* President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers * Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India
Elections ELECTION COMMISSION :
* Chief Election Commissioner
* National parties * State parties
* National Democratic Alliance (NDA)
United Progressive Alliance
State Govt. and Local Govt.
* Governor * Chief Minister * Chief Secretary
STATE LEVEL :
* Rural Bodies
* Zilla panchayats * Mandal Or Taluka Panchayats * Gram Panchayats
* Urban Bodies
* Municipal Corporations * Municipal councils * Nagar Panchayats
* Other countries * Atlas
* v * t * e
The CIVIL SERVICES refer to the civil services , the permanent executive branch of the Republic of India . The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.
In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But a handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy.
The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants.
The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of
India and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from
politically motivated or vindictive action. Civil servants are
employees of the
Government of India
As of year 2010, there were total 6.4 million government employees in India, and less than 50,000 civil servants to administer them. The civil service system in India is rank-based and does not follow the tenets of the position-based civil services.
In 2015, the
Government of India
* 1 History
* 1.1 Modern era
* 1.1.1 Creation of new services
* 2 Power, purpose and responsibilities
* 3 Governance
* 3.1 Head of the Civil Services
* 4 Values and codes
* 4.1 Values * 4.2 Codes
* 5 Construction
* 5.1 All India Services (Group A) * 5.2 Central Services (Group A) * 5.3 Central Services (Group B) * 5.4 State Services (Group B)
* 6 Concerns and Reforms
* 6.1 Civil Services Day
* 7 See also * 8 References
* 9 External links
* 9.1 Official * 9.2 All India Civil Services * 9.3 Central Civil Services * 9.4 Others
“ If a responsible government is to be established in India, there will be a far greater need than is even dreamt of at present for persons to take part in public affairs in the legislative assemblies and elsewhere and for this reason the more Indians we can employ in the public service the better. Moreover, it would lessen the burden of Imperial responsibilities if a body of capable Indian administrators could be produced.. ”
— REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF INDIANISING CIVIL SERVICES, MONTAGU–CHELMSFORD REFORMS
Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as the 'Father of Civil Service in India'. He introduced Covenanted Civil Services (Higher Civil Services) and Uncovenanted Civil Services (Lower Civil Services).
The present civil services of India is mainly based on the pattern of
the former Indian Civil Service of
With the passing of the
Government of India
The All India and Central Services (Group A) were designated as CENTRAL SUPERIOR SERVICES as early as 1924. From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India consisted of 10 All India Services and 5 central departments, all under the control of Secretary of State for India, and 3 central departments under joint Provincial and Imperial Control.
The present modern civil service was formed after the partition of
India in 1947. It was
By the early 21st century, Indian civil servants have been colloquially called "babus ", while Indian bureaucracy is called "babudom", as in the "rule of babus", especially in Indian media.
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions located in New Delhi is "unofficially the Ministry of Civil Services" in India. The Ministry is responsible for training, reforms and pension for the civil service system in India.
Creation Of New Services
The constitution under Article 312 provides for All India Civil
Services branches to be set up by giving the power to the Rajya Sabha
(upper house of the Parliament of India) to resolve by a two-thirds
majority to establish new all-India services. The Indian
Indian Police Service
POWER, PURPOSE AND RESPONSIBILITIES
An Indian diplomatic passport and an official passport which is
generally issued to civil servants. As opposed to the deep blue
passport issued to ordinary Indian citizens, the diplomatic passport
is maroon coloured with the golden text 'Diplomatic Passport' printed
on it, and the
The responsibility of the civil services is to run the administration of India. The country is managed through a number of Central Government agencies in accordance with the policy directions given by the ministries.
The members of the civil services represent as administrators in the
central government and state government; emissaries in the foreign
missions/embassies; as tax collectors and revenue commissioners; as
civil service commissioned police officers; as permanent
representative(s) and employees in the
All appointments in the rank of Joint Secretary to Government of India and above, other major appointments, empanelment and extension of tenure is done by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet . However, all appointments in the rank below Joint Secretary in the federal government is done by the Civil Services Board.
HEAD OF THE CIVIL SERVICES
Main article: Cabinet Secretary of India
The highest ranking civil servant is the Cabinet Secretary. He is
ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board; the chief of the
Indian Administrative Service
The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment.
VALUES AND CODES
A member of the civil service in discharge of his/her functions is to be guided by maintaining absolute integrity, allegiance to the constitution and the law of the nation, patriotism, national pride, devotion to duty, honesty, impartiality and transparency.
Government of India
* To discharge official duty with responsibility, honesty, accountability and without discrimination. * To ensure effective management, leadership development and personal growth. * To avoid misuse of official position or information. * To serve as instruments of good governance and foster social economic development.
Civil Services of India
ALL INDIA SERVICES (GROUP A)
All appointments to All India Civil Services are made by the
President of India
CENTRAL SERVICES (GROUP A)
The Central Civil Services (Group A) are concerned with the
administration of the Union Government . All appointments to Central
Civil Services (Group A) are made by the
President of India
* Border Roads Engineering Service (BRES) * Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS) * Central Architects Service (CAS) * Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (CIVIL)) * Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M)) * Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (ROADS)) * Central Health Service (CHS) * Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) * Central Labour Service (CLS) * Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) * Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS) * Central Water Engineering Service (CWES) * Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service (DAQAS) * Defence Quality Assurance Service (DQAS) * Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) * Geological Survey of India Service (GSIS) * Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS) * Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) * Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS) * Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICOAS) * Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS) * Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) * Indian Defense Service of Engineers (IDSE) * Indian Economic Service (IES) * Indian Engineering Services (IES) * Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS) * Indian Foreign Service (IFS) * Indian Information Service (IIS) * Indian Inspection Service (IIS) * Indian Legal Service (ILS)
* Indian Meteorological Service (IMS)
Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
* Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS)
Indian Postal Service
* Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services * Botanical Survey of India, Group 'B' * Central Electrical Engineering Service, Group 'B' * Central Engineering Service, Group 'B' * Central Excise Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Health Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Power Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Secretariat Official Language Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Secretariat Service, Group 'B' (Section and Assistant Section Grade officers only) * Central Secretariat Stenographers’ Service, (Grade I, Grade II and Selection Grade officers only) * Customs Appraisers Service, Group ‘B’- (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers) * Customs Preventive Service, Group ‘B’ – (Chief Inspectors) * Defence Secretariat Service * DANICS * DANIPS * Geological Survey of India, Group 'B' * Indian Foreign Service, Group ‘B’ - (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only) * Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Group ‘B’ Telecommunication Wing. * Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing, Group ‘B’ * Income Tax Service, Group ‘B’ * Indian Salt Service, Group ‘B’ * India Meteorological Service, Group ‘B' * Survey of India, Group 'B' * Postal Superintendents’ Service, Group ‘B’ * Postmasters’ Service, Group ‘B’ * Railway Board Secretariat Service, Group ‘B’ * Telecommunication Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ * Telegraphs Traffic Service, Group ‘B * Zoological Survey of India, Group 'B'
STATE SERVICES (GROUP B)
The Provincial Civil Services (also known as State Civil Services) examinations and recruitment are conducted by the individual states of India. The state civil services deal with subjects such as land revenue, agriculture, forests, education etc. The officers are recruited by different States through the respective State Public Service Commissions, and appointed by the Governor of that state.
* Assistant Registrar Cooperative Societies * Block Development Officer * District Employment Officer * District Food and Supplies Controller/Officer * District Treasury Officer * District Welfare Officer * Excise and Taxation Officer * Provincial Civil Services, Class-II (PCS) * Provincial Police Services , Class-II (PPS) * Tehsildar/Talukadar/Assistant Collector
* Any other Class-I/Class-II service notified as per rules by the concerned State, i.e. officers, lecturers, assistants, associate professors, or principals of Government Degree Colleges, Class I
CONCERNS AND REFORMS
“ The IAS is hamstrung by political interference, outdated personnel procedures, and a mixed record on policy implementation, and it is in need of urgent reform. The Indian government should reshape recruitment and promotion processes, improve performance-based assessment of individual officers, and adopt safeguards that promote accountability while protecting bureaucrats from political meddling. ”
— THE INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE MEETS BIG DATA, CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE
As of 2011, in a duration of past three years over 450 chargesheets have been filed and a total of 943 cases are at different stages of investigation by CBI against civil servants.
“ We estimate that if India were to pursue civil service reforms and reach the Asian average on government effectiveness, it could add 0.9 percentage points annually to per capita GDP... Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance. ”
— GOLDMAN SACHS REPORT
A study by the Hong Kong-based Political and Economic Risk
Consultancy, released in 2012, ranked and rated Indian bureaucracy as
the worst in
On 28 November 2011, the Department of Personnel and Training (DOPT) of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions created a proposal to retire and remove incompetent, inefficient and unproductive All India Service officers after 15 years of service, instead of tolerating them until their retirement. Former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian welcomed this move with caution, saying, "Periodical weeding out is very good. But the process to determine who needs to be prematurely retired should be fair and transparent. There is a possibility that even good officers may be targeted because of political reasons,". Former UPSC chairman PC Hota echoed his sentiments remarking that, "We need drastic remedies. The situation has become terrible. The other day an officer in Delhi was arrested for disproportionate assets of Rs.31.5 million. She is just a 2000-batch IAS officer with 11 years of service. But at the same time, the officers' service records should be analysed before a decision against him was taken". The proposal has been accepted and rule 16(3) of the All India Services (death-cum-retirement benefits) Rules of 1958 was amended on 31 January 2012.
In October 2013, the
Supreme Court of India
In 2016, the Ministry of Finance for the first time, dismissed 72 and
prematurely retired another 33
Indian Revenue Service officers for
non-performance and on disciplinary grounds. In 2016, it was
Government of India
CIVIL SERVICES DAY
The Civil Service Day is celebrated on 21 April every year. The purpose for this day is to rededicate and recommit themselves to the cause of the people. It is observed by all Civil Services. This day gives civil servants the opportunity for introspection and thinking about future strategies to deal with the challenges being posed by the changing times.
On this occasion, all officers of Central and State Governments are honoured for excellence in public administration by the Prime Minister of India . The 'Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration' is presented in three categories. Under this scheme of awards instituted in 2006, all the officers individually or as group or as organisation are eligible.
The award includes a medal, scroll and a cash amount of ₹100,000 (US$1,600). In case of a group, the total award money is ₹500,000 (US$7,800) subject to a maximum of ₹100,000 (US$1,600) per person. For an organisation the cash amount is limited to ₹500,000 (US$7,800).
* Order of Precedence of India
* ^ Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (8
June 2011). "The civil service system".
* ^ The Schedule of Central Civil Services for Group 'B'. The complete list as per Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Govt. of India
* UPSC Union Public Service Commission, India * 7th Pay Commission chief