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The close-mid front rounded vowel, or high-mid front rounded vowel, is a type of
vowel A vowel is a Syllable, syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract. Vowels are one of the two principal classes of speech sounds, the other being the consonant. Vowels vary in quality, in loudness and also in Vowel ...
sound used in some spoken
language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of glyphs to inscribe the original soun ...
s. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the sound is , a lowercase letter o with a diagonal stroke through it, borrowed from Danish,
Norwegian Norwegian, Norwayan, or Norsk may refer to: *Something of, from, or related to Norway, a country in northwestern Europe *Norwegians, both a nation and an ethnic group native to Norway *Demographics of Norway *The Norwegian language, including the t ...
, and Faroese, which sometimes use the letter to represent the sound. The symbol is commonly referred to as "o, slash" in English. For the close-mid front rounded vowel that is usually transcribed with the symbol , see near-close front rounded vowel. If the usual symbol is , the vowel is listed here.


Close-mid front compressed vowel

The close-mid front compressed vowel is typically transcribed in IPA simply as , which is the convention used in this article. There is no dedicated
diacritic A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph added to a letter or basic glyph. The term derives from the Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in anc ...
for compression in the IPA. However, the compression of the lips can be shown with the letter as (simultaneous and labial compression) or ( modified with labial compression). The spread-lip diacritic may also be used with a rounded vowel letter as an ''ad hoc'' symbol, but 'spread' technically means unrounded. For the close-mid front compressed vowel that is usually transcribed with the symbol , see near-close front compressed vowel. If the usual symbol is , the vowel is listed here.


Features


Occurrence

Because front rounded vowels are assumed to have compression, and few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may actually have protrusion.


Close-mid front protruded vowel

Catford notes that most languages with rounded front and back vowels use distinct types of labialization, protruded back vowels and compressed front vowels. However, a few, such as the Scandinavian languages, have protruded front vowels. One of them, Swedish, even contrasts the two types of rounding in front vowels (see near-close near-front rounded vowel, with Swedish examples of both types of rounding). As there are no diacritics in the IPA to distinguish protruded and compressed rounding, an old diacritic for labialization, , will be used here as an ''ad hoc'' symbol for protruded front vowels. Another possible transcription is or (a close-mid front vowel modified by endolabialization), but that could be misread as a diphthong. For the close-mid front protruded vowel that is usually transcribed with the symbol , see near-close front protruded vowel. If the usual symbol is , the vowel is listed here. Acoustically, the sound is in between the more typical compressed close-mid front vowel and the unrounded close-mid front vowel .


Features


Occurrence


See also

*
Index of phonetics articles A * Acoustic phonetics Acoustic phonetics is a subfield of phonetics Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that studies how humans produce and perceive sounds, or in the case of sign languages, the equivalent aspects of sign. Phoneticians— ...


Notes


References

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External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Close-Mid Front Rounded Vowel Close-mid vowels Front vowels Rounded vowels