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Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt
Egypt
by marriage to Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
of Egypt, and regent of Egypt
Egypt
during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC.

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Queen 1.2 Regent

2 Issue 3 Ancestry 4 Notes 5 References

Life[edit] Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I was the daughter of Antiochus III the Great, King of the Seleucid Empire, and Queen Laodice III. Queen[edit] In 197 BC, Antiochus III had captured a number of cities in Asia Minor previously under the control of the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt. The Romans supported the Egyptian interests, when they negotiated with the Seleucid king in Lysimachia in 196 BC. In response, Antiochus III indicated his willingness to make peace with Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
and to have his daughter Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I marry Ptolemy V. They were betrothed in 195 BC and their marriage took place in 193 BC in Raphia.[3] At that time Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
was about 16 years and Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I about 10 years old. Later on, Egypt's Ptolemaic kings were to argue that Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I had received Coele-Syria
Coele-Syria
as her dowry and, therefore, this territory again belonged to Egypt. It is not clear if this was the case. However, in practice, Coele-Syria
Coele-Syria
remained a Seleucid possession after the Battle of Panium in 198 BC.[4] In Alexandria, Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I was called the Syrian.[5] As part of the Ptolemaic cult she was honoured with her husband as Theoi Epiphaneis. In line with ancient Egyptian tradition, she was also named adelphe (= sister) of Ptolemy V. A synod of priests held at Memphis in 185 BC transferred all honours that Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
had received in 196 BC (written on the Rosetta stone) to his wife. In 187 BC, Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I was appointed vizier. Regent[edit] Upon her husband's death in 180 BC, she ruled on behalf of her young son, Ptolemy VI. She was the first Ptolemaic queen to rule without her husband. This can be concluded from date formulas on the papyri written in the years from 179 BC to 176 BC, where Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I is called Thea Epiphanes and her name is written before that of her son. She also minted her own coins, which also bear her name before that of her son. On June 22, 2010, archaeologists uncovered a gold coin bearing her image at Tel Kedesh
Tel Kedesh
in Israel near the Lebanon border. It was reported to be the heaviest and most valuable gold coin ever found in Israel.[6] Just before his death, Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
had planned to conduct a war against the Seleucid kingdom but when Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I became sole ruler, she immediately ended the war preparations directed against her brother Seleucus IV Philopator. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I died around 176 BC. The year after her death, her son Ptolemy VI
Ptolemy VI
and her daughter Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II married. Issue[edit] She and Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
had at least three children:[7][8]

Ptolemy VI
Ptolemy VI
born in 186 BC Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II born ca 187 – 185 BC Ptolemy VIII born ca 184 BC

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra

16. (=28.)Antiochus I Soter

8. (=14.)Antiochus II Theos

17. (=29.)Princess Stratonice of Syria

4. Seleucus II Callinicus

18. (=20., 30.)Achaeus

9. (=15.)Laodice

2. Antiochus III the Great

20. (=18., 30.)Achaeus

10. Andromachus

5. Laodice

1. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra, Queen of Egypt

24. Mithridates I, King of Pontus

12. Ariobarzanes, King of Pontus

6. Mithridates II, King of Pontus

3. Princess Laodice of Pontus[9]

28. (=16.)Antiochus I Soter

14. (=8.)Antiochus II Theos

29. (=17.)Princess Stratonice of Syria

7. Princess Laodice of the Seleucid Empire

30. (=18., 20.)Achaeus

15. (=9.)Laodice

Notes[edit]

^ Werner Huß, Ägypten in hellenistischer Zeit ( Egypt
Egypt
in Hellenistic times). Munich 2001, p. 540 ^ Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I by Chris Bennett ^ Polybius
Polybius
18.51.10 and 28.20.9; Livy
Livy
33.40.3 and 35.13.4; Appian, Syriaca 3.13 and 5.18 ^ Polybius
Polybius
28.1.2-3 and 28.20.6-10; Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 12.154-155; Appian, Syriaca 5.18 ^ Appian, Syriaca 5.18 ^ Israel finds rare 2,200-year-old gold coin[permanent dead link]. Retrieved 11 August 2010. ^ Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004 ^ Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I by Chris Bennett ^ Laodice III, prior to her marriage to Antiochus III the Great, was a Princess of Pontus and was styled as such.

Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra Ptolemaic dynasty Born: 204 BC Died: 176 BC

Preceded by Ptolemy V Ptolemaic dynasty 193 BC–176 BC with Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
and Ptolemy VI Succeeded by Ptolemy VI
Ptolemy VI
Philometor

References[edit]

Stähelin, Kleopatra 14). In: Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, vol. XI 1, 1921, col. 738-740. Werner Huß, Ägypten in hellenistischer Zeit ( Egypt
Egypt
in the Hellenistic Period). Munich 2001, p. 499; 514f.; 535; 537-540. Günther Hölbl, Geschichte des Ptolemäerreichs (History of the Ptolemaic Empire). Darmstadt 1994, p. 125; 127f.; 147f.; 153.

v t e

Hellenistic rulers

Argeads

Philip II Alexander III the Great Philip III Arrhidaeus Alexander IV

Antigonids

Antigonus I Monophthalmus Demetrius I Poliorcetes Antigonus II Gonatas Demetrius II Aetolicus Antigonus III Doson Philip V Perseus Philip VI (pretender)

Ptolemies

Ptolemy I Soter Ptolemy Keraunos Ptolemy II Philadelphus Ptolemy III Euergetes Ptolemy IV Philopator Ptolemy V
Ptolemy V
Epiphanes Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra (regent) Ptolemy VI
Ptolemy VI
Philometor Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II Philometor Soter Ptolemy VIII Physcon Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III Ptolemy IX Lathyros Ptolemy X Alexander Berenice III Ptolemy XI Alexander Ptolemy XII Auletes Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VI Tryphaena Berenice IV Epiphanea Ptolemy XIII Ptolemy XIV Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII Philopator Ptolemy XV Caesarion

Kings of Cyrene

Magas Demetrius the Fair Ptolemy VIII Physcon Ptolemy Apion

Seleucids

Seleucus I Nicator Antiochus I Soter Antiochus II Theos Seleucus II Callinicus Seleucus III Ceraunus Antiochus III the Great Seleucus IV Philopator Antiochus IV Epiphanes Antiochus V Eupator Demetrius I Soter Alexander I Balas Demetrius II Nicator Antiochus VI Dionysus Diodotus Tryphon Antiochus VII Sidetes Alexander II Zabinas Seleucus V Philometor Antiochus VIII Grypus Antiochus IX Cyzicenus Seleucus VI Epiphanes Antiochus X Eusebes Antiochus XI Epiphanes Demetrius III Eucaerus Philip I Philadelphus Antiochus XII Dionysus Antiochus XIII Asiaticus Philip II Philoromaeus

Lysimachids

Lysimachus Ptolemy Epigonos

Antipatrids

Cassander Philip IV Alexander V Antipater II Antipater Etesias Sosthenes

Attalids

Philetaerus Eumenes I Attalus I Eumenes II Attalus II Attalus III Eumenes III

Greco-Bactrians

Diodotus I Diodotus II Euthydemus I Demetrius I Euthydemus II Antimachus I Pantaleon Agathocles Demetrius II Eucratides I Plato Eucratides II Heliocles I

Indo-Greeks

Demetrius I Antimachus I Pantaleon Agathocles Apollodotus I Demetrius II Antimachus II Menander I Zoilos I Agathokleia Lysias Strato I Antialcidas Heliokles II Polyxenos Demetrius III Philoxenus Diomedes Amyntas Epander Theophilos Peukolaos Thraso Nicias Menander II Artemidoros Hermaeus Archebius Telephos Apollodotus II Hippostratos Dionysios Zoilos II Apollophanes Strato II Strato III

Kings of Bithynia

Boteiras Bas Zipoetes I Nicomedes I Zipoetes II Etazeta (regent) Ziaelas Prusias I Prusias II Nicomedes II Nicomedes III Nicomedes IV Socrates Chrestus

Kings of Pontus

Mithridates I Ctistes Ariobarzanes Mithridates II Mithridates III Pharnaces I Mithridates IV Philopator Philadephos Mithridates V Euergetes Mithridates VI Eupator Pharnaces II Darius Arsaces Polemon I Pythodorida Polemon II

Kings of Commagene

Ptolemaeus Sames II Mithridates I Antiochus I Mithridates II Antiochus II Mithridates III Antiochus III Antiochus IV

Kings of Cappadocia

Ariarathes I Ariarathes II Ariamnes II Ariarathes III Ariarathes IV Ariarathes V Orophernes Ariarathes VI Ariarathes VII Ariarathes VIII Ariarathes IX Ariobarzanes I Ariobarzanes II Ariobarzanes III Ariarathes X Archelaus

Kings of the Cimmerian Bosporus

Paerisades I Satyros II Prytanis Eumelos Spartokos III Hygiainon (regent) Paerisades II Spartokos IV Leukon II Spartokos V Paerisades III Paerisades IV Paerisades V Mithridates I Pharnaces Asander with Dynamis Mithridates II Asander with Dynamis Scribonius’ attempted rule with Dynamis Dynamis with Polemon Polemon with Pythodorida Aspurgus Mithridates III with Gepaepyris Mithridates III Cotys I

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69735

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