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Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
(/ˈklɑːrkənwɛl/) is an area of central and north London, England. The area includes the sub-district of Finsbury. Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
was an ancient parish from the mediaeval period onwards, becoming part of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury
Finsbury
from 1900 to 1965, an authority which in turn merged into the modern London Borough of Islington. The well after which it was named was rediscovered in 1924. The watchmaking and watch repairing trades were once of great importance.[2]

Contents

1 London's Little Italy 2 History

2.1 Clerks' Well 2.2 Monastic traditions 2.3 Notoriety 2.4 Fashionable residential area 2.5 Prisons 2.6 Industrial Revolution 2.7 Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green 2.8 Radicalism 2.9 Local government 2.10 Post-war de-industrialisation and revival

3 Entertainment

3.1 Public houses 3.2 Restaurants 3.3 Bars

4 Notable people 5 Nearby areas 6 Nearest railway and London Underground
London Underground
stations 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

London's Little Italy[edit] In the 1850s the south-western part of Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
was known as London's "Little Italy" because around 2,000 Italians had settled in the area. The community had mostly dispersed by the 1960s, but the area remains the 'spiritual home' of London's Italians, and is a focal point for more recent Italian immigrants, largely because of St Peter's Italian Church. There are officially over 200,000 Italians in London, and possibly many more.[3] The Italian Procession of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Sagra takes place each July in the streets surrounding the church. A small number of Italian businesses remain from the nineteenth century including organ builders Chiappa Ltd, and food outlets such as the deli Terroni of clerkenwell and Gazzano's. Many other Italian firms survive from the period but have relocated elsewhere. History[edit] For a list of street name etymologies in the Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
area see Street names of Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
and Finsbury. Clerks' Well[edit] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
took its name from the Clerks' Well in Farringdon Lane (clerken was the Middle English genitive plural of clerk, a variant of clerc, meaning literate person or clergyman). In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court. It is visible through a window of that building on Farringdon Lane. Access to the well is managed by Islington Local History Centre
Islington Local History Centre
and visits can be arranged by appointment. Monastic traditions[edit] The Monastic Order of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem had its English headquarters at the Priory of Clerkenwell. (The Blessed Gerard founded the Order to provide medical assistance during the crusades.) St John's Gate (built by Sir Thomas Docwra
Thomas Docwra
in 1504) survives in the rebuilt form of the Priory Gate. Its gateway, erected in 1504 in St John's Square, served various purposes after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. For example, it was the birthplace of the Gentleman's Magazine
Gentleman's Magazine
in 1731, and the scene of Dr Johnson's work in connection with that journal.

Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
in 1805

In modern times the gatehouse again became associated with the order and was in the early 20th century the headquarters of the St John Ambulance Association. An Early English crypt remains beneath the chapel of the order, which was otherwise mostly rebuilt in the 1950s after wartime bombing. The notorious deception of the "Cock Lane Ghost", in which Johnson took great interest, was perpetrated nearby. Adjoining the priory was St Mary's nunnery of the Benedictine order, now entirely disappeared, and St James's Church, rebuilt in 1792 on the site of the original church which was partly of Norman provenance. The Charterhouse, near the boundary with the City of London, was originally a Carthusian
Carthusian
monastery. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the Charterhouse became a private mansion and one owner, Thomas Sutton, subsequently left it with an endowment as a school and almshouse. The almhouse remains but the school relocated to Surrey and its part of the site is now a campus of Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry. Notoriety[edit] As it was a suburb beyond the confines of the London Wall, Clerkenwell was outside the jurisdiction of the somewhat puritanical City fathers. Consequently, "base tenements and houses of unlawful and disorderly resort" sprang up, with a "great number of dissolute, loose, and insolent people harboured in such and the like noisome and disorderly houses, as namely poor cottages, and habitations of beggars and people without trade, stables, inns, alehouses, taverns, garden-houses converted to dwellings, ordinaries, dicing houses, bowling alleys, and brothel houses".[4] During the Elizabethan era Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
contained a notorious brothel quarter. In Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2, Falstaff complains about Justice Shallow boasting of 'the wildness of his youth, and the feats he has done about Turnbull Street'.[5] Known now as Turnmill Street and adjoining Farringdon station, it had an infamous reputation for brothel-keeping and was described in Sugden's Topographical Dictionary as 'the most disreputable street in London, a haunt of thieves and loose women'.[6] The Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Bridewell, a prison and correctional institute for prostitutes and vagrants, was known for savage punishment and endemic sexual corruption. Fashionable residential area[edit] In the 17th century South Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
became a fashionable place of residence. Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
owned a house on Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Close, just off the Green. Several aristocrats had houses there, most notably the Duke of Northumberland,[citation needed] as did people such as Erasmus Smith.[7] Before Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
became a built-up area, it had a reputation as a resort a short walk out of the city, where Londoners could disport themselves at its spas, of which there were several, based on natural chalybeate springs, tea gardens and theatres. The present day Sadler's Wells
Sadler's Wells
has survived as heir to this tradition, after being rebuilt many times and many changes of use including pleasure gardens, theatre, aquatic display venue, circus, music hall. Today it is a leading theatre and modern dance venue. Prisons[edit] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
was also the location of three prisons: the Clerkenwell Bridewell, Coldbath Fields Prison
Coldbath Fields Prison
(later Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Gaol) and the New Prison, later the Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
House of Detention, notorious as the scene of the Clerkenwell Outrage
Clerkenwell Outrage
in 1867, an attempted prison break by Fenians who killed many in the tenement houses on Corporation Row in trying to blow a hole in the prison wall. The House of Detention was demolished in 1890 but the extensive vaults and cells beneath, now known as the Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Catacombs, remained. They were reopened as air raid shelters during the Blitz, and for a few years were open as a minor tourist attraction. Various film scenes have been shot in the catacombs. Industrial Revolution[edit] The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
changed the area greatly. It became a centre for breweries, distilleries and the printing industry. It gained an especial reputation for the making of clocks and watches, which activity once employed many people from around the area. Flourishing craft workshops still carry on some of the traditional trades, such as jewellery-making. Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
was home to Witherbys (see also Witherby Seamanship), a printing company who have now relocated to North London. It was during the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
that Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
became known as London's Italian district, although the total number of Italian residents probably numbered no more than 2,000 at any one time.[citation needed]

Kodak Building at 41-43 Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Rd, London in 1902

The Kodak United Company opened a factory and storefront at 41-43 Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
and took advantage of the surplus of unemployed Jewelers and Watch makers to build their Stereoscopic and Folding Pocket Cameras that they produced and repaired. The location also allowed them easy access to the chemicals required for their Bromide based papers and negatives. During the war they were relocated for security reasons because of the fear that Axis bombs would destroy the photographic equipment used for the war effort. [8] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green[edit]

Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green

Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green lies at the centre of the old village, by the church, and has a mixture of housing, offices and pubs, dominated by the imposing former Middlesex
Middlesex
Sessions House. It was built in 1782, extended during the Victorian era, and by the early 21st century used as a Masonic
Masonic
hall. The name is something of a historical relic - Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green has had no grass for over 300 years. However, in conveying some impression of its history, it gives the appearance of one of the better-preserved village centres in what is now central London. In Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist, Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green is where Fagin
Fagin
and the Artful Dodger
Artful Dodger
induct Oliver into pickpocketing amongst shoppers in the busy market once held there. In his words it is "an open square in Clerkenwell, which is yet called, by some perversion of terms the Green", despite lacking any "greenery". Indeed, Dickens knew the area well and was a customer of the Finsbury
Finsbury
Savings Bank on Sekforde Street, which links Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green to St John Street. Radicalism[edit] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green has historically been associated with radicalism, from the Lollards
Lollards
in the 16th century, the Chartists
Chartists
in the 19th century and communists in the early 20th century.[9] In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra
Iskra
(Spark) to the British Social Democratic Federation at 37a Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green, and issues 22 to 38 were indeed edited there. At that time Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green. In 1903, the newspaper was moved to Geneva. It is said that Lenin and a young Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
met in the Crown and Anchor pub (now The Crown Tavern)[10] when the latter was visiting London in 1903. In the 1920s and 1930s, 37a Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green was a venue for Communist Party meetings, and the Marx Memorial Library
Marx Memorial Library
was founded on the same site in 1933. Clerkenwell's tradition of left-leaning publication continued until late 2008 with The Guardian
The Guardian
and The Observer having their headquarters on Farringdon Road, a short walk from the Green. Their new offices are a short distance away in King's Cross. In 2011, an anti-cuts protest march departed from Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
and ended with a rally at Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
demanding trade union rights, human rights and international solidarity.[11] Local government[edit]

A map showing the wards of Finsbury
Finsbury
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1952

Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
St James was an ancient parish in the Finsbury
Finsbury
division of the Ossulstone
Ossulstone
hundred of Middlesex.[12] Part of the parish of St James was split off as the parish of St John in 1723. However, for civil matters they remained a single parish. The parish vestry became a nominating authority to the Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
in 1855. Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855
Metropolis Management Act 1855
any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of St James & St John Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
was divided into five wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 (12), No. 2 (15), No. 3 (12), No. 4 (18) and No. 5 (15).[13] The area of the metropolitan board became the County of London
County of London
in 1889. A reform of local government in 1900 abolished the Clerkenwell vestry and the parish became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. Alexandra Park, an exclave of the parish, was transferred to Hornsey, Middlesex
Middlesex
at the same time.[12] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Town Hall, which had been built on Rosebery Avenue in 1895, became Finsbury
Finsbury
Town Hall. Finsbury
Finsbury
became part of the London Borough of Islington
London Borough of Islington
in 1965 and the old town hall lay empty and deteriorating for many years. It has since been sold to the Urdang Dance Academy. Post-war de-industrialisation and revival[edit] After the Second World War
Second World War
Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
suffered from industrial decline and many of the premises occupied by the engineering, printing publishing and meat and food trades (the last mostly around Smithfield) fell empty. Several acclaimed council housing estates were commissioned by Finsbury
Finsbury
Borough Council. Modernist architect and Russian émigré Berthold Lubetkin's listed Spa Green Estate, constructed 1943–1950, has recently been restored. The Finsbury Estate, constructed in 1968 to the designs of Joseph Emberton includes flats, since altered and re-clad. A general revival and gentrification process began in the 1980s, and the area is now known for loft-living in some of the former industrial buildings. It also has young professionals, nightclubs and restaurants and is home to many professional offices as an overspill for the nearby City of London
City of London
and West End. Amongst other sectors, there is a notable concentration of design professions around Clerkenwell, and supporting industries such as high-end designer furniture showrooms. It is claimed that the area has the highest concentration of architects and building professionals in the world.[citation needed] Many of London's leading architectural practices have offices in the area. On 4 November 2010 Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
revealed in a speech given in East London that Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
would form part of a new East London Tech City hub.[14] Entertainment[edit] Public houses[edit]

The Hope

Pubs that serve the Smithfield Market
Smithfield Market
meat workers are allowed to open at 5.30 am. These are Nicholson's Brewery's former Art Nouveau gin palace the Fox & Anchor, The Hope, and the Cock Tavern (which is situated under the market itself). London's first gastropub, the Eagle, opened in Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
in 1991. The Eagle has been joined by, among others, the Peasant, the Coach and Horses and the Gunmakers and the Green, which as part of a nationwide evolution of the traditional public house have since converted to gastropubs. It is said that Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
and a young Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
first met in the Crown and Anchor pub (now known as the Crown Tavern) on Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green, when the latter was visiting London in 1903.[15] The Betsey Trotwood
Betsey Trotwood
(named after Betsey Trotwood
Betsey Trotwood
in David Copperfield by Charles Dickens) adopted the name in 1983, having previously been the Butcher's Arms.[16] Restaurants[edit] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
is home to some of the best restaurants in London,[17] including St John, a traditional English restaurant, the Spanish/Moroccan restaurant Moro, the Michelin starred Club Gascon
Club Gascon
and Café du Marché. Bars[edit] Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
is the home of several bars including Smith's of Smithfield and The Slaughtered Lamb. The evening economy is centred on the north side of Smithfield Market
Smithfield Market
(the trading hours are from 4:00 am to 12:00 noon every weekday), with bar customers gathering amidst trucks of carcasses at the all-night meat market, except on Saturdays and Sundays when it is closed. Notable people[edit]

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Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(b. 1968), American actress John Bell (d. 1556), Church of England
England
bishop Thomas Birch
Thomas Birch
(1705–1766), English historian Thomas Britton
Thomas Britton
(1644–1714), English charcoal merchant best known as a concert promoter James Duff Brown (1862–1914), English librarian, information theorist, music biographer and educationalist Rev. Moses Browne (1704–1787), Church of England
England
priest and poet Robert Burnside (1759–1826), English Baptist minister Phil Cameron
Phil Cameron
(b. 1972), English entrepreneur, the founder of No.1 Traveller, and a former Tony and Olivier Award-winning theatre producer Edward Cave
Edward Cave
(1691-1754), English printer and journalist William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle
(1592–1676), English polymath and aristocrat, having been a poet, equestrian, playwright, swordsman, politician, architect, diplomat and soldier Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
(1599–1658), English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland Helkiah Crooke
Helkiah Crooke
(1576–1648), Court physician to King James I of England, best remembered for his textbook on anatomy, Mikrokosmographia, a Description of the Body of Man Earl of Clanricarde (1832–1916), Anglo-Irish ascendancy nobleman and politician Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
(c. 1660–1731), English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy, now most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
(1812–1870), English writer and social critic Michael Fagan (b. 1948), Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
intruder Chad Gould
Chad Gould
(2016-2017), footballer Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(b. 1950–2016), Iraqi-British architect John Holwell (1649–1686?), English astrologer and mathematician Anthony Horowitz
Anthony Horowitz
(b. 1955), English novelist and screenwriter specialising in mystery and suspense Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
(1870–1924), Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist Charles Sabini (1889–1950), English criminal, leader of the Sabini gang David Thewlis
David Thewlis
(b. 1963), English actor Louis Wain
Louis Wain
(1860–1939), English artist John Weever
John Weever
(1576–1632), English antiquary and poet John Wilkes
John Wilkes
(1725–1797), English radical, journalist and politician Elizabeth Wilkinson (1700s), English bare-knuckle boxing champion, known to be the first female boxer Bedford Alfred George Jezzard, (1927-2005) was an English footballer and manager[18]

Nearby areas[edit]

Royal Mail Mount Pleasant Sorting Office, London's largest sorting office

St Pancras to the west Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
to the west Hatton Garden
Hatton Garden
to the west Holborn
Holborn
to the southwest Smithfield to the south Barbican Estate
Barbican Estate
and Barbican Arts Centre
Barbican Arts Centre
to the southeast Golden Lane Estate
Golden Lane Estate
to the east St Luke's to the east Finsbury
Finsbury
Estate to the north Islington
Islington
to the north King's Cross to the northwest

Nearest railway and London Underground
London Underground
stations[edit] Farringdon station, which provides both mainline rail and tube services, is the only station in Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
itself. However Angel, Old Street, Chancery Lane, Barbican and Moorgate stations all lie near the fringes of Clerkenwell. See also[edit]

Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Priory

References[edit]

^ " Islington
Islington
Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ Moore, W. G. (1971) The Penguin Encyclopedia of Places. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books; p. 178 ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/11149047/Young-Italians-abandon-la-dolce-vita-to-move-to-Britain.html ^ Middlesex
Middlesex
Justices in 1596; cited in Schoenbaum 1987, p. 126. ^ William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2. Act 3, Scene 2. ^ Nicholl C. (2007) The Lodger, p.204 ^ "Smith, Erasmus". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25796.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/companies2.html#kodak ^ Andrew Rothstein, A House on Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green, London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1966. A history of 37a Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Green and activism in the area. ^ The Crown Tavern Public House has address 43 and 44, Clerkenwell Green (accessed 12 November 2016) ^ "May Day: Thousands participate in rally". BBC News. 1 May 2011.  ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Clerknwell parish (historic map). Retrieved 2009-11-05. ^ The London Gazette Issue: 21802. 20 October 1855. pp. 3887–3888. Retrieved 8 April 2015.  ^ "East End tech city speech". Number 10. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.  ^ Lenin met Stalin here, The Shady Old Lady, retrieved 31 January 2017  ^ "Website of ''The Betsey Trotwood''". Thebetsey.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29.  ^ New York Times article on Clerkenwell's history and restaurant scene[permanent dead link] ^ Jones, Trefor (1996). The Watford Football Club Illustrated Who's Who. p. 132. ISBN 0-9527458-0-1. 

Further reading[edit]

John Timbs
John Timbs
(1867), "Clerkenwell", Curiosities of London (2nd ed.), London: J.C. Hotten, OCLC 12878129 

External links[edit] London/Holborn- Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clerkenwell.

Map of Clerkenwell, showing location of the Clerks' Well Description and history of Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
from an 1868 Gazetteer Islington
Islington
Museum and Local History Centre Information about Lenin's stay in Clerkenwell Craft Central St James Church Clerkenwell St Mark's Church, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell GraceLife London at Woodbridge Chapel, for many years known as Clerkenwell
Clerkenwell
Medical Mission

v t e

London Borough of Islington

Districts

Angel Archway Barnsbury Canonbury Clerkenwell Farringdon Finsbury Finsbury
Finsbury
Park Highbury Highgate Holloway Islington Kings Cross Lower Holloway Mildmay Nag's Head Newington Green Pentonville St. Luke's Tufnell Park Upper Holloway

Attractions

Almeida Theatre Business Design Centre Emirates Stadium House of Detention museum Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art Islington
Islington
Local History Centre Islington
Islington
Museum The King's Head Theatre London Canal Museum Museum of the Order of St John Sadler's Wells
Sadler's Wells
Theatre St. Luke's LSO Union Chapel Wesley's Chapel

Street markets

Camden Passage Chapel Market Exmouth Market Nag's Head Market Whitecross Street Market

Parks and open spaces

Barnard Park Bingfield Park Bunhill Fields Caledonian Park Gillespie Park Highbury
Highbury
Fields King Square Gardens Paradise Park Quaker Gardens Rosemary Gardens Spa Fields Gardens Whittington Park

Constituencies

Islington
Islington
South and Finsbury Islington
Islington
North

Tube and rail stations

Angel Archway Arsenal Caledonian Road Canonbury Crouch Hill Drayton Park Essex Road Farringdon Finsbury
Finsbury
Park Highbury
Highbury
and Islington Holloway Road Old Street Tufnell Park Upper Holloway

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greater London
Greater London
Authority

v t e

Metropolitan Board of Works

Districts

Fulham
Fulham
(dissolved 1886) Greenwich Hackney (dissolved 1894) Holborn Lee/ Plumstead
Plumstead
(re-named 1894) Lewisham Limehouse Poplar St Giles St Olave St Saviour's Strand Wandsworth Westminster Whitechapel

Headquarters at Spring Gardens

Incorporated vestries

Original vestries (1855)

Battersea Bermondsey Bethnal Green Camberwell Chelsea Clerkenwell Hampstead Islington Kensington Lambeth Mile End Old Town Newington Paddington Rotherhithe St George Hanover Square St George in the East St Luke Middlesex St Martin in the Fields St Marylebone St Pancras Shoreditch Southwark
Southwark
St George the Martyr Westminster
Westminster
St Margaret and St John Westminster
Westminster
St James Woolwich

Later vestries

Fulham
Fulham
(1886) Hammersmith
Hammersmith
(1886) Hackney (1894) Plumstead
Plumstead
(1894) Stoke Newington
Stoke Newington
(1894)

Undertakings

Metropolitan Buildings Office Metropolitan Commission of Sewers Metropolitan Fire Brigade

Major works

Charing Cross Road Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Bridge London sewerage system Northumberland Avenue Putney
Putney
Bridge Southwark
Southwark
Street Shaftesbury Avenue Thames Embankment Waterloo Bridge

Legislation

Royal Commission on the City of London Metropolis Management Act 1855 Local Government Act 1888 London Government Act 1899

People

Francis Fowler Frederick Marrable James McGarel-Hogg John Thwaites Joseph Bazalgette List of Members

v t e

History of the formation of the London Borough of Islington

Metropolitan boroughs

Finsbury Islington

District boards

Holborn

Parishes

Charterhouse Glasshouse Yard
Glasshouse Yard
(St Botolph Without Aldersgate) St James Clerkenwell St Luke (St Giles Without Cripplegate) St Mary Islington St Sepulchre

v t e

University of the Arts London

Colleges and subdivisions

Camberwell
Camberwell
College of Arts Central Saint Martins Chelsea College of Art and Design Drama Centre London London College of Communication London College of Fashion Stanley Kubrick Archive Wimbledon College of Art

University

Campus

Camberwell Elephant and Castle Kings Cross Hackney High Holborn Merton Park Millbank Oxford Street Wimbledon

People

Academics Alumni Chairman: Sir John Sorrell Vice-chancellor: Nigel Carrington

Other

History

Affiliates

London Centre for Arts and Cultural Exchange Universities UK

 

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