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1689 (MDCLXXXIX ) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar , the 1689th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 689th year of the 2nd millennium
2nd millennium
, the 89th year of the 17th century
17th century
, and the 10th and last year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1689, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–June * 1.2 July–December * 1.3 Date unknown

* 2 Births * 3 Deaths * 4 References

EVENTS

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 11 (January 22 O.S. ) – Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
in England : The Convention Parliament is convened to determine if King James II of England , the last Roman Catholic British monarch, vacated the throne when he fled to France, at the end of 1688
1688
. The settlement of this is agreed on 8 February . * February 13 (O.S.) – William III and Mary II are proclaimed co-rulers of England , Scotland and Ireland . * March 2 – Nine Years\' War : As French forces leave, they set fire to Heidelberg Castle
Heidelberg Castle
, and the nearby town of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
. * March 22 (March 12 O.S.) - Start of the Williamite
Williamite
War in Ireland : The deposed James II of England
James II of England
lands with 6,000 French soldiers in Ireland, where there is a Catholic majority, hoping to use it as the base for a counter-coup. However, many Irish Catholics see him as an agent of Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
, and refuse to support him. * March 27 Japanese haiku master Bashō sets out on his last great voyage, which will result in the prose and verse classic Oku no Hosomichi ("Narrow Road to the Interior"). * April 11 (O.S.) – William III and Mary II are crowned in London as King and Queen of England , Scotland and Ireland . Ireland does not recognise them yet, while the Estates of Scotland
Estates of Scotland
declare King James VII of Scotland deposed.

* April 18

* Boston
Boston
revolt : Unpopular New England
New England
Governor Sir Edmund Andros and other officials are overthrown by a "mob" of Bostonians . Andros, an appointee of James II of England
James II of England
, is disliked for his support of the Church of England
Church of England
, and revocation of various colonial charters. * Williamite
Williamite
War in Ireland: Siege of Derry
Siege of Derry
: James II arrives at the gates of Derry
Derry
and asks for its surrender, which is refused by the Protestant
Protestant
defenders.

* May 11 (May 1 O.S.) - Williamite War in Ireland
Williamite War in Ireland
– Battle of Bantry Bay : The French fleet under the Marquis de Châteaurenault is able to protect its transports, unloading supplies for James II, from the English Royal Navy
Royal Navy
under the Earl of Torrington , and withdraws unpursued. * May 12 – Nine Years\' War : With England and the Netherlands now both ruled by William III , they join the Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg) , thus escalating the conflict, which continues until 1697 . This is also the effective beginning of King William\'s War , the first of four North American Wars (until 1763
1763
) between English and French colonists, both sides allied to Native American tribes. The nature of the fighting is a series of raids on each other's settlements, across the Canadian and New England
New England
borders. * May 24 – The Bill of Rights establishes constitutional monarchy in England, but with Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
barred from the throne. Parliament also passes the Act of Toleration , protecting Protestants but with Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
intentionally excluded. This effectively concludes the Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
. * May 25 – The last hearth tax is collected in England and Wales
England and Wales
. * May 31 – Leisler\'s Rebellion : Calvinist
Calvinist
Jacob Leisler deposes lieutenant governor Francis Nicholson and assumes control of the Province of New York
Province of New York
.

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 25 – The Council of Wales and the Marches
Council of Wales and the Marches
is abolished. * July 27 First Jacobite rising Battle of Killiecrankie near Pitlochry
Pitlochry
in Perthshire
Perthshire
: Scottish Covenanter
Covenanter
supporters of William III and Mary II (under Hugh Mackay ) are defeated by Jacobite supporters of James II, but the latter's leader, John Graham, Viscount Dundee , is killed. Hand grenades are used in action. * July 28 – English sailors break through a floating boom across the River Foyle
River Foyle
, to end the Siege of Derry
Siege of Derry
after 105 days. * August 2 Boston
Boston
Revolt : Edmund Andros
Edmund Andros
, former governor of the Dominion of New England
Dominion of New England
, escapes from Boston
Boston
to Connecticut
Connecticut
, but is recaptured. * August 5 – A force of 1,500 Iroquois
Iroquois
attacks the village of Lachine , New France
New France
. * August 12 – Innocent XI (Benedetto Odescalchi; 1611–1689), Pope since 1676 , dies. A man of integrity who has been described as the greatest Pope of the 17th century, he played a major part in founding both the League of Augsburg, against Louis XIV, and the Holy League, against the Ottoman Empire. * August 20 – A large Williamite
Williamite
force under Marshal Schomberg begins the Siege of Carrickfergus , which surrenders on August 27. * August 21 First Jacobite rising Battle of Dunkeld
Battle of Dunkeld
: Covenanters defeat the Jacobites in Scotland. * August 27 – China and Russia sign the Treaty of Nerchinsk . * October 6 Pope Alexander VIII succeeds Pope Innocent XI
Pope Innocent XI
, to become the 241st pope. * November 22 Peter the Great
Peter the Great
decrees the construction of the Great Siberian Road
Great Siberian Road
to China. * December 16 – Convention Parliament - The English Bill of Rights is officially declared in force.

DATE UNKNOWN

* Peter the Great
Peter the Great
plots to overthrow his half-sister Sophia , as regent of Russia. * Supporters of William of Orange seize Liverpool Castle . * The English East India Company
East India Company
expands its influence, with the establishment of administrative districts called presidencies in the Indian provinces of Bengal , Madras and Bombay , the effective beginning of the company's long rule in India. * Valvasor 's The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola is printed in Nuremberg
Nuremberg
.

BIRTHS

Montesquieu
Montesquieu
John V of Portugal

* January 18 Montesquieu
Montesquieu
, French writer (d. 1755
1755
) * February 3 Blas de Lezo , admiral of the Spanish Empire * April 2 Arthur Dobbs
Arthur Dobbs
, Irish politician and governor of the Province of North Carolina (d. 1765 ) * May 24 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea , English lawyer (d. 1769 ) * May 26 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
, English writer (d. 1762
1762
) * June 26 Edward Holyoke , American President of Harvard University (d. 1769 ) * July 9 Alexis Piron , French writer (d. 1773
1773
) * August 19 Samuel Richardson
Samuel Richardson
, English writer (d. 1761 ) * October 22 – King John V of Portugal (d. 1750 ) * December 23 Joseph Bodin de Boismortier , French composer (d. 1755
1755
)

DEATHS

Christina, Queen of Sweden
Christina, Queen of Sweden
Thomas Sydenham
Thomas Sydenham

* January 6 – Bishop Seth Ward , English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617 ) * January 9 Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 4th Baronet , English politician (b. 1632 ) * January 18 – Ernest Günther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg , Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (b. 1609 )

* January 27

* Robert Aske , merchant in the City of London (b. 1619
1619
) * Sir Henry Beaumont, 2nd Baronet , English politician (b. 1638 )

* February 12 – Marie Louise of Orléans (b. 1662 ) * February 13 Carlo Pio di Savoia , Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1622 ) * February 22 Willem Ogier , Flemish playwright (b. 1618 ) * February 24 Elsa Elisabeth Brahe , Swedish countess and duchess (b. 1632 ) * March 10 – Philip Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg (b. 1620
1620
) * March 18 John Dixwell , English judge (b. 1607
1607
) * March 30 Kazimierz Łyszczyński , Polish philosopher (b. 1634 ) * April 14 Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria
Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria
, youngest surviving daughter of Ferdinand III (b. 1654 ) * April 16 Aphra Behn
Aphra Behn
, English author (b. 1640
1640
) * April 18 George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys
George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys
, British Lord Chief Justice (b. 1648 ) * April 19 Christina, Queen of Sweden
Christina, Queen of Sweden
(b. 1626
1626
) * April 22 Thomas Proby , English politician (b. 1632 ) * May 12 Sir John Reresby, 2nd Baronet , English politician and diarist (b. 1634
1634
) * May 14 Sambhaji
Sambhaji
, High Protector of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
(b. 1657 ) * May 15 Jean Paul Médaille , French Jesuit missionary (b. 1618 ) * June 8 Decio Azzolino , Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1623 ) * June 20 – Richard Sherlock , English priest (b. 1612
1612
) * June 25 – William Thomas , Welsh Anglican bishop (b. 1613
1613
) * June 27 Richard Waldron , colonial settler, acting President of the Province of New Hampshire (b. 1615
1615
) * June 28 Thomas Mainwaring , English politician (b. 1623 ) * July 7 Princess Louise of Savoy
Princess Louise of Savoy
, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden (b. 1627 ) * July 8 Edward Wooster , English Connecticut
Connecticut
pioneer (b. 1622 ) * July 27 John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee , Scottish general (b. 1648 ) * August 6 – Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , Prussian royal consort (b. 1636
1636
) * August 9 Dionisio Lazzari , Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1617 ) * August 12 Pope Innocent XI
Pope Innocent XI
(b. 1611 ) * August 13 – Count Maximilian I, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (b. 1636
1636
) * August 21 William Cleland , Scottish poet and soldier (b. c. 1661 ) * August 28 Claude-Jean Allouez , French Jesuit missionary and explorer of North America (b. 1622 ) * September 10 John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse of England (b. 1614
1614
) * September 26 – August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (b. 1652 ) * September 30 Julius Francis, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg , Bohemian noble (b. 1641 ) * October 4 Quirinus Kuhlmann , German Baroque poet and mystic (b. 1651
1651
) * October 13 George Ent , English scientist (b. 1604 ) * October 15 Sir Edward Dering, 3rd Baronet , English politician (b. 1650
1650
) * October 24 Adolph John I, Count Palatine of Kleeburg
Adolph John I, Count Palatine of Kleeburg
, Swedish prince (b. 1629
1629
) * November 13 Philipp von Zesen , German poet (b. 1619
1619
) * November 20 Samuel Peterson , American city founder (b. 1639 ) * November 26 Marquard Gude , German archaeologist (b. 1635 ) * December 6 Pjetër Bogdani
Pjetër Bogdani
, Albanian priest and writer (b. c. 1630
1630
) * December 16 Cornelis Geelvinck , Dutch mayor (b. 1621 ) * December 29 Thomas Sydenham
Thomas Sydenham
, English physician (b. 1624
1624
)

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Kenyon, J. P. (1978). Stuart England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-022076-3 . * ^ Miller, John (2000). James II. Yale English monarchs (3rd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 222–227. ISBN 0-300-08728-4 . * ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0 . * ^ "The Siege of Derry
Siege of Derry
in Ulster Protestant
Protestant
mythology". Cruithni. 2001-12-31. Retrieved 2012-07-16. * ^ Lynn, John A. (1999). The Wars of Louis XIV, 1667–1714. Harlow: Longman. p. 203. ISBN 0-582-05629-2 . * ^ "Parades and Marches - Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 2010-01-28. * ^ "Liverpool Castle". Mike Royden's Local History Pages. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved 201

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