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Clarence House
Clarence House
is a royal residence in London, situated on The Mall, in the City of Westminster. It is attached to St. James's Palace and shares the palace's garden. For nearly 50 years, from 1953 to 2002, it was home to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.[1] It has since been the official residence of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall. Clarence House
Clarence House
also served as the official residence for Prince William from 2003, until his marriage in April 2011, and for Prince Harry from 2003 until 2012.[2] It is open to visitors for approximately one month each summer, usually August, and is one of many royal buildings in London. The house has four storeys, not including attics or basements, and is faced in pale stucco. It has undergone extensive remodelling and reconstruction over the years, most notably after the Second World War, such that relatively little remains of the original structure as designed by John Nash. Since 2003, the term "Clarence House" has often been used as a metonym for the Prince of Wales's private office. The term "St James's Palace" had been previously used. Clarence House
Clarence House
is Grade I listed on the National Heritage List for England.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The house was built between 1825 and 1827 to a design by John Nash. It was commissioned by the Duke of Clarence, who in 1830 became King William IV of Great Britain and Ireland. He lived there in preference to the nearby St James's Palace, which he found too cramped.[4] From William IV, the house passed to his sister Princess Augusta Sophia, and, following her death in 1840, to Queen Victoria's mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. In 1866, it became the home of Queen Victoria's second son and fourth child, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, also Duke of Edinburgh, until his death in 1900.[5] Alfred's younger brother Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Queen Victoria's third son, used the house from 1900 until his death in 1942, during which time it suffered damage inflicted by enemy bombing. It was used by the Red Cross
Red Cross
and the St John Ambulance Brigade as their headquarters during the rest of the Second World War, before being given to Princess Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Their daughter, Princess Anne, was born there in 1950. For a brief period in the 1930s, it was the location of the library of the School of Oriental and African Studies until all universities in London were evacuated in 1939,[6] and the school temporarily relocated to Cambridge.[7] In 1953, after the death of her husband King George VI, the Queen Mother and her daughter, Princess Margaret, moved there, although the latter eventually moved into an apartment in Kensington Palace.[5][8] The Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
moved there in 2003 after the house underwent massive refurbishment following the death of his grandmother, Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.[9] The house was completely rewired, most of the major rooms were redecorated by the interior designer Robert Kime, and the building was given an external facelift.[4] With a reception at Clarence House, Prince Charles
Prince Charles
welcomed representatives of all fourteen nations participating in the 2013 Rugby League World Cup, as well as tournament organisers.[10] See also[edit]

Birkhall, a house in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, inherited by Prince Charles from Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Highgrove House, near Tetbury, Gloucestershire, the family residence of the Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
and the Duchess of Cornwall Llwynywermod, a house in Carmarthenshire, Wales, owned by the Duchy of Cornwall

References[edit]

^ "Who lived in Clarence House?". royalcollection.org. Retrieved 19 June 2015.  ^ Prince Harry
Prince Harry
moves into Kensington Palace ^ Historic England, " Clarence House
Clarence House
(1236580)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 17 January 2017  ^ a b "Charles moves into Clarence House". Daily mail. Retrieved 19 June 2015.  ^ a b "History of Clarence House". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2015.  ^ University of London: An Illustrated History: 1836–1986 By N. B. p.255 ^ Nature, 1939, Vol.144(3659), pp. 1006–1007 ^ Tori V. Martínez. "Palaces on the Periphery: Marlborough House
Marlborough House
and Clarence House". Retrieved 19 June 2015.  ^ " Clarence House
Clarence House
opens doors". Daily mail. Retrieved 19 June 2015.  ^ Laybourn, Ian (29 October 2013). " Prince Charles
Prince Charles
welcomes World Cup stars with Clarence House
Clarence House
reception as England prepare for Ireland in front of sell-out crowd". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Clarence House
Clarence House
at the Royal Family website Clarence House, at The Royal Collection
The Royal Collection
– Visitor Information Clarence House, Official website of the Prince of Wales

v t e

Royal palaces and residences in the United Kingdom

Occupied

Bagshot Park Balmoral Castle, Birkhall
Birkhall
& Craigowan Lodge Buckingham Palace Gatcombe Park Highgrove House Hillsborough Castle Holyrood Palace St James's Palace
St James's Palace
& Clarence House Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
& Wren House Llwynywermod Sandringham House, Anmer Hall
Anmer Hall
& Wood Farm Tamarisk (Isles of Scilly) Thatched House Lodge Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle
& Royal Lodge, Windsor

Historical principal royal residences

St James's Palace Hampton Court Palace Tower of London Windsor Castle

Historical

Abergeldie Castle Albany (London) Allerton Castle Audley End House Palace of Beaulieu Barnwell Manor Beaumont Palace Fort Belvedere, Windsor Bentley Priory Berkhamsted Castle Birch Hall, Surrey Brantridge Park Bridewell Palace Brill Palace Bushy House Cadzow Castle Caernarfon Castle Cambridge Cottage, Kew Cambridge House Carisbrooke Castle Carlton House Castle Hill Lodge, Ealing Castlewood House, Surrey Chelsea Manor Chevening Chideock Manor Chiswick House Christ Church, Oxford Claremont Clarendon Palace Cliveden Coombe Abbey Coppins Crocker End House Crosby Hall, London Cumberland Cottage Cumberland House Cumberland Lodge Delnadamph Lodge Dolphin Square Doune Castle Dover House Dublin Castle Dunfermline Palace Eastwell Park Edinburgh Castle Eltham Palace Falkland Palace Frogmore House Gloucester House Gloucester House, London Gloucester Lodge Gunnersbury Park Hampton Court Palace Hanworth Manor Hatfield House Havering Palace Ingestre House Kent House (Isle of Wight) Kew House (Isle of Wight) Kew Palace Kingsbourne House King's House, Winchester Kings Langley Palace Lancaster House Leeds Castle Leicester Square Les Jolies Eaux Linlithgow Palace Tower of London Marlborough House Montagu House Castle of Mey Nether Lypiatt Manor Nonsuch Palace Norfolk House Oak Grove House Oatlands Palace Oatlands Park Osborne Cottage Osborne House Palace of Placentia Queen Charlotte's Cottage, Kew Queen's House Ranger's House Ribsden Holt Richmond Palace
Richmond Palace
& White Lodge Romenda Lodge Royal City of Dublin Hospital Royal Pavilion, Aldershot Royal Pavilion, Brighton Sagana Lodge Savile House Savoy Palace Schomberg House Somerset House Stirling Castle Sunninghill Park Sussex House The More Theobalds Palace Villa Guardamangia Walmer Castle Palace of Westminster Palace of Whitehall
Palace of Whitehall
& the Banqueting House Windlesham Moor Witley Court Woodstock Palace York Cottage, Sandringham York House, St James's Palace

v t e

London landmarks

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Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

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Football stadia

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Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
(West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

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Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London Eye London Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

Coordinates: 51°30′14″N 0°08′19″W / 51.5040°N 0.1385°W

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