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Cinecittà
Cinecittà
(pronounced [ˌtʃinetʃitˈta]; Italian for Cinema City) is a large film studio in Rome, Italy. With an area of 400,000 square metres, it is the largest film studio in Europe, and is considered the hub of Italian cinema. The studios were constructed during the Fascist era
Fascist era
as part of a scheme to revive the Italian film industry.[1] World-renowned filmmakers such as Federico Fellini, Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti, Sergio Leone, Bernardo Bertolucci, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, and Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
have worked at Cinecittà. More than 3,000 movies have been filmed there, of which 90 received an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination and 47 of these won it.[2] In the 1950s, the number of international productions being made there led to Rome
Rome
being dubbed "Hollywood on the Tiber."

Contents

1 History 2 Notable TV productions 3 Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Inauguration of the studios in 1937

The studios were founded in 1937 by Benito Mussolini, his son Vittorio, and his head of cinema Luigi Freddi under the slogan "Il cinema è l'arma più forte" ("Cinema is the most powerful weapon").[3] The purpose was not only for propaganda, but also to support the recovering Italian feature film industry, which had reached its low point in 1931.[1] Mussolini himself inaugurated the studios on 21 April 1937.[4] Post-production units and sets were constructed and heavily used initially. Early films such as Scipio Africanus (1937) and The Iron Crown (1941) showcased the technological advancement of the studios. Seven thousand people were involved in the filming of the battle scene from Scipio Africanus, and live elephants were brought in as a part of the re-enactment of the Battle of Zama.[5] The studios were bombed by the Western Allies during the bombing of Rome
Rome
in World War II. Following the war, between 1945 and 1947, the studios of Cinecittà
Cinecittà
were used as a displaced persons' camp for a period of about two years, following German occupation and Allied bombing that destroyed parts of the studio.[6] An estimated 3,000 refugees lived there, divided into two camps: an Italian camp housing Italians as well as displaced people from colonized Libya and Dalmatia, and an international camp, including refugees from Yugoslavia, Poland, Egypt, Iran, and China.[7] After rebuilding in the postwar years, the studios were used once again for their post-production facilities. In the 1950s, Cinecittà, described as Hollywood on the Tiber, was the filming location for several large American film productions, like Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953), Beat the Devil (1953), The Barefoot Contessa
The Barefoot Contessa
(1954), Ben-Hur (1959), and some low-budget action pictures starring Lex Barker, who also starred in Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita
(1960).[8] The studios were for many years closely associated with Fellini.[9][10] Later, the studios were used for further international productions such as Francis of Assisi (1961), Cleopatra (1963), The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965), Zeffirelli's Romeo and Juliet (1968), Fellini's Casanova (1976), La Traviata (1982) and many other productions. After a period of near-bankruptcy, the Italian Government privatized Cinecittà
Cinecittà
in 1997, selling an 80% stake.[11] On August 9, 2007, a fire destroyed about 3000 m² (32,000 sq. ft.) of the Cinecittà
Cinecittà
lot and surroundings. The historic part that houses the sets of classics such as Ben-Hur was not damaged; however, a good portion of the original sets from the HBO/ BBC
BBC
series Rome
Rome
was destroyed.[12] In July 2012, another fire damaged Teatro 5, the vast studio where Fellini filmed La Dolce Vita[13] and Satyricon (1969).[14][11] Since the 1990s, films have included Anthony Minghella's The English Patient (1992), Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York (2002),[13] Wes Anderson's The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou
The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou
(2004) and Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ
The Passion of the Christ
(2004). Notable TV productions[edit]

Set of the television series Rome
Rome
(2004-2007)

Cinecittà
Cinecittà
also hosts TV productions, such as Grande Fratello, the Italian version of Big Brother, where the Big Brother house is built on Cinecittà's premises. The Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
of 1991 was also produced there.[9] In addition, the BBC/ HBO
HBO
series Rome
Rome
was filmed there from 2004 to 2007, the show being widely acclaimed for its sets and designs. BBC Wales reused some of these sets for an episode of the 2008 series of Doctor Who
Doctor Who
set in ancient Pompeii, and Alexandre Astier
Alexandre Astier
reused this set for the Book VI of his television series Kaamelott
Kaamelott
set in Ancient Rome. More recently, Paolo Sorrentino's 2016 series The Young Pope was almost entirely shot at Cincecittà, including reconstruction of the interiors of the Sistine Chapel and Saint Peter's Basilica.[15] Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World[edit] Main article: Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World In 2009 the studio announced that they intended to create a theme park.[16] The movie-themed amusement park, Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World, opened in July 2014.[17][18] The €250 million theme park is located approximately 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Cinecittà
Cinecittà
studios, on the site of a former movie studio built by Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
in the 1960s.[17] Cinecittà World
Cinecittà World
was designed by Dante Ferretti, a production designer who has won three Academy Awards. Visitors enter Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World through the jaws of the Temple of Moloch, seen in Cabiria, a silent movie filmed in Turin
Turin
in 1914. The theme park also features a recreation of 1920s-era Manhattan
Manhattan
as envisioned by Ferretti.[17] Cinecittà World
Cinecittà World
expects to have 1.5 million visitors annually. Expansion plans for the theme park include a nature reserve and a wellness center.[17] Gallery[edit]

Panoramic view of Cinecittà

Decorative elements from Fellini's Casanova on the entrance lawn of the studios

Cinecittà
Cinecittà
- Teatro 5, Fellini's favorite sound stage[19]

Scenography of the TV series Rome

Reconstruction of Antonio Canova's Venus Victrix

Costumes worn by Giulietta Massina
Giulietta Massina
and Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
in Ginger and Fred

Costumes from The Night Porter
The Night Porter
by Piero Tosi

Costume worn by Richard Burton
Richard Burton
in Cleopatra

See also[edit]

Rome
Rome
portal Film portal

Cinecittà
Cinecittà
metro station

References[edit]

^ a b Ricci, Steven (1 February 2008). Cinema and Fascism: Italian Film and Society, 1922–1943. University of California Press. pp. 68–69–. ISBN 978-0-520-94128-1.  ^ Enciclopedia del cinema italiano "i Film girati a Cinecitta' dal 1937 al 1978" ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/google-doodle/10792398/Cinecitta-studios-Google-Doodle-celebrates-77th-anniversary.html ^ Bondanella, Peter E. (2001). Italian Cinema: From Neorealism to the Present. Continuum. p. 13. ISBN 9780826412478.  ^ Bondanella, Peter. Italian Cinema From Neorealism to the Present. The Continuum Publishing Company: New York, 1995. p. 19. ^ A documentary, “DP Camp of Cinecittà” by Marco Bertozzi, based on research by Noa Steimatsky, had its world premier on January 30, 2012, at The Italian Cultural Institute of New York, in New York City. (http://www.iicnewyork.esteri.it/IIC_NewYork/) ^ Steimatsky, Noa. The Cinecittà
Cinecittà
Refugee Camp (1944–1950). October Spring 2009, No. 128: 22–50. ^ Levy, Shawn (2016). Dolce Vita Confidential. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. pp. 265, 277. ISBN 9781474606158.  ^ a b Wyatt, Daisy (28 April 2008). " Cinecittà
Cinecittà
studios: Famous films shot in Italy's most iconic studios". The Independent.  ^ Federico, Fellini (1989) [1988]. Regista a Cinecittà
Cinecittà
[Cinecittà]. Translated by Fawcett, Graham. London, England: Studio Vista. pp. 178–182. ISBN 0289800285.  ^ a b Michael Day (December 13, 2013). "Decline and fall of Rome's cinematic empire: The end for Italy's famed Cinecitta studios?". The Independent.  ^ "Fire torches film sets at Rome's historic Cinecitta". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ a b https://www.independent.co.uk/travel/uk/romes-film-studios-open-their-doors-a-family-trip-around-cinecitt-10347425.html ^ "Incendio a Cinecittà: le fiamme avvolgono lo storico Teatro 5" [Fire at Cinecittà: flames surround historic Studio 5] (in Italian). RomaToday. July 12, 2012.  ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3655448/trivia?ref_=tt_trv_trv ^ http://www.italymagazine.com/featured-story/charming-story-cinecitta-studios-rome ^ a b c d Povoledo, Elisabetta. (2014, July 21). Investing in Fantasy to Save a Fraying Reality. The New York Times. ^ " Cinecittà World
Cinecittà World
Divertimento da oscar". Cinecittà
Cinecittà
World. Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-05-03.  ^ "Our flexible giant". Cinecittà
Cinecittà
Studios. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinecittà.

Official website Cinecittà
Cinecittà
on Facebook Cinecitta World History of Cinecittà RAI International:Cinecittà Documents Cinecitta'

Preceded by Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Zagreb Eurovision Song Contest Venue 1991 Succeeded by Malmö
Malmö
Isstadion Malmö

Coordinates: 41°51′7.25″N 12°34′38.31″E / 41.8520139°N 12.5773083°E / 41.8

.