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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(French pronunciation: ​[klɛʁmɔ̃ fɛʁɑ̃], Auvergnat Clharmou[3][4], Latin: Augustonemetum) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).[2] Its metropolitan area had 467,178 inhabitants at the 2011 census. It is the prefecture (capital) of the Puy-de-Dôme
Puy-de-Dôme
department. Olivier Bianchi is its current mayor. Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
sits on the plain of Limagne
Limagne
in the Massif Central and is surrounded by a major industrial area. The city is famous for the chain of volcanoes, the Chaîne des Puys
Chaîne des Puys
surrounding it. The famous dormant volcano Puy de Dôme
Puy de Dôme
(10 kilometres (6 miles) from the city) is one of the highest of these and well known for the telecommunication antennas that sit on its top and are visible from far away. Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
is also famous for hosting the Clermont-Ferrand International Short Film Festival (Festival du Court-Métrage de Clermont-Ferrand), one of the world's leading international festivals for short films, as well as the corporate headquarters of Michelin, the global tyre company created more than 100 years ago in the city. Clermont-Ferrand's most famous public square is Place de Jaude, on which stands a grand statue of Vercingetorix
Vercingetorix
sitting imperiously on a horse and holding a sword. The inscription reads: J'ai pris les armes pour la liberté de tous (I took up arms for the liberty of all). This statue was sculpted by Frédéric Bartholdi, who also created the Statue of Liberty.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Name 1.2 Prehistoric and Roman 1.3 Early Middle Ages 1.4 Middle Ages 1.5 Early Modern and Modern eras

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Main sights

2.2.1 Religious architecture 2.2.2 Parks and gardens

3 Economy and infrastructure

3.1 Transport

4 Culture

4.1 Sport 4.2 Famous people

4.2.1 People born in Clermont-Ferrand 4.2.2 People who have lived in Clermont-Ferrand

5 Education 6 Town twinnings 7 See also 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Clermont-Ferrand Name[edit] Clermont-Ferrand's first name was Augusta Nemetum. It was born on the central knoll where the cathedral is situated today, known then as Nemossos. It overlooked the capital of Gaulish Avernie. The fortified castle of Clarus Mons gave its name to the whole town in 848, to which the small episcopal town of Montferrand was attached in 1731, together taking the name of Clermont-Ferrand. The old part of Clermont is delimited by the route of the ramparts, as they existed at the end of the Middle Ages. The town of Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
came about with the joining together of two separate towns, Clermont and Montferrand, which was decreed by Louis XIII
Louis XIII
and confirmed by Louis XV.[5] Prehistoric and Roman[edit]

Statue of Vercingétorix
Vercingétorix
by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
on the main square of the city

Clermont ranks among the oldest cities of France. The first known mention was by the Greek geographer Strabo, who called it the "metropolis of the Arverni" (meaning their oppidum, civitas or tribal capital). The city was at that time called Nemessos – a Gaulish word for a sacred forest, and was situated on the mound where the current cathedral of Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
has been constructed. It was somewhere in the area around Nemossos that the Arverni
Arverni
chieftain Vercingetorix (later to head a unified Gallic resistance to Roman invasion under Julius Caesar) was born in around 72 BC. Also, Nemossos was situated not far from the plateau of Gergovia, where Vercingetorix
Vercingetorix
pushed back the Roman assault at the Battle of Gergovia
Battle of Gergovia
in 52 BC. After the Roman conquest, the city became known as Augustonemetum sometime in the 1st century[BC or AD?], a name which combined its original Gallic name with that of the Emperor Augustus. Its population was estimated at 15,000–30,000 in the 2nd century, making it one of the largest cities of Roman Gaul. It then became Arvernis in the 3rd century (taking its name, like other Gallic cities in this era, from the people who lived within its walls), and expanded until the mid 3rd century. Early Middle Ages[edit] The city became the seat of a bishop in the 5th century, at the time of the bishop Namatius
Namatius
or Saint Namace, who built a cathedral here described by Gregory of Tours. Clermont went through a dark period after the disappearance of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and during the whole High Middle Ages, marked by pillaging by the peoples who invaded Gaul. Between 471 and 475, Auvergne was often the target of Visigothic expansion, and the city was frequently besieged, including once by Euric. Although defended by Sidonius Apollinaris, at the head of the diocese from 468 to 486, and the patrician Ecdicius, the city was ceded to the Visigoths
Visigoths
by emperor Julius Nepos
Julius Nepos
in 475 and became part of the Visigothic kingdom until 507. A generation later, it became part of the Kingdom of the Franks. On 8 November 535 the first Council of Clermont opened at Arvernis (Clermont), with fifteen bishops participating, including Caesarius of Arles, Nizier of Lyons (bishop of Trier) and Saint Hilarius, bishop of Mende. Sixteen decrees were made there, notably the second canon that recalls that the granting of episcopal dignity must be according to the merits and not as a result of intrigues. In 570, Bishop Avitus
Avitus
left the Jews of his town (who numbered over 500) the alternatives of baptism or expulsion.[6] In 848, the city was renamed Clairmont, after the castle Clarus Mons. During this era, it was an episcopal city ruled by its bishop. Clermont was not spared by the Vikings at the time of the weakening of the Carolingian Empire: it was ravaged by the Normans under Hastein
Hastein
or Hastingen in 862 and 864 and, while its bishop Sigon carried out reconstruction work, again in 898 (or 910, according to some sources). Bishop Étienne II built a new Roman cathedral on the site of the current cathedral, consecrated in 946 but (apart from the towers, only replaced by the current ones in the 19th century, and some parts of the crypt, still visible) destroyed to build the current Gothic cathedral. Middle Ages[edit]

Galeries of Jaude

Clermont was the starting point of the First Crusade, in which Christendom
Christendom
sought to free Jerusalem
Jerusalem
from Muslim domination: Pope Urban II preached the crusade there in 1095, at the Second Council of Clermont. In 1120, following repeated crises between the counts of Auvergne and the bishops of Clermont and in order to counteract the clergy’s power, the counts founded the rival city of Montferrand on a mound next to the fortifications of Clermont, on the model of the new cities of the Midi springing up in the 12th and 13th centuries. Until the early modern period, the two remained separate cities: Clermont, an episcopal city; Montferrand, a comital one. Early Modern and Modern eras[edit] Clermont became a royal city in 1551, and in 1610, the inseparable property of the Crown. On 15 April 1630 the Edict of Troyes
Troyes
(the First Edict of Union) forcibly joined the two cities of Clermont and Montferrand. This union was confirmed in 1731 by Louis XV
Louis XV
with the Second Edict of Union. At this time, Montferrand was no more than a satellite city of Clermont, in which condition it remained until the beginning of the 20th century. Wishing to retain its independence, Montferrand made three demands for independence, in 1789, 1848, and 1863. In the 20th century, construction of the Michelin
Michelin
factories and of city gardens, which shaped the modern Clermont-Ferrand, definitively reunited Clermont and Montferrand. But even today, although the two cities have been amalgamated, one may find in Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
two distinct downtowns, and Montferrand still retains a strong identity. Geography[edit] Climate[edit] The city is in the rain shadow of the Chaîne des Puys, giving it one of the driest climates in metropolitan France, except for a few places around the Mediterranean Sea. The mountains also block most of the oceanic influence of the Atlantic, which creates a climate much more continental than nearby cities west or north of the mountains, like Limoges
Limoges
and Montluçon. Thus the city has comparatively cold winters and hot summers. From November to March, frost is very frequent, and the city, being at the bottom of a valley, is frequently subject to temperature inversion, in which the mountains are sunny and warm, and the plain is freezing cold and cloudy. Snow is quite common, although usually short-lived and light. Summer temperatures often exceed 35 °C (95 °F), with sometimes violent thunderstorms.

Climate data for Clermont Ferrand (1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 22.1 (71.8) 25.9 (78.6) 26.6 (79.9) 31.3 (88.3) 33.0 (91.4) 37.4 (99.3) 40.7 (105.3) 39.6 (103.3) 36.8 (98.2) 29.7 (85.5) 24.7 (76.5) 21.9 (71.4) 40.7 (105.3)

Average high °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 9.2 (48.6) 13.1 (55.6) 15.7 (60.3) 19.9 (67.8) 23.4 (74.1) 26.5 (79.7) 26.1 (79) 22.3 (72.1) 17.6 (63.7) 11.3 (52.3) 8.0 (46.4) 16.8 (62.2)

Average low °C (°F) −0.1 (31.8) 0.3 (32.5) 2.7 (36.9) 4.7 (40.5) 8.7 (47.7) 11.9 (53.4) 14.0 (57.2) 13.7 (56.7) 10.6 (51.1) 7.9 (46.2) 3.3 (37.9) 0.8 (33.4) 6.6 (43.9)

Record low °C (°F) −23.1 (−9.6) −29.0 (−20.2) −21.3 (−6.3) −7.1 (19.2) −4.2 (24.4) 1.0 (33.8) 3.8 (38.8) 2.4 (36.3) −3.0 (26.6) −9.2 (15.4) −11.8 (10.8) −25.8 (−14.4) −29.0 (−20.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.7 (1.051) 21.8 (0.858) 25.8 (1.016) 53.4 (2.102) 76.8 (3.024) 72.9 (2.87) 54.9 (2.161) 61.9 (2.437) 65.6 (2.583) 49.0 (1.929) 39.5 (1.555) 30.6 (1.205) 578.9 (22.791)

Average precipitation days 6.3 5.3 6.4 8.8 10.6 8.7 6.4 7.5 6.8 7.4 7.1 6.1 87.4

Average snowy days 5.3 4.7 3.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 4.2 21.6

Average relative humidity (%) 79 75 69 69 72 71 68 70 73 78 78 80 73.5

Mean monthly sunshine hours 88.9 108.4 161.4 173.5 197.9 225.2 249.2 234.8 185.4 135.1 84.0 69.2 1,913

Source #1: Météo France[7][8]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[9]

Main sights[edit]

Basilica of Notre-Dame du Port.

Religious architecture[edit]

Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral
Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral
of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption.

Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
has two famous churches. One is Notre-Dame du Port, a Romanesque church which was built during the 11th and 12th centuries (the bell tower and was rebuilt during the 19th century). It was nominated as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO in 1998. The other is Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral
Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral
(Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption de Clermont-Ferrand), built in Gothic style between the 13th and the 19th centuries. Parks and gardens[edit]

Lecoq Garden (Jardin Lecoq)

Jardin Lecoq Parc du Montjuzet Jardin botanique de la Charme Arboretum de Royat Jardin botanique d'Auvergne

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Food production and processing as well as engineering are major employers in the area, as are the many research facilities of major computer software and pharmaceutical companies. The city's industry was for a long time linked to the French tyre manufacturer Michelin, which created the radial tyre and grew up from Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
to become a worldwide leader in its industry. For most of the 20th century, it had extensive factories throughout the city, employing up to 30,000 workers. While the company has maintained its headquarters in the city, most of the manufacturing is now done in foreign countries. This downsizing took place gradually, allowing the city to court new investment in other industries, avoiding the fate of many post-industrial cities and keeping it a very wealthy and prosperous area home of many high-income executives. Transport[edit]

Tramway in Clermont-Ferrand

The main railway station has connections to Paris
Paris
and several regional destinations: Lyon, Moulins via Vichy, Le Puy-en-Velay, Aurillac, Nîmes, Issoire, Montluçon and Thiers. The motorway A71 connects Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
with Orléans
Orléans
and Bourges, the A75 with Montpellier
Montpellier
and the A89 with Bordeaux, Lyon
Lyon
and Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(A72). The airport offers mainly flights within France. There is a flight between Southampton and Clermont-Ferrand, operated by Flybe from May to October. Recently, Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
was France's first city to get a new Translohr
Translohr
transit system, the Clermont-Ferrand Tramway, thereby linking the city's north and south neighbourhoods. The TGV will arrive in Auvergne after 2030. It will be one of the last regions to not have a TGV stop. Culture[edit]

One of the 48 public fountains with the cathedral in background. The fountain and the cathedral are made with the typical black volcanic stone of the area named "pierre de Volvic".

Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
was the home of mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal who tested Evangelista Torricelli's hypothesis concerning the influence of gas pressure on liquid equilibrium. This is the experiment where a vacuum is created in a mercury tube: Pascal's experiment had his brother-in-law carry a barometer to the top of the Puy-de-Dôme. The Université Blaise-Pascal (or Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
II) is located primarily in the city and is named after him. Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
also hosts the Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
International Short Film Festival, the world's first international short film festival which originated in 1979. This festival, which brings thousands of people every year (137,000 in 2008) to the city, is the second French film Festival after Cannes in term of visitors, but the first one regarding the number of spectators (in Cannes visitors are not allowed in theatres, only professionals). This festival has revealed many young talented directors now well known in France
France
and internationally such as Mathieu Kassovitz, Cédric Klapisch
Cédric Klapisch
and Éric Zonka. Beside the short film festival, Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
hosts more than twenty music, film, dance, theatre and video and digital art festivals every year. With more than 800 artistic groups from dance to music, Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
and the Auvergne region's cultural life is important in France. One of the city's nicknames is "France's Liverpool". Groups such as The Elderberries and Cocoon were formed there. Additionally, the city was the subject of the acclaimed documentary The Sorrow and the Pity, which used Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
as the basis of the film, which told the story of France
France
under Nazi occupation and the Vichy
Vichy
regime of Marshal Pétain. Pierre Laval, Pétain's "handman" was an Auvergnat. My Night at Maud's
My Night at Maud's
(French: Ma nuit chez Maud) a 1969 French drama film by Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
was set and filmed in Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
in and around Christmas Eve.[10] It is the third film (fourth in order of release) in his series of Six Moral Tales. One of the main themes of the film concerns Pascal's Wager
Pascal's Wager
whose author was born in the city in 1623. Sport[edit] A racing circuit, the Charade Circuit, close to the city, using closed-off public roads held the French Grand Prix
French Grand Prix
in 1965, 1969, 1970 and 1972. It was a daunting circuit, with such harsh elevation changes that caused some drivers to be ill as they drove. Winners included Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart
Jackie Stewart
(twice), and Jochen Rindt. Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
has some experience in hosting major international sports tournaments such as the FIBA EuroBasket 1999. The city is also host to a rugby union club competing at international level, ASM Clermont Auvergne, as well as Clermont Foot
Clermont Foot
Auvergne, a football club that has competed in France's second division, Ligue 2, since the 2007–08 season. In the sevens version of rugby union, Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
has hosted the France
France
Women's Sevens, the final event in each season's World Rugby Women's Sevens Series, since 2016. Famous people[edit] People born in Clermont-Ferrand[edit]

Avitus
Avitus
(c. 385–after 17 October 456 or in 457), Western Roman Emperor from 8 or 9 July 455 to 17 October 456, Fadela Amara
Fadela Amara
(born 25 April 1964), politician Vincent Cé Ougna, footballer Nicolas Chamfort
Nicolas Chamfort
(6 April 1741 – 13 April 1794), writer Étienne Clémentel
Étienne Clémentel
(29 March 1864 – 25 December 1936), politician Jacques Delille
Jacques Delille
(22 June 1738 – 1 May 1813), poet Patrick Depailler
Patrick Depailler
(9 August 1944 – 1 August 1980), Formula One driver Christian Sarron (born 1955), Grand Prix motorcycle road racer. Lolo Ferrari
Lolo Ferrari
(9 February 1963 – 5 March 2000), French dancer Annelise Hesme
Annelise Hesme
(born 11 May 1976), actress Thierry Laget (born 1959), writer, winner of the 1992 prix Fénéon Edmond Lemaigre (1849–1890), composer and organist Antoine de L'Hoyer (1768–1852), composer, guitarist, soldier Bernard Loiseau
Bernard Loiseau
(13 January 1951 – 24 February 2003), celebrity chef Jordan Loties, footballer André Michelin
Michelin
(1853–1931) and Édouard Michelin
Michelin
(1859–1940), creators of the group Michelin
Michelin
(tire) whose global headquarters is still located in Clermont-Ferrand Darline Nsoki, basketball player Victor Pachon
Victor Pachon
(1867–1938), physiologist Blaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal
(19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662), mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher Jacqueline Pascal
Jacqueline Pascal
(4 October 1625 – 4 October 1661), sister of Blaise Pascal George Onslow (27 July 1784 – 3 October 1853), composer Henri Pognon (1853–1921), epigrapher, archaeologist and diplomat Henri Quittard (1864–1919), composer, musicologist Aurélien Rougerie
Aurélien Rougerie
(born 24 September 1980), rugby union player, member of the French national team François-Bernard Mâche (born 4 April 1935), composer Audrey Tautou
Audrey Tautou
(born 9 August 1976), actress Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
(1 May 1881 – 10 April 1955), Jesuit priest, paleontologist, philosopher Dominique Perrault
Dominique Perrault
(born 1953), architect Laure Boulleau
Laure Boulleau
(born 22 October 1986), football player, member of French national team Gabriella Papadakis
Gabriella Papadakis
(born 10 May 1995), ice dance World and European champion Chakir Ansari
Chakir Ansari
(born 1991), Olympic wrestler

People who have lived in Clermont-Ferrand[edit]

Sidonius Apollinaris
Sidonius Apollinaris
(c. 430–after 489), Gallo-Roman poet, diplomat and bishop Henri Bergson
Henri Bergson
(18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941), philosopher Paul Bourget
Paul Bourget
(2 September 1852 – 25 December 1935), novelist and critic Anton Docher
Anton Docher
(1852–1928) "The Padre of Isleta", Roman Catholic priest, missionary and defender of the Indians lived in the pueblo of Isleta in the state of New Mexico for 34 years Ivor Bueb (6 June 1923 – 1 August 1959) was a British professional sports car racing and Formula One
Formula One
driver from England. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
(born 2 February 1927), has lived in the city of Chamalières, part of Clermont-Ferrand's metropolitan area, President of France
France
from 1974 to 1981 Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(born 1925), film maker, attended the Lycée Blaise-Pascal

Education[edit] Education is also an important factor in the economy of Clermont-Ferrand. The University of Clermont Auvergne (formed from a merger of Université Blaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal
and Université d'Auvergne) is located there and has a total student population of over 37,000,[11] along with university faculty and staff. With around 1,000 students SIGMA Clermont
SIGMA Clermont
is the biggest engineering graduate school in the city. A division of Polytech (an engineering school) located in Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
made the news because two of its students, Laurent Bonomo and Gabriel Ferez, were murdered in June 2008 while enrolled in a program at Imperial College in London in what was to be known as the New Cross double murder.[12] Town twinnings[edit] Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
is twinned with:[13]

Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 1983)[13][14][15] Anshan, China[13] Braga, Portugal[13] Gomel, Belarus[13] Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States[13] Marrakech, Morocco[13] Norman, Oklahoma, United States[13][16] Oviedo, Spain[13] Oyem, Gabon[13] Regensburg, Germany
Germany
(since 1969)[13] Salford, England[13][15][17]

See also[edit]

Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme
Puy-de-Dôme
department Jaude Centre List of works by Auguste Carli Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
Tramway Place de Jaude List of twin towns and sister cities in France

References[edit]

INSEE commune file Sweets, John F. (1986). Choices in Vichy
Vichy
France : The French under Nazi Occupation. New York. 

^ "Decree 2014-210/Décret 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme". Légifrance (in French). 21 February 2014.  ^ a b "2012 Census Population for Clermont-Ferrand". INSEE (in French).  ^ Karl-Heinz Reichel, Grand dictionnaire général auvergnat-français, Nonette Créer editions 2005 ISBN 2-8481-9021-3 ^ Pierre Bonnaud, Nouveau dictionnaire général français-auvergnat, Éditions Créer, 1999 (ISBN 2-909797-32-5) ^ "History – Ville de Clermont-Ferrand" (in French). Clermont-ferrand.fr. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica. Cengage Learning. France, column 9, In 576 Bishop * Avitus
Avitus
of Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
offered the Jews of his town (who numbered over 500) to alternative of baptism or expulsion.  as quoted by Palomino, Michael. "Encyclopaedia Judaica: Jews in France 01: Roman times and Carolingians". History in Chronology. geschichteinchronologie.ch.  ^ "Météo France
France
– Clermont Ferrand" (in French). Météo France. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ "Climat Auvergne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
- Aulnat
Aulnat
(63) - altitude 331m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ James Monaco. The New Wave. New York: Oxford University Press. 1976. p. 303. ^ http://cache.media.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/file/Atlas_2012-2013/27/8/Atlas_1213_Web_316278.pdf ^ Fresco, Adam; Yeoman, Fran; Leroux, Marcus (4 July 2008). "Police baffled by horrific end of Laurent Bonomo and Gabriel Ferez". The Times. UK. Retrieved 5 May 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.  ^ "Twinning". Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City Council. Retrieved 2 Mar 2008.  ^ a b "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-11.  ^ "Sister Cities". City of Norman. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ Salford City Council. "Salford's twin towns". Salford.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2008. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Clermont-Ferrand External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clermont-Ferrand.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Clermont-Ferrand.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Clermont-Ferrand.

(in French) Town hall website (in French) Tourist office (in French) Unofficial Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
website Joan of Arc's Letter to Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
– Translation by Allen Williamson of an entry concerning Joan of Arc's letter to this city on 7 November 1429.

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(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme
Puy-de-Dôme
department

Aigueperse Aix-la-Fayette Ambert Les Ancizes-Comps Antoingt Anzat-le-Luguet Apchat Arconsat Ardes Arlanc Ars-les-Favets Artonne Aubiat Aubière Aubusson-d'Auvergne Augerolles Augnat Aulhat-Flat Aulnat Aurières Authezat Auzat-la-Combelle Auzelles Avèze Ayat-sur-Sioule Aydat Baffie Bagnols Bansat Bas-et-Lezat Beaulieu Beaumont Beaumont-lès-Randan Beauregard-l'Évêque Beauregard-Vendon Bergonne Bertignat Besse-et-Saint-Anastaise Beurières Billom Biollet Blanzat Blot-l'Église Bongheat Bort-l'Étang Boudes La Bourboule Bourg-Lastic Bouzel Brassac-les-Mines Brenat Le Breuil-sur-Couze Briffons Le Broc Bromont-Lamothe Brousse Le Brugeron Bulhon Busséol Bussières Bussières-et-Pruns Buxières-sous-Montaigut Cébazat Ceilloux La Celle Celles-sur-Durolle La Cellette Le Cendre Ceyrat Ceyssat Chabreloche Chadeleuf Chalus Chamalières Chambaron-sur-Morge Chambon-sur-Dolore Chambon-sur-Lac Chaméane Champagnat-le-Jeune Champeix Champétières Champs Chanat-la-Mouteyre Chanonat Chapdes-Beaufort La Chapelle-Agnon La Chapelle-Marcousse La Chapelle-sur-Usson Chappes Chaptuzat Charbonnier-les-Mines Charbonnières-les-Varennes Charbonnières-les-Vieilles Charensat Charnat Chas Chassagne Chastreix Château-sur-Cher Châteaugay Châteauneuf-les-Bains Châteldon Châtel-Guyon La Chaulme Chaumont-le-Bourg Chauriat Chavaroux Le Cheix Chidrac Cisternes-la-Forêt Clémensat Clerlande Clermont-Ferrand Collanges Combrailles Combronde Compains Condat-en-Combraille Condat-lès-Montboissier Corent Coudes Courgoul Cournols Cournon-d'Auvergne Courpière Le Crest Creste Crevant-Laveine Cros La Crouzille Culhat Cunlhat Dallet Dauzat-sur-Vodable Davayat Domaize Doranges Dorat Dore-l'Église Durmignat Durtol Échandelys Effiat Égliseneuve-d'Entraigues Égliseneuve-des-Liards Égliseneuve-près-Billom Églisolles Ennezat Entraigues Enval Escoutoux Espinasse Espinchal Espirat Estandeuil Esteil Fayet-le-Château Fayet-Ronaye Fernoël La Forie Fournols Gelles Gerzat Giat Gignat Gimeaux Glaine-Montaigut La Godivelle La Goutelle Gouttières Grandeyrolles Grandrif Grandval Herment Heume-l'Église Isserteaux Issoire Job Jozerand Joze Jumeaux Labessette Lachaux Lamontgie Landogne Lapeyrouse Laps Laqueuille Larodde Lastic Lempdes Lempty Lezoux Limons Lisseuil Loubeyrat Ludesse Lussat Luzillat Madriat Malauzat Malintrat Manglieu Manzat Marat Marcillat Mareugheol Maringues Marsac-en-Livradois Marsat Les Martres-d'Artière Les Martres-de-Veyre Martres-sur-Morge Mauzun Mayres Mazaye Mazoires Medeyrolles Meilhaud Menat Ménétrol Messeix Mezel Mirefleurs Miremont Moissat Le Monestier La Monnerie-le-Montel Mons Montaigut Montaigut-le-Blanc Montcel Mont-Dore Montel-de-Gelat Montfermy Montmorin Montpensier Montpeyroux Moriat Moureuille Mozac Murat-le-Quaire Murol Nébouzat Néronde-sur-Dore Neschers Neuf-Église Neuville Noalhat Nohanent Nonette-Orsonnette Novacelles Olby Olliergues Olloix Olmet Orbeil Orcet Orcines Orcival Orléat Palladuc Pardines Parent Parentignat Paslières Pérignat-lès-Sarliève Pérignat-sur-Allier Perpezat Perrier Peschadoires Peslières Pessat-Villeneuve Picherande Pignols Pionsat Plauzat Pont-du-Château Pontaumur Pontgibaud Pouzol Les Pradeaux Prompsat Prondines Pulvérières Puy-Guillaume Puy-Saint-Gulmier Le Quartier Queuille Randan Ravel Reignat La Renaudie Rentières Riom Ris La Roche-Blanche Roche-Charles-la-Mayrand Roche-d'Agoux Rochefort-Montagne La Roche-Noire Romagnat Royat Saillant Saint-Agoulin Saint-Alyre-d'Arlanc Saint-Alyre-ès-Montagne Saint-Amant-Roche-Savine Saint-Amant-Tallende Saint-André-le-Coq Saint-Angel Saint-Anthème Saint-Avit Saint-Babel Saint-Beauzire Saint-Bonnet-le-Bourg Saint-Bonnet-le-Chastel Saint-Bonnet-lès-Allier Saint-Bonnet-près-Orcival Saint-Bonnet-près-Riom Saint-Cirgues-sur-Couze Saint-Clément-de-Régnat Saint-Clément-de-Valorgue Saint-Denis-Combarnazat Saint-Dier-d'Auvergne Saint-Diéry Saint-Donat Sainte-Agathe Sainte-Catherine Sainte-Christine Saint-Éloy-la-Glacière Saint-Éloy-les-Mines Saint-Étienne-des-Champs Saint-Étienne-sur-Usson Saint-Ferréol-des-Côtes Saint-Floret Saint-Flour Saint-Gal-sur-Sioule Saint-Genès-Champanelle Saint-Genès-Champespe Saint-Genès-du-Retz Saint-Genès-la-Tourette Saint-Georges-de-Mons Saint-Georges-sur-Allier Saint-Germain-Lembron Saint-Germain-l'Herm Saint-Germain-près-Herment Saint-Gervais-d'Auvergne Saint-Gervais-sous-Meymont Saint-Gervazy Saint-Hérent Saint-Hilaire Saint-Hilaire-la-Croix Saint-Hilaire-les-Monges Saint-Ignat Saint-Jacques-d'Ambur Saint-Jean-des-Ollières Saint-Jean-d'Heurs Saint-Jean-en-Val Saint-Jean-Saint-Gervais Saint-Julien-de-Coppel Saint-Julien-la-Geneste Saint-Julien-Puy-Lavèze Saint-Just Saint-Laure Saint-Maigner Saint-Martin-des-Olmes Saint-Martin-des-Plains Saint-Martin-d'Ollières Saint-Maurice Saint-Maurice-près-Pionsat Saint-Myon Saint-Nectaire Saint-Ours Saint-Pardoux Saint-Pierre-Colamine Saint-Pierre-la-Bourlhonne Saint-Pierre-le-Chastel Saint-Pierre-Roche Saint-Priest-Bramefant Saint-Priest-des-Champs Saint-Quentin-sur-Sauxillanges Saint-Quintin-sur-Sioule Saint-Rémy-de-Blot Saint-Rémy-de-Chargnat Saint-Rémy-sur-Durolle Saint-Romain Saint-Sandoux Saint-Saturnin Saint-Sauves-d'Auvergne Saint-Sauveur-la-Sagne Saint-Sulpice Saint-Sylvestre-Pragoulin Saint-Victor-la-Rivière Saint-Victor-Montvianeix Saint-Vincent Saint-Yvoine Sallèdes Sardon Saulzet-le-Froid Sauret-Besserve Saurier Sauvagnat Sauvagnat-Sainte-Marthe Sauvessanges La Sauvetat Sauviat Sauxillanges Savennes Sayat Sermentizon Servant Seychalles Singles Solignat Sugères Surat Tallende Tauves Teilhède Teilhet Ternant-les-Eaux Thiers Thiolières Thuret Tortebesse La Tour-d'Auvergne Tours-sur-Meymont Tourzel-Ronzières Tralaigues Trémouille-Saint-Loup Trézioux Usson Valbeleix Valcivières Valz-sous-Châteauneuf Varennes-sur-Morge Varennes-sur-Usson Vassel Vensat Vergheas Vernet-la-Varenne Le Vernet-Sainte-Marguerite Verneugheol Vernines Verrières Vertaizon Vertolaye Veyre-Monton Vic-le-Comte Vichel Villeneuve Villeneuve-les-Cerfs Villosanges Vinzelles Virlet Viscomtat Vitrac Viverols Vodable Voingt Vollore-Montagne Vollore-Ville Volvic Youx Yronde-et-Buron Yssac-la-Tourette

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 158903836 LCCN: n80118654 ISNI: 0000 0001 0675 6069 GND: 4090482-9 SUDOC: 026370700 BNF:

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