CLASSICAL PANTHEISM, as defined by Charles Hartshorne in 1953, is the theological deterministic philosophies of pantheists such as Baruch Spinoza and the Stoics . Hartshorne sought to distinguish panentheism , which rejects determinism, from deterministic pantheism.
The term has also been used to mean
* 1 Hartshorne\'s Classical
HARTSHORNE\'S CLASSICAL PANTHEISM
This usage of the term Classical
The term "pantheism" is derived from Greek words pan (πᾶν, "all") and theos (θεός, "God"), together meaning "All-God" or "All is God." It is often associated with monism , the view that reality is a single thing.
The Encyclopedia of Religion refers to this form of
The following quotations illustrate Hartshorne's concept of Classical Pantheism:
* "For no particular thing, not even the smallest, can have happened
otherwise than in accordance with the common nature and its reason." -
* "In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the mind is
determined to wish this or that by a cause, which has also been
determined by another cause, and this last by another cause, and so on
to infinity." -
OTHER USES OF "CLASSICAL PANTHEISM"
* Typical or archetypal pantheism. This usage varies according to
the judgement of the writer as to what constitutes typical or
archetypal pantheism, but usually includes Spinoza.