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The Club de Madrid is an independent non-profit organization created to promote democracy and change in the international community. Composed of 95 regular members, 64 of whom are former presidents and 39 of whom are former prime ministers (some are both)[1] from 65 countries, the Club de Madrid is the world’s largest forum of former heads of state and government.[citation needed] Among its main goals are the strengthening of democratic institutions and counselling on the resolution of political conflicts in two key areas: democratic leadership and governance and response to crisis and post-crisis situations. The Club de Madrid works together with governments, inter-governmental organizations, civil society, scholars and representatives from the business world, to encourage dialogue in order to foster social and political change. The Club de Madrid also works on the search for effective methods to provide technical advice and recommendations to transitional nations taking steps to establish democracy.

Contents

1 Composition 2 Structure and organization 3 Funding sources 4 The Club of Madrid Foundation (USA) 5 Members

5.1 List of current members

5.1.1 Member statistics

5.2 List of honorary members 5.3 List of members of the constituent foundations 5.4 List of former members (deceased)

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Composition[edit] As of March 2014[update], there are 95 full Members, all of whom are previous government officials with full voting rights. The Club also has institutional members and foundations – those who belong to private and public organizations that share similar democratic objectives, including FRIDE, the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA), both original sponsors of the founding conference in 2001, the Madrid City Council, the regional government of Madrid, and the Government of Spain. Additionally, there are six honorary members (e.g. Kofi Annan, Aung San Suu Kyi) and a number of fellows, who are experts on democratic changeover. The Club is based in Madrid (Spain), although meetings are held worldwide. Currently, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, the former President of Latvia (1999–2007), is the organization's president, and it has two vice presidents: Jennifer Shipley (New Zealand) and Jorge Fernando Quiroga (Bolivia). The former president of the Club of Madrid is Wim Kok (2009–2013). The Club was created from an event that was held in October 2001 in Madrid, a four-day Conference on Democratic Transition and Consolidation (CDTC). This event brought together 35 world leaders, over 100 esteemed academics and policy specialists from Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa to discuss ideas and means of implementation from both objective and subjective perspectives. The conference discussed eight main topics:

Constitutional design The Legislative branch and its relation with the Executive branch The Judicial branch and its relation with Executive branch Anti-corruption procedures The role of the armed forces and security forces Reform of the state bureaucracy Strengthening of political and social pluralism and of political parties Economic and social conditions

Structure and organization[edit] The Club de Madrid's primary asset is its membership, which includes 95 distinguished former heads of state and government of democratic nations. The comparative advantage of the Club de Madrid is based on the following key assets:

Personal experience and status of its Members Access to the world’s leading experts on democracy Specialization in democratic transition and consolidation issues Practical approach of its activities, through the implementation of projects with tangible results

Full Members are members of the Club de Madrid who provide their personal and political experience as former Heads of State and Government. Their appointment, based on a proposal from the Board of Directors, is approved by the General Assembly. Direct exchanges with current leaders of countries in the process of democratic transition on a peer-to-peer basis, and the Member’s ability to deliver the right message at the right time, are two of the major assets of the Club de Madrid. In this sense, the Members of the Club de Madrid can also help focus much needed international attention on targeted countries and leverage the work of other institutions trying to promote democracy. The Club's members are supported by a network of world-class experts who work together to offer assistance on a range of democratic reform issues. The Club de Madrid is composed of four executive and advisory bodies:

General Assembly Board of Directors General Secretariat Advisory Committee

Funding sources[edit] The Club is a non-profit organisation and members offer their servies on a pro bono basis, It exists financially on donations which are used to support a permanent secretariat and fund some specific project. The Club's accounts are audited annually by an external organisation. The Club of Madrid Foundation (USA)[edit] The Club of Madrid Foundation Inc. (COMFI) is a grant-making foundation that has US 501(c)(3) tax exemption status. It exists to raise funds in support of the Club's charitable and educational activities. COMFI is independent and not controlled by the Club itself, but solely by a four-person Board of Directors each of whom resides in the US. Members[edit] Several members of the Club played prominent roles in the diplomatic and military proceedings aimed at ending the wars in the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s:

In 1991, Milan Kučan, then the President of the newly independent Slovenia, negotiated the Brijuni Agreement, bringing an end to the Ten-Day War. In 1993, Bosnian politician Zlatko Lagumdžija advised the then-President of Bosnia and Herzegovina against agreeing to the Vance-Owen peace plan. The two had been kidnapped by the JNA in Sarajevo in 1992, before their release was negotiated through the U.N. Former Polish Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki was a special U.N. emissary to Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 and, in 1993, issued a report on human rights violations in the former Yugoslavia. In 1995, Mazowiecki stepped down in protest of the lack of international response to the atrocities being committed in Bosnia, particularly the Srebrenica massacre.[2] U.S. President Bill Clinton was instrumental in pushing NATO to intervene in Bosnia and Kosovo. In 1995, his efforts produced Operation Deliberate Force, resulting in the Dayton Accords which ended the Bosnian War. In 1999, the U.S. and other NATO powers sought to end the Kosovo War with the Rambouillet Agreement, but Yugoslavia felt that the agreement forced them to concede too much and refused to sign. This refusal resulted in Operation Allied Force, during which NATO utilized air supremacy and strategic bombing to cripple Serbian forces and force them to withdraw from Kosovo. Former Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt served as the EU's Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia and was a Co-Chairman of the Dayton Conference. He became the first High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina after the war, from 1995 to 1997, and was the UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Balkans from 1999 to 2001. Other Club de Madrid members involved in the diplomatic process include the late Helmut Kohl, the former Chancellor of Germany who oversaw the reunification of East and West Germany, who was a signee to the Dayton Accords, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, who urged support for Canada's participation in Operation Allied Force, and Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari who, along with Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, convinced Serbian President Slobodan Milošević to retreat from Kosovo in accordance with NATO's demands.

List of current members[edit]

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held

Adamkus, ValdasValdas Adamkus 91  Lithuania zzzz None President of Lithuania (1998–2003, 2004–2009)

Aho, EskoEsko Aho 63  Finland Centre Party Finland Centre Prime Minister of Finland (1991–1995)

Ahtisaari, MarttiMartti Ahtisaari 80  Finland Social Democratic Party Finland Social Democratic President of Finland (1994–2000)

al-Mahdi, SadiqSadiq al-Mahdi 82  Sudan Umma National Party Sudan Umma Prime Minister of Sudan (1966–1967, 1986–1989)

Arias, ÓscarÓscar Arias 77  Costa Rica PLN Costa Rica PLN President of Costa Rica (1986–1990, 2006–2010)

Jebali, HamadiHamadi Jebali 68  Tunisia Ennahdha, Ennahdha Head of Government of Tunisia (2011-2013)

Jomaa, MehdiMehdi Jomaa 55  Tunisia zzzz None Head of Government of Tunisia (2014-2015)

Arzú, ÁlvaroÁlvaro Arzú 72  Guatemala PAN Guatemala PAN President of Guatemala (1996–2000)

Aznar, José MaríaJosé María Aznar 65  Spain PP Spain PP President of the Government of Spain (1996–2004)

Bachelet, MichelleMichelle Bachelet 66  Chile Socialist Party Chile Socialist President of Chile (2006–2010, 2014–2018) Executive Director of UN Women (2010–2013)

Banda, RupiahRupiah Banda 81  Zambia MMD, MMD President of Zambia (2008–2011)

Betancur, BelisarioBelisario Betancur 95  Colombia Conservative Party Colombia Conservative President of Colombia (1982–1986)

Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 68  Sweden Moderate Party Sweden Moderate Prime Minister of Sweden (1991–1994) High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995–1997)

Birkavs, ValdisValdis Birkavs 75  Latvia LC, LC Prime Minister of Latvia (1993–1994)

Bondevik, Kjell MagneKjell Magne Bondevik 70  Norway Christian Democratic Party Norway Christian Democratic Prime Minister of Norway (1997–2000, 2001–2005)

Brundtland, Gro HarlemGro Harlem Brundtland 78  Norway Labour Party Norway Labour Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986–1989, 1990–1996) Director-General of the World Health Organization (1998–2003)

Bruton, JohnJohn Bruton 70  Ireland Fine Gael, Fine Gael Taoiseach of Ireland (1994–1997) EU Ambassador to the United States (2004–2009)

Buzek, JerzyJerzy Buzek 77  Poland Civic Platform, Civic Platform Prime Minister of Poland (1997–2001) President of the European Parliament (2009–2012)

Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 55  Mexico PAN Mexico PAN President of Mexico (2006–2012)

Calmy-Rey, MichelineMicheline Calmy-Rey 72   Switzerland Social Democratic Party Switzerland Social Democratic Member of the Federal Council (2003–2011) (President in 2011)

Campbell, KimKim Campbell 71  Canada Progressive Conservative Party Canada Progressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada (1993)

Cardoso, Fernando HenriqueFernando Henrique Cardoso 86  Brazil Social Democracy Party Brazil Social Democracy President of Brazil (1995–2003)

Cavaco Silva, AníbalAníbal Cavaco Silva 78  Portugal Social Democratic Party Portugal Social Democratic Prime Minister of Portugal (1985–1995) President of Portugal (2006–2016)

Chissano, JoaquimJoaquim Chissano 78  Mozambique FRELIMO, FRELIMO President of Mozambique (1986–2005)

Chrétien, JeanJean Chrétien 84  Canada Liberal Party Canada Liberal Prime Minister of Canada (1993–2003)

Clinton, BillBill Clinton 71  United States Democratic Party United States Democratic President of the United States (1993–2001)

Dimitrov, PhilipPhilip Dimitrov 63  Bulgaria SDS Bulgaria SDS Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1991–1992)

Diogo, LuísaLuísa Diogo 59  Mozambique FRELIMO, FRELIMO Prime Minister of Mozambique (2004–2010)

Fernández, LeonelLeonel Fernández 64  Dominican Republic PLD Dominican Republic PLD President of the Dominican Republic (1996–2000, 2004–2012)

Figueres, José MaríaJosé María Figueres 63  Costa Rica PLN Costa Rica PLN President of Costa Rica (1994–1998)

Finnbogadóttir, VigdísVigdís Finnbogadóttir 87  Iceland zzzz None President of Iceland (1980–1996)

Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 75  Mexico PAN Mexico PAN President of Mexico (2000–2006)

Frei Ruiz-Tagle, EduardoEduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle 75  Chile Christian Democratic Party Chile Christian Democratic President of Chile (1994–2000)

Fukuda, YasuoYasuo Fukuda 81  Japan Liberal Democratic Party Japan Liberal Democratic Prime Minister of Japan (2007–2008)

Gaviria, CésarCésar Gaviria 71  Colombia Liberal Party Colombia Liberal President of Colombia (1990–1994) Secretary General of the Organization of American States (1994–2004)

Gemayel, Amine PierreAmine Pierre Gemayel 76  Lebanon Kataeb Kata'eb President of Lebanon (1982–1988)

González, FelipeFelipe González 76  Spain Socialist Workers Party Spain Socialist Workers President of the Government of Spain (1982–1996)

Gorbachev, MikhailMikhail Gorbachev 87  Russia  Soviet Union Communist Soviet Union Communist (until 1991) General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–1991) Chairman of the Supreme Soviet/President of the Soviet Union (1988–1991)

Gusenbauer, AlfredAlfred Gusenbauer 58  Austria Social Democratic Party Austria Social Democratic Chancellor of Austria (2007–2008)

Guterres, AntónioAntónio Guterres 68  Portugal Socialist Party Portugal Socialist Prime Minister of Portugal (1995–2002) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2005–2016) UN Secretary-General (2016-present)

Habibie, Bacharuddin JusufBacharuddin Jusuf Habibie 81  Indonesia Golkar, Golkar President of Indonesia (1998–1999)

Halonen, TarjaTarja Halonen 74  Finland Social Democratic Party Finland Social Democratic President of Finland (2000–2012)

Han Seung-soo, Han Seung-soo 81  South Korea Saenuri, Saenuri Prime Minister of South Korea (2008–2009)

Hurtado, OsvaldoOsvaldo Hurtado 78  Ecuador Christian Democratic Union Ecuador Christian Democratic President of Ecuador (1981–1984)

Juppé, AlainAlain Juppé 72  France UMP, UMP Prime Minister of France (1995–1997)

Kohler, HorstHorst Köhler 75  Germany Christian Democratic Union Germany Christian Democratic President of Germany (2004–2010)

Kok, WimWim Kok 79  Netherlands Labour Party Netherlands Labour Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1994–2002)

Konaré, Alpha OumarAlpha Oumar Konaré 72  Mali ADEMA-PASJ, ADEMA-PASJ President of Mali (1992–2002) Chairman of the AU Commission (2003–2008)

Kucan, MilanMilan Kucan 77  Slovenia  Yugoslavia Communist Slovenia Communist (until 1990) None (since 1990) President of Slovenia (1991–2002)

Kufuor, JohnJohn Kufuor 79  Ghana NPP Ghana NPP President of Ghana (2001–2009) Chairman of the AU (2007–2008)

Kumaratunga, ChandrikaChandrika Kumaratunga 72  Sri Lanka SLFP Sri Lanka SLFP President of Sri Lanka (1994–2005)

Kwasniewski, AleksanderAleksander Kwasniewski 63  Poland zzzz None (since 1995) President of Poland (1995–2005)

Lacalle, Luis AlbertoLuis Alberto Lacalle 76  Uruguay PN Uruguay PN President of Uruguay (1990–1995)

Lagos, RicardoRicardo Lagos 80  Chile PPD Chile PPD President of Chile (2000–2006)

Lagumdžija, ZlatkoZlatko Lagumdžija 62  Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001–2002)

Lee Hong-koo, Lee Hong-koo 62  South Korea NKP South Korea, NKP South Korea Prime Minister of South Korea (1994–1995)

Lubbers, RuudRuud Lubbers 78  Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal Netherlands Christian Democratic Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982–1994) UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2001–2005)

Masire, KetumileKetumile Masire 92  Botswana BDP Botswana BDP President of Botswana (1980–1998)

Mbeki, ThaboThabo Mbeki 75  South Africa ANC South Africa ANC President of South Africa (1999–2008)

Meidani, RexhepRexhep Meidani 73  Albania Socialist Party Albania Socialist President of Albania (1997–2002)

Mkapa, BenjaminBenjamin Mkapa 79  Tanzania CCM Tanzania CCM President of Tanzania (1995–2005)

Mogae, FestusFestus Mogae 78  Botswana BDP Botswana BDP President of Botswana (1998–2008)

Obasanjo, OlusegunOlusegun Obasanjo 81  Nigeria PDP Nigeria PDP Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria (1976–1979) President of Nigeria (1999–2007)

Otunbayeva, RozaRoza Otunbayeva 67  Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic Party Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic (2007–2010) President of Kyrgyzstan (2010–2011)

Panyarachun, AnandAnand Panyarachun 85  Thailand zzzz None Prime Minister of Thailand (1991–1992)

Papandreou, GeorgeGeorge Papandreou 65  Greece Socialist Greece Socialist Prime Minister of Greece (2009–2011)

Pastrana, AndrésAndrés Pastrana 63  Colombia Conservative Party Colombia Conservative President of Colombia (1998–2002)

Patterson, P.J.P.J. Patterson 82  Jamaica PNP Jamaica PNP (until 2011) Prime Minister of Jamaica (1992–2006)

Perez de Cuellar, JavierJavier Pérez de Cuéllar 98  Peru UPP Peru UPP Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982–1991) President of the Council of Ministers of Peru (2000–2001)

Prodi, RomanoRomano Prodi 78  Italy Democratic Party Italy Democratic President of the European Commission (1999–2004) President of the Council of Ministers of Italy (1996–1998, 2006–2008)

Quiroga, JorgeJorge Quiroga 57  Bolivia PODEMOS Bolivia PODEMOS President of Bolivia (2001–2002)

Ramos, Fidel V.Fidel V. Ramos 90  Philippines Lakas Philippines Lakas President of the Philippines (1992–1998)

Ramos-Horta, José ManuelJosé Manuel Ramos-Horta 68  East Timor zzzz None Prime Minister of East Timor (2006–2007) President of East Timor (2007–2012)

Rasmussen, Poul NyrupPoul Nyrup Rasmussen 74  Denmark Social Democrats Denmark Social Democrats Prime Minister of Denmark (1993–2001)

Robinson, MaryMary Robinson 73  Ireland zzzz None President of Ireland (1990–97) UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997–2002)

Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose LuisJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 57  Spain Socialist Workers Party Spain Socialist Workers President of the Government of Spain (2004–2011)

Roman, PetrePetre Roman 71  Romania SR Romania FSN Romania FSN (1989–1991) Prime Minister of Romania (1989–1991)

Sampaio, JorgeJorge Sampaio 78  Portugal Socialist Party Portugal Socialist President of Portugal (1996–2006)

Sanchez de Lozada, GonzaloGonzalo Sánchez de Lozada 87  Bolivia MNR Bolivia MNR President of Bolivia (1993–1997, 2002–2003)

Sanguinetti, Julio MaríaJulio María Sanguinetti 82  Uruguay PC Uruguay PC President of Uruguay (1985–1990, 1995–2000)

Shipley, Jennifer MaryJennifer Mary Shipley 66  New Zealand National New Zealand National Prime Minister of New Zealand (1997–1999)

Siniora, FuadFuad Siniora 74  Lebanon FM Lebanon FM Prime Minister of Lebanon (2005–2009)

Suchocka, HannaHanna Suchocka 72  Poland UD Poland UD Prime Minister of Poland (1992–1993)

Tadic, BorisBoris Tadic 60  Serbia NDS Greens Serbia NDS-Greens President of Serbia (2004–2012)

Toledo, AlejandroAlejandro Toledo 72  Peru PP Peru PP President of Peru (2001–2006)

Torrijos, MartinMartín Torrijos 54  Panama PRD Panama PRD President of Panama (2004–2009)

Turk, MartinDanilo Türk 66  Slovenia zzzz None President of Slovenia (2007–2012)

Uteem, CassamCassam Uteem 77  Mauritius MMM Mauritius MMM President of Mauritius (1992–2002)

Verhofstadt, GuyGuy Verhofstadt 64  Belgium VLD Belgium VLD Prime Minister of Belgium (1999–2008)

Vike-Freiberga, VairaVaira Vike-Freiberga 80  Latvia zzzz None President of Latvia (1999–2007)

Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 66  Mexico PRI Mexico PRI President of Mexico (1994–2000)

Member statistics[edit] Regional background of members:

Africa and the Middle East – 17 the Americas – 27 Asia-Pacific – 10 Europe – 41

Political affiliation of members:

Socialist/Social democrat/Centre-left – 35 Centrist – 16 Liberal conservative/Christian democrat/Centre-right – 21 Conservative/Right-wing – 14 No affiliation – 9

Office held (some members have held both):

President – 64 Prime Minister – 37

List of honorary members[edit]

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held

Annan, KofiKofi Annan 80  Ghana zzzz None Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997–2006)

Aung San Suu KyiAung San Suu Kyi 72  Myanmar NLD Burma NLD State Counsellor of Myanmar (2016–present[update])

Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter 93  United States Democratic Party United States Democratic President of the United States (1977–81)

Iglesias, Enrique V.Enrique V. Iglesias 88  Uruguay  Spain zzzzz (unknown) President of the Inter-American Development Bank (1998–2005) Secretary General of the Iberoamerican General Secretariat (2005–13)

Delors, JacquesJacques Delors 92  France Socialist FRA Socialist President of the European Commission (1985–95)

Solana, JavierJavier Solana 75  Spain Socialist ESP Socialist Secretary General of NATO (1995–99) and High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (1999–2009)

List of members of the constituent foundations[edit]

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held

Hidalgo, DiegoDiego Hidalgo 75  Spain zzzzz (unknown) Founder and President of, and donor to, Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior (FRIDE) Founding Member and Senior Fellow of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA)[3]

Jones, T. AnthonyT. Anthony Jones (unknown) (unknown) zzzzz (unknown) Vice-President and Executive Director of GFNA[4]

Matthews, GeorgeGeorge Matthews (unknown)  United States zzzzz (unknown) Chairman and co-founder of GFNA[5]

Romero Moreno, José ManuelJosé Manuel Romero Moreno 77  Spain zzzzz (unknown) Vice President of FRIDE[6]

List of former members (deceased)[edit]

Name Died Nation Party Office(s) held

Kohl, HelmutHelmut Kohl 20170616June 16, 2017(2017-06-16) (aged 87)  Germany  West Germany Christian Democratic Union Germany Christian Democratic Chancellor of West Germany (1982–1990) Chancellor of Germany (1990–1998)

Mancham, JamesJames Mancham 20170108January 8, 2017(2017-01-08) (aged 77)  Seychelles Democratic Party Seychellese Democratic President of Seychelles (1976–1977)

Mascarenhas Monteiro, AntónioAntónio Mascarenhas Monteiro 20160916September 16, 2016(2016-09-16) (aged 72)  Cape Verde MPD Cape Verde MPD President of Cape Verde (1991–2001)

al-Eryani, Abdul-kareemAbdul-kareem al-Eryani 20151108November 8, 2015(2015-11-08) (aged 81)  Yemen  North Yemen GPC, GPC Prime Minister of North Yemen (1980–1983) Prime Minister of Yemen (1998–2001)

Alfonsin, RaulRaúl Alfonsín 20090331March 31, 2009(2009-03-31) (aged 82)  Argentina UCR Argentina UCR President of Argentina (1983–89)

Calvo-Sotelo, LeopoldoLeopoldo Calvo-Sotelo 20080503May 3, 2008(2008-05-03) (aged 82)  Spain UCD Spain UCD President of the Government of Spain (1981–82)

Gujral, Inder KumarInder Kumar Gujral 20121130November 30, 2012(2012-11-30) (aged 92)  India Janata Dal, Janata Dal Prime Minister of India (1997–98)

Havel, VaclevVáclav Havel 20111218December 18, 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75)  Czech Republic  Czechoslovakia Civic Forum Czechoslovakia OF (1989–93) None (1993–2004) President of Czechoslovakia (1989–92) President of the Czech Republic (1993–2003)

Madl, FerencFerenc Mádl 20110529May 29, 2011(2011-05-29) (aged 80)  Hungary zzzz None President of Hungary (2000–05)

Mazowiecki, TadeuszTadeusz Mazowiecki 20131028October 28, 2013(2013-10-28) (aged 86)  Poland PR Poland KOS Poland KO "S" (1980–91) UD (1991–94) Prime Minister of Poland (1989–91)

Meri, LennartLennart Meri 20060314March 14, 2006(2006-03-14) (aged 76)  Estonia  Soviet Union Isamaa Estonia Isamaa (since 1992) President of Estonia (1992–2001)

Paniagua, ValentinValentín Paniagua 20061016October 16, 2006(2006-10-16) (aged 70)  Peru AC Peru AC President of Peru (2000–01)

Soares, MarioMário Soares 20170107January 7, 2017(2017-01-07) (aged 92)  Portugal Socialist Party Portugal Socialist Prime Minister of Portugal (1976–1978, 1983–1985) President of Portugal (1986–1996)

Suarez, AdolfoAdolfo Suárez 20140323March 23, 2014(2014-03-23) (aged 81)  Spain Spain Estado Español MN Spain MN (until 1977) UCD Spain UCD (1977–82) President of the Government of Spain (1976–81)

See also[edit]

CC9

References[edit]

^ The count of former Prime Ministers includes the former Chancellor of West Germany and former Chancellor of Austria as well as the former Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Taoiseach of Ireland. ^ Warsaw Voice Poland Recognizes Kosovo Archived 2010-04-12 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Diego Hidalgo". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "Anthony Jones". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "George Matthews". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ "José Manuel Romero Moreno". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 

"Members of the Club of Madrid by region (March 2014)" (PDF). Club of Madrid. March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

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