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The Info List - Clan Chattan





Inverness

Arms of the Chief of Clan Chattan

Chief

Malcolm Mackintosh of Mackintosh-Torcastle and Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
(according to the most recent Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
history).

Historic seat Torcastle in Lochaber

Septs of Clan Chattan

Clan Mackintosh, Clan Macpherson, Clan Shaw of Tordarroch, Clan Farquharson, Clan MacBean, Clan Davidson, Clan MacPhail, Clan MacGillivray, Clan MacQueen of Strathdearn, Clan MacThomas, Clan Maclean of Dochgarroch, Clan MacIntyre
Clan MacIntyre
of Badenoch

Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
(Scottish Gaelic: Na Catanaich or Scottish Gaelic: Clann Chatain)[1] is a Highland Scottish clan.[2] The clan is unique in highland clan history in that it was a community or confederation,[3] of twelve separate Scottish clans,[4] who each had their own clan chief recognized under Scottish law, but who were united under and bound to a superior chief of the confederation for mutual solidarity, sustenance and protection in the Middle Ages and early modern period in the Scottish Highlands.

Contents

1 Origins 2 Clans belonging to Clan Chattan 3 Chiefs 4 Council 5 Clan Association 6 400th Anniversary of the 1609 Band of Union 7 Clan profile

7.1 Chief 7.2 Tartan

8 References 9 External links

Origins[edit] There is a theory that the name Chattan came from the Catti who were a tribe of Gauls
Gauls
who had been driven out by the Romans.[2] Another theory is that the name comes from Catav in Sutherland.[2] The most widely accepted theory is that they descended from Gillichattan Mor who was the great servant of Saint Cathan.[2] Gillichattan is believed to have been the co-arb or bailie of the abbey lands of Ardchattan.[2] In the time of Malcolm II of Scotland
Malcolm II of Scotland
the Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
possessed the lands of Glenloy and Loch Arkaig.[2] It was here that Tor Castle became the clan chief's seat.[2] Not much is certain about the history of the clan until towards the end of the 13th century.[2] Eva, daughter of Gilpatric or Dougal Dall, 6th chief of Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
in Lochaber
Lochaber
married Angus Mackintosh, 6th chief of the Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
in 1291.[2] Thus Angus Mackintosh became 7th chief of Clan Chattan.[5] They lived together at Tor Castle before withdrawing to Rothiemurchus due to the enmity of Aonghus Óg of Islay, chief of Clan Donald.[2] As a result, the lands at Arkaig were occupied by the Clan Cameron
Clan Cameron
who claimed that they had been abandoned.[2] This was the beginning of a long and bitter feud that was fought between the Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
and Clan Cameron until 1666.[2] Clans belonging to Clan Chattan[edit]

Tree showing the shared ancestry of the related chiefs of the Chattan Confederation. (click to enlarge).

Prior to the 14th century, the Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
was a conventional Scottish clan.[2] However it evolved into an alliance or confederation of clans which was made up firstly of the descendants of the original clan (Clan Cattanach, Clan Macpherson, Clan MacBean
Clan MacBean
(or McBain), Clan MacPhail, secondly of the Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
and their cadet branches (Clan Shaw, Clan Farquharson, the Ritchies, and Clan MacThomas) and thirdly of families who were not originally related by blood (Clan MacGillivray, Clan Davidson, the Macleans of Dochgarroch, Clan Macqueen, the MacIntyres of Badenoch and the Clan Macandrews).[2] Skene, however, gives a different version of how Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
was formed prior to the Mackintosh alliance.[6] Clan Vuirich (Clan MacPherson) and Clan Day (Clan Davidson) were the original co-founders and referred to as old Clan Chattan.[6] Added to these were six "stranger septs" who took protection from the clan.[6] These were Clan Vic Ghillevray (Clan MacGillivray), the Clan Vean (Clan MacBean), the Clan Vic Govies, the Clan Tarrel, the Clan Cheanduy, and the Sliochd Gowchruim or Smiths.[6] According to Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association of the UK, clans that currently make up the Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association are as follows:[7]

Clan Davidson Clan Farquharson Clan MacBean Clan MacGillivray Clan MacIntyre
Clan MacIntyre
of Badenoch Clan Mackintosh Clan MacLean of Dochgarroch (the Macleans of the North) Clan MacPhail Clan Macpherson Clan Macqueen Clan MacThomas Clan Shaw of Tordarroch

Chiefs[edit] The following is a list of the traditional chiefs of the Clan Chattan before marriage between Eva, heiress of Clan Chattan, with the Chief of Clan Mackintosh, through whose marriage a new line of Mackintosh Captains (Chiefs) of Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
was created :[5] See: Chiefs of Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
for later chiefs of Clan Chattan. In 1942, the Lyon Court separated the leadership of Clan MacKintosh and Clan Chattan. The leadership of Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
passed to the Mackintosh of Torcastle line.

No. Name

6 Dougal or Gilpatric, his daughter married Angus Mackintosh, 6th chief of Clan Mackintosh, thus Mackintosh became 7th chief of Clan Chattan.

5 Gillicattan

4 Muirach Macpherson, grandfather of the 3 branches of Clan Macpherson

3 Gillicattan

2 Diarmid

1 Gillcarten Mor, first known chief of Clan Chattan.

Council[edit]

Portrait of Cluny MacPherson, chief of the Clan Chattan, circa 1873

There is currently a clan council of eight chiefs, representing the major clans of the Chattan.[8]

John Mackintosh of Mackintosh (president) Captain A. A. C. Farquharson of Invercauld (vice president) Honourable Sir W. Macpherson of Cluny (vice president) John Shaw of Tordarroch (vice president) James McBain of McBain (vice president) Grant Guthrie Davidson 3rd of Davidston (vice president) Andrew MacThomas of Finegand (vice president) The Very Reverend Allan MacLean of Dochgarroch (vice president)

Of the remaining clans of Clan Chattan:

Clan MacGillivray
Clan MacGillivray
has a clan commander but no claimant of the chiefship Clan MacPhail's the last reported chief died in Australia in the early 1900s[9] Clan MacQueen's chiefly line moved to New Zealand and although descendants remain there has been no claiment to the chiefship.

Clan Association[edit] The activities of the Clan are carried on by the Clan Chattan Association, a descendant of the original association established in 1727 for the purpose of defending the interests of the clan "against all who would seek the injury of any of its subscribers".[10] In the nineteenth century, many clan societies and associations emerged, with the aim of promoting social interaction between people linked by a common name, and interest in their clan's history. Among these was the second Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association, founded in Glasgow in 1893. Initial support for the association was strong with the meetings, lectures and dances described as "a brilliant success", but it faded out by about 1900. Even so, clan historians of that period produced several works which are still used today.[10] In the summer of 1933, the third Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association was founded in London. Now based in Scotland, the association has worldwide membership. It organizes a number of activities, such as the annual events in early August at Moy Hall
Moy Hall
in conjunction with the Highland Field Sports Fair. Members are kept informed of events through the annual journal of the association.[10]

Panorama South from Chattan Clan monument to Sarah Justina Macpherson of Cluny at Craig Dhu, Laggan, Scotland

400th Anniversary of the 1609 Band of Union[edit] On 6 August 2009 the Chiefs of Clan Chattan's clans and other members of these clans came together in Inverness
Inverness
to mark the 400th anniversary of the 1609 Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Band of Union and signed a new Band of Union to renew their historic connection.[11][12] Clan profile[edit]

Red Whortleberry: plant badge of Clan Chattan.

Plant badge: Red Whortleberry
Red Whortleberry
Latin vaccinium vitis-idaea Crest badge: A cat salient, proper. Clan chief's motto: Touch not the catt bot a glove. "Bot" may mean "without" or "ungloved", either being a warning to those who would harm the clan.

Chief[edit] The Chief of Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
had been at the same time Captain of Clan Chattan, until the death of Alfred Donald Mackintosh of Mackintosh CBE, who chose as his heir to the Mackintosh inheritance Rear-Admiral Lachlan Donald Makintosh CB DSO DSC. The omission of a stipulation in Alfred's will, concerning inheritance of the captaincy of Clan Chattan, led The Lord Lyon
Lord Lyon
of the day to create the historic separation of the two titles. Lachlan became The Mackintosh of Mackintosh, and his cousin Duncan Alexander Eliott Mackintosh became Mackintosh of Mackintosh-Torcastle, and Head of the hail kin of Clan Chattan.[13] Duncan Alexander Eliott Mackintosh of Mackintosh-Torcastle was born on 1st December 1884 and died on 29th May 1966. He married Ellen Primrose Smith and they had three sons and two daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest son and second child, Kenneth Mackintosh, born 23rd November 1916, who became the 32nd Chief of Clan Chattan. He married Margaret Farmer and had two children. According to Burke's Peerage, his heir was their eldest son Duncan Alexander John Mackintosh, born in 1946[14]. However, a genealogy published in an updated history of the Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
noted that Duncan died young, and that his younger brother Malcolm Mackintosh (born 22nd October 1950) succeeded their father, who died in 1976, as 33rd Captain of Clan Chattan, becoming styled as Malcolm Mackintosh of Mackintosh-Torcastle and Clan Chattan.[15][16] Tartan[edit] The individual Clans of the Chattan Confederation
Chattan Confederation
have their own tartans. There is a Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
tartan, formerly known as Mackintosh Chief, recognised by The Lord Lyon
Lord Lyon
in 1938. References[edit]

^ Mac an Tàilleir, Iain. "Ainmean Pearsanta" (docx). Sabhal Mòr Ostaig. Retrieved 15 October 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Way, George and Squire, Romily. (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 102–103. ^ Fraser-Mackintosh, Charles. (1898). An Account of the Confederation of Clan Chattan, Its Kith and Kin. Glasgow: John MacKay 'Celtic Monthly' Office. ^ Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association ^ a b Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Margaret; Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Lachlan (1982). The Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
and the Clan Chattan. MacDonald (Publishers). ISBN 0-904265-73-0.  ^ a b c d Skene, William Forbes (1876). Celtic Scotland : a history of ancient Alban. Edinburgh : Edmonston & Douglas. p. 315. Retrieved 17 April 2013.  ^ "Associated Clans". Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ "Clan Chiefs". Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Electric Scotland ^ a b c "History Of The Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association". Clan Chattan Association. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ Film clips of highlights during the gathering for the 2009 signing of a new Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Band of Union ^ 'Clan Band of Union was of national importance' - Inverness
Inverness
Courier, 28 July 2009 ^ The Edinburgh Gazette, 28th March 1947, page 125 - two entries, one for Mackintosh of Mackintosh-Torcastle and the other for Mackintosh of Mackintosh. ^ The Peerage - sourced from Burke's Peerage 2003, Volume 2, page 2510. ^ The Peerage - sourced from Burke's Peerage 2003, Volume 2, page 2510. ^ The History of The Clan Mackintosh
Clan Mackintosh
and The Clan Chattan, by Margaret Mackintosh of Mackintosh - 3rd Edition, revised by Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh, 30th Chief of the Clan Mackintosh, published in 1997 by The Pentland Press, Copyright Celia Mackintosh of Mackintosh. The 1st Edition was published in 1948, and 2nd Edition in 1982.

External links[edit]

Clan Chattan
Clan Chattan
Association

v t e

Scottish clans

List of tartans

Clans with chiefs

Agnew Anstruther Arbuthnott Arthur Bannerman Barclay Borthwick Boyd Boyle Brodie Broun Bruce Buchan Burnett Cameron Campbell Carmichael Carnegie Cathcart Charteris Chattan Chisholm Cochrane Colquhoun Colville Cranstoun Crichton Cumming (Comyn) Cunningham Darroch Davidson Dewar Drummond Dunbar Dundas Durie Elliot Elphinstone Erskine Farquharson Fergusson Forbes Forsyth Fraser Fraser of Lovat Gordon Graham Grant Gregor Grierson Gunn Guthrie Haig Haldane Hamilton Hannay Hay Henderson Home Hope Hunter Irvine Jardine Johnstone Keith Kennedy Kerr Kincaid Lamont Leask Lennox Leslie Lindsay Lockhart Lumsden Lyon MacAlister MacBean MacDonald Macdonald of Clanranald MacDonald of Keppoch Macdonald of Sleat MacDonell of Glengarry MacDougall Macdowall MacIntyre Mackay Mackenzie Mackinnon Mackintosh Maclachlan Maclaine of Lochbuie MacLaren MacLea (Livingstone) Maclean MacLennan MacLeod MacLeod of Lewis MacMillan Macnab Macnaghten MacNeacail MacNeil Macpherson MacTavish MacThomas Maitland Makgill Malcolm (MacCallum) Mar Marjoribanks Matheson Menzies Moffat Moncreiffe Montgomery Morrison Munro Murray Napier Nesbitt Nicolson Ogilvy Oliphant Primrose Ramsay Rattray Riddell Robertson Rollo Rose Ross Ruthven Sandilands Scott Scrymgeour Sempill Shaw Sinclair Skene Stirling Strange Stuart of Bute Sutherland Swinton Trotter Urquhart Wallace Wedderburn Wemyss Wood

Armigerous clans

Abercromby Abernethy Adair Adam Aikenhead Ainslie Aiton Allardice Anderson Armstrong Arnott Auchinleck Baillie Baird Balfour Bannatyne Baxter Bell Belshes Bethune Beveridge Binning Bissett Blackadder Blackstock Blair Blane Blyth Boswell Brisbane Buchanan Butter Byres Cairns Calder Caldwell Callender Campbell of Breadalbane Campbell of Cawdor Carruthers Cheyne Chalmers Clelland Clephane Cockburn Congilton Craig Crawford Crosbie Dalmahoy Dalrymple Dalzell Dennistoun Don Douglas Duncan Dunlop Edmonstone Fairlie Falconer Fenton Fleming Fletcher Forrester Fotheringham Fullarton Galbraith Galloway Gardyne Gartshore Gayre Ged Gibsone Gladstains Glas Glen Glendinning Gray Haliburton Halkerston Halket Hepburn Heron Herries Hogg Hopkirk Horsburgh Houston Hutton Inglis Innes Kelly Kinloch Kinnaird Kinnear Kinninmont Kirkcaldy Kirkpatrick Laing Lammie Langlands Learmonth Little Logan Logie Lundin Lyle MacAlpin(e) MacAulay Macbrayne MacDuff MacEwen MacFarlane Macfie MacGillivray MacInnes MacIver Mackie MacLellan Macquarrie Macqueen Macrae Masterton Maule Maxton Maxwell McCorquodale McCulloch McKerrell Meldrum Melville Mercer Middleton Moncur Monteith Monypenny Mouat Moubray Mow Muir Nairn Nevoy Newlands Newton Norvel Ochterlony Orrock Paisley Paterson Pennycook Pentland Peter Pitblado Pitcairn Pollock Polwarth Porterfield Preston Pringle Purves Rait Ralston Renton Roberton Rossie Russell Rutherford Schaw Seton Skirving Somerville Spalding Spens Spottiswood Stewart Stewart of Appin Stirling Strachan Straiton Sydserf Symmers Tailyour Tait Tennant Troup Turnbull Tweedie Udny Vans Walkinshaw Wardlaw Watson Wauchope Weir Whitefoord Whitelaw Wishart Young

Culture and society

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