
PAN President
President
of Mexico
Mexico
(2006–2012)

Calmy-Rey, Micheline Micheline Calmy-Rey 72 Switzerland
Switzerland
Social Democratic Party Switzerland
Switzerland
Social Democratic Member of the Federal Council (2003–2011) ( President
President
in 2011)

Campbell, Kim Kim Campbell
Kim Campbell
70 Canada
Canada
Progressive Conservative Party Canada
Canada
Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada
Prime Minister of Canada
(1993)

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
86 Brazil
Brazil
Social Democracy Party Brazil
Brazil
Social Democracy President
President
of Brazil
Brazil
(1995–2003)

Cavaco Silva, Aníbal Aníbal Cavaco Silva 78 Portugal
Portugal
Social Democratic Party Portugal
Portugal
Social Democratic Prime Minister of Portugal
Portugal
(1985–1995) President
President
of Portugal
Portugal
(2006–2016)

Chissano, Joaquim Joaquim Chissano
Joaquim Chissano
77 Mozambique
Mozambique
FRELIMO, FRELIMO President
President
of Mozambique
Mozambique
(1986–2005)

Chrétien, Jean Jean Chrétien 83 Canada
Canada
Liberal Party Canada
Canada
Liberal Prime Minister of Canada
Prime Minister of Canada
(1993–2003)

Clinton, Bill Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
71 United States
United States
Democratic Party United States
United States
Democratic President of the United States
President of the United States
(1993–2001 )

Dimitrov, Philip Philip Dimitrov 62 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
SDS Bulgaria
Bulgaria
SDS Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(1991–1992)

Diogo, Luísa Luísa Diogo 59 Mozambique
Mozambique
FRELIMO, FRELIMO Prime Minister of Mozambique
Mozambique
(2004–2010)

Fernández, Leonel Leonel Fernández 63 Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
PLD Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
PLD President
President
of the Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
(1996–2000, 2004–2012)

Figueres, José María José María Figueres 62 Costa Rica
Costa Rica
PLN Costa Rica
Costa Rica
PLN President
President
of Costa Rica
Costa Rica
(1994–1998)

Finnbogadóttir, Vigdís Vigdís Finnbogadóttir 87 Iceland
Iceland
zzzz None President
President
of Iceland
Iceland
(1980–1996)

Fox, Vicente Vicente Fox 75 Mexico
Mexico
PAN Mexico
Mexico
PAN President
President
of Mexico
Mexico
(2000–2006)

Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Eduardo Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle 75 Chile
Chile
Christian Democratic Party Chile
Chile
Christian Democratic President
President
of Chile
Chile
(1994–2000)

Fukuda, Yasuo Yasuo Fukuda
Yasuo Fukuda
81 Japan
Japan
Liberal Democratic Party Japan
Japan
Liberal Democratic Prime Minister of Japan
Japan
(2007–2008)

Gaviria, César César Gaviria 70 Colombia
Colombia
Liberal Party Colombia
Colombia
Liberal President
President
of Colombia
Colombia
(1990–1994) Secretary General of the Organization of American States (1994–2004)

Gemayel, Amine PierreAmine Pierre Gemayel 75 Lebanon
Lebanon
Kataeb Kata\'eb President
President
of Lebanon
Lebanon
(1982–1988)

González, Felipe Felipe González 75 Spain
Spain
Socialist Workers Party Spain
Spain
Socialist Workers President
President
of the Government of Spain
Spain
(1982–1996)

Gorbachev, Mikhail Mikhail Gorbachev 86 Russia
Russia
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Communist Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Communist (until 1991) General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–1991) Chairman of the Supreme Soviet/ President
President
of the Soviet Union (1988–1991)

Gusenbauer, Alfred Alfred Gusenbauer 57 Austria
Austria
Social Democratic Party Austria
Austria
Social Democratic Chancellor of Austria
Austria
(2007–2008)

Guterres, António António Guterres 68 Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Party Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Prime Minister of Portugal
Portugal
(1995–2002) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2005–2016) UN Secretary-General (2016-present)

Habibie, Bacharuddin JusufBacharuddin Jusuf Habibie 81 Indonesia
Indonesia
Golkar, Golkar
Golkar
President
President
of Indonesia
Indonesia
(1998–1999)

Halonen, Tarja Tarja Halonen 73 Finland
Finland
Social Democratic Party Finland
Finland
Social Democratic President of Finland (2000–2012)

Han Seung-soo, Han Seung-soo 80 South Korea
South Korea
Saenuri, Saenuri Prime Minister of South Korea
South Korea
(2008–2009)

Hurtado, Osvaldo Osvaldo Hurtado 78 Ecuador
Ecuador
Christian Democratic Union Ecuador
Ecuador
Christian Democratic President
President
of Ecuador
Ecuador
(1981–1984)

Juppé, Alain Alain Juppé 72 France
France
UMP, UMP Prime Minister of France
France
(1995–1997)

Kohler, Horst Horst Köhler 74 Germany
Germany
Christian Democratic Union Germany
Germany
Christian Democratic President
President
of Germany
Germany
(2004–2010)

Kok, Wim Wim Kok 78 Netherlands Labour Party Netherlands Labour Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1994–2002)

Konaré, Alpha Oumar Alpha Oumar Konaré 71 Mali
Mali
ADEMA-PASJ, ADEMA-PASJ President
President
of Mali
Mali
(1992–2002) Chairman of the AU Commission (2003–2008)

Kucan, Milan Milan Kucan
Milan Kucan
76 Slovenia
Slovenia
Yugoslavia Communist Slovenia
Slovenia
Communist (until 1990) None (since 1990) President of Slovenia (1991–2002)

Kufuor, John John Kufuor 78 Ghana
Ghana
NPP Ghana
Ghana
NPP President
President
of Ghana
Ghana
(2001–2009) Chairman of the AU (2007–2008)

Kumaratunga, Chandrika Chandrika Kumaratunga
Chandrika Kumaratunga
72 Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
SLFP Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
SLFP President
President
of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(1994–2005)

Kwasniewski, Aleksander Aleksander Kwasniewski 62 Poland
Poland
zzzz None (since 1995) President
President
of Poland
Poland
(1995–2005)

Lacalle, Luis Alberto Luis Alberto Lacalle 76 Uruguay
Uruguay
PN Uruguay
Uruguay
PN President
President
of Uruguay
Uruguay
(1990–1995)

Lagos, Ricardo Ricardo Lagos
Ricardo Lagos
79 Chile
Chile
PPD Chile
Chile
PPD President
President
of Chile
Chile
(2000–2006)

Lagumdžija, Zlatko Zlatko Lagumdžija 61 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Social Democratic Party Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Social Democratic Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001–2002)

Lee Hong-koo, Lee Hong-koo 61 South Korea
South Korea
NKP South Korea, NKP South Korea
South Korea
Prime Minister of South Korea
South Korea
(1994–1995)

Lubbers, Ruud Ruud Lubbers
Ruud Lubbers
78 Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal Netherlands Christian Democratic Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982–1994) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2001–2005)

Masire, KetumileKetumile Masire 92 Botswana
Botswana
BDP Botswana
Botswana
BDP President
President
of Botswana
Botswana
(1980–1998)

Mbeki, Thabo Thabo Mbeki 75 South Africa
South Africa
ANC South Africa
South Africa
ANC President
President
of South Africa
South Africa
(1999–2008)

Meidani, Rexhep Rexhep Meidani
Rexhep Meidani
73 Albania
Albania
Socialist Party Albania
Albania
Socialist President
President
of Albania
Albania
(1997–2002)

Mkapa, Benjamin Benjamin Mkapa 78 Tanzania
Tanzania
CCM Tanzania
Tanzania
CCM President
President
of Tanzania
Tanzania
(1995–2005)

Mogae, Festus Festus Mogae
Festus Mogae
78 Botswana
Botswana
BDP Botswana
Botswana
BDP President
President
of Botswana
Botswana
(1998–2008)

Obasanjo, Olusegun Olusegun Obasanjo 80 Nigeria
Nigeria
PDP Nigeria
Nigeria
PDP Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria
Nigeria
(1976–1979) President
President
of Nigeria
Nigeria
(1999–2007)

Otunbayeva, Roza Roza Otunbayeva 67 Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Social Democratic Party Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Social Democratic (2007–2010) President
President
of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(2010–2011)

Panyarachun, Anand Anand Panyarachun
Anand Panyarachun
85 Thailand
Thailand
zzzz None Prime Minister of Thailand
Thailand
(1991–1992)

Papandreou, George George Papandreou 65 Greece
Greece
Socialist Greece
Greece
Socialist Prime Minister of Greece
Greece
(2009–2011)

Pastrana, AndrésAndrés Pastrana 63 Colombia
Colombia
Conservative Party Colombia
Colombia
Conservative President
President
of Colombia
Colombia
(1998–2002)

Patterson, P.J.P.J. Patterson 82 Jamaica
Jamaica
PNP Jamaica
Jamaica
PNP (until 2011) Prime Minister of Jamaica
Jamaica
(1992–2006)

Perez de Cuellar, Javier Javier Pérez de Cuéllar 97 Peru
Peru
UPP Peru
Peru
UPP Secretary-General of the United Nations
United Nations
(1982–1991) President
President
of the Council of Ministers of Peru
Peru
(2000–2001)

Prodi, Romano Romano Prodi 78 Italy
Italy
Democratic Party Italy
Italy
Democratic President of the European Commission (1999–2004 ) President
President
of the Council of Ministers of Italy
Italy
(1996–1998, 2006–2008)

Quiroga, Jorge Jorge Quiroga
Jorge Quiroga
57 Bolivia
Bolivia
PODEMOS Bolivia
Bolivia
PODEMOS President
President
of Bolivia
Bolivia
(2001–2002)

Ramos, Fidel V. Fidel V. Ramos
Fidel V. Ramos
89 Philippines
Philippines
Lakas Philippines
Philippines
Lakas President
President
of the Philippines
Philippines
(1992–1998 )

Ramos-Horta, José ManuelJosé Manuel Ramos-Horta 67 East Timor
East Timor
zzzz None Prime Minister of East Timor
East Timor
(2006–2007) President
President
of East Timor
East Timor
(2007–2012)

Rasmussen, Poul Nyrup Poul Nyrup Rasmussen 74 Denmark
Denmark
Social Democrats Denmark
Denmark
Social Democrats Prime Minister of Denmark
Denmark
(1993–2001)

Robinson, Mary Mary Robinson 73 Ireland zzzz None President of Ireland (1990–97) UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997–2002)

Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose Luis José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 57 Spain
Spain
Socialist Workers Party Spain
Spain
Socialist Workers President
President
of the Government of Spain
Spain
(2004–2011)

Roman, Petre Petre Roman 71 Romania
Romania
SR Romania
Romania
FSN Romania
Romania
FSN (1989–1991) Prime Minister of Romania
Romania
(1989–1991)

Sampaio, Jorge Jorge Sampaio 77 Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Party Portugal
Portugal
Socialist President
President
of Portugal
Portugal
(1996–2006)

Sanchez de Lozada, Gonzalo Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada 87 Bolivia
Bolivia
MNR Bolivia
Bolivia
MNR President
President
of Bolivia
Bolivia
(1993–1997, 2002–2003)

Sanguinetti, Julio María Julio María Sanguinetti 81 Uruguay
Uruguay
PC Uruguay
Uruguay
PC President
President
of Uruguay
Uruguay
(1985–1990, 1995–2000)

Shipley, Jennifer Mary Jennifer Mary Shipley 65 New Zealand
New Zealand
National New Zealand
New Zealand
National Prime Minister of New Zealand
New Zealand
(1997–1999)

Siniora, FuadFuad Siniora 74 Lebanon
Lebanon
FM Lebanon
Lebanon
FM Prime Minister of Lebanon
Lebanon
(2005–2009)

Suchocka, Hanna Hanna Suchocka 71 Poland
Poland
UD Poland
Poland
UD Prime Minister of Poland (1992–1993)

Tadic, Boris Boris Tadic 59 Serbia
Serbia
NDS Greens Serbia
Serbia
NDS-Greens President
President
of Serbia
Serbia
(2004–2012)

Toledo, Alejandro Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
71 Peru
Peru
PP Peru
Peru
PP President
President
of Peru
Peru
(2001–2006)

Torrijos, Martin Martín Torrijos 54 Panama
Panama
PRD Panama
Panama
PRD President
President
of Panama
Panama
(2004–2009)

Turk, Martin Danilo Türk 65 Slovenia
Slovenia
zzzz None President of Slovenia (2007–2012)

Uteem, Cassam Cassam Uteem 76 Mauritius
Mauritius
MMM Mauritius
Mauritius
MMM President
President
of Mauritius
Mauritius
(1992–2002)

Verhofstadt, Guy Guy Verhofstadt 64 Belgium
Belgium
VLD Belgium
Belgium
VLD Prime Minister of Belgium
Belgium
(1999–2008)

Vike-Freiberga, Vaira Vaira Vike-Freiberga 79 Latvia
Latvia
zzzz None President
President
of Latvia
Latvia
(1999–2007)

Zedillo, Ernesto Ernesto Zedillo
Ernesto Zedillo
65 Mexico
Mexico
PRI Mexico
Mexico
PRI President
President
of Mexico
Mexico
(1994–2000)

Member Statistics

Regional background of members:

* Africa
Africa
and the Middle East
Middle East
– 17 * the Americas – 27 * Asia
Asia
-Pacific – 10 * Europe
Europe
– 41

Political affiliation of members:

* Socialist /Social democrat / Centre-left – 35 * Centrist – 16 * Liberal conservative /Christian democrat / Centre-right – 21 * Conservative /Right-wing – 14 * No affiliation – 9

Office held (some members have held both):

* President
President
– 64 * Prime Minister – 37

LIST OF HONORARY MEMBERS

NAME AGE NATION PARTY OFFICE(S) HELD

Annan, Kofi Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan
79 Ghana
Ghana
zzzz None Secretary-General of the United Nations
United Nations
(1997–2006)

Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi
72 Myanmar
Myanmar
NLD Burma NLD State Counsellor of Myanmar
Myanmar
(2016–present )

Carter, Jimmy Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
92 United States
United States
Democratic Party United States
United States
Democratic President of the United States
President of the United States
(1977–81 )

Iglesias, Enrique V. Enrique V. Iglesias 87 Uruguay
Uruguay
Spain
Spain
zzzzz (unknown) President
President
of the Inter-American Development Bank (1998–2005) Secretary General of the Iberoamerican General Secretariat (2005–13)

Delors, Jacques Jacques Delors 92 France
France
Socialist FRA Socialist President of the European Commission (1985–95)

Solana, Javier Javier Solana 75 Spain
Spain
Socialist ESP Socialist Secretary General of NATO
NATO
(1995–99) and High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (1999–2009)

LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUENT FOUNDATIONS

NAME AGE NATION PARTY OFFICE(S) HELD

Hidalgo, DiegoDiego Hidalgo 74 Spain
Spain
zzzzz (unknown) Founder and President
President
of, and donor to, Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior ( FRIDE ) Founding Member and Senior Fellow of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA)

Jones, T. AnthonyT. Anthony Jones (unknown) (unknown) zzzzz (unknown) Vice- President
President
and Executive Director of GFNA

Matthews, GeorgeGeorge Matthews (unknown) United States
United States
zzzzz (unknown) Chairman and co-founder of GFNA

Romero Moreno, José Manuel José Manuel Romero Moreno (unknown) Spain
Spain
zzzzz (unknown) Vice President
President
of FRIDE

LIST OF FORMER MEMBERS (DECEASED)

NAME DIED NATION PARTY OFFICE(S) HELD

Kohl, Helmut Helmut Kohl 20170616June 16, 2017(2017-06-16) (aged 87) Germany
Germany
West Germany
Germany
Christian Democratic Union Germany
Germany
Christian Democratic Chancellor of West Germany
Germany
(1982–1990) Chancellor of Germany
Germany
(1990–1998)

Mancham, James James Mancham
James Mancham
20170108January 8, 2017(2017-01-08) (aged 77) Seychelles Democratic Party Seychellese Democratic President
President
of Seychelles (1976–1977)

Mascarenhas Monteiro, António António Mascarenhas Monteiro 20160916September 16, 2016(2016-09-16) (aged 72) Cape Verde
Cape Verde
MPD Cape Verde
Cape Verde
MPD President
President
of Cape Verde
Cape Verde
(1991–2001)

al-Eryani, Abdul-kareemAbdul-kareem al-Eryani 20151108November 8, 2015(2015-11-08) (aged 81) Yemen
Yemen
North Yemen
Yemen
GPC, GPC Prime Minister of North Yemen
Yemen
(1980–1983) Prime Minister of Yemen
Yemen
(1998–2001)

Alfonsin, Raul Raúl Alfonsín 20090331March 31, 2009(2009-03-31) (aged 82) Argentina
Argentina
UCR Argentina
Argentina
UCR President
President
of Argentina
Argentina
(1983–89)

Calvo-Sotelo, Leopoldo Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo 20080503May 3, 2008(2008-05-03) (aged 82) Spain
Spain
UCD Spain
Spain
UCD President
President
of the Government of Spain
Spain
(1981–82)

Gujral, Inder KumarInder Kumar Gujral 20121130November 30, 2012(2012-11-30) (aged 92) India
India
Janata Dal, Janata Dal Prime Minister of India
India
(1997–98)

Havel, Vaclev Václav Havel
Václav Havel
20111218December 18, 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75) Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
Civic Forum Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
OF (1989–93) None (1993–2004) President
President
of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(1989–92) President
President
of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(1993–2003)

Madl, Ferenc Ferenc Mádl 20110529May 29, 2011(2011-05-29) (aged 80) Hungary
Hungary
zzzz None President
President
of Hungary
Hungary
(2000–05)

Mazowiecki, Tadeusz Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
20131028October 28, 2013(2013-10-28) (aged 86) Poland
Poland
PR Poland
Poland
KOS Poland
Poland
KO "S" (1980–91) UD (1991–94) Prime Minister of Poland (1989–91)

Meri, Lennart Lennart Meri 20060314March 14, 2006(2006-03-14) (aged 76) Estonia
Estonia
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Isamaa Estonia
Estonia
Isamaa (since 1992) President
President
of Estonia
Estonia
(1992–2001)

Paniagua, Valentin Valentín Paniagua 20061016October 16, 2006(2006-10-16) (aged 70) Peru
Peru
AC Peru
Peru
AC President
President
of Peru
Peru
(2000–01)

Soares, Mario Mário Soares 20170107January 7, 2017(2017-01-07) (aged 92) Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Party Portugal
Portugal
Socialist Prime Minister of Portugal
Portugal
(1976–1978, 1983–1985) President
President
of Portugal
Portugal
(1986–1996)

Suarez, Adolfo Adolfo Suárez
Adolfo Suárez
20140323March 23, 2014(2014-03-23) (aged 81) Spain
Spain
Spain
Spain
Estado Español MN Spain
Spain
MN (until 1977) UCD Spain
Spain
UCD (1977–82) President
President
of the Government of Spain (1976–81)

REFERENCES

* ^ The count of former Prime Ministers includes the former Chancellor of West Germany
Germany
and former Chancellor of Austria
Austria
as well as the former Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Taoiseach of Ireland. * ^ Warsaw Voice Poland
Poland
Recognizes Kosovo * ^ "Diego Hidalgo". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. * ^ "Anthony Jones". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. * ^ "George Matthews". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. * ^ "José Manuel Romero Moreno". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014.

* "Members of the Club of Madrid
Madrid
by region (March 2014)" (PDF). Club of Madrid. March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Offic

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