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The Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs were a team that played in Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
in the National Football League. They were originally called the Indians in 1923, not to be confused with the Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians NFL franchise in 1922. However, after team owner Samuel Deutsch purchased the Canton Bulldogs in 1924, he merged the Canton team with his Indians and renamed his franchise the Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs. The Canton Bulldogs remained a part of the team until 1925, when they were sold back to Canton. The Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs played in the NFL until 1928 when they were relocated to Detroit
Detroit
and became the Detroit
Detroit
Wolverines. The team was later incorporated into the New York Giants
New York Giants
in 1929. The Cleveland Bulldogs won the 1924 NFL championship.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Purchase of the Canton Bulldogs 1.3 1924 NFL champions and controversy 1.4 Decline 1.5 Ties to the New York Giants

2 Pro Football Hall of Famers 3 Season-by-season 4 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit] Sam Deutsch, a Cleveland
Cleveland
jeweler and boxing promoter who also owned a minor-league baseball team, bought an NFL franchise in 1923 and named the team the Indians. They played only seven games in that first season, but they had a shot at the championship, with a 3–0–3 record going into their final game against the Canton Bulldogs, who were also undefeated. The Indians were defeated 46–0 and posted a 3–1–3 league record, finishing fifth in the league, which comprised twenty teams at the time. Purchase of the Canton Bulldogs[edit] However, in August 1924, Deutsch, bought the defending NFL champions Canton Bulldogs
Canton Bulldogs
for $2,500. The Bulldogs were experiencing heavy financial troubles at time and were sold to Deutsch without much of a struggle. Duestch combined the Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians with the Canton Bulldogs, creating a new team, the Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs. Only seven of the Canton players actually joined the new Bulldogs; among them was player-coach Guy Chamberlin. The team played all of its home games at Dunn Field although Deutch returned the team to Canton for the Thanksgiving game that season. 1924 NFL champions and controversy[edit] The Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs won the NFL championship that year with a 7–1–1 record. After winning their first six games, the Bulldogs lost to the Frankford Yellow Jackets
Frankford Yellow Jackets
and entered a virtual tie with the Chicago Bears
Chicago Bears
for first place in the standings. The Bears played more games, but also had more ties, and their one loss had come in the season opener against the Bulldogs. The Bears attempted to have an after-season exhibition game counted toward the standings, however in 1924 this was against the NFL's rules. In July 1924, NFL owners had agreed on a proposal that the 1924 NFL season would begin on September 27 and end on November 30. Ironically, as it turned out, the proposal was made by Dutch Sternaman, co-owner of the Bears. On the official end date, Cleveland
Cleveland
had a 7–1–1 record to Bears' 6–1–4. Ties didn't count at all in those days, so the Bulldogs were in first place with an .875 winning percentage to Chicago's .857. However, on December 7, 1924 the Bulldogs went to Chicago for a challenge match. The Bears won the game, 23–0, and claimed that they deserved the NFL championship; they cited as precedent the 1921 championship decision (which the Bears had won over the Buffalo All-Americans) that declared there was no such thing as an exhibition game. However, the issue wasn't settled until the owners' meeting in January, when the owners voted for Cleveland
Cleveland
to take the title. The owners also decided at that meeting that the 1925 season would run through December 20. Decline[edit] In 1925, several Canton businessmen purchased the rights to the old Canton Bulldogs
Canton Bulldogs
team from Deutsch for $3,000. The Bulldogs, now known as the Canton Bulldogs, played in Canton during the 1925 and 1926 seasons. However Deutsch continued to call his Cleveland
Cleveland
franchise the Bulldogs. He also sold his Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians half of the club to Herb Brandt in August 1925. That season the Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs fell to a dismal 5–8–1 record. The team performed poorly on the field and at the bank. By mid-November the organization was nearly bankrupt. In 1926 Brandt received authority from the league to suspend operations for a year. The Bulldogs then returned in 1927, bolstered by players from the folded Kansas City Cowboys franchise. Deutsch returned as the principal owner of this new Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs club. He, along with fellow investors Max Rosenblum, Brandt, Harold Gould, and Clinton Winfrey, built the new Bulldogs around native Clevelander Benny Friedman, a star quarterback at the University of Michigan. The team finished fourth in the National Football League
National Football League
this season, with an 8–4–1 record. Ties to the New York Giants[edit] At the end of the season, Elliott Fisher purchased the Bulldogs and moved the team to Detroit, renaming them the Detroit
Detroit
Wolverines. The 1928 Wolverines team consisted of 12 former Bulldogs players. Before the 1929 season, Tim Mara, owner of the New York Giants, purchased the entire Wolverines squad, including Benny Friedman, and absorbed the team into his New York Giants
New York Giants
franchise. Eight former Bulldogs players ended up playing for the Giants that season. Pro Football Hall of Famers[edit]

Guy Chamberlin Benny Friedman William "Link" Lyman Steve Owen

Season-by-season[edit]

Year W L T Finish Coach

Indians 1923 3 1 1 5th Cap Edwards

Bulldogs 1924 7 1 1 1st Guy Chamberlin

1925 5 8 1 12th Cap Edwards

1926 Suspended Operations

1927 8 4 1 4th LeRoy Andrews

External links[edit]

Peterson, Robert W. (1997). Pigskin: The Early Years of Pro Football. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511913-4.  Lahman, Sean (2008). The Pro Football Historical Abstract. The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-59228-940-1.  Ohio History Central: Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs Encyclopedia of Cleveland
Cleveland
History: Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs

Achievements

Preceded by Canton Bulldogs 1922, 1923 Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs NFL Champions 1924 Succeeded by Chicago Cardinals 1925

v t e

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians-Bulldogs

Defunct National Football League
National Football League
club 1923–27 Based in Cleveland, Ohio

The Franchise

History Indians players Bulldogs players

NFL Championships (1)

1924 NFL Championship

Stadia

Dunn Field

Owners

Samuel Deutsch

Head Coaches

Cap Edwards Guy Chamberlin LeRoy Andrews

Seasons

1923 1924 1925 1927

Franchise ties

Canton Bulldogs Detroit
Detroit
Wolverines Kansas City Cowboys New York Giants

Unrelated Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians NFL franchises

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1921) Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1931)

Links to related articles

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Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs 1924 NFL champions

Chalmers Ault Scotty Bierce Hal Burt Guy Chamberlin Rudy Comstock Cap Edwards Doc Elliott Charlie Honaker Ben Jones Jerry Jones Link Lyman Stanley Muirhead Dave Noble Duke Osborn Wooky Roberts Olin Smith Russ Smith John Tanner Dick Wolf Joe Work Hoge Workman

Head Coach Guy Chamberlin

v t e

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians-Bulldogs seasons

1923 1924 1925 1927

v t e

Defunct National Football League
National Football League
franchises

Charter teams

Chicago Tigers (1920) Cleveland
Cleveland
Tigers / Indians (1920–21) Muncie Flyers
Muncie Flyers
(1920–21) Rochester Jeffersons
Rochester Jeffersons
(1920–25) Rock Island Independents
Rock Island Independents
(1920–25) Akron Pros / Indians (1920–26) Canton Bulldogs
Canton Bulldogs
(1920–26) Columbus Panhandles / Tigers (1920–26) Hammond Pros (1920–26) Detroit
Detroit
Heralds / Tigers / Panthers / Wolverines (1920–28) Buffalo All-Americans / Bisons / Rangers (1920–29) Dayton Triangles
Dayton Triangles
(1920–29)

1920s

Cincinnati Celts
Cincinnati Celts
(1921) New York Brickley Giants
New York Brickley Giants
(1921) Tonawanda Kardex Lumbermen
Tonawanda Kardex Lumbermen
(1921) Washington Senators (1921) Evansville Crimson Giants (1921–22) Louisville Breckenridges / Colonels (1921–23, 26) Minneapolis Marines / Red Jackets (1921–24, 29–30) Oorang Indians
Oorang Indians
(1922–23) Toledo Maroons
Toledo Maroons
(1922–23) Racine Legion / Tornadoes (22–24, 26) Milwaukee Badgers (1922–26) St. Louis All-Stars (1923) Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians / Bulldogs (23–27) Duluth Kelleys/Eskimos (1923–27) Kenosha Maroons (24) Kansas City Blues (1924) Kansas City Cowboys (1925–26) Frankford Yellow Jackets
Frankford Yellow Jackets
(1924–31) Pottsville Maroons / Boston Bulldogs (1925–29) Providence Steam Roller
Providence Steam Roller
(1925–31) Brooklyn Lions (1926) Hartford Blues
Hartford Blues
(1926) Los Angeles Buccaneers
Los Angeles Buccaneers
(1926) New York Yankees (1927–28) Orange / Newark Tornadoes (1929–30) Staten Island Stapletons (1929–32)

1930s–50s

Brooklyn Dodgers / Tigers (1930–44) Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1931) Cincinnati Reds (1933–34) St. Louis Gunners
St. Louis Gunners
(1934) Boston Yanks
Boston Yanks
(1944–48) Baltimore Colts (1947–50) New York Bulldogs / Yanks (1949–51) Dallas Texans (1952)

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Canton Bulldogs

Defunct Ohio League and National Football League
National Football League
club 1905–27 Formerly the Canton Athletic Club and the Canton Professionals Based in Canton, Ohio

The franchise

History Players

NFL championships (2)

1922 NFL Championship 1923 NFL Championship

Ohio League championships (3)

1916 1917 1919

Rivalries

Massillon Tigers Shelby Blues Akron Pros Latrobe Athletic Association

Lore

Canton Bulldogs– Massillon Tigers
Massillon Tigers
betting scandal Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs Jim Thorpe
Jim Thorpe
– All-American Pro Football Hall of Fame

Head coaches

Blondy Wallace Jack Cusack Jim Thorpe Cap Edwards Guy Chamberlin Harry Robb Pete Henry

Seasons

1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926

Championship seasons in bold

v t e

Cleveland
Cleveland
Tigers/Indians

Defunct Ohio League and National Football League
National Football League
club 1919–22 Based in Cleveland, Ohio

The Franchise

History Tigers players Indians players

Stadia

League Park

Head Coaches

Peggy Parratt Stan Cofall Al Pierotti Jim Thorpe

Owners

Jimmy O'Donnell

Unrelated franchises

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1923) Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1931)

Seasons

1916 1919 1920 1921

v t e

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (NFL 1931)

Defunct National Football League
National Football League
club 1931 Based in Cleveland, Ohio

The Franchise

History Players

Stadium

Cleveland
Cleveland
Municipal Stadium

Head Coaches

Al Cornsweet & Hoge Workman

Seasons

1931

Related franchises

Preceded by the Orange/Newark Tornadoes
Orange/Newark Tornadoes
— Succeeded by the Boston/Washington Redskins

Unrelated franchises

Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1921) Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians (1923)

v t e

Detroit
Detroit
Heralds / Tigers / Panthers / Wolverines

Series of defunct Ohio League and National Football League
National Football League
clubs 1908–28 based in Detroit

Detroit
Detroit
Heralds from 1905–20 The Heralds were renamed the Detroit
Detroit
Tigers in 1921 A new franchise was established as the Detroit
Detroit
Panthers 1925–26 Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs relocated to Detroit
Detroit
and played in 1928 as the Detroit
Detroit
Wolverines

The Franchise

Detroit
Detroit
Heralds/Tigers Detroit
Detroit
Panthers Detroit
Detroit
Wolverines

Stadiums

Navin Field
Navin Field
(Heralds, Tigers, Panthers) Dinan Field (Wolverines)

NFL seasons

1920 1921 1925 1926 1928

Lore

Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs New York Giants Thanksgiving Day football games

Owners

Bill Marshall (Heralds/Tigers) Jimmy Conzelman (Panthers) Benny Friedman
Benny Friedman
(Wolverines)

Coaches

Bill Marshall (Heralds/Tigers) Jimmy Conzelman (Panthers) LeRoy Andrews (Wolverines)

v t e

New York Giants

Founded in 1925 Based and headquartered in East Rutherford, New Jersey

Franchise

Franchise Seasons Coaches Players First-round draft picks Quarterbacks

History

1925–78 1979–93 1994–present Financial history

Stadiums

Polo Grounds Yankee Stadium Yale Bowl Shea Stadium Giants Stadium MetLife Stadium

Culture

Cleveland
Cleveland
Bulldogs The Duke Crunch Bunch Gatorade shower Big Blue Wrecking Crew I'm going to Disney World! Little Giants "New York Groove" "We Fly High" "The Masseuse" (Seinfeld episode) Big Fan Bob Sheppard Jim Hall Yankee Stadium Legacy License Plate Guy

Lore

Sneakers Game The Greatest Game Ever Played The Fumble Wide Right 2007 game vs. New England Patriots Helmet Catch The Comeback

Rivalries

Dallas Cowboys Philadelphia Eagles Washington Redskins San Francisco 49ers New York Jets

Key personnel

Owners: John Mara, Steve Tisch General Manager: Dave Gettleman Head Coach: Pat Shurmur

Division championships (16)

1933 1934 1935 1938 1939 1941 1941 1944 1946 1986 1989 1990 1997 2000 2005 2008 2011

Conference championships (11)

1956 1958 1959 1961 1962 1963 1986 1990 2000 2007 2011

League championships (8)

1927 1934 1938 1956 1986 (XXI) 1990 (XXV) 2007 (XLII) 2011 (XLVI)

Retired numbers

1 4 7 11 14 14 16 32 40 42 50 56

Ring of Honor

Jessie Armstead Carl Banks Tiki Barber Mark Bavaro Al Blozis Rosey Brown Harry Carson Charlie Conerly Frank Gifford Pete Gogolak Mel Hein Jim Lee Howell Sam Huff Dave Jennings Tuffy Leemans Dick Lynch Jack Mara Tim Mara Wellington Mara George Martin Joe Morrison Charlie Conerly Steve Owen Bill Parcells Andy Robustelli Phil Simms Michael Strahan Ken Strong Lawrence Taylor Bob Tisch Y. A. Tittle Amani Toomer Emlen Tunnell Brad Van Pelt Alex Webster George Young Tom Coughlin Michael Strahan Justin Tuck Ernie Accorsi

Media

Broadcasters Radio network Bob Papa Carl Banks Howard Cross

Current league affiliations

League: National Football League Conference: National Football Conference Division: East Division

Seasons (93)

1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Championship sea

.