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Cladh Hallan
Cladh Hallan
(Scottish Gaelic: Cladh Hàlainn, Scottish Gaelic pronunciation: [kʰl̪ˠɤɣ ˈhaːl̪ˠɪɲ]) is an archaeological site on the island of South Uist
South Uist
in the Outer Hebrides in Scotland. It is significant as the only place in Great Britain where prehistoric mummies have been found.[1] Excavations were carried out there between 1988 and 2002, indicating the site was occupied from 2000 BC.[2]

Composition of the male mummy: blue: male c. 1600 BC yellow: male c. 1500-1400 BC red: male c. 1440-1360 BC

In 2001, a team of archaeologists found four skeletons at the site, one of them a male who had died c. 1600 BC, and another a female who had died c. 1300 BC. (about the same time as King Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun
of Egypt). At first the researchers did not realise they were dealing with mummies, since the soft tissue had decomposed and the skeletons had been buried. But tests revealed that both bodies had not been buried until about 1120 BC, and that the bodies had been preserved shortly after death in a peat bog for 6 to 18 months. The preserved bodies were then apparently retrieved from the bog and set up inside a dwelling, presumably having religious significance. Archaeologists do not know why the bodies were buried centuries later. The Cladh Hallan skeletons differ from most bog bodies in two respects: unlike most bog bodies, they appear to have been put in the bog for the express purpose of preservation (whereas most bog bodies were simply interred in the bog), and unlike most bog bodies, their soft tissue was no longer preserved at the time of discovery.

Contents

1 Analysis 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External links

Analysis[edit]

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (January 2017)

The skeletons and other finds are being analysed in laboratories in Scotland, England
England
and Wales. Following the provisions of the Treasure Trove Act, all the finds from Cladh Hallan, including the skeletons, will be allocated to a Scottish museum
Scottish museum
after the lengthy process of analysis and reporting is completed. According to recent anthropological and DNA-analysis the skeletons of a female and a male were compiled from body parts of at least 6 different human individuals.[3] References[edit]

^ "Mummification in Bronze Age Britain" BBC History. Retrieved 11 February 2008. ^ "The Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Village at Cladh Hallan". University of Sheffield. Retrieved 21 Feb 2008. ^ Kaufman, Rachel (2012-07-06). ""Frankenstein" Bog
Bog
Mummies Discovered in Scotland; Two ancient bodies made from six people, new study reveals". National Geographic. Retrieved 2012-07-09. 

Further reading[edit]

Parker Pearson, Michael; et al. (2004). South Uist: Archaeology
Archaeology
and History of a Hebridean Island. Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-2905-1. 

External links[edit]

grid reference NF7308121962 South Uist, Cladh Hallan
Cladh Hallan
Roundhouses Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland

v t e

Bog
Bog
body

Bog
Bog
bodies

Lindow Man Lindow Woman Tollund Man Grauballe Man Haraldskær Woman Windeby I Borremose bodies Clonycavan Man Old Croghan Man Yde Girl Osterby Man Girl of the Uchter Moor Cashel Man Damendorf Man Elling Woman Amcotts Moor Woman Kayhausen Boy Bocksten Man Koelbjerg Man (formerly woman) Gunnister Man Stoneyisland Man Weerdinge Men

Archaeological sites

Cladh Hallan Wittmoor bog trackway Thorsberg moor Nydam Mose Bourtange moor Falbygden Windover archaeological site Little Salt Spring Lindow Moss Chat Moss

See also

Bog
Bog
body List of bog bodies Bog
Bog
butter Wetland deposits in Scandinavia Gundestrup cauldron Ralaghan Man The Bog
Bog
People Peter Glob Mummy Ritual sacrifice

v t e

Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Western Isles

Callanish Sites

Callanish 1 Callanish II Callanish III Callanish IV Callanish VIII Callanish X

Other Neolithic Sites

Barpa Langass Carinish Clach an Trushal Eilean Dòmhnuill Fir Bhreige Pobull Fhinn Steinacleit St Kilda

Bronze and Iron Age Sites

Allasdale Cladh Hallan Dun an Sticir Dun Bharabhat Dun Carloway Dùn Èistean Dun Vulan

Coordinates: 57°10′16″N 7°24′27″W / 57.17116°N 7.40759°W /

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