The CLEAN AIR ACT 1956 was an Act of the Parliament of the United
Kingdom passed in response to
The Act introduced a number of measures to reduce air pollution , especially by introducing "smoke control areas" in some towns and cities in which only smokeless fuels could be burned. By shifting homes' sources of heat towards cleaner coals, electricity, and gas, it reduced the amount of smoke pollution and sulphur dioxide from household fires. Reinforcing these changes, the Act also included measures to relocate power stations away from cities, and for the height of some chimneys to be increased.
The Act was an important milestone in the development of a legal framework to protect the environment.
The Act was repealed in 1993 to consolidate its legislation with other related enactments, especially the Clean Air Act 1968.
* 1 Historical background * 2 See also * 3 References
* 4 External links
* 4.1 UK legislation
It quickly became clear that pollution had become a real and deadly problem, and the smog's terrible effects may have helped inspire the modern environmental movement . Despite this, however, and data from the Ministry of Health indicative of substantially elevated death rates in London, the Government initially resisted pressure to act, and was keen to downplay the scale of the problem due to economic pressures. It took the recommendations of the Select Committee on Air Pollution and moves by backbench MPs (including Conservative member Gerald Nabarro , its sponsor ) to pass a Private Member\'s Bill on domestic coal burning to persuade the Government to support a change in the law.
The Clean Air Act built on earlier efforts to regulate pollutants,
particularly in London, where air quality had long been poor. Indeed,
The 1952 smog gave a momentum for tougher action: as well as this
Clean Air Act, its effects also led to the introduction of the City of
* ^ "Clean Air Act 1993". legislation.gov.uk. 1993-05-27. Retrieved 2017-04-09. * ^ "The Great Smog of 1952". The Met Office. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
* ^ "Historic smog death toll rises".