Clan Stewart (Gaelic: Stiùbhart) is a Highland Scottish clan. The
clan is recognised by Court of the Lord Lyon; however, it does not
have a clan chief recognised by the
Lord Lyon King of Arms. Because
the clan has no chief it can be considered an armigerous clan;
however, the Earls of Galloway are now considered to be the principal
branch of this clan, and the crest and motto of The Earls of
Galloway's arms are used in the
Clan Stewart crest badge. The Court of
Lord Lyon recognises two other 'Stewart' clans, Clan Stuart of
Clan Stewart of Appin.
Clan Stuart of Bute
Clan Stuart of Bute is the only
'Stewart' clan at present which has a recognised chief.
1.1 Origins of the clan
1.2 Wars of Scottish Independence
1.3 Royal House of Stewart
1.3.1 Albany Stewarts
2 Main branches of the clan
2.1 Stewarts of Appin
2.2 Stewarts of Atholl
2.3 Stewarts of Balquhidder
2.4 Stuarts of Bute
5 See also
7 External links
Origins of the clan
The Stewarts who became monarchs of
Scotland were descended from a
family who were seneschals of Dol in Brittany, France. After the
Norman conquest of England
Norman conquest of England the Stewarts acquired estates in
FitzAlan family, also Earls of Arundel. Walter Flaad or Walter
fitz Alan, the Steward came to
Scotland when David I of Scotland
claimed his throne. It is from their office as Stewards that the
surname Stewart came. Walter was created High Steward of Scotland
and was granted large estates in
Renfrewshire and East Lothian.
Walter was one of the commanders of the royal army which defeated
Somerled of the Isles (ancestor of Clan Donald) at the Battle of
Renfrew in 1164. (See: Walter fitz Alan).
Wars of Scottish Independence
During the Wars of Scottish Independence, James Stewart, 5th High
Scotland swore fealty to Edward I of England. However,
he later sided with
Robert the Bruce
Robert the Bruce and
William Wallace in the
struggle for Scottish independence.
Royal House of Stewart
Main article: House of Stuart
Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of
Scotland married Marjory, daughter
of king Robert the Bruce. When Robert's son, David II of Scotland
died, he was succeeded by Walter Stewart's son, Robert II of
Scotland. King Robert II had many sons, the eldest, John, succeeded
to the throne of
Scotland as Robert III of Scotland. The royal line
of male Stewarts was uninterrupted until the reign of Mary, Queen of
Scots. As a family the Stewarts (Stuarts) held the throne of
Scotland and later
England until the death of Anne, Queen of Great
Britain in 1714.
Main article: Duke of Albany
The Dukedom of Albany is a peerage title that was bestowed on some
younger sons in the Scottish and later the British royal family,
particularly in the House of Stuart. Robert II's third son was Robert
Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, who was
Scotland during part of
the reigns of his father, brother, and nephew James I of Scotland.
Robert II's fourth son was Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, who was
famed as the Wolf of Badenoch and was responsible for the destruction
of Elgin Cathedral.
Stewart of Stewart
Stuart of Albany
Stuart, Earl of Buchan
Stewart of Barclye
Stewart of Garlies
Stewart of Minto
Stewart of Physgill
Stewart of Bute
Stuart of Bute
Stuart, Earl of Moray
Stewart of Atholl
Stewart of Rothesay
Stewart, Earl of Carrick
Stewart, Duke of Ross
Stewart, Earl of Strathearn
Stewart, Earl of Galloway
Stuart of Darnley
Stuart of Lennox
Stewart of Ardvorlich
Stuart, Lord Avandale
Stuart, Lord Ochiltree
When James I of
Scotland came of age, he curbed the power of his
cousins, the Albany Stewarts. He beheaded Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke
of Albany, eldest son of the former regent Robert Stewart. Two of
Murdoch's sons, Walter and Alexander (Alasdair), were both executed as
Main branches of the clan
As the Chief of the Stewarts was also the occupant of the Throne, the
relationship between the various branches or members of the family
differed from the usual ties between clansmen and their Chief. The
family did however have their own badge and tartan to distinguish
them. Apart from the royal house of Stewart, the three main
branches of the clan that settled in the
Scottish Highlands during the
14th and 15th centuries were the Stewarts of Appin, Stewarts of Atholl
and Stewarts of Balquhidder. Today the Earls of Galloway are
considered the senior line of the Clan Stewart.
Stewarts of Appin
Clan Stewart of Appin
The Stewarts of Appin descend from Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, son of
Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland. Sir John's younger
son, James Stewart, was killed in 1333 at the Battle of Halidon
Hill. His grandson married the heiress of the
Lord of Lorne
Lord of Lorne (chief
of Clan MacDougall). He was the first Stewart Lord of Lorne. The
Stewarts of Appin supported the royalist cause during the Civil War of
the 17th century and also supported the deposed Stuart monarchs during
Jacobite rising of 1715
Jacobite rising of 1715 and Jacobite rising of 1745.
Stewarts of Atholl
The Stewarts of
Atholl are descended from a son of Alexander Stewart,
Earl of Buchan (the Wolf of Badenoch). James Stewart built a strong
castle at Garth where he settled at the end of the 14th century.
Queen Joanna, widow of James I of
Scotland married the Black Knight of
Lorne who was descended from the fourth High Steward. Their son was
John Stewart of Balveny who was granted the Earldom of
Atholl by his
half-brother, James II of Scotland. He supported his brother,
commanding the royal forces that opposed the rebellion by the Lord of
the Isles. The fifth Stewart
Earl of Atholl
Earl of Atholl died with no male issue
and his daughter married William Murray, second Earl of Tullibardine,
who succeeded as Earl of Atholl. Many Stewarts continued to live in
Atholl area with many claiming descent from the Wolf of
Badenoch. They were mainly transferred by allegiance to the Murray
Atholl and were known as
Atholl men. This is maintained
today with the
Atholl Highlanders, Europe's only legal private
army. General David Stewart of Garth, an Athollman, was an officer
in the Black Watch regiment and his book, Sketches of the Highlanders
and Highland Regiments, popularized his homeland in Victorian
Stewarts of Balquhidder
Main article: Stewart of Balquhidder
Stewarts came to Balqhidder in about 1490 when William Stewart,
grandson of the only son of the
Duke of Albany
Duke of Albany to escape the
persecution of James I, was appointed ballie of the Crown lands of
Stuarts of Bute
Main article: Clan Stuart of Bute
The chiefs of the
Clan Stuart of Bute
Clan Stuart of Bute are descended from John, younger
son of Robert Stewart who reigned as Robert II of Scotland.
Castle Stalker, a seat of the Stewarts of Appin
Doune Castle, seat of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany
Edinburgh Castle one of the most notable castles owned by the Stewarts
as the royal family.
Stirling Castle one of the most notable castles owned by the Stewarts
as the royal family.
Linlithgow Palace was one of the principal residences of the Stewart
and Stuart monarchs of Scotland.
Falkland Palace was acquired by the Stewart family in the 14th century
and was owned by Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany. It was a royal palace
of the Scottish kings.
Castle Stuart was the home of the line of Stuarts who held the title
Earl of Moray.
Castle Stalker was a seat of the Stewarts of Appin.
Lochranza Castle was granted to Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of
Scotland in 1262 by Alexander III of Scotland.
Dundonald Castle built in the 13th century by Alexander Stewart, 4th
High Steward of Scotland. Used by the Stewart monarchs.
Craigmillar Castle, Edinburgh, castle of the royal Stuarts.
Doune Castle built in the 14th century by Robert Stewart, Duke of
Earl's Palace, Kirkwall
Earl's Palace, Kirkwall built by Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney.
Bishop's Palace, Kirkwall
Bishop's Palace, Kirkwall originally a Norwegian fort, ownership later
passed to Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney.
Scalloway Castle built by Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.
Earl's Palace, Birsay
Earl's Palace, Birsay built by Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.
Crookston Castle has been owned by various branches of the Clan
Rothesay Castle was built by the Stewarts at the beginning of the 13th
Drumin Castle was the home of
Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan
Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (the
Wolf of Badenoch).
Ardvorlich Castle, stronghold of the Stuarts of Balquhidder
Garth Castle, stronghold of the Clan Stewart.
Grandtully Castle, stronghold of the Clan Stewart.
Garlies Castle, stronghold of the Clan Stewart.
Castle Campbell, originally called Castle Gloom, it passed by right of
marriage to the Campbells who changed the name to
Castle Campbell by
an Act of Parliament in 1489.
The usual tartan for the Stewarts or Stuarts is a red coloured pattern
known as the Royal Stuart Tartan. According to historian Henry
James Lee the effect of a large body of men crossing a hill in the red
Stuart tartan, contrasting with the dark coloured heath has been
described "as if the hill were on fire".
Clan Stewart tartan, as published in 1842 in the dubious Vestiarium
A Victorian era, romanticised depiction of a member of the clan by R.
R. McIan, from The Clans of the Scottish Highlands, published in 1845.
High Steward of Scotland
House of Stuart
Earl of Galloway
Earl of Galloway Stewart of Galloway
Earl of Moray
Earl of Moray Stuart of Moray
Earl of Traquair
Earl of Traquair Stewart of Traquair
Marquess of Bute
Marquess of Bute Crichton-Stuart of Bute
Earl Castle Stewart
Earl Castle Stewart Stewart in County Tyrone
Duke of Albany
Duke of Monmouth
Duke of Monmouth Eldest illegitimate son of Charles II
Duke of Buccleuch
Duke of Buccleuch Descendants of the Duke of Monmouth
Duke of Grafton
Duke of Grafton Descendants of Henry FitzRoy an illegitimate son of
Duke of St Albans
Duke of St Albans Descendants of Charles Beauclerk an illegitimate son
of Charles II.
Duke of Richmond,
Duke of Lennox
Duke of Lennox and
Duke of Gordon
Duke of Gordon Descendants of
Charles Lennox an illegitimate son of Charles II
Duke of Berwick
Duke of Berwick Descendants of James FitzJames the illegitimate son of
King James II
^ a b c d
Clan Stewart Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 13 December
^ Nelker, Gladys P., The Clan Steuart, 1970
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae
af ag ah Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan &
Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT,
Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994.
Pages 459 - 461.
Clan Stewart rampantscotland.com. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
^ Walter Stewart familysearch.org. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
^ Alexander Stewart familysearch.org. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
^ a b c d Lee, Henry James. (1920). History of the Stewart or Stuart
Family. p. 35.
^ Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family
Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor,
The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 330
Clan Stewart Society in America, Incorporated
The Stewart/Stuart Association of Nova Scotia
Clan Stewart at ScotClans.com
Stewarts of Balquhidder webpage
Stewarts of Campbeltown, Kintyre
List of tartans
Clans with chiefs
Fraser of Lovat
Macdonald of Clanranald
MacDonald of Keppoch
Macdonald of Sleat
MacDonell of Glengarry
Maclaine of Lochbuie
MacLeod of Lewis
Stuart of Bute
Campbell of Breadalbane
Campbell of Cawdor
Stewart of Appin
Culture and society
Court of the Lord Lyon
Battle of Culloden
Lowland Scots language
Scottish Gaelic language
Independent Highland Co