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History of Uruguay

Early History

Indigenous peoples in Uruguay Banda Oriental Spanish-Portuguese War Treaty of Madrid British invasions

Fight for Independence

José Gervasio Artigas Federal League Portuguese conquest Cisplatina Thirty-Three Orientals Cisplatine War Treaty of Montevideo Constitution of 1830

Independent State

Civil War Uruguayan War Paraguayan War Revolution of the Lances Battle of Masoller

20th Century

Batllism 1933 coup d'etat Neo-Batllism

Military Regime

Tupamaros 1973 coup d'etat Civic-military dictatorship (1973-1985) Uruguayan constitutional referendum, 1980

Modern Uruguay

Mercosur Elections in Uruguay Politics of Uruguay Uruguayan constitutional referendum, 1996 Cannabis in Uruguay

Uruguay
Uruguay
portal

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Cisplatina
Cisplatina
Province or Cisplatine Province (Portuguese: Província Cisplatina, Portuguese pronunciation: [pɾuˈvĩsjɐ sisplaˈtʃĩnɐ]) was a Brazilian province
Brazilian province
in existence from 1821 to 1828 created by the Luso-Brazilian annexation of the Oriental Province. From 1815 until 1822 Brazil
Brazil
was part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil
Brazil
and the Algarves. After the independence of Brazil and the formation of the Empire of Brazil
Empire of Brazil
the Cisplatine Province remained part of it. In 1828, following the Treaty of Montevideo, the Cisplatine Province became independent as Uruguay.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 References 4 External links

Name[edit] The name literally means Province of this side of the Rio de la Plata from the Brazilian perspective, cf. Cisalpine. History[edit] The Banda Oriental
Banda Oriental
had always been a sparsely populated contested border-area between the Spanish and Portuguese Empires. In the First Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1777 the control of the area was given to Spain. In 1811, José Gervasio Artigas, who became Uruguay's national hero, launched a successful revolt against Spain, defeating them on 18 May in the Battle of Las Piedras. In 1813, the Banda Oriental
Banda Oriental
was renamed to Provincia Oriental, becoming part of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. In 1814, Artigas formed the Liga Federal
Liga Federal
(Federal League) of which he was declared Protector. The constant growth of influence and prestige of the Federal League frightened the Luso-Brazilian Monarchy (because of its republicanism), and in August 1816 they invaded the Eastern Province, with the intention of destroying the protector and his revolution. The Luso-Brazilian expeditionary force, thanks to their material superiority and military experience and organization (including in part its European warfare experience), occupied Montevideo
Montevideo
on 20 January 1817, and finally after a struggle for three years in the countryside, defeated the pro-Artigas forces in the Battle of Tacuarembó. In 1821, the Provincia Oriental del Río de la Plata (present-day Uruguay), was annexed by Brazil
Brazil
under the name of Província Cisplatina. Brazil
Brazil
justified the incorporation of the province through the general acclamation of an Assembly of "Eastern notables" on 18 July 1821. The borders of Cisplatina
Cisplatina
were: on the east the Atlantic Ocean, on the south the Rio de la Plata, on the west the Uruguay
Uruguay
River and on the north the Cuareim river
Cuareim river
until la Cuchilla de Santa Ana. This means that territories previously belonging to the Provincia Oriental had been annexed to the jurisdiction of Rio Grande do Sul. Brazil
Brazil
became an independent nation in 1822. On 15 September 1823, the envoy of the Argentine president Bernardino Rivadavia, Valentín Gómez, wrote a memorandum in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
in which it was stated that the Eastern Province had always belonged to the territory of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, present-day Argentina. Gómez received this answer: "The incorporation of the Cisplatina
Cisplatina
Province into the Empire is an act of the free will of all its inhabitants, and Brazil, by the sacrifices it has done, is resolute to defend that territory, not allowing that the opinion with respect to the incorporation from that State to the United Provinces is raised again. (...) the Government of H.I.M. [His Imperial Majesty] (...) cannot enter with the one of Buenos Aires in negotiations that have as fundamental base the cession of the Cisplatino State, whose inhabitants do not have to leave". As a reaction a group of Uruguayan nobles, the Thirty-Three Orientals led by Juan Antonio Lavalleja
Juan Antonio Lavalleja
declared independence on 25 August 1825 supported by the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. This led to the 500-day Cisplatine War. Despite the Argentine victory in the battle of Ituzaingó, neither side gained the upper hand, and in 1828 the Treaty of Montevideo, fostered by the United Kingdom, gave birth to Uruguay
Uruguay
as an independent state, and – more importantly to planned British goals – established the international status of the Rio de la Plata, so that international commerce was easier to accomplish. References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Cisplatine Province at Wikimedia Commons

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Empire of Brazil

General topics

History Politics Economy Armed Forces Nobility Provinces

Wars

Independence of Brazil
Brazil
(1822–24) Cisplatine War
Cisplatine War
(1825–28) Platine War
Platine War
(1851–52) Uruguayan War
Uruguayan War
(1864–65) Paraguayan War
Paraguayan War
(1864–70)

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Pedro I Pedro II

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José Bonifácio de Andrada Marquis of Olinda Bernardo Pereira de Vasconcelos Viscount of Sepetiba Marquis of Paraná Viscount of Uruguai Viscount of Rio Branco Viscount of Ouro Preto

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Count of São João das Duas Barras Viscount of Laguna Duke of Caxias John Pascoe Grenfell Count of Porto Alegre Marquis of Tamandaré Marquis of Erval Viscount of Inhaúma Count of Eu Baron of Amazonas

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Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil André Rebouças Joaquim Nabuco José do Patrocínio

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History

Banda Oriental Charrúa
Charrúa
people Spanish colonization Viceroyalty (1776–1814) British invasions (1806–1807) Liga Federal
Liga Federal
(1815–1820) Cisplatina
Cisplatina
(1821–1828) Thirty-Three Orientals Treaty of Montevideo
Montevideo
(1828) Civil War (1839–1851) Uruguayan War
Uruguayan War
(1864–1865) Paraguayan War
Paraguayan War
(1864–1870) Revolution of the Lances
Revolution of the Lances
(1870–1872) Battle of Masoller (1904) Batllism Tupamaros Dictatorship (1973–1985) Expiry Law (1986)

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