HOME
The Info List - Cirebon


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

Nickname(s): Kota Udang (City of Shrimps) Kota Wali (City of Wali)

Motto: "Gemah Ripah Loh Jinawi" (Serene, Prosperous, Abundantly Fertile)

Location within West Java
West Java

Cirebon
Cirebon
City Show map of Java
Java
Cirebon
Cirebon
City Show map of Indonesia
Indonesia
Location in Java
Java
and Indonesia
Indonesia

Coordinates: 6°42′26″S 108°33′27″E / 6.7071°S 108.5574°E / -6.7071; 108.5574 Coordinates : 6°42′26″S 108°33′27″E / 6.7071°S 108.5574°E / -6.7071; 108.5574

COUNTRY Indonesia
Indonesia

PROVINCE West Java
West Java

GOVERNMENT

• MAYOR Nasrudin Azis

• VICE MAYOR Vacant

AREA

• CITY 37.36 km2 (14.42 sq mi)

• METRO 1,021.88 km2 (394.55 sq mi)

POPULATION (2015)

• CITY 307,494

• DENSITY 8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)

• METRO 2,541,830

• METRO DENSITY 2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)

TIME ZONE WIB ( UTC+7
UTC+7
)

AREA CODE +62 231

LICENSE PLATE E

WEBSITE City Government Site

Cirebon

TRADITIONAL CHINESE 井裡汶

SIMPLIFIED CHINESE 井里汶

TRANSCRIPTIONS

STANDARD MANDARIN

HANYU PINYIN Jǐng li wèn

HAKKA

ROMANIZATION chiáng lî vún

YUE: CANTONESE

JYUTPING zeng2 lei5 man4

SOUTHERN MIN

HOKKIEN POJ chéⁿ lí bûn

THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters .

CIREBON (formerly referred to as CHERIBON in English) is a port city on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java
Java
. It is located in the province of West Java
West Java
near the provincial border with Central Java , approximately 297 km east of Jakarta
Jakarta
, at 6°43′S 108°34′E / 6.717°S 108.567°E / -6.717; 108.567 . The administrative area of Cirebon
Cirebon
is very small in extent, however, its dense suburbs sprawl into the surrounding regency ; the official metropolitan area encompasses this regency as well as the city, and covers an area of 1,021.88 km2, with a 2010 Census population of 2,366,340.

The seat of a former Sultanate , the city's West and Central Java border location have seen its history influenced by both Sundanese and Javanese culture as well as Arab and Chinese .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Etymology

* 2 Administrative divisions * 3 Demographics

* 4 Culture

* 4.1 Arts and crafts * 4.2 Performing arts * 4.3 Sports * 4.4 Court culture * 4.5 Cuisine

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Port of Cirebon

* 6 Cityscape * 7 Public service * 8 Health

* 9 Tourism

* 9.1 Orientation and places

* 10 Twin towns – sister cities * 11 Notable people * 12 Campaign for Cirebon
Cirebon
Province * 13 Gallery * 14 See also * 15 Footnotes * 16 Further reading * 17 External links

HISTORY

See also: Sultanate of Cirebon

The sultanate court lies near the modern day city of Cirebon
Cirebon
on West Java's north coast. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the sultanate thrived and became the region's centre of trade and commerce, as well as served as an Islamic learning and dissemination centre. The sultanate split into four royal houses, starting in 1677. Today there are four kratons (palaces) in Cirebon; Keraton Kasepuhan, Kraton Kanoman, Keraton Kacirebonan, and Keraton Keprabonan, each has their own lineage and all are the descendants and remnants of the Cirebon
Cirebon
Sultanate.

According to the manuscript Purwaka Caruban Nagari, in 15th century Cirebon
Cirebon
started as a small fishing village named Muara Jati. At that time the port of Muara Jati already attracted foreign traders. The port master at that time is Ki Gedeng Alang-Alang whose appointed by the king of Galuh kingdom located inland in Kawali, Ciamis . He moved the port to Lemahwungkuk, 5 kilometres southward. As the new settlement leader, Ki Gedeng Alang-Alang was bestowed the title "Kuwu Cerbon" (Cerbon village leader).

A 15th century prince from Pajajaran , Prince Walangsungsang, converted to Islam, and was appointed as the Adipati (Duke) of Cirebon with the title Cakrabumi. He established the new kingdom of Cirebon and declared independence from Sunda and Galuh. The establishment of Cirebon
Cirebon
Sultanate marked the first Islamic rule in Western Java, that grew from modest fishing village of Muara Jati to a busy port of Java northern coast. Cirebon
Cirebon
grew as one of the independent sultanates under the leadership of Sunan Gunungjati , in the early 16th century. After the Sunda Kingdom collapsed, The Sultanates of Banten and Mataram fought control over Cirebon, which declared its allegiance to Sultan Agung of Mataram. But the later his grandson Amangkurat II ceded the city to the Dutch in the 1677. A treaty in 1705 saw the Cirebon
Cirebon
area west of Cisanggarung River became a Dutch protectorate jointly administered by three sultans whose courts rivalled those of Central Java. The Dutch authorities later established the Cirebon Residence (Residentie Tjirebon) which composed of present-day Cirebon, Indramayu, and Kuningan.

During the time of the Dutch " Culture System " a flourishing trade in colonial cash crops attracted many Chinese entrepreneurs and the Chinese influence is still evident in the batik for which Cirebon
Cirebon
is famous. Cirebon
Cirebon
suffered a famine in 1844, apparently triggered by a combination of drought and the shift from subsistence agriculture to cash crops, particularly indigo and sugarcane , enforced by Dutch\'s Cultivation system .

ETYMOLOGY

Being on the border of Sundanese (i.e., West Java) and Javanese (i.e., Central Java) cultural regions, many of Cirebon's residents speak a dialect that is a mix of Sundanese and Javanese , known as the Jawareh dialect, and it is thought that the word "Cirebon" derives from the Javanese word, caruban, meaning "mixed", a reference to the city's mix of Sundanese, Javanese, Chinese, and Arabic cultural elements. Alternatively, it could be derived from the Sundanese words of "Ci" (water or river) and "Rebon" ("shrimp"). (Indeed, the main production of the city is fishery including shrimps ).

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Cirebon
Cirebon
is divided into five subdistricts (KECAMATAN):

* Harjamukti * Kejaksan * Kesambi * Lemahwungkuk * Pekalipan

DEMOGRAPHICS

The city's population was 298,224 at the Indonesia
Indonesia
Census of 2010. As with other coastal cities in Indonesia, a large population of ethnic Chinese has flocked into the city as a result of long-term Chinese immigration since the 17th century. Significant suburbs lie within densely populated Cirebon Regency , and the official metropolitan area encompasses this entire regency as well as the city.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION AREA (KM²) Population (2010 Census) Population (2014 Estimate) Population
Population
density 2014 (/km²)

Cirebon
Cirebon
(Kota) 37.36 298,224 318,741 8,531.6

Cirebon Regency 984.52 2,068,116 2,223,089 2,258.0

GREATER CIREBON 1,021.88 2,366,340 2,541,830 2,487.4

Although surrounded by Sundanese-speaking areas in West Java, linguists have stated clearly that Cirebon
Cirebon
(and the historically related region of Serang city in Banten Province ) are inside its own Cirebonese language area. In addition, this is supported by a large portion of the Cirebon
Cirebon
people referring to themselves as "Wong Cirebon" ("Cirebonese people"), and to their language as "Basa Cirebon" ("Cirebonese"). Cirebonese language is related to Javanese and Banyumasan with dialects such as the Jawareh, Plered, and Dermayon.

CULTURE

A batik motif on a skirt from Cirebon.

Cirebon
Cirebon
itself is known as Grage in the Cirebon
Cirebon
dialect of Javanese language, which came from the words "NEGARA GEDE", meaning "Great Kingdom." As a port city, Cirebon
Cirebon
attracts visitors and settlers from elsewhere in Indonesia
Indonesia
and from other nations as well. Cirebon
Cirebon
culture was described as Java
Java
Pasisiran (coastal) culture, similar to the cultures of Banten, Pekalongan, and Semarang, with notable mixtures of Sundanese, Chinese, Arabic-Islamic, and European influences.

ARTS AND CRAFTS

Batik
Batik
textiles from Cirebon, especially Cirebon
Cirebon
batik with vivid colors with motifs and patterns, that demonstrate Chinese and local influences, are well known. Chinese influences can be seen in Cirebon's culture, most notably the Cirebon
Cirebon
batik Megamendung pattern that resembles Chinese cloud imagery. The Trusmi area is the production center of Cirebon
Cirebon
batik. Cirebon
Cirebon
Glass Painting is another aspect of Cirebon
Cirebon
arts and crafts. The imagery in glass painting is usually derived from wayang theme to Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
.

PERFORMING ARTS

The Tari Topeng Cirebon
Cirebon
, or Cirebon
Cirebon
mask dance, is a dance style peculiar to the city. Topeng Cirebon mask dance , inspired by Javanese Panji cycles is one of notable Cirebon
Cirebon
traditional dance and quite famous within Indonesian dances .

Cirebon
Cirebon
culture is also influenced by Islamic Middle Eastern culture, such as the Burokan tradition where people exhibit the image of buraq — traditionally made from bamboo frame and paper skin, or other materials — in processions around the village accompanied with music. The traditions of the bamboo statues borne in these processions is similar to Sundanese Sisingaan, Betawi Ondel-ondel , or Balinese Ogoh-ogoh processions, yet differ in their Islamic theme. Burokan are usually held during festive occasions such as circumcision or marriage, and are accompanied by popular Cirebon
Cirebon
folk songs, such as tarling.'

TARLING is a musical tradition reminiscent of Bandung's kecapi suling music with except that it features guitar, suling (bamboo flute) and voice. The name derived from giTAR (guitar), and suLING (flute).

SPORTS

Cirebon
Cirebon
is the home town of the PSGJ Cirebon
Cirebon
football team, the club plays in the Liga Nusantara . Another team, Cirebon
Cirebon
Football Club, the team also plays in the Liga Nusantara is based in the Bima stadium Cirebon. Other popular sports in Cirebon
Cirebon
include Futsal
Futsal
.

COURT CULTURE

Kraton Kasepuhan palace in Cirebon.

The remnants of Cirebon
Cirebon
sultanate; Kasepuhan , Kanoman , Kaprabonan, and Kacirebonan kratons are now run as cultural institutions to preserve Cirebon
Cirebon
culture. Each still hold their traditional ceremonies and have become the patrons of Cirebon
Cirebon
arts. Some of the royal symbols of Cirebon
Cirebon
Sultanate describe their legacy and influences. The banner of Cirebon
Cirebon
Sultanate is called "Macan Ali" (Ali's panther) with Arabic calligraphy arranged to resemble a panther or tiger . These indicate both Islamic influence and that of the Hindu Pajajaran Sundanese King Siliwangi's tiger banner. The royal lineage of Cirebon
Cirebon
is still well respected and is held in high prestige among the people of Cirebon, although it does not hold real political power anymore,.

The royal carriage of Kasepuhan's Singa Barong and Kanoman's Paksi Naga Liman carriage resembles the chimera of three animals; eagle, elephant, and dragon. These symbolyze Indian Hinduism, Arabic Islam, and Chinese influences. The images of Macan Ali, Singa Barong and Paksi Naga Liman are also often featured as patterns in Cirebon
Cirebon
batik.

CUISINE

As a coastal city, Cirebon's main industry is fishery. Its products include terasi (shrimp paste), petis , krupuk udang (shrimp crackers ) and various salted fish . Cirebon
Cirebon
is famous for its good quality salted fishes, such as jambal roti, juhi (salted cuttlefish), rebon and ebi (dried small shrimp). These products are often sought by visitors, especially Indonesian domestic tourists and visitors from other cities, as oleh-oleh (food souvenirs/gift).

Cirebon
Cirebon
is also known for its local cuisines and delicacies, such as empal gentong (a kind of meat and offal curry ), Mie Koclok (chicken noodle soup made from coconut milk), Nasi Lengko (rice mixed with bean sprouts, fried tofu , fried tempeh , topped with peanut sauce and soy sauce ), Nasi Jamblang (rice of various side dishes), tahu gejrot (fried tofu with ground garlic, chili and shallot, topped with thin and sweet soy sauce), tahu petis (dry fried tofu served with petis dip sauce), Tahu Tek-tek (fried tofu topped with peanut sauce and mixed with vegetables) and ayam panggang (barbecue chicken). Another native food is "Docang" (lontong with sour vegetable soup).

ECONOMY

Cirebon
Cirebon
City economy is influenced by its strategic geographical location and by the characteristics of natural resources. Thus, the structure of its economy is dominated by manufacturing, trade, hotels and restaurants, transport and communications and service sectors. Tomé Pires in the Suma Oriental around the year 1513 mentioned Cirebon
Cirebon
was one of the trade centers on the island of Java
Java
. After Cirebon
Cirebon
was taken over by the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
government in 1859, it was designated as a transit port for import-export goods and as a communications route to the political control center for the region in the interior of Java. Port of Cirebon.

Until 2001, the economic contribution to the City of Cirebon
Cirebon
was characterized by processing industry (41.32%), followed by trade, hotels and restaurants (29.8%), transport and communications sector (13.56%), and services sector (6.06%). Other sectors (9.26%) included mining, agriculture, construction, electricity, and gas. Aside from fishery, its harbour, Tanjung Emas, on the Java
Java
Sea has been a major hub for timber from Borneo
Borneo
.

A small landing site, the Cakrabhuwana Airport in Penggung, Harjamukti subdistrict also serves the TNI-AU . The city lies on Jalur Pantura (PANTai UtaRA Jawa), a major road on the northern coast of Java
Java
that stretches from Anyer , passes through Jakarta
Jakarta
, and ends at Surabaya
Surabaya
.

PORT OF CIREBON

Main article: Port of Cirebon

The Port of Cirebon was established by the Dutch in 1865, principally as an export point for spices, sugar cane and raw materials from West Java. Warehouses and open storage areas were developed by 1890, and a British American Tobacco cigarette factory was built in the early 20th century.

Port activity is dominated by bulk imports of coal, liquid asphalt and vegetable oils for the West Java
West Java
hinterland. Until 2002, the port also catered for minor container trade and cruise shipping . In 2006 the port handled 3.27 million metric tons (MT) of trade, more than 90 percent as imports from others Indonesian ports.

CITYSCAPE

Cirebon
Cirebon
Skyline

PUBLIC SERVICE

Nearly 93% of the population has been underserved by service water from PDAM Cirebon, the majority of customers in the city's water supply to households (90.37% or as many as 59,006) of the total number of existing connections (65,287).

HEALTH

Since the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
government, Cirebon
Cirebon
City has had a hospital named Orange, which unveiled its use on August 31, 1921 and commenced operations from September 1, 1921.

In 2009 in the city of Cirebon
Cirebon
has been available about 6 general hospitals , four maternity hospitals, 21 health centers, 15 health centers Maid, 20 Mobile Health Center, and 81 Pharmacies and Drug Stores 31. With the number of medical personnel such as specialist doctors about 94 people, and 116 general practitioners, 37 dentists, 847 nurses and 278 midwives.

TOURISM

This section may need to be REWRITTEN ENTIRELY to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards . You can help . The discussion page may contain suggestions. (December 2014)

Keraton Kanoman Cirebon.

As one tourist destination in West Java
West Java
, Cirebon
Cirebon
City offers many charms ranging from a historical tour of the royal glory of Islam
Islam
, the story of the trustees, Complex Sunan Gunung Jati
Sunan Gunung Jati
in Mount Sembung about 15 miles to the west of the city center, Great Mosque
Mosque
of Cirebon , Taqwa Mosque, temple ancient buildings and relics of Netherlands
Netherlands
.

Cirebon
Cirebon
is a palace at the same time in the city, namely Keraton Kasepuhan and Kanoman . Everything has architecture a combination of elements culture Islam, China
China
, and Netherlands
Netherlands
. Characteristic of the palace buildings are always facing northern and there is a mosque nearby. Each palace has square as a gathering place, market and sculpture tiger in park or page forward as a symbol of King Siliwangi , the central character formation Sultanate of Cirebon . Another feature is the plate porcelain original China
China
are so trimmer wall. Some dishes supposedly derived from Europe
Europe
when Cirebon
Cirebon
so port trade center island Java
Java
.

Cirebon
Cirebon
city park has some of them Waterpark Sunyaragi and Park of Ade Irma Suryani. Water Parks Sunyaragi have technology flow water advanced in his time, the water flow between the terraces where the princess king preening, page grass green where the knight practice, plus tower and room privileged that door was made of curtain water.

ORIENTATION AND PLACES

Entrance to the tomb of Sunan Gunung Jati
Sunan Gunung Jati
.

The main boulevard is Jalan Siliwangi. It runs from the train station to the canal via the Pasar Pagi ("Morning Market"). Then the street becomes Jalan Karanggetas along which are most of Cirebon's banks, restaurants, and hotels. There are a number of historic buildings and other key sites in Cirebon, some of them in an advanced state of decay. These include the buildings of the several kratons, the Sang Cipta Rasa Grand Mosque, and the Gua Sunyaragi Park.

Wali Songo , especially Sunan Gunung Jati
Sunan Gunung Jati
, is known to have influenced the city's history. Sunan Gunung Jati's grave is located several kilometres outside the city in the Gunung Jati district. There are two temples and a cave system built by two Chinese architects around the 1880s, decorated by Chinese and Western porcelain. The village of Trusmi, about five kilometers outside of Cirebon, has been noted for batik production. Plangon is a habitat of monkeys.

Mt Ceremai , the highest peak in West Java, is a large volcano situated about 40 km to the south of Cirebon. Parks and other tourist spots on the slopes of Mt Ceremai are popular places for groups from Cirebon
Cirebon
to visit during weekends to escape from the hotter climate on the coast. The village of Linggajati, near the town of Cilimus, (where the Linggadjati Agreement was signed) is one such place. Public transportation brings tourists and visitors here.

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Main article: List of twin town and sister cities in Indonesia
Indonesia

Cirebon
Cirebon
has sister relationships with a number of towns worldwide:

* Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea * Suwon , South Korea * Jeonju , South Korea * Hwaseong , South Korea * Busan
Busan
, South Korea * Moscow
Moscow
, Russia * Brisbane
Brisbane
, Australia * Melbourne
Melbourne
, Australia * Bandung
Bandung
, Indonesia * Palembang , Indonesia * Dublin
Dublin
, Republic Of Ireland * Pekanbaru
Pekanbaru
, Indonesia * Gold Coast , Australia

NOTABLE PEOPLE

See more at Category:People from Cirebon
Cirebon

CAMPAIGN FOR CIREBON PROVINCE

Some of the local political elite in Cirebon
Cirebon
and surrounding regencies have campaigned for Cirebon
Cirebon
city, together with the regencies of Cirebon
Cirebon
, Indramayu
Indramayu
, Kuningan and Majalengka to be established as a new province - in the same way as Banten Province was formed by splitting it away from West Java
West Java
. To be a new province it is required that it should be proposed by at least three regencies. Leaders from four of these administrations have given their consent, but Kuningan and Majalengka Regency has turned down the idea and indicated that it would prefer to stay part of West Java. However, the lack of support from the Kuningan and Majalengka area does not preclude Cirebon
Cirebon
city and the other three regencies from continuing to promote the idea.

The potential size and population of this possible Province would be as follows:

NAME CAPITAL Area in Square
Square
km Population 2010 Census Population 2014 Estimate

Cirebon
Cirebon
City Cirebon 37.36 298,224 318,741

Cirebon Regency Sumber 984.52 2,068,116 2,223,089

Indramayu Regency Indramayu
Indramayu
2,040.11 1,658,315 1,789,204

Kuningan Regency Kuningan 1,110.56 1,037,836 1,113,686

Majalengka Regency Majalengka 1,204.24 1,168,337 1,254,440

TOTALS

5,376.79 6,230,828 6,699,160

GALLERY

*

The port of Cirebon
Cirebon
in the 17th century *

The coat of arms of Cirebon
Cirebon
during the Dutch colonial era *

The main building of the Cirebon City Hall
Cirebon City Hall
*

The building of Cirebon
Cirebon
City Legislatures (DPRD) *

Gate at Keraton Kasepuhan *

Building inside Keraton of Kasepuhan complex *

Sunyaragi meditation caves *

Cirebon Station *

Sculpture in Keraton Kasepuhan *

Guanyin
Guanyin
Temple in Cirebon
Cirebon

SEE ALSO

* Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

* List of cities in Indonesia
Indonesia

FOOTNOTES

* ^ A B Turner, Peter (November 1995). Java. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 229. ISBN 0-86442-314-4 . * ^ "Profil Sejarah Pemerintahan". Cirebonkota.go.id. * ^ A B C D Turner, Peter (November 1995). Java. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 229. ISBN 0-86442-314-4 . * ^ Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indië (in Dutch). Lands-Drukkerij. 1874-01-01. * ^ " Bandung
Bandung
Kota Terpadat di Jawa Barat nusa Tempo.co". Tempointeraktif.com. 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2012-05-23. * ^ Mohamad Katavi, 'Laskar Macan Ali Turunkan Pasukannya dalam Apel Akbar Bhinneka Tunggal Ika\', Kilas Cirebon, 30 November 2016. * ^ "Profile Cirebon" (PDF). Ciptakarya.pu.go.id. * ^ " Cirebon
Cirebon
health data" (PDF). * ^ Nana Rukmana, '52 Cirebon
Cirebon
historic buildings in peril\', The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post, 16 July 2012. * ^ Arya Dipa, Council urged to endorse formation of Cirebon province\', The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post, 31 May 2012. * ^ "Masyarakat Majalengka Tolak Provinsi Baru". February 21, 2012.

FURTHER READING

* Graaf, H. J. de (Hermanus Johannes de Graaf), 1899-(?), "Chinese Muslims in Java
Java
in the 15th and 16th centuries: the Malay Annals of Semarang
Semarang
and Cerbon / translated and provided with comments by H. J. de Graaf and Theodoor Gautier Thomas Pigeaud ; edited by M.C. Ricklefs. Publisher: Monash University, 1984. Description: xiii, 221 p. folded map ; 21 cm. ISBN 0-86746-419-4 Series: Monash papers on Southeast Asia; no. 12 * Sulendraningrat, P.S. (1985). Sejarah Cirebon. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka. OCLC
OCLC
246515112 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CIREBON .

* Official site * Media

.