AIRBREATHING CATFISHES are fishes comprising the family CLARIIDAE of
* 1 Distribution * 2 Description * 3 Taxonomy * 4 Relationship to humans * 5 References
Clariid catfishes are characterized by an elongated body, the presence of four barbels , long dorsal and anal fins, and especially by the autapomorphic presence of a suprabranchial organ, formed by tree-like structures from the second and fourth gill arches. This suprabranchial organ, or labyrinth organ , allows some species the capability of traveling short distances on land (walking catfishes ).
The dorsal fin base is very long and is not preceded by a fin spine. The dorsal fin may or may not be continuous with the caudal fin, which is rounded. Pectoral and pelvic fins are variously absent in some species. Some fish have small eyes and reduced or absent pectoral and pelvic fins for a burrowing lifestyle. A few species are blind.
Within the Clariidae family, body forms range from fusiform (torpedo -like) to anguilliform (eel -like). As species become more eel-shaped, a whole set of morphological changes has been observed, such as decrease and loss of the adipose fin , continuous unpaired fins, reduction of paired fins, reduction of the eyes, reduction of the skull bones, and hypertrophied jaw muscles.
The HETEROPNEUSTIDAE containing the genus Heteropneustes are considered by some to be a separate family and by others to be a subfamily. With the Heteropneustidae and Clariidae as separate families, a recent paper groups them into a superfamily called Clarioidea. Relationships of clarioids to other families remains uncertain.
RELATIONSHIP TO HUMANS
Many clariids form a large part of artisanal fisheries . Clarias gariepinus is recognized as one of the most promising aquaculture species in Africa.
* ^ A B C D E Nelson, Joseph S. (2006).
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