Cinecittà (pronounced [ˌtʃinetʃitˈta]; Italian for Cinema
City) is a large film studio in Rome, Italy. With an area of 400,000
square metres, it is the largest film studio in Europe, and is
considered the hub of Italian cinema. The studios were constructed
Fascist era as part of a scheme to revive the Italian film
World-renowned filmmakers such as Federico Fellini, Roberto
Rossellini, Luchino Visconti, Sergio Leone, Bernardo Bertolucci,
Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, and
Mel Gibson have worked at
Cinecittà. More than 3,000 movies have been filmed there, of which 90
Academy Award nomination and 47 of these won it. In the
1950s, the number of international productions being made there led to
Rome being dubbed "Hollywood on the Tiber."
2 Notable TV productions
5 See also
7 External links
Inauguration of the studios in 1937
The studios were founded in 1937 by Benito Mussolini, his son
Vittorio, and his head of cinema
Luigi Freddi under the slogan "Il
cinema è l'arma più forte" ("Cinema is the most powerful
weapon"). The purpose was not only for propaganda, but also to
support the recovering Italian feature film industry, which had
reached its low point in 1931. Mussolini himself inaugurated the
studios on 21 April 1937. Post-production units and sets were
constructed and heavily used initially. Early films such as Scipio
Africanus (1937) and
The Iron Crown (1941) showcased the technological
advancement of the studios. Seven thousand people were involved in the
filming of the battle scene from Scipio Africanus, and live elephants
were brought in as a part of the re-enactment of the Battle of
The studios were bombed by the Western Allies during the bombing of
Rome in World War II. Following the war, between 1945 and 1947, the
Cinecittà were used as a displaced persons' camp for a
period of about two years, following German occupation and Allied
bombing that destroyed parts of the studio. An estimated 3,000
refugees lived there, divided into two camps: an Italian camp housing
Italians as well as displaced people from colonized Libya and
Dalmatia, and an international camp, including refugees from
Yugoslavia, Poland, Egypt, Iran, and China.
After rebuilding in the postwar years, the studios were used once
again for their post-production facilities. In the 1950s, Cinecittà,
described as Hollywood on the Tiber, was the filming location for
several large American film productions, like
Roman Holiday (1953),
Beat the Devil (1953),
The Barefoot Contessa
The Barefoot Contessa (1954), Ben-Hur (1959),
and some low-budget action pictures starring Lex Barker, who also
starred in Federico Fellini's
La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita (1960). The studios
were for many years closely associated with Fellini.
Later, the studios were used for further international productions
such as Francis of Assisi (1961), Cleopatra (1963), The Agony and the
Ecstasy (1965), Zeffirelli's Romeo and Juliet (1968), Fellini's
Casanova (1976), La Traviata (1982) and many other productions.
After a period of near-bankruptcy, the Italian Government privatized
Cinecittà in 1997, selling an 80% stake. On August 9, 2007, a
fire destroyed about 3000 m² (32,000 sq. ft.) of the
and surroundings. The historic part that houses the sets of classics
such as Ben-Hur was not damaged; however, a good portion of the
original sets from the HBO/
Rome was destroyed. In July
2012, another fire damaged Teatro 5, the vast studio where Fellini
filmed La Dolce Vita and Satyricon (1969).
Since the 1990s, films have included Anthony Minghella's The English
Patient (1992), Martin Scorsese's
Gangs of New York (2002), Wes
The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou
The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) and Mel
The Passion of the Christ
The Passion of the Christ (2004).
Notable TV productions
Set of the television series
Cinecittà also hosts TV productions, such as Grande Fratello, the
Italian version of Big Brother, where the Big Brother house is built
on Cinecittà's premises. The
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest of 1991 was also
In addition, the BBC/
Rome was filmed there from 2004 to
2007, the show being widely acclaimed for its sets and designs. BBC
Wales reused some of these sets for an episode of the 2008 series of
Doctor Who set in ancient Pompeii, and
Alexandre Astier reused this
set for the Book VI of his television series
Kaamelott set in Ancient
More recently, Paolo Sorrentino's 2016 series
The Young Pope was
almost entirely shot at Cincecittà, including reconstruction of the
interiors of the Sistine Chapel and Saint Peter's Basilica.
In 2009 the studio announced that they intended to create a theme
park. The movie-themed amusement park,
Cinecittà World, opened in
July 2014. The €250 million theme park is located
approximately 25 km (16 mi) southwest of
on the site of a former movie studio built by
Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis in
Cinecittà World was designed by Dante Ferretti, a production designer
who has won three Academy Awards. Visitors enter
through the jaws of the Temple of Moloch, seen in Cabiria, a silent
movie filmed in
Turin in 1914. The theme park also features a
recreation of 1920s-era
Manhattan as envisioned by Ferretti.
Cinecittà World expects to have 1.5 million visitors annually.
Expansion plans for the theme park include a nature reserve and a
Panoramic view of Cinecittà
Decorative elements from
Fellini's Casanova on the entrance lawn of
Cinecittà - Teatro 5, Fellini's favorite sound stage
Scenography of the TV series Rome
Reconstruction of Antonio Canova's Venus Victrix
Costumes worn by
Giulietta Massina and
Marcello Mastroianni in Ginger
The Night Porter
The Night Porter by Piero Tosi
Costume worn by
Richard Burton in Cleopatra
Cinecittà metro station
^ a b Ricci, Steven (1 February 2008). Cinema and Fascism: Italian
Film and Society, 1922–1943. University of California Press.
pp. 68–69–. ISBN 978-0-520-94128-1.
^ Enciclopedia del cinema italiano "i Film girati a Cinecitta' dal
1937 al 1978"
^ Bondanella, Peter E. (2001). Italian Cinema: From Neorealism to the
Present. Continuum. p. 13. ISBN 9780826412478.
^ Bondanella, Peter. Italian Cinema From Neorealism to the Present.
The Continuum Publishing Company: New York, 1995. p. 19.
^ A documentary, “DP Camp of Cinecittà” by Marco Bertozzi, based
on research by Noa Steimatsky, had its world premier on January 30,
2012, at The Italian Cultural Institute of New York, in New York City.
^ Steimatsky, Noa. The
Cinecittà Refugee Camp (1944–1950). October
Spring 2009, No. 128: 22–50.
^ Levy, Shawn (2016). Dolce Vita Confidential. London: Weidenfeld and
Nicolson. pp. 265, 277. ISBN 9781474606158.
^ a b Wyatt, Daisy (28 April 2008). "
Cinecittà studios: Famous films
shot in Italy's most iconic studios". The Independent.
^ Federico, Fellini (1989) . Regista a
Translated by Fawcett, Graham. London, England: Studio Vista.
pp. 178–182. ISBN 0289800285.
^ a b Michael Day (December 13, 2013). "Decline and fall of Rome's
cinematic empire: The end for Italy's famed Cinecitta studios?". The
^ "Fire torches film sets at Rome's historic Cinecitta". Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
^ a b
^ "Incendio a Cinecittà: le fiamme avvolgono lo storico Teatro 5"
[Fire at Cinecittà: flames surround historic Studio 5] (in Italian).
RomaToday. July 12, 2012.
^ a b c d Povoledo, Elisabetta. (2014, July 21). Investing in Fantasy
to Save a Fraying Reality. The New York Times.
Cinecittà World Divertimento da oscar".
Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
^ "Our flexible giant".
Cinecittà Studios. Retrieved 20 September
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinecittà.
Cinecittà on Facebook
History of Cinecittà
Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall
Eurovision Song Contest
Coordinates: 41°51′7.25″N 12°34′38.31″E /
41.8520139°N 12.5773083°E / 41.8