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Climbing
Climbing
is the activity of using one's hands, feet, or any other part of the body to ascend a steep object. It is done recreationally, competitively, in trades that rely on it, and in emergency rescue and military operations. It is done indoors and out, on natural and man-made structures.

Contents

1 Types 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Types[edit] Climbing
Climbing
activities include:

Bouldering: Ascending boulders or small outcrops, often with climbing shoes and a chalk bag or bucket. Usually, instead of using a safety rope from above, injury is avoided using a crash pad and a human spotter (to direct a falling climber on to the pad. They can also give beta, or advice) Buildering: Ascending the exterior skeletons of buildings, typically without protective equipment. Canyoneering: Climbing
Climbing
along canyons for sport or recreation. Chalk
Chalk
climbing: Ascending chalk cliffs uses some of the same techniques as ice climbing. Competition climbing: A formal, competitive sport of recent origins, normally practiced on artificial walls that resemble natural formations. The International Federation of Sport Climbing
International Federation of Sport Climbing
(IFSC) is the official organization governing competition rock climbing worldwide and is recognized by the IOC
IOC
and GAISF
GAISF
and is a member of the International World Games Association (IWGA). The UIAA is the official organization governing competition ice climbing worldwide. Competition climbing has three major disciplines: Lead, Bouldering
Bouldering
and Speed. Free Climbing: a form of rock climbing in which the climber uses climbing equipment such as ropes and other means of climbing protection, but only to protect against injury during falls and not to assist progress. Ice climbing: Ascending ice or hard snow formations using special equipment, usually ice axes and crampons. Techniques of protecting the climber are similar to those of rock climbing, with protective devices (such as ice screws and snow wedges) adapted to frozen conditions. Indoor climbing: Top roping, lead climbing, and bouldering artificial walls with bolted holds in a climbing gym. Mountaineering: Ascending mountains for sport or recreation. It often involves rock and/or ice climbing (Alpine climbing). Pole climbing: Climbing
Climbing
poles and masts without equipment. Lumberjack
Lumberjack
tree-trimming and competitive tree-trunk or pole climbing for speed using spikes and belts. Rock climbing: Ascending rock formations, often using climbing shoes and a chalk bag. Equipment such as ropes, bolts, nuts, hexes and camming devices are normally employed, either as a safeguard or for artificial aid. Rope access: Industrial climbing, usually abseiling, as an alternative to scaffolding for short works on exposed structures. Rope climbing: Climbing
Climbing
a short, thick rope for speed. Not to be confused with roped climbing, as in rock or ice climbing. Scrambling
Scrambling
which includes easy rock climbing, and is considered part of hillwalking. Sport climbing
Sport climbing
is a form of rock climbing that relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, and possibly bolts, for protection, (in contrast with traditional climbing, where the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchors and bolts, and where climbers must place removable protection as they climb). Top roping: Ascending a rock climbing route protected by a rope anchored at the top and protected by a belayer below Traditional climbing
Traditional climbing
(more casually known as Trad climbing) is a form of climbing without fixed anchors and bolts. Climbers place removable protection such as camming devices, nuts, and other passive and active protection that holds the rope to the rock (via the use of carabiners and webbing/slings) in the event of a fall and/or when weighted by a climber. Solo climbing: Solo climbing
Solo climbing
or soloing is a style of climbing in which the climber climbs alone, without somebody belaying them. When free soloing, an error usually is fatal as no belay systems are being used. Soloing can also be self-belayed, hence minimizing the risks. Tree climbing: Recreationally ascending trees using ropes and other protective equipment. A tower climber is a professional who climbs broadcasting or telecommunication towers or masts for maintenance or repair.

Rock, ice and tree climbing all usually utilize ropes for safety or aid. Pole climbing
Pole climbing
and rope climbing were among the first exercises to be included in the origins of modern gymnastics in the late 18th century and early 19th century. See also[edit]

Aid climbing Clean climbing Climbing
Climbing
clubs Climbing
Climbing
wall Climbing
Climbing
equipment Climbing
Climbing
organisations Fall factor List of climbers
List of climbers
– notable rock and ice climbers List of climbing topics Glossary of climbing terms Glossary of knots common in climbing Outdoor education Outdoor activity Rock climbing Running
Running
belay Parkour Scrambling Solo climbing Speed climbing

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Climbing
Climbing
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Climbing.

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Climbing

Types

Aid Bouldering Clean Competition Crack Deep-water solo Direttissima Face Free Free solo Grass Ice Indoor Lead Rock Mixed Mountaineering Slab Speed Sport Top rope Trad Tree

Lists

Alpine clubs Climbers Deaths on eight-thousanders Equipment Everest deaths First ascents Knots Mount Hood incidents Terminology

Terminology

Abseiling Alpenstock Anchor Approach shoe Ascender Bachar ladder Belay
Belay
device Belaying Bolt Bouldering
Bouldering
mat Cam Carabiner Crampons Dry-tooling Dynamic rope Exposure Fifi hook Grades Grade (bouldering) Harness Head for heights Mountaineering
Mountaineering
boot Hex Ice axe Ice screw Ice tool Nut Picket Sure-footedness Pitch Piton Protection Quickdraw Self-locking device Shoes Sling Snow fluke Snow protection Snowshoe Spotting Tricam Webbing

Media

Climber Climbing Rock & Ice

Companies

Black Diamond CAMP Five Ten Grivel Kouba La Sportiva Lanex Mammut Mountain Safety Research Singing Rock Sir Joseph The North Face Therm-a-Rest Triop Ocun Petzl Rab Red Chili Rock Empire Wild Country

Organizations

Alpine Club Alpine Club of Canada American Alpine Club Appalachian Mountain Club Austrian Alpine Club Austrian Tourist Club Club Alpin Français Club Alpino Italiano Den Norske Turistforening Federación Española de Deportes de Montaña y Escalada Fédération française de la montagne et de l'escalade German Alpine Club International Federation of Sport Climbing International Mountaineering
Mountaineering
and Climbing
Climbing
Federation South African National Climbing
Climbing
Federation South Tyrol Alpine Club Swiss Alpine Club Svenska Turistföreningen USA Climbing

Category Commons WikiProject Portal

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Adventure travel

Types

Accessible tourism Active travel Adjectival tourisms Adventure recreation Agritourism Backpacking (travel) Backpacking (wilderness) Bicycle touring Camping Climbing Cultural tourism Ecotourism Exploration Extreme tourism Freighthopping Hang gliding Hiking Hitchhiking Migrating Jungle tourism Kloofing Mountain biking Mountaineering Naked hiking Navigation Overlanding Paragliding Rafting River trekking Rogaining Safari Scuba diving Slum tourism Tramping Travel Trekking Ultralight backpacking Urban exploration Vagabonding Volunteer travel Wildlife tourism Zip-lining

Miscellaneous

Backpack Campsite Discovery Exploration Geocaching Geohashing Google Maps Gypsy Hiking
Hiking
equipment Hobo Hospitality service Interpersonal relationship Lifestyle travelling Naturism Nomad Perpetual traveler Polyphasic sleep Sattvic diet Schengen Area Sleeping bag Sleeping pad Social photography Squatting Street food Street people Swiss Army knife Ten Essentials Tramp Vagrancy Wanderlust

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Extreme and adventure sports

Boardsports

Bellyboarding Bodyboarding Dirtsurfing Flowriding Kite landboarding Kiteboarding Longboarding Mountainboarding River surfing Riverboarding Sandboarding Skateboarding Skimboarding Skysurfing Snowboarding Snowskating Street luging Surfing Wakeboarding Windsurfing

Motorsports

Drifting Motocross Rallying Snocross Supercross

Water sports

Coasteering Freediving High diving Jet Skiing Scuba diving

Cave diving Technical diving

Snorkeling Water skiing Whitewater canoeing Whitewater kayaking Whitewater rafting

Climbing

Bouldering Canyoning Free solo climbing Ice climbing Mountaineering Rock climbing Skyrunning

Falling

BASE jumping Bungee jumping Cliff-diving Cliff jumping Parachuting
Parachuting
(skydiving)

Flying

Air racing Gliding Hang gliding Paragliding

Powered paragliding

Parasailing Speed flying Wingsuit flying

Cycling

BMX

BMX
BMX
racing Freestyle BMX

Mountain biking Downhill mountain biking

Rolling

Freestyle scootering Inline skating

Aggressive inline skating Vert skating

Roller skating

Skiing

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Sliding

Bobsleigh Extreme sledding Luge Skeleton

Food

Cheese rolling Nettle eating

Others

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Commons Sports Portal

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Orienteering

History of orienteering List of orienteering events

Sport disciplines

IOF-governed

Foot orienteering Mountain bike orienteering Ski orienteering Trail orienteering

IARU-governed

Amateur radio direction finding

Fox Oring Radio Orienteering
Orienteering
in a Compact Area

Other sports

Canoe orienteering Car orienteering Mountain marathon Mounted orienteering Rogaining

Related

Adventure racing Alleycat race Fell running Relay race Transmitter hunting

Equipment

Event

Control point Course Map

Personal

Compass

hand protractor thumb

Eye protectors Gaiters Headlamp

Exceptions

Backpacking GPS Whistle

Fundamentals

Map

orienteering map

Navigation

cardinal direction resection route choice wayfinding waypoint

Racing

hiking running walking skiing mountain biking

Organisations / lists

International Orienteering
Orienteering
Federation

members

List of clubs List of orienteers

by country innovators

List of events

Non-sport related

Adventure travel Bicycle touring Climbing Hiking Hunting Location-based game

geocaching poker run

Scoutcraft orienteering Backpacking

wilderness

Competitions

Foot orienteering

World Championships

Junior

World Cup World Games European Championships Open events

O-Ringen Jukola Tiomila Kainuu Orienteering
Orienteering
Week Jan Kjellström Festival

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World Championships

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