Clarendon Building
   HOME

TheInfoList




The Clarendon Building is an early 18th-century
neoclassical Neoclassical or neo-classical may refer to: * Neoclassicism or New Classicism, any of a number of movements in the fine arts, literature, theatre, music, language, and architecture beginning in the 17th century ** Neoclassical architecture, an arc ...
building of the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
. It is in
Broad StreetBroad Street may refer to: United Kingdom *Broad Street railway station (England), in London *Broad Street (ward), in London *Broad Street, Birmingham *Broad Street, Bristol *Broad Street, Oxford *Broad Street, Reading *Broad Street, Suffolk, hamle ...

Broad Street
,
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
, England, next to the
Bodleian Library The Bodleian Library () is the main research library A research library is a library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housi ...

Bodleian Library
and the
Sheldonian Theatre The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford. The building is named after Gilbert Sheldon, chancellor of the University at the time and the projec ...
and near the centre of the city. It was built between 1711 and 1715 and is now a
Grade I listed building A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) is an executive ...
.


History

Until the early 18th century the printing presses of the
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
(OUP) were in the basement of the
Sheldonian Theatre The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford. The building is named after Gilbert Sheldon, chancellor of the University at the time and the projec ...
. This meant that the compositors could not work when the Theatre was in use for ceremonies. The University therefore commissioned a new building to house the OUP.
Nicholas Hawksmoor Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect. He was a leading figure of the English Baroque English Baroque is a term sometimes used to refer to modes of English architecture that paralleled Baroque archite ...
produced a neoclassical design, construction started in 1711 and it was completed in 1715. The building was funded largely from the proceeds of the commercially successful '' History of the Great Rebellion'' by the 1st Earl of Clarendon, whose legacy later paid for the building of the
Clarendon Laboratory The Clarendon Laboratory, located on Parks Road within the Science Area in Oxford, England (not to be confused with the Clarendon Building, also in Oxford), is part of the Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Department of Physics at Ox ...

Clarendon Laboratory
in Oxford as well. In the 1820s, the OUP moved to new premises in
Walton Street Walton Street may refer to: * Walton Street, Oxford Walton Street is on the eastern edge of the Jericho, Oxford, Jericho district of central Oxford, England. Overview The street runs north from the western end of Beaumont Street and the nort ...
, after which the University used the Clarendon Building for administrative purposes. In 1975, the building was transferred to the
Bodleian Library The Bodleian Library () is the main research library A research library is a library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housi ...

Bodleian Library
, for which it now provides office and meeting space for senior members of staff.


Student occupation

On 22 January 2009 student demonstrators occupied part of the Clarendon Building for seven hours, following similar protests at other UK universities. The demonstrators called for the University to condemn Israel's role in the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict and to cancel a lecture series at
Balliol College Balliol College () is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford The University of Oxford , mottoeng = The Lord is my light , established = , endowment = £6.1 billion (including colleges) (2019) , budget = ...

Balliol College
inaugurated by
Shimon Peres Shimon Peres (; he, שמעון פרס ; born Szymon Perski; 2 August 1923 – 28 September 2016) was an Israeli politician who served as the ninth In music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, ...

Shimon Peres
. The protestors ended their protest after an agreement with the .


References


Further reading

* *


External links

* {{Authority control Buildings and structures of the University of Oxford Grade I listed buildings in Oxford Grade I listed industrial buildings Grade I listed library buildings Industrial buildings completed in 1715 Nicholas Hawksmoor buildings Oxford University Press 1715 establishments in Great Britain Bodleian Library