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The Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra, based in Cleveland, is one of the five American orchestras informally referred to as the "Big Five".[1] Founded in 1918 by the pianist and impresario Adella Prentiss Hughes, the orchestra plays most of its concerts at Severance Hall. As of 2017, the incumbent music director is Franz Welser-Möst. In 2012 Gramophone Magazine ranked the Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
number 7 on its list of 20 of the world's greatest orchestras.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Locations 3 Music directors 4 Daniel R. Lewis Young Composer Fellows 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit] The orchestra was founded in 1918 by Adella Prentiss Hughes, with Nikolai Sokoloff
Nikolai Sokoloff
as its principal conductor. From early in its existence, it toured throughout the eastern United States, made radio broadcasts, and recorded many albums. Subsequent principal conductors, with the title of Music Director, were Artur Rodziński (1933–1943), Erich Leinsdorf
Erich Leinsdorf
(1943–1944), and George Szell
George Szell
(1946–1970). From 1964 to 1965, James Levine
James Levine
served as an apprentice to Szell with the Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra, and then served as its assistant conductor until 1970.[3][4] Subsequent Music Directors were Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(Musical Advisor 1970-1972), Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(1972–1982), and Christoph von Dohnányi (1984–2002). Franz Welser-Möst
Franz Welser-Möst
has been Music Director since 2002 and is contracted to remain through the 2021-2022 season.[5][6] Szell's long reign as Music Director has been largely credited for the orchestra's rise to eminence. He reformed the orchestra in the late-1940s, firing a dozen musicians in the process with a dozen more leaving of their own volition.[7] Szell is also credited with giving the orchestra its distinct, European sound.[7] He pushed an ambitious recording schedule with the orchestra, bringing its music to millions worldwide. Szell's influence has continued, even decades after his death. Cleveland
Cleveland
is the smallest city amongst the traditional "Big Five" orchestras; the others are based in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. However, musicians in Cleveland
Cleveland
are often treated as local celebrities, and, much like sports heroes elsewhere, fans seek autographs after performances and greet musicians on the street. Clevelanders are proud that their city boasts an orchestra that has several times been touted as America's finest, and compared favorably to many of the great orchestras in Central Europe.[7][8] In the 1960s fans were known to "have airport rallies when the orchestra comes home from tour [and] chant, 'We're the best! We're the best!' and carry placards reading 'Bravo!'" [7] In addition to a vast catalog of recordings created with the ensemble's music directors, the orchestra has made many recordings with guest conductors Vladimir Ashkenazy, Oliver Knussen, Kurt Sanderling, Yoel Levi, Riccardo Chailly, Michael Tilson Thomas, and Louis Lane (the orchestra's longtime Associate Conductor). Past assistant conductors of the Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
include Matthias Bamert, James Levine, Alan Gilbert, James Judd and Michael Stern. Locations[edit]

Severance Hall, the orchestra's home since 1931.

Severance Hall
Severance Hall
is the Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra's home. It was built for the orchestra in 1931. The orchestra performs the majority of its concerts at Severance and also uses the hall for rehearsals and to house their administrative offices. The concert organ there is by Ernest M. Skinner IV-94. During the summer months, the orchestra presents their annual Blossom Festival at the Blossom Music Center
Blossom Music Center
in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. Until 2005, the Blossom Festival had its own music director. The last person to serve in that capacity was Jahja Ling. After he stepped down from that position, the orchestra eliminated the post, and now has current music director Franz Welser-Möst
Franz Welser-Möst
in charge of the classical music concerts at the Blossom Festival.[9] The orchestra also has long-term performing relationships in Lucerne, Vienna, New York City, a residency in Miami, and has conducted multi-concert tours on the West Coast off and on since the 1960s.[10] Music directors[edit]

1918-1933 Nikolai Sokoloff 1933-1943 Artur Rodziński 1943-1946 Erich Leinsdorf 1946-1970 George Szell 1970-1972 Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(Musical advisor) 1972-1982 Lorin Maazel 1984-2002 Christoph von Dohnányi 2002–present Franz Welser-Möst

Daniel R. Lewis Young Composer Fellows[edit]

1999-2000 Marc-André Dalbavie 2001-2003 Matthias Pintscher 2003-2005 Susan Botti 2005-2007 Julian Anderson 2007-2009 Johannes Maria Staud 2009-2011 Jörg Widmann 2011-2013 Sean Shepherd 2013-2015 Ryan Wigglesworth 2015-2017 Anthony Cheung[11]

See also[edit]

Cleveland
Cleveland
portal

Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Discography Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Youth Orchestra Cleveland
Cleveland
Philharmonic Orchestra Cleveland
Cleveland
Women's Orchestra Cleveland
Cleveland
Chamber Symphony CityMusic Cleveland Red (an orchestra) The Contemporary Youth Orchestra Big Five (orchestras)

References[edit]

^ Michael Walsh (1983-04-25). "Which U.S. Orchestras are Best?". Time. Retrieved 2008-03-26.  ^ The world’s greatest orchestras gramophone.co.uk ^ "Met Opera Suspends James Levine
James Levine
After New Sexual Abuse Accusations," The New York Times. ^ "Met Opera suspends famed conductor accused of molestation," The New York Post. ^ Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
music director Franz Welser-Most signs four-year contract extension cleveland.com ^ James R. Oestreich (2008-06-07). " Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Extends Music Director's Contract". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-07.  ^ a b c d "The Glorious Instrument". Time. 22 February 1963. Retrieved 2007-07-15.  ^ Michael Walsh (1994-01-01). "The Finest Orchestra? (Surprise!) Cleveland". Time. Retrieved 2007-07-15.  ^ Valerie Scher (2005-09-04). "Ling bids farewell to fest: 'It is time for me to move on'". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2007-07-15.  ^ "The Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
and Miami Performing Arts Center announce 10-year agreement for annual residency appearances" (Press release). 2005-05-09. Archived from the original on 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2007-07-15.  ^ "The Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
to give world premiere performances of Topos by Anthony Cheung at May 18 and 20 concerts". Retrieved 8 February 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

Rosenberg, Donald (2000). The Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Story. Cleveland: Gray & Company. ISBN 1-886228-24-8. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra.

The Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Official website Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
history at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived March 17, 2008) from the Telarc website. Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Youth Orchestra Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Musicians

v t e

Big Five American orchestras

New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
(1842) Boston Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
(1881) Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
(1891) Philadelphia Orchestra
Orchestra
(1900) Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
(1918)

v t e

Cleveland
Cleveland
Orchestra
Orchestra
Music Directors

Nikolai Sokoloff
Nikolai Sokoloff
(1918) Artur Rodziński (1933) Erich Leinsdorf
Erich Leinsdorf
(1943) George Szell
George Szell
(1946) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1970) Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(1972) Christoph von Dohnányi (1984) Franz Welser-Möst
Franz Welser-Möst
(2002)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123688705 ISNI: 0000 0001 2284 9193 GND: 1087125-1 SUDOC: 033182515 BNF: cb139025469 (data) MusicBrainz: f33b188e-b80f-4058-92ca-

.