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Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a form of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights.[1][2] Ernest Renan and John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill
are often thought to be early civic nationalists.[citation needed] Civic nationalists often defend the value of national identity by saying that individuals need a national identity in order to lead meaningful, autonomous lives[3] and that democratic polities need national identity in order to function properly.[4]

Contents

1 Overview 2 History 3 See also 4 References

4.1 Sources

Overview[edit] Civic nationhood is a political identity built around shared citizenship in a democratic state. Thus, a "civic nation" isn't defined by its language or culture, but by its political institutions and liberal principles, which its citizens pledge to uphold. Membership in the civic nation is open to anyone who shares these values.[5] In theory, a civic nation or state does not aim to promote one culture over another.[5] German philosopher Jürgen Habermas
Jürgen Habermas
argued that immigrants to a liberal-democratic state need not assimilate into the host culture, but only need to accept the principles of the country's constitution.[5] History[edit]

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Civic nationalism lies within the traditions of rationalism and liberalism, but as a form of nationalism it is contrasted with ethnic nationalism. Membership of the civic nation is considered voluntary, as in Ernest Renan's classical definition in "Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?" of the nation as a "daily referendum" characterized by the "will to live together".[citation needed] Civic-national ideals influenced the development of representative democracy in countries such as the United States
United States
and France
France
(see the United States Declaration of Independence of 1776, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789). The Corsican nationalist movement organized around the FLNC
FLNC
is giving a civic definition of the Corsican nation ("destiny communauty") in the continuity of Pasquale Paoli
Pasquale Paoli
and the ideas of the Lumières. The Scottish National Party[6][7][8] and Plaid Cymru,[8] which advocate independence of their respective nations from the United Kingdom, proclaim themselves to be civic nationalist parties, in which they advocate the independence and popular sovereignty of the people living in their nations society, not individual ethnic groups. Outside Europe, it has also been used to describe the Civil War-era Republican Party in the United States.[9] Civic nationalism contrasts with more heritage-based forms, such as ethnic nationalism. The Centre Party of Norway is an example of a civic nationalist party.[10] See also[edit]

Look up when in Rome, do as the Romans do in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Civic virtue Constitutional patriotism Cultural nationalism Imagined community Nation-building Postcolonial anarchism

References[edit]

^ Auer, Stefan (2004). Liberal Nationalism
Nationalism
in Central Europe. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 1134378602. Retrieved 13 May 2017.  ^ Tamir, Yael. 1993. Liberal Nationalism. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-07893-9[page needed]; Will Kymlicka. 1995. Multicultural Citizenship. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-827949-3[page needed]; David Miller. 1995. On Nationality. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-828047-5. ^ Kymlicka, Will. 1995. Multicultural Citizenship. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-827949-3. For criticism, see: Patten, Alan. 1999. "The Autonomy Argument for Liberal Nationalism." Nations and Nationalism. 5(1): 1-17. ^ Miller, David. 1995. On Nationality. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-828047-5. For criticism, see: Abizadeh, Arash. 2002. "Does Liberal Democracy
Democracy
Presuppose a Cultural Nation? Four Arguments." American Political Science Review 96 (3): 495-509; Abizadeh, Arash. 2004. "Liberal Nationalist versus Postnational Social Integration." Nations and Nationalism
Nationalism
10(3): 231-250. ^ a b c ANNA STILZ. "Civic Nationalism
Nationalism
and Language Policy". Philosophy & Public Affairs. 37 (3): 257.  ^ Michael O'Neill (2004). Devolution and British Politics. Pearson/Longman. pp. 92–. ISBN 978-0-582-47274-7.  ^ Trevor C. Salmon; Mark F. Imber (6 June 2008). Issues In International Relations. Taylor & Francis. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-203-92659-8.  ^ a b Brubaker, Rogers (2004). Ethnicity Without Groups. Harvad University Press. p. 134. ISBN 0674015398.  ^ Snay, Mitchell (2007). Fenians, Freedmen, and Southern Whites: Race and Nationality in the Era of Reconstruction. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 9780807132739.  ^ "Rekordmåling for Senterpartiet: - Norsk nasjonalisme er en positiv kraft". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 9 February 2017. 

Sources[edit]

Tournier-Sol, Karine (2015). "Reworking the Eurosceptic and Conservative Traditions into a Populist Narrative: UKIP's Winning Formula?". Journal of Common Market Studies. 53 (1): 140–56. doi:10.1111/jcms.12208. 

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Liberal bias in academia Liberal conservatism Liberal socialism National liberalism Regressive left

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