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Executive:

Prime Minister Union Council of Ministers Cabinet Secretary Secretaries: (Defence • Finance • Foreign • Home) Civil services All India
India
Services (IAS • IFS/IFoS • IPS)

Parliament:

Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
(Chairman) Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(Speaker)

Judiciary:

Supreme Court (Chief Justice) High courts District Courts

Elections Election Commission:

Chief Election Commissioner (Election commissioners)

General elections: 2009 2014 2019

State elections: 2017 2018 2019

Political parties

National parties State parties

National coalitions:

National Democratic Alliance (NDA) United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA)

Federalism

Administrative divisions

State governments

Governor Chief minister Chief secretary (Principal secretaries)

Legislatures:

Vidhan Sabha Vidhan Parishad

Local governments:

Divisional commissioners District magistrates Sub-divisional magistrates

Rural bodies:

District councils Block panchayats Gram Panchayats

Urban bodies:

Municipal corporations Municipal councils Nagar panchayats

Other countries Atlas

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The Civil Services refer to the civil services, the permanent executive branch of the Republic of India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.[1][2] In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But a handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy. The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants. The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of India
India
and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action. Civil servants are employees of the Government of India
India
or of the states; however, not all employees of the Government are civil servants. Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List. Senior civil servants may be called to account by Parliament. As of year 2010, there were total 6.4 million government employees in India, and less than 50,000 civil servants to administer them.[3] The civil service system in India
India
is rank-based and does not follow the tenets of the position-based civil services.[2] In 2015, the Government of India
India
approved the formation of Indian Skill Development Service.[4][5] Further, in 2016, the Government of India
India
approved the formation of Indian Enterprise Development Service.[6]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Modern era

1.1.1 Constitutional provision for All- India
India
Services

2 Power, purpose and responsibilities 3 Governance

3.1 Head of the Civil Services

4 Values and codes

4.1 Values 4.2 Codes

5 Construction

5.1 All India
India
Services 5.2 Central Services (Group A) 5.3 Central Services (Group B) 5.4 State Services (Group A) 5.5 State Services (Group B)

6 Concerns and Reforms

6.1 Civil Services Day

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

9.1 Official 9.2 All India
India
Civil Services 9.3 Central Civil Services 9.4 Others

History[edit] Main articles: Civil Service in early India, Aitchison Commission, Royal Commission on the Public Services in India, and Imperial Secretariat Service See also: Imperial Civil Service

“ If a responsible government is to be established in India, there will be a far greater need than is even dreamt of at present for persons to take part in public affairs in the legislative assemblies and elsewhere and for this reason the more Indians we can employ in the public service the better. Moreover, it would lessen the burden of Imperial responsibilities if a body of capable Indian administrators could be produced.. ”

— Regarding the importance of Indianising Civil Services, Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms[7]

Warren Hastings
Warren Hastings
laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as the 'Father of Civil Service in India'. He introduced Covenanted Civil Services (Higher Civil Services) and Uncovenanted Civil Services (Lower Civil Services). The present civil services of India
India
is mainly based on the pattern of the former Indian Civil Service of British India. The civil services were divided into two categories - covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., English personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government. The uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower rung of the administration.[8][9] With the passing of the Government of India
India
Act 1919, the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, were split into two – All India
India
Services and Central Services.[10] The All India
India
and Central Services (Group A) were designated as Central Superior Services
Central Superior Services
as early as 1924.[11] From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India
India
consisted of 10 All India
India
Services and 5 central departments, all under the control of Secretary of State for India, and 3 central departments under joint Provincial and Imperial Control.[11] Modern era[edit] The present modern civil service was formed after the partition of India
India
in 1947. It was Sardar Patel's vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.[citation needed] By the early 21st century, Indian civil servants have been colloquially called "babus",[12] while Indian bureaucracy is called "babudom", as in the "rule of babus", especially in Indian media.[13][14][15] Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions located in New Delhi is "unofficially the Ministry of Civil Services" in India. The Ministry is responsible for training, reforms and pension for the civil service system in India. Constitutional provision for All- India
India
Services[edit] The constitution under Article 312[16] provides for All India
India
Civil Services branches to be set up by giving the power to the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) to resolve by a two-thirds majority to establish new all- India
India
services. The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
and Indian Forest Service are set up under this constitutional provision.[17] Power, purpose and responsibilities[edit]

An Indian diplomatic passport and an official passport which is generally issued to civil servants. As opposed to the deep blue passport issued to ordinary Indian citizens, the diplomatic passport is maroon coloured with the golden text 'Diplomatic Passport' printed on it, and the Hindi
Hindi
equivalent.

The responsibility of the civil services is to run the administration of India. The country is managed through a number of Central Government agencies in accordance with the policy directions given by the ministries. The members of the civil services are represented as administrators in the central government and state government; emissaries in the foreign missions/embassies; as tax collectors and revenue commissioners; as civil service commissioned police officers; as permanent representative(s) and employees in the United Nations
United Nations
and its agencies and as Chairman, Managing Director, full-time functional Director/Member of the Board of Management of various Public Sector Undertakings/ Enterprises, Corporations, Banks and financial institutions. Civil servants are employed to various agencies of India and can also be appointed as advisors or special duty officers or private secretaries to ministers of the Union and the State Government.[18][19] All appointments in the rank of Joint Secretary to Government of India and above, other major appointments, empanelment and extension of tenure is done by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. However, all appointments in the ranks below Joint Secretary in the federal government are done by the Civil Services Board. Civil servants are the actual laws and policies' makers in the country. They work on behalf of the elected government and cannot publicly show their disinterest or disapproval for the elected government. It is mandatory for them to form certain rules and policies according to the government's views and interests, but additionally they cannot be removed by any state or central government, but can only be retired. Governance[edit] Head of the Civil Services[edit] Main article: Cabinet Secretary of India The highest ranking civil servant is the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board; the chief of the Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India. He also holds the 11th position in the Order of Precedence of India. The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment. Values and codes[edit] Values[edit] A member of the civil service in discharge of his/her functions is to be guided by maintaining absolute integrity, allegiance to the constitution and the law of the nation, patriotism, national pride, devotion to duty, honesty, impartiality and transparency.[20] Codes[edit] The Government of India
India
promotes values and a certain standard of ethics of requiring and facilitating every civil servant:[20]

To discharge official duty with responsibility, honesty, accountability and without discrimination. To ensure effective management, leadership development and personal growth. To avoid misuse of official position or information. To serve as instruments of good governance and foster social economic development.

Construction[edit] The Higher Civil Services of India
India
can be classified into two types - the All India
India
Services and the Central Civil Services (Group A). The recruits are university graduates (or above) selected through a rigorous system of examinations: Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I.E.S./I.S.S. Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for Group A posts. All India
India
Services[edit] All appointments to All India
India
Civil Services are made by the President of India.

Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAS) Indian Forest Service
Indian Forest Service
(IFoS) Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
(IPS)

Central Services (Group A)[edit] The Central Civil Services (Group A) are concerned with the administration of the Union Government.[21] All appointments to Central Civil Services (Group A) are made by the President of India.

Archaeological Service, Group 'A'. Botanical Survey of India, Group 'A'. Central Architects Service, Group 'A'. Central Engineering (Civil) Group 'A' Service. Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Group 'A' Service. Central Health Service, Group 'A'. Central Revenues Chemical Service, Group 'A'. Central Secretariat Service-

(a) Selection Grade (b) Grade I.

General Central Service, Group 'A'. Geological Survey of India, Group 'A'. Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group 'A'. Indian Civil Accounts Service. Indian Defence Accounts Service Indian Foreign Service, Group 'A'. Indian Meteorological Service, Group 'A'. Indian Postal Service, Group 'A'. Indian Posts and Telegraphs Traffic Service, Group 'A'. Indian Revenue Service
Indian Revenue Service
-

(a) Customs Branch (Indian Customs Service, Group 'A') (b) Central Excise Branch (Central Excise Service, Group 'A') (c) Income Tax Branch (Income Tax Service, Group 'A')

Indian Salt Service, Group 'A'. Mercantile Marine Training Ship Service, Group 'A'. Directorate General of Mines Safety, Group 'A'. Overseas Communications Service, Group 'A'. Survey of India, Group 'A'. Indian Telecommunication Service, Group 'A'. Zoological Survey of India, Group 'A'.

Indian Frontier Administrative Service, Group 'A'-

(a) Grade I (b) Grade II

Central Legal Service (Grades I, II, III and IV) Railway Inspectorate Service, Group 'A' Indian Foreign Service, Branch (B) (erstwhile)-

(a) General Cadre, Grade I (b) General Cadre, Grade II

Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service, Grade I. Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service, Grade I. Indian Inspection Service, Group 'A' Indian Supply Service, Group 'A' Central Information Service-

(a) Selection Grade (b) Senior Administrative Grade (c) Junior Administrative Grade (d) Grade I (e) Grade II

Indian Statistical Service Indian Economic Service Telegraph Traffic Service, Group 'A' Central Water Engineering Service, Group 'A' Central Power Engineering Service, Group 'A' Company Law Board Service Labour Officers of the Central Pool, Group 'A' Central Engineering Service (Roads), Group 'A' Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Group 'A' Indian Broadcasting (Engineers) Service Central Trade Service, Group 'A' Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services (Group 'A') Central Secretariat Official Language Service (Group 'A')

Central Services (Group B)[edit] For Group B posts, the Combined Graduate Level Examination (CGLE) is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC).[a][22] All appointments to Group B are made by the authorities specified by a general or special order of the President.

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services Botanical Survey of India, Group 'B' Central Electrical Engineering Service, Group 'B' Central Engineering Service, Group 'B' Central Excise Service, Group ‘B’ Central Health Service, Group ‘B’ Central Power Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ Central Secretariat Official Language Service, Group ‘B’ Central Secretariat Service, Group 'B' (Section and Assistant Section Grade officers only) Central Secretariat Stenographers’ Service, (Grade I, Grade II and Selection Grade officers only) Customs Appraisers Service, Group ‘B’- (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers) Customs Preventive Service, Group ‘B’ – (Chief Inspectors) Defence Secretariat Service DANICS, Grade II DANIPS, Grade II Geological Survey of India, Group 'B' Indian Foreign Service, Group ‘B’ - (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only) Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Group ‘B’ Telecommunication Wing. Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing, Group ‘B’ Income Tax Service, Group ‘B’ Indian Salt Service, Group ‘B’ India
India
Meteorological Service, Group ‘B' Survey of India, Group 'B' Postal Superintendents’ Service, Group ‘B’ Postmasters’ Service, Group ‘B’ Railway Board Secretariat Service, Group ‘B’ Telecommunication Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ Telegraphs Traffic Service, Group ‘B Zoological Survey of India, Group 'B'

State Services (Group A)[edit] The State Civil Services examinations and recruitment are conducted by the individual states public service commissions in India. These services are feeder services of All India
India
Services. All appointments to State Services (Group A) are made by the Governors of States. All state civil and Administrative services in India
India
above the rank of Deputy Collector are group A service. The officers of following services are later promoted to IAS.

Andhra Pradesh State Civil Service (Executive Branch) Arunachal Pradesh Civil Service-Executive Branch (APCS) officer promoted to IAS. Assam Civil Service (ACS) Bihar Administrative Service (BAS) Goa Civil Service (GCS) State Administrative Service (SAS) State Civil Service (SCS) Gujarat Administrative Service (GAS) Haryana Civil Service (HCS) Himachal Pradesh Administrative Service (HPAS) Jharkhand Administrative Service (JAS) Kashmir Administrative Service (KAS) Karnataka Administrative Service (KAS)

Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Manipur Civil Service (MCS) Mizoram Civil Service (MCS) Meghalaya Civil Service (MCS) Nagaland Civil Service (NCS) Odisha Administrative Service (OAS) Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh) Punjab Civil Service (PCS) Rajasthan Administrative Service (RAS) Sikkim Civil Service (SCS) Telangana Civil Service-Executive Branch (TCS) Tamil Nadu Civil Service
Tamil Nadu Civil Service
(TNCS) West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS)

All state police services above the rank of Deputy SP are group A service. The officers of following services are later promoted to IPS.

Andhra Pradesh State Police Service (APPS) Arunachal Pradesh Police Service (APPS) Assam Police Service (APS) Bihar Police Service (BPS) Goa Police Service (GPS) State Police Service (SPS) State Police Service (SPS) Gujarat Police Service (GPS) Haryana Police Service (HPS) Himachal Pradesh Police Service (HPPS) Jharkhand Police Service (JPS) Kashmir Police Service (KPS) Karnataka Police Service (KPS)

Kerala Police Service (KPS) Manipur Police Service (MPS) Mizoram Police Service (MPS) Meghalaya Police Service (MPS) Nagaland Police Service (NPS) Odisha Police Service (OPS) Provincial Police Service (PPS) Punjab Police Service (PPS) Rajasthan Police Service (RPS) Sikkim Police Service (SPS) Telangana Police Service (TPS) Tamil Nadu Police Service (TNPS) West Bengal Police Service (WBPS)

All state judicial services above the rank of Judicial Magistrate are group A service. The officers of following services are later promoted as judges in High Courts.

Higher Judicial Service (HJS) Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Branch (PCS-J)

State Services (Group B)[edit] The state civil services (Group B) deal with subjects such as land revenue, agriculture, forests, education etc. The officers are recruited by different States through the respective State Public Service Commissions, and appointed by the Governor of that state.

Assistant Registrar Cooperative Societies Block Development Officer District Employment Officer District Food and Supplies Controller/Officer District Treasury Officer District Welfare Officer Excise and Taxation Officer Tehsildar/Talukadar/Assistant Collector

Any other Class-I/Class-II service notified as per rules by the concerned State, i.e. officers, lecturers, assistants, associate professors, or principals of Government Degree Colleges, Class I

Concerns and Reforms[edit] Main article: Civil service
Civil service
reform in developing countries

“ The IAS is hamstrung by political interference, outdated personnel procedures, and a mixed record on policy implementation, and it is in need of urgent reform. The Indian government should reshape recruitment and promotion processes, improve performance-based assessment of individual officers, and adopt safeguards that promote accountability while protecting bureaucrats from political meddling. ”

— The Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
Meets Big Data, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace[23][24]

As of 2011, in a duration of past three years over 450 chargesheets have been filed and a total of 943 cases are at different stages of investigation by CBI against civil servants.[25][26]

“ We estimate that if India
India
were to pursue civil service reforms and reach the Asian average on government effectiveness, it could add 0.9 percentage points annually to per capita GDP... Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance. ”

—  Goldman Sachs report[27]

A study by the Hong Kong-based Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, released in 2012, ranked and rated Indian bureaucracy as the worst in Asia
Asia
with a 9.21 rating out of 10. According to the study, India's inefficient and corrupt bureaucracy was responsible for most of the complaints that business executive have about the country.[28][29][30] A paper prepared in 2012 by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions states that corruption is prevalent at all levels in civil services and it is institutionalised.[31][32] On 28 November 2011, the Department of Personnel and Training (DOPT) of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions created a proposal to retire and remove incompetent, inefficient and unproductive All India
India
Service officers after 15 years of service, instead of tolerating them until their retirement. Former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian welcomed this move with caution, saying, "Periodical weeding out is very good. But the process to determine who needs to be prematurely retired should be fair and transparent. There is a possibility that even good officers may be targeted because of political reasons,". Former UPSC chairman PC Hota echoed his sentiments remarking that, "We need drastic remedies. The situation has become terrible. The other day an officer in Delhi was arrested for disproportionate assets of Rs.31.5 million. She is just a 2000-batch IAS officer with 11 years of service. But at the same time, the officers' service records should be analysed before a decision against him was taken".[33][34][35] The proposal has been accepted and rule 16(3) of the All India
India
Services (death-cum-retirement benefits) Rules of 1958 was amended on 31 January 2012.[33][35][36] In October 2013, the Supreme Court of India, in the case of TSR Subramanian & Ors vs Union of India
India
& Ors [37] ordered both Government of India
India
and State governments to ensure fixed tenure to civil servants. The court asked senior bureaucrats to write down the oral instructions from politicians so that a record would be kept of all the decisions. This judgement was seen on the similar lines of the Supreme Court's 2006 judgement in Prakash Singh case on police reforms.[38][39] The judgement was welcomed by various bureaucrats and the media who hoped that it will help in giving freedom and independence to the functioning of bureaucracy.[40][41]

"Much of the deterioration in the functioning of bureaucracy is due to political interference."

Justice KS Radhakrishnan and Justice PC Ghose, Supreme Court of India[40]

In 2016, the Ministry of Finance for the first time, dismissed 72 and prematurely retired another 33 Indian Revenue Service
Indian Revenue Service
officers for non-performance and on disciplinary grounds.[42][43][44][45][46] In 2016, it was reported that Government of India
India
has decided to empower common man to seek prosecution of corrupt IAS officers.[47] Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (DOPT) has accepted to receive requests from private persons seeking sanction for prosecution in respect of IAS officers without any proper proposal and supporting documents. [47] Civil Services Day[edit] The Civil Service Day is celebrated on 21 April every year.[48] The purpose for this day is to rededicate and recommit themselves to the cause of the people. It is observed by all Civil Services. This day gives civil servants the opportunity for introspection and thinking about future strategies to deal with the challenges being posed by the changing times.[49] On this occasion, all officers of Central and State Governments are honoured for excellence in public administration by the Prime Minister of India. The 'Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration' is presented in three categories. Under this scheme of awards instituted in 2006, all the officers individually or as group or as organisation are eligible.[49] The award includes a medal, scroll and a cash amount of ₹100,000 (US$1,500). In case of a group, the total award money is ₹500,000 (US$7,700) subject to a maximum of ₹100,000 (US$1,500) per person. For an organisation the cash amount is limited to ₹500,000 (US$7,700).[49] See also[edit]

Order of Precedence of India

References[edit]

^ Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (8 June 2011). "The civil service system". New Delhi: Government of India. Retrieved 11 October 2011.  ^ a b United Nations
United Nations
Public Administration Network. "National Civil Service System in India : A Critical View" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 21 July 2014.  ^ Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (8 June 2010). "The year 2010 Civil Services Report: A Survey" (PDF). New Delhi: Government of India. Retrieved 10 February 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Government nod to raise new Group-A civil service cadre". Retrieved 8 October 2011.  ^ "Govt approves formation of Indian Skill Development Service". Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ "Cabinet approves enterprise development cadre". Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ P. N., Chopra (2003). A Comprehensive History of India, Volume 3. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 9788120725065.  ^ Meghna Sabharwal, Evan M. Berman "Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan (Public Administration and Public Policy," (2013) ^ "Civil Service". The British Library. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ Goel, S.L. Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Deep and Deep Publications, 2008. ISBN 9788176293952.  ^ a b Maheshwari, Shriram. Problems and Issues in Administrative Federalism. Allied Publishers. ISBN 9788170233428.  ^ "Yet to start work, Natgrid CEO highest paid babu". The Times of India. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 2014-09-17.  ^ Anand Parthasarathy (1–14 September 2001). "A barbed look at babudom: Will the typically British humour of Yes Minister work if transplanted to an Indian setting? Viewers of a Hindi
Hindi
satellite channel have a chance to find out". Frontline, India's National Magazine from the publishers of The Hindu. Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
knows no bounds...  ^ "PM Modi tightens screws, gives babudom a new rush hour". The Times of India. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-17.  ^ "Babu". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 2014-09-17.  ^ "Constitution of India, Article 312".  ^ "Official Government website".  ^ "Consolidated Instructions to the appointment of personal staff to Union Ministers" (PDF). Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ "Why babus want to be private secys to ministers now". GovernanceNow.com. Retrieved 16 May 2015.  ^ a b Misra, P.K. (4 August 2010). "The Role of civil services in India
India
(Standard Note: DOPT/Government of India)" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 2011-08-27.  ^ http://dopt.gov.in/sites/default/files/SCHEDULE-1.pdf ^ http://dopt.gov.in/sites/default/files/SCHEDULE-2.pdf" Central Civil Service Group B - Government of India, 20 April 2020. ^ "The Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
Meets Big Data". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ "IAS Reforms: Cleaning Rust From the Frame". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ "453 IAS,and other civil servants chargesheeted in last 3 yrs". New Delhi: Indian Express. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.  ^ "Over 400 central officers booked in last 3 yrs". New Delhi: Zee News. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.  ^ "Merit-based civil service will boost growth". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  ^ "Indian bureaucrats worst in Asia, says PERC study". New Delhi: India
India
Today. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2012.  ^ "Indian bureaucracy rated worst in Asia". New Delhi: CNN-IBN. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ "Indian bureaucracy rates worst in Asia: 2012". New Delhi: Deccan Herald. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ Sharma, Aman (14 April 2012). "Federal Government paper admits corruption at all levels in civil services". New Delhi: India
India
Today. Retrieved 14 April 2012.  ^ "Background Paper for 2012 Civil Services Day: Discussions" (PDF). New Delhi: Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (India). 14 April 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.  ^ a b "Lazy and incompetent babus of the All India
India
Services to retire early". New Delhi: India
India
Today. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012.  ^ "Corruption taint may lead to compulsory retirement for babus". New Delhi: India
India
Today. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.  ^ a b "Proposal to retire incompetent officers after 15-year service". New Delhi: Rediff News. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012.  ^ "Govt of India
India
notification for amending Rule 16(3) of the All India Service (DCRB) Rules, 1958" (PDF). Govt of India. Retrieved 26 June 2012.  ^ "WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO(s). 82 OF 2011". Retrieved 31 October 2013.  ^ "Prakash Singh Case". Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ "SC asks states to file affidavit on police reforms". Hindustan Times. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012.  ^ a b "Supreme Court favours law to regulate transfer, posting of IAS officers". 31 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.  ^ "SC to bureaucrats: Don't take oral instructions from netas". The Times Of India. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.  ^ "For good governance, Finance Ministry fires 72 tax officers, retires 33 more". Business Standard. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ "Government takes strict action against defaulting/non performing tax officials/officers". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ "Absent for years, government sacks 11 IRS officers". The Indian Express. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "108 IRS officers under CBI probe for alleged corruption: Government". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "CBI seizes 2 crore in old currency from city residence of IRS officer". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ a b "Centre to empower common man to punish corrupt babus". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "Civil Services Day". New Delhi: Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2012.  ^ a b c "The Prime Minister's Awards for Excellence in Public Administration Award Scheme" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 

50.UPSC EXam 2018 freejobs-alert.com

^ The Schedule of Central Civil Services for Group 'B'. The complete list as per Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Govt. of India

External links[edit] Official[edit]

UPSC Union Public Service Commission, India 7th Pay Commission chief recommends 'One Rank, One Pension' for Govt employees by The Indian Express Prime Minister instructs DoPT for speedy empanelment of officers from all central services by The Times of India "Not only IAS, MHA opens doors for all services". The Week. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. 

All India
India
Civil Services[edit]

The All India
India
Services Conduct Rules of 1968

Central Civil Services[edit]

The Central Civil Services Conduct Rules of 1964 Central Secretariat Manual of Office Procedure 14th Edition by Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions

Others[edit]

Governance in India Civil Service Reform in India
India
- Problems and Reforms

v t e

Public Services of India

All India
India
Services

Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAS) Indian Forest Service
Indian Forest Service
(IFoS) Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
(IPS)

Central Services

Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS) Indian Civil Accounts Service
Indian Civil Accounts Service
(ICAS) Indian Corporate Law Service
Indian Corporate Law Service
(ICLS) Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) Indian Economic Service (IES) Indian Foreign Service
Indian Foreign Service
(IFS) Indian Information Service (IIS) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IPTAFS) Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) Indian Railway Personnel Service
Indian Railway Personnel Service
(IRPS) Indian Railway Traffic Service
Indian Railway Traffic Service
(IRTS) Indian Revenue Service
Indian Revenue Service
(IRS-IT / C&CE) Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS) Indian Trade Service (ITrS)

State Services

Karnataka Administrative Service (KAS) Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)
Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)
(PCS) Rajasthan Administrative Service (RAS) Tamil Nadu Civil Service
Tamil Nadu Civil Service
(TNCS) West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS) West Bengal Legal Service (WBLS)

Others

Civil Services of India State civil services of India

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Civil service

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Categories

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See also: Civil service
Civil service
reform in de

.