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The Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings are an American professional basketball team based in Sacramento, California. The Kings compete in the National Basketball
Basketball
Association (NBA) as a member of the Western Conference's Pacific Division. The Kings are the only team in the major professional North American sports leagues located in Sacramento. The team plays its home games at the Golden 1 Center. The Kings are one of the oldest continuously operating professional basketball franchises in the nation. They originated in Rochester, New York, as the Rochester Seagrams (a semi-professional team) in 1923 and joined the National Basketball
Basketball
League in 1945 as the Rochester Royals.[1] They jumped to the Basketball
Basketball
Association of America, forerunner of the NBA, in 1948. As the Royals, the team was often successful on the court, winning the NBA championship in 1951. It, however, found it increasingly difficult to turn a profit in the comparatively small market of Rochester and relocated to Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in 1957, becoming the Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals. In 1972 the team relocated to Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri, and was renamed the Kansas
Kansas
City-Omaha Kings because it initially split its home games between Kansas
Kansas
City and Omaha, Nebraska. In 1975, the Kings ceased playing home games in Omaha and simply became the Kansas
Kansas
City Kings. The team again failed to find success in its market and moved to Sacramento
Sacramento
in 1985.

Contents

1 Franchise history

1.1 1948–1957: Rochester Royals 1.2 1957–1972: Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals

1.2.1 1960–1970: The Oscar Robertson
Oscar Robertson
era

1.3 1972–1985: Kansas
Kansas
City–Omaha/ Kansas
Kansas
City Kings

1.3.1 1972–1976 1.3.2 1976–1984

1.4 1985–present: Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings

1.4.1 1988–1989: Ricky Berry 1.4.2 1989–1990: Pervis Ellison 1.4.3 1990–1991: Lionel Simmons 1.4.4 1991–1998: The Mitch Richmond
Mitch Richmond
era 1.4.5 1998–2004: "The Greatest Show on Court" era 1.4.6 2004–2006: Decline 1.4.7 2006–2009: Change and transition 1.4.8 2009–2012: "Here we Rise" period 1.4.9 2013–present: Franchise restructuring

2 Team logo, uniform and colors

2.1 Rochester Royals 2.2 Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals 2.3 Kansas
Kansas
City(–Omaha) Kings 2.4 Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings

2.4.1 Change to purple and black 2.4.2 City special edition uniforms

3 Mascot 4 Season-by-season records 5 Head coaches 6 Home arenas 7 Rivalries

7.1 Los Angeles Lakers

8 Players

8.1 All-time roster 8.2 Current roster 8.3 Retained draft rights 8.4 Retired numbers 8.5 Naismith Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Famers 8.6 FIBA Hall of Famers 8.7 Franchise leaders

9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Franchise history[edit] 1948–1957: Rochester Royals[edit]

The logo of the Rochester Royals

The Royals defected to the NBL's rival, the Basketball
Basketball
Association of America, in 1948. In 1949, as a result of that year's absorption of the NBL by the BAA, the Royals became members of the newly formed NBA along with the Fort Wayne Pistons, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Lakers, and Indianapolis (Kautskys) Jets. A year later, the BAA absorbed the remaining NBL teams to become the National Basketball
Basketball
Association. The move to the BAA took away Rochester's profitable exhibition schedule, and placed it in the same Western Division that Minneapolis was in. Of the two best teams in pro basketball, only one of them could play in the league finals from 1949 to 1954. Minneapolis, with George Mikan, was almost always a little better at playoff time than the Royals. With their smallish arena and now-limited schedule, the Royals became less profitable even as Harrison maintained a remarkably high standard for the team, which finished no lower than second in its division in both the NBL and BAA/NBA from 1945 to 1954. Harrison knew that the NBA was outgrowing Rochester, and spent most of the 1950s looking for a buyer for his team. The Royals won the NBA title in 1951 by defeating the New York Knicks 4–3. It is the only NBA championship in the franchise's history. The title, however, did not translate into profit for the Royals. The roster turned over in 1955, except for Bobby Wanzer; the team moved to the larger Rochester War Memorial. Now a losing team filled with rookies, the Royals still did not turn a profit. Meanwhile, the NBA was putting pressure on Harrison to sell or relocate his team to a larger city. With this in mind, the 1956–57 season was the Royals' last in Rochester. The Royals' stay in Rochester featured the services of nine future members of the Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, one member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and a Hollywood Walk of Famer: Al Cervi, Bob Davies, Alex Hannum, Les Harrison, Red Holzman, Arnie Risen, Maurice Stokes, Jack Twyman, Bobby Wanzer, Otto Graham, Chuck Connors
Chuck Connors
and Jack McMahon. 1957–1972: Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals[edit]

Logo used in Cincinnati

In April 1957, the Harrison brothers moved the Royals to Cincinnati. This move followed a well-received regular season game played at Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Gardens on February 1, 1957. The change of venue had been said to have been suggested by Jack Twyman
Jack Twyman
and Dave Piontek, who were two of several roster players on the new Royals from that region. Cincinnati, which had a strong college basketball fan base and no NFL franchise to compete with, was deemed the best choice for the Harrisons. The Royals name continued to fit in Cincinnati, often known as the "Queen City". During the team's first NBA draft
NBA draft
in Cincinnati, the team acquired Clyde Lovellette
Clyde Lovellette
and guard George King. They teamed with the 1–2 punch of Maurice Stokes
Maurice Stokes
and Twyman to produce a budding contender in the team's very first season in the Queen City. Injury to Marshall and the loss of star guard Si Green
Si Green
to military service dropped the team into a tie for second place in the NBA Western Division during the 1957–58 season's second half. In the season's finale, All-Pro star Maurice Stokes
Maurice Stokes
struck his head when he fell after pursuing a rebound. He shook off the effects of the fall, even as he had briefly been unconscious. After Game One in the playoffs three days later, Stokes' head injury was greatly aggravated by airplane cabin pressure during the flight back to Cincinnati
Cincinnati
for Game Two. He suffered a seizure and was permanently hospitalized, a tragedy that greatly shook the team. Stokes, a tremendous talent who could play center, forward and guard, was 2nd in the NBA in rebounds and 3rd in assists, a double-feat only Wilt Chamberlain
Wilt Chamberlain
has matched for a full season. Without Stokes, the team nearly folded. Fellow All-Star Twyman rose to All-Pro level the next two seasons for Cincinnati, even as the team posted two 19-win seasons. The 1958–59 Cincinnati
Cincinnati
team featured five rookies, with Lovellette, King and other key players having left the team in the wake of Stokes' tragic injury. The Harrisons, under pressure to sell to a local group, sold to a local ownership headed by Thomas Woods. The fact that Stokes was simply dumped by the team and the new ownership infuriated many. Jack Twyman
Jack Twyman
came to the aid of his teammate, and even legally adopted Stokes. Raising funds for Stokes' medical treatment, Twyman helped him until his death in April 1970. The 1973 feature film Maurie, which co-starred actors Bernie Casey and Bo Svenson, dramatized their story. Shooting often for the beleaguered team, Twyman was the second NBA player to average 30 points per game for an NBA season. Twyman and Stokes were later named Hall of Famers. 1960–1970: The Oscar Robertson
Oscar Robertson
era[edit]

Robertson averaged over 30 points per game in six seasons and won six NBA assist titles while with the Royals

In 1960, the team was able to land local superstar Oscar Robertson. Robertson led a team that included Twyman, Wayne Embry, Bob Boozer, Bucky Bockhorn, Tom Hawkins and Adrian Smith over the next three seasons. The Royals reversed their fortunes with Robertson and rose to title contender. An ownership dispute in early 1963 scuttled the team's playoff chances when new owner Louis Jacobs booked a circus for Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Gardens for the week of the playoff series versus the champion Boston Celtics. The Royals' home games were at Xavier University's Schmidt Field House. In late 1963, another local superstar, Jerry Lucas, joined the team. The Royals rose to second-best record in the NBA. From 1963 to 1966, the Royals contended strongly against Boston and the Philadelphia 76ers, but won no titles. The team's star players throughout the 1960s were Oscar Robertson
Oscar Robertson
and Jerry Lucas. Robertson met with individual success, averaging a triple-double in 1961–62 and winning the Most Valuable Player award in 1964. Robertson was a league-leading scorer and passer each season. Lucas was Rookie Of the Year in 1964, led the league in shooting, and later averaged 20 rebounds per game over three seasons. Both were All-NBA First Team selections multiple times. The team failed to keep promising players and played in the tough NBA East division, dominated by the Boston Celtics, even as a Baltimore team played in the West Division for three years, denying the team likely visits to the NBA Finals. In 1966, the team was sold to Max and Jeremy Jacobs. That same season, the Royals began playing some of their home games in neutral sites such as Cleveland
Cleveland
(until the Cavaliers began play in 1970), Dayton
Dayton
and Columbus, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio
which was the norm for the rest of the Royals tenure in the Queen City. New coach Bob Cousy
Bob Cousy
traded Lucas in 1969. Robertson was traded to Milwaukee in 1970, where he immediately won an NBA title. The declining franchise left Cincinnati
Cincinnati
shortly thereafter, moving to Kansas
Kansas
City in 1972. 1972–1985: Kansas
Kansas
City–Omaha/ Kansas
Kansas
City Kings[edit]

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The Royals, on moving to Kansas
Kansas
City, renamed themselves the Kings to avoid confusion with the Royals baseball team. The team initially divided its home games between Kansas
Kansas
City and Omaha until 1975, when it abandoned the Omaha market. During that time the team was officially called the " Kansas
Kansas
City-Omaha Kings". The move from Omaha marked the opening of the 16,785-seat Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
in Kansas
Kansas
City. During the first days the Kings played at the 7,316-seat Municipal Auditorium. While in Omaha the team played in the 9,300-seat Omaha Civic Auditorium. 1972–1976[edit]

Nate Archibald
Nate Archibald
led the NBA with 34.0 points per game and 11.4 assists per game in the 1972–73 season

The team netted a new superstar in Nate Archibald, who led the league in scoring and assists in the 1972–73 season. The Kings later played several home games in St. Louis
St. Louis
during the early 1980s to large crowds. While still in Cincinnati, the Kings introduced a most unusual uniform design, which placed the player's surname below his number. The design remained intact through the first several seasons of the team's run in Sacramento, even when the shade of blue on the road uniforms was changed from royal blue to powder blue, and the script '" Kansas
Kansas
City"' which adorned the road jerseys was scrubbed after the move in favor of a repeat of the "Kings" script on the home shirts. The Kings' back jersey template was later adopted by the WNBA and the NBA Development League, as well the NBA during the All-Star Game since 2006. The Kings had some decent players throughout. Tom Van Arsdale, the shooting forward, "Jumpin" Johnny Green, and Matt Guokas helped Archibald in the first year in Kansas
Kansas
City. Toby Kimball was a fan favorite. Jimmy Walker teamed with Archibald as the Kings made the playoffs the second year. Sam Lacey, an effective passing center, became one of the most dependable players in the league. Archibald became the first player to lead the league in scoring and assists in the first season in Kansas
Kansas
City. However, the management traded Archibald, and wasted high draft picks. Bob Cousy
Bob Cousy
gave way to Phil Johnson, who was fired midyear in 1977 and replaced by Larry Staverman, a player on the team on two separate occasions when it was in Cincinnati
Cincinnati
and who later became the Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians groundskeeper.[citation needed] 1976–1984[edit] The Kings finally achieved some success in their new home when they hired Cotton Fitzsimmons as coach. Fitzsimmons won the Midwest Division in 1978–79 with rookie point guard Phil Ford, who was NBA Rookie of the Year in 1979. Kansas
Kansas
City was led by shooting guard Otis Birdsong, strong on both offense and defense, all-around shooting forward Scott Wedman, and passing center Sam Lacey, who had a trademark 25-foot (7.6 m) bank shot. They drew an average of 10,789 fans to Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
that season, the only time during their tenure in KC that average attendance was in five figures (the attendance at the peak was only two-thirds of Kemper's capacity). Most Kansas
Kansas
City sports fans preferred to spend their entertainment dollar on the Royals, who won the American League West division championship four times in five seasons between 1976 and 1980, and reached the 1980 World Series. The Kings made the playoffs in 1979–80 and again in 1980–81, despite finishing the 1980–81 regular season at 40–42. The Kings made a run in the 1981 NBA Playoffs, reaching the Western Conference finals. Ernie Grunfeld
Ernie Grunfeld
played the point in this run in place of an injured Ford, as KC used a slow half-court game to win the first two rounds. Power forward Reggie King had a remarkable series, dominating the opposition. After upsetting the Phoenix Suns
Phoenix Suns
by winning Game 7 at Phoenix in the Conference Semifinals and becoming the 2nd NBA road team to do so after leading series 3–1, they bowed to the Houston Rockets (who also went 40-42 in the 1980–81 regular season) in five games in the Conference Finals. Lacey, the last remaining Cincinnati Royal to play for the Kings, was completely dominated in the low post by Rockets superstar Moses Malone. However, a series of bad luck incidents prevented the team from building on its success. Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers owner Ted Stepien lured Wedman and Birdsong away with big contract offers. In 1979, the roof literally fell in at Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
because of a severe storm, forcing the team to play most of the 1979–80 season at the much smaller Municipal Auditorium. The ownership group sold the team to Sacramento interests for $11 million. The general manager was fired in a scandal in which he was found to be reusing marked postage stamps. When the Kings rehired Joe Axelson as general manager, they brought back the man who had previously traded Oscar Robertson, Norm Van Lier, Nate Archibald and Jerry Lucas, and used the third pick in the ABA dispersal draft on Ron Boone. Axelson stayed on after the Kings left Kansas
Kansas
City where, in their last game ever, fans wore Joe Axelson masks. Axelson later said he hoped his plane would never touch down in Kansas
Kansas
City. Axelson became the first general manager in the history of sports to fail with the same franchise in four different cities: Cincinnati, Kansas
Kansas
City, Omaha and Sacramento. He was not fired for good until he rehired coach Phil Johnson, whom he had fired in mid-season in Kansas City ten years before. The Kings also had the misfortune of entering this period competing with the Kansas
Kansas
City Comets for the winter sports dollar, when the Comets were led by marketers—the Leiweke brothers. Their final season, 1984–85, resulted in a 31–51 record as fans stayed away from Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
in droves, with average attendance of 6,410. Long-time ABA and NBA star, Don Buse, played his final professional season for the Kings. 1985–present: Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings[edit] The Kings moved to their current home of Sacramento, California
Sacramento, California
in the 1985–86 NBA season, with their first Sacramento
Sacramento
season ending in the first round of the Western Conference 1986 NBA Playoffs. The starting lineup was Reggie Theus, LaSalle Thompson, Mark Olberding, Terry Tyler, and Mike Woodson, with Larry Drew, Eddie Johnson, Otis Thorpe, and Joe Kleine coming off the bench. However, despite fan loyalty the Kings saw little success in subsequent seasons, and the team did not make the playoffs again until the 1996 NBA Playoffs
1996 NBA Playoffs
in the 1995–96 NBA season. Some of their failure was attributable to misfortunes such as the career-altering car crash suffered by promising point guard Bobby Hurley in 1993, and the suicide of Ricky Berry during the 1989 off-season; some was attributed to poor management such as the long tenure of head coach Garry St. Jean
Garry St. Jean
and the selection of "Never Nervous" Pervis Ellison with the first overall pick in the 1989 NBA draft. Current Kings television broadcaster Jerry Reynolds (1987, 1988–90) and NBA legend Bill Russell
Bill Russell
(1987–88) were the earliest head coaches. 1988–1989: Ricky Berry[edit] Ricky Berry was selected by the Kings in the first round, 18th pick overall in the 1988 NBA draft. He had a dazzling rookie year in the 1988–89 season shooting 40.6% from three-point range. The Kings also drafted Vinny Del Negro
Vinny Del Negro
(selected by the Kings in the second round, 29th overall pick in the 1988 NBA draft) and acquired Rodney McCray from the Houston Rockets. In his first year with the Kings, McCray made 1988 NBA All-Defensive First Team. It was the first season the Kings would play without Reggie Theus
Reggie Theus
and LaSalle Thompson (both part in the original team from Kansas
Kansas
City) or Joe Kleine (selected by the Kings as first round, sixth pick overall in the 1985 NBA draft). Thompson was drafted by the Kings in the first round, fifth overall pick in the 1982 NBA draft. It was also the last year that Michael Jackson (selected by the New York Knicks
New York Knicks
in the second round, 47th pick overall in the 1986 NBA draft
1986 NBA draft
but who played his entire career with the Kings) and Ed Pinckney (selected 10th overall by the Phoenix Suns in the 1985 NBA draft
1985 NBA draft
and played for the Kings from 1987 to 1989) played for the Kings. On February 23, 1989, Brad Lohaus and Danny Ainge were traded to the Kings from the Boston Celtics
Boston Celtics
for Joe Kleine and Ed Pinckney. In June of the 1989 off-season, Lohaus was then acquired by the Minnesota Timberwolves
Minnesota Timberwolves
in the 1989 NBA Expansion Draft. In August of the 1989 off-season, Berry was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound at his home in Fair Oaks, California
California
just weeks before his 25th birthday following an argument with his wife. 1989–1990: Pervis Ellison[edit] Following the loss of Ricky Berry, 1989–90 season featured Pervis Ellison, who was first overall pick in the 1989 NBA draft
1989 NBA draft
by the Kings, and acquisition Wayman Tisdale
Wayman Tisdale
(from the Indiana Pacers, second pick overall in the 1985 NBA draft). An injury kept Ellison on the sidelines for 48 of 82 games of his rookie year, after which he was traded to the Washington Bullets. Tisdale would go on to play for the Kings for five years. It was the last season that Danny Ainge, Kenny Smith (who had an impressive showing in the 1990 NBA Slam Dunk Contest), Rodney McCray, Harold Pressley (selected by the Kings in the first round, 17th overall pick in the 1986 NBA draft), Vinny Del Negro, Greg Kite, and Ralph Sampson
Ralph Sampson
played for the Kings. In 1990, Ainge was traded to the Portland Trail Blazers, Kenny Smith
Kenny Smith
was traded to the Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks, and Rodney McCray was traded to the Dallas Mavericks. 1990–1991: Lionel Simmons[edit] Lionel Simmons – or L-Train – was drafted by the Kings in the 1990 NBA draft
NBA draft
in the first round, 7th pick overall. In his first season, he made the NBA All-Rookie First Team. He would go on to play his entire career (1990–1997) with the Kings and had 5,833 career points. Antoine Carr (acquired from the Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks) played for the Kings in the 1990–91 NBA season
1990–91 NBA season
and then was traded to the San Antonio Spurs. Free agent Leon Wood, who would later become an NBA official, played for the Kings but was let go on Christmas Eve of 1990.[8] Also notable that Bill Wennington
Bill Wennington
was acquired from the Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
and played for the Kings for the 1990–91 season and after a successful career with the Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
returned to the Kings for his final season in 1999–2000. 1991–1998: The Mitch Richmond
Mitch Richmond
era[edit]

Mitch Richmond
Mitch Richmond
was a key player on the Kings' rise to prominence in the 1990s.

The early 1990s were difficult for the Kings. Sacramento
Sacramento
was known for having strong fan support, and while they won over 60% of their home games, the team struggled on the road, going 1–40 on the road in a single season. But prayers were answered when they acquired Mitch Richmond, who previously played for the Golden State Warriors. The former NBA Rookie of the Year
NBA Rookie of the Year
was selected as an All-Star six times while making the All-NBA Second Team
All-NBA Second Team
three times. Garry St. Jean
Garry St. Jean
was chosen as new coach in 1992 and coached the team all the way through 1997, where he was replaced by Eddie Jordan. During the 90's Sacramento
Sacramento
had other stars like Spud Webb, Kurt Rambis, Wayman Tisdale, Walt Williams, Olden Polynice and Brian Grant, but they only lasted with the team for a few years. After the 1992–93 season, Rambis was traded to the Los Angeles Lakers. After the 1993–94 season, Tisdale was traded to the Phoenix Suns. After the 1994–95 season, Webb was traded to the Atlanta Hawks
Atlanta Hawks
for Tyrone Corbin. Midway through the 1995–96 season, Williams was traded to the Miami Heat
Miami Heat
for Billy Owens
Billy Owens
(who was drafted by the Kings in 1991, and traded to Golden State for Richmond). After the 1996–97 season, Grant became a free agent and signed with the Portland Trail Blazers. One accomplishment the team achieved under St. Jean during their tenures was a playoff appearance in 1996. The series was lost 3–1 to the Seattle SuperSonics
Seattle SuperSonics
who, led by Gary Payton
Gary Payton
and Shawn Kemp, finished as that year's conference champions. They did not make a playoff appearance again while Richmond was still on the Kings. He was soon traded along with Otis Thorpe to the Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
for Chris Webber in May 1998. Although Richmond was lost, this trade proved to be one of the keys to finally achieving playoff success after so many seasons of mediocrity. 1998–2004: "The Greatest Show on Court" era[edit] The Kings began to emerge from mediocrity with the draft selection of Jason Williams in the 1998 NBA draft, the signing of Vlade Divac, and the trade for Chris Webber
Chris Webber
prior to the lockout-shortened season of 1998–99. These acquisitions coincided with the arrival of Peja Stojaković from Serbia, who had been drafted in 1996. Each of these moves was attributed to general manager Geoff Petrie, who has won the NBA Executive of the Year Award
NBA Executive of the Year Award
twice. Led by new head coach Rick Adelman, and aided by former Princeton head coach Pete Carril, the Kings' Princeton offense
Princeton offense
impressed others for its quick style and strong ball movement. Some criticized the Kings for their poor team defense, Williams's "flash over substance" style with its many turnovers, and Webber's failure to step up in important match-ups. Still, they quickly garnered many fans outside of California, many of whom were drawn to the spectacular pairing of Williams and Webber. In 1998–99, they went 27–23, their first winning season in nearly twenty years and their first since moving to Sacramento. The new arrivals Webber, Williams, and Divac all played key roles in this resurgence; Divac ranked near the top of the team in most statistics, Webber led the league in rebounds and was named to the All-NBA Second Team, and Williams was named to the NBA All-Rookie First Team. In the playoffs, they were matched up against the defending Western Conference Champions, the Utah Jazz. After winning Game 1 by 20 points, the Jazz surrendered two consecutive playoff games to the Kings. They would turn the series around, however, and win the last two to keep the Kings from advancing in the playoffs. In 1999–2000, the Kings went relatively quiet; their only notable transaction was the acquisition of former Orlando Magic
Orlando Magic
shooting guard Nick Anderson. They finished 8th in the Western Conference with a respectable 44–38 record and were matched up with the Los Angeles Lakers in the first round of the playoffs. Once again, however, the Kings failed to advance, losing the series 2–3 against the Lakers. The following season, the Kings traded starting small forward Corliss Williamson to the Toronto Raptors
Toronto Raptors
for shooting guard Doug Christie, a move made to improve the subpar defense. They also drafted Turkish power forward Hedo Türkoğlu, further improving their bench rotation. Stojakovic moved into the starting small forward role, where he and Webber proved to complement each other extremely well, and as the Kings continued to improve, their popularity steadily rose, culminating in a February 2001 Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
cover story entitled "The Greatest Show on Court" with Williams, Christie, Stojakovic, Webber, and Divac gracing the cover. That year, they went 55–27, their best in 40 years. In the playoffs, they won their first series in 20 years, defeating the Phoenix Suns
Phoenix Suns
three games to one, before being swept in the second round by the Lakers, who eventually won the NBA Championship. In July 2001, the Kings made a major move. Jason Williams was traded, along with Nick Anderson, to the Vancouver Grizzlies
Vancouver Grizzlies
for Mike Bibby and Brent Price. Despite Williams's often spectacular play, the Kings had grown tired of his recklessness and turnovers; Bibby would provide much more stability and control at the point guard position. This move was complemented by the re-signing of Webber to a maximum-salary contract, securing their superstar long term. With Bibby taking over for Williams, they had their best season to date in 2001–02. Though not as exciting or flashy as they had been in previous years with Williams, the team became much more effective and disciplined with Bibby at the helm. They finished with a league-best record of 61–21, winning 36 of 41 at home. After easily winning their first two playoff matchups against the Stockton and Malone-led Jazz and the Dirk Nowitzki-led Dallas Mavericks, respectively, the Kings went on to play the archrival and two-time defending champion Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Lakers
in the Western Conference Finals, regarded as one of the greatest playoff matchups in history. In a controversial series,[9] the Kings lost in seven games, one game away from what would have been the first NBA Finals and professional sports championship in Sacramento
Sacramento
history. This was a crushing blow to the Kings; after losing to their archrivals in a highly controversial series, the team would begin to decline and age in the years that followed. Many commentators and journalists would question the decisions made by the referees during Game 6, specifically that the Lakers were awarded a staggering 27 free throws in the fourth quarter, many of which came from what were in retrospect proved to be no-calls.[10] Following Game 6 even print newspapers began to question the legitimacy of the game. Most notably, the New York Post
New York Post
ran a front cover with a headline entitled "Foul Play"; it also published a related article suggesting that the game was rigged.[11][12] NBA analyst David Aldridge
David Aldridge
(then working for ESPN) spoke on the game:

“ There is nothing I can say that will explain 27 free throws for the Lakers in the fourth quarter – an amount staggering in its volume and impact on the game. It gave me pause. How can you explain it? How can you explain a game where Scot Pollard
Scot Pollard
fouls out when he's two feet from Shaquille O'Neal, or that Doug Christie is called for a ridiculous touch foul just as Chris Webber
Chris Webber
spikes Bryant's drive to the hoop, or that Mike Bibby
Mike Bibby
is called for a foul deep in the fourth quarter after Bryant pops him in the nose with an elbow?[13] ”

The 2002 Western Conference finals left many fans wondering whether the Kings could have gone on to win a title, and debate would continue for many years after the events of the series.[14] Later, due to allegations raised by former NBA referee Tim Donaghy, the NBA set up a review of the league's officiating. Lawrence Pedowitz, who led the review, concluded that while Game 6 featured poor officiating, there was no concrete evidence that the game had been fixed.[15] The Kings went 59–23 and won the division during the following season, seeking to avenge their playoff loss to the Lakers. After easily dispatching the Stockton and Malone-led Jazz in the first round and winning Game 1 against the Dirk Nowitzki-led Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
in the second round, the Kings appeared to be on the brink of another Western Conference Finals berth. However, Chris Webber
Chris Webber
sustained a devastating knee injury in Game 2, and the Kings lost in a gut-wrenching seven-game series. Webber's knee required major surgery. He returned mid-season in 2003–04 a season in which the Kings were seeking another chance to avenge their playoff loss to the Lakers, but without his quickness and athleticism, which had been the focal point of his style of play, it was not the same. Despite that, the Kings still managed to defeat the Dirk Nowitzki-led Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
in the first round and after winning Game 1 against the Kevin Garnett-led Minnesota Timberwolves
Minnesota Timberwolves
in the second round, the Kings appeared to be on the brink of their second Western Conference Finals berth in three years, but unfortunately the Kings ended the season on a sour note with a heartbreaking defeat to the Timberwolves in a hard fought seven game series. 2004–2006: Decline[edit] The 2004–05 season marked change for the Kings, who lost three starters from the famed 2002 team. In the off-season of 2004, Divac signed with the Lakers, which prompted the Kings to sign Brad Miller to start at center. Early in the season, Christie was traded to the Orlando Magic
Orlando Magic
for Cuttino Mobley, and in February, Webber was traded to the Philadelphia 76ers
Philadelphia 76ers
for three forwards (Corliss Williamson, Kenny Thomas, and Brian Skinner). Thomas and Skinner failed in their attempt to replicate Webber's impact, and as a result the team's record suffered. The Kings lost in the first round of the playoffs to the Seattle
Seattle
SuperSonics. The 2005 off-season continued with changes, when they traded fan-favorite Bobby Jackson for Bonzi Wells
Bonzi Wells
and acquired free agent Shareef Abdur-Rahim. The 2005–06 season started poorly since the Kings had a hard time establishing team chemistry. Newcomers Wells and Abdur-Rahim made major contributions early, but both were injured and missed a significant number of games. As the Kings' season continued, general manager Petrie decided to make a major move. Stojakovic was traded for Ron Artest, a talented yet volatile forward known for his temper. Despite doubts that he would be able to replace the huge production of Stojakovic, Artest and the Kings went 20–9 after the 2006 NBA All-Star break, the second best post-All-Star break record that season. Despite a winning record of 44–38, it was clear that they were not the same team of years past. The Kings were seeded 8th in the Western Conference playoffs and were matched up in the first round against the San Antonio Spurs. Though the Kings were surprisingly competitive, the Spurs eliminated them 4–2. This was the end of their era of competitiveness and to date, their last winning season. The 2006 off-season began with the disturbing news that head coach Rick Adelman's contract would not be renewed. The Kings named Eric Musselman as his replacement. 2006–2009: Change and transition[edit] In 2006–07, the disappointing play of the Kings was coupled with the distraction of legal troubles. Coach Eric Musselman pleaded no contest to DUI
DUI
charges early in the season, while Artest got into trouble for neglect of his dogs, and was later accused of domestic assault. The Kings relieved Artest of basketball duties, pending investigation, then later reinstated him. They finished the season 33–49 (their worst in 9 years) which landed them in fifth place in the Pacific Division. They posted a losing record (20–21) at home for the first time since 1993–94. Their season included a seven-game losing-streak that lasted from January 4 to January 19. The Kings missed the 2007 NBA Playoffs, the first time in eight seasons. Musselman was fired in April. The Kings' future appeared to rest on the shoulders of Kevin Martin, who was a lead candidate for 2007 NBA Most-Improved Player of the Year.

Kevin Martin shoots a free throw at a Kings home game.

The 2007 off season was a time of change. Head coach Musselman was replaced by former Kings player, Reggie Theus. The Kings selected Spencer Hawes
Spencer Hawes
with the 10th overall pick in the 2007 NBA draft. In addition, they acquired Mikki Moore
Mikki Moore
from the New Jersey Nets. Martin signed a contract worth $55 million, extending his period with the team for five more years. The Kings lost key players over the off-season, with backup Ronnie Price leaving for the Utah Jazz, and Corliss Williamson
Corliss Williamson
retiring. They claimed fourth-year Beno Udrih
Beno Udrih
off waivers from Minnesota. Udrih quickly assumed the starting position for an injured Bibby. It was announced in February that the Kings had traded Bibby to the Atlanta Hawks for Tyronn Lue, Anthony Johnson, Shelden Williams, Lorenzen Wright and a 2nd round draft pick. The move was presumably made to clear cap space. Bibby had been last player from the Kings team that reached the Western Conference Finals in 2002. The Kings improved by 5 games and finished the 2007–08 season 38–44, and missed the playoffs by a bigger margin (12 games) than the previous season (8 games). They went 26–15 at home and 12–29 on the road. After selling out every home game since 1999, the 2007–08 season sold out only three games at ARCO Arena with attendance averaging 13,500 fans per home game, almost 4,000 below capacity. Following a quiet 2008 off-season, it was confirmed on July 29, 2008 that the Kings would trade Artest and the rights to Patrick Ewing, Jr. and Sean Singletary to the Houston Rockets
Houston Rockets
in exchange for former King Bobby Jackson, Donté Greene, a future first round draft pick, and cash considerations[16] for Rashad McCants
Rashad McCants
and center Calvin Booth. Reggie Theus
Reggie Theus
was fired in the middle of the 2008–09 season, giving way to Kenny Natt
Kenny Natt
as the interim head coach. The Kings continued to struggle under Natt, ending up with the NBA's worst record for the 2008–09 season at 17–65. On April 23, 2009, Kings' Vice President Geoff Petrie
Geoff Petrie
announced the firing of Natt and his four assistants, Rex Kalamian, Jason Hamm, Randy Brown and Bubba Burrage.[17] 2009–2012: "Here we Rise" period[edit] Despite having the best odds to win the top overall pick in the 2009 NBA draft, the Kings obtained the 4th overall pick, the lowest they could possibly pick, to the outrage of many fans. Along with new head coach Paul Westphal, they selected Tyreke Evans. With the 23rd pick, they selected Omri Casspi
Omri Casspi
from Israel.

Tyreke Evans
Tyreke Evans
won the 2010 NBA Rookie of the Year
NBA Rookie of the Year
award.

On April 27, 2010, Evans was the first Sacramento
Sacramento
era player to receive the NBA Rookie of the Year
NBA Rookie of the Year
Award. Evans also became the 4th player in NBA history, joining Oscar Robertson, Michael Jordan, and LeBron James, to average 20 points, 5 rebounds, and 5 assists per game as a rookie. On June 24, 2010, the Kings selected DeMarcus Cousins
DeMarcus Cousins
with the 5th pick of the 2010 NBA draft. They also selected Hassan Whiteside, with the 33rd pick of the 2010 NBA draft. Despite the excellent play of Cousins and Evans, both of whom were front-runners in Rookie of the Year voting[18][19] and received All-Rookie First Team honors,[20][21] the Kings still ranked near the bottom of the NBA, going 25–57 in Evans' rookie year, and 24–58 in Cousins' rookie year. Much of this was due to the poor fit of the roster around Evans and Cousins, and the uninspired coaching of Westphal. The 2010–11 season was marked with uncertainty towards the end of the season. Frustrated by the lack of progress towards an arena and dwindling profits from other businesses, the Maloofs sought an immediate relocation of the franchise to Anaheim. The move seemed certain towards the end of the year, with Grant Napear
Grant Napear
and Jerry Reynolds emotionally signing off at the final home game vs. the Los Angeles Lakers. But after a vote by the NBA board of Governors, the relocation effort was ended, to the glee of the fans. In the 2011 NBA draft
NBA draft
the Kings traded for the draft rights of Jimmer Fredette in a three-team deal with the Charlotte Bobcats
Charlotte Bobcats
and the Milwaukee Bucks, with the Kings receiving John Salmons
John Salmons
sending Beno Udrih. This move was heavily panned by fans and media; by moving down in the draft and losing longtime starter Udrih for the unproductive Salmons, most found it difficult to find a bright spot in the deal. Westphal would shortly be fired, with Warriors assistant Keith Smart hired as his replacement. Around this time, the team took the slogan "Here we rise!" for its marketing campaign. Amidst various relocation rumors and locker room tensions, the Kings had yet another unsuccessful season. One of their few bright spots was rookie Isaiah Thomas. Due to criticisms about his height (5'9" in shoes) and playmaking ability, Thomas slipped to the 60th and final pick of the draft. Despite this, and the presence of college superstar Fredette, Thomas earned the starting spot, finishing the season with averages of 11 points and 4 assists per game and earned a selection to the NBA All-Rookie team. In the 2012 NBA draft
2012 NBA draft
they selected Thomas Robinson out of Kansas. Because of an unproductive rookie season by Robinson, he was traded with Francisco García and Tyler Honeycutt to the Houston Rockets
Houston Rockets
in exchange for Patrick Patterson, Toney Douglas
Toney Douglas
and Cole Aldrich.[22] 2013–present: Franchise restructuring[edit] On May 16, 2013, the Maloof family
Maloof family
reached agreement to sell the Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings to a group led by Silicon Valley tech entrepreneur Vivek Ranadivé for a then-record NBA franchise valuation of $535 million. Ranadivé, 55, named Raj Bhathal, 71, founder of Tustin-based Raj Manufacturing,[23] one of the largest swimwear companies in the nation, as one of the investors in a consortium to buy a majority stake in the Kings from the franchise's longtime owners, the Maloof family, for a reported $348 million. The group fought off a rival bid that would have moved the team to Seattle
Seattle
after the NBA's Board of Governors rejected investor Chris Hansen's bid to relocate the team.[24][25] The new owners intend to keep the team in Sacramento.[26] On May 28, the NBA Board of Governors unanimously approved the sale, ending several years of efforts by other cities to take possession and move the Kings out of Sacramento.[27][28] On May 31, 2013, the Kings closed escrow, finalizing the sale to the Ranadivé group at a record valuation of $534 million, beginning a new era for the franchise.[29] Plans were already underway to move forward on an arena, as the Downtown Plaza was reportedly being sold to the Sacramento
Sacramento
ownership group. A month later, on July 30, Turner Construction was selected to be the builder of the arena. Once the sale had closed and ownership was transferred to Ranadivé, the Kings began making changes to the management and staff. Geoff Petrie[30] and Keith Smart[31] were released; Mike Malone[32] and Pete D'Alessandro[33] were brought in to replace them. Corliss Williamson, Brendan Malone, Chris Jent, and Dee Brown were brought in as assistant coaches. On July 10, NBA executive Chris Granger
Chris Granger
was hired as team president. On September 23, 2013, Shaquille O'Neal
Shaquille O'Neal
purchased a minority share of the team, jokingly dubbing the team's new organization the "Shaqramento Kings". These hires coincided several roster moves. In the 2013 NBA draft
2013 NBA draft
on June 27, the Kings selected Kansas
Kansas
shooting guard Ben McLemore, who was widely projected to go top-five, with the seventh overall pick. They also selected point guard and former McDonald's All-American Ray McCallum, Jr. from the University of Detroit with the 36th pick. One week later, on July 5, the Kings sent former NBA Rookie of the Year Tyreke Evans
Tyreke Evans
to the New Orleans Pelicans
New Orleans Pelicans
in a three-team deal involving Robin Lopez, Greivis Vásquez, Jeff Withey, Terrel Harris, and picks. On July 9, the Kings traded a future second-round draft pick to the Bucks in exchange for defensive small forward Luc Richard Mbah a Moute, and on July 15, the Kings signed Carl Landry, who had played a stint with the team in its previous ownership, to a 4-year deal worth $28 million. The 2013–14 season was widely anticipated by Kings fans. Playing their first game on October 30, against the Nuggets, the Kings won 90–88, despite being without projected starters Landry and Mbah a Moute. They were led by a 30-point, 14 rebound performance from DeMarcus Cousins, and a putback dunk by Jason Thompson with under a minute to play which sealed the victory for the Kings. After the poor play of starting forwards John Salmons
John Salmons
and Patrick Patterson through November, the Kings sought a change. On November 26, newly acquired Luc Richard Mbah a Moute
Luc Richard Mbah a Moute
was traded for power forward Derrick Williams. Nearly two weeks later, on December 8, they acquired Rudy Gay
Rudy Gay
in a blockbuster seven-player deal that sent the struggling Patterson and Salmons to Toronto along with Chuck Hayes
Chuck Hayes
and off-season acquisition Greivis Vásquez. Quincy Acy
Quincy Acy
and Aaron Gray
Aaron Gray
were also sent to the Kings. The organization sought to add depth to their lineup during the 2014 off-season to complement the Kings' star duo DeMarcus Cousins and Rudy Gay.[34] Sacramento
Sacramento
added Darren Collison, Ryan Hollins and Ramon Sessions
Ramon Sessions
through free agency signings, as well as drafting Nik Stauskas
Nik Stauskas
prior to the start of the 2014–15 season. After an 11–13 start to the 2014–15 season, head coach Michael Malone was fired by the Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings organization. Tyrone Corbin filled in for the Kings until Hall of Fame coach George Karl
George Karl
replaced him in February 2015. On January 30, 2015, DeMarcus Cousins
DeMarcus Cousins
was named to replace the injured Kobe Bryant
Kobe Bryant
as a Western Conference All-Star in the 2015 NBA All-Star Game. Cousins' selection marked the first time a Kings player earned All-Star honors since Brad Miller and Peja Stojaković
Peja Stojaković
represented Sacramento
Sacramento
in 2004.[35] On March 3, 2015, the Kings announced former Sacramento
Sacramento
center Vlade Divac as the new vice president of basketball operations.[36] Following the end of Sacramento's 29–53 season for 2014–15, The Kings made aggressive off-season moves in drafting Willie Cauley-Stein and acquiring Rajon Rondo, Kosta Koufos, Marco Belinelli, and Caron Butler in preparation for the 2015–16 season.[37][38] On April 14, 2016, after a 33-49 season, the Kings fired head coach George Karl.[39] Karl compiled a record of 44-68 with the Kings. The 2016–17 season brought several changes. The Kings moved into their new arena, the Golden 1 Center.[40] On May 9, 2016, the Kings hired former Memphis Grizzlies
Memphis Grizzlies
coach Dave Joeger as head coach.[41] During the 2016 NBA draft, the Kings traded the 8th pick to the Phoenix Suns
Phoenix Suns
for the 13th and 28th pick in the draft, as well as the rights to Serbian guard Bogdan Bogdanović.[42] Later in the evening, the Kings traded Marco Belinelli
Marco Belinelli
to the Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
in exchange for the 22nd pick in the draft.[43] The Kings selected four players in the 2016 NBA draft
2016 NBA draft
– Greek center Georgios Papagiannis
Georgios Papagiannis
with the 13th pick, Syracuse shooting guard Malachi Richardson
Malachi Richardson
with the 22nd pick, Kentucky forward Skal Labissiere with the 28th pick, and Oklahoma guard Isaiah Cousins with the 59th pick.[44] In free agency, the Kings signed Anthony Tolliver, Garrett Temple, Arron Afflalo, Matt Barnes, and Ty Lawson.[45] On February 20, 2017, the Kings traded DeMarcus Cousins, alongside Omri Casspi
Omri Casspi
to the New Orleans Pelicans
New Orleans Pelicans
for Tyreke Evans, Buddy Hield, Langston Galloway
Langston Galloway
and two future draft picks.[46] Team logo, uniform and colors[edit] Rochester Royals[edit] The initial Rochester Royals
Rochester Royals
logo featured a blue and white shield with the word "ROCHESTER" on the top, with a white banner with the word "ROYALS" on it. From the beginning the road uniforms were blue with the city name written in front, while home uniforms were white with the team name written in front. Red accents were added later in their Rochester tenure. Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals[edit] Upon moving to Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in 1957, the team logo became a basketball with a cartoon face. The basketball was depicted as wearing a crown with the city of Cincinnati
Cincinnati
within it. The word "CINCINNATI" was featured above the logo while the word "ROYALS" was below. The crown also had the team name on it. This logo was white with blue outlines. The uniforms remained blue on the road and white at home, again with red accents and the city/team name designation on the respective uniforms. In the late 1960s the Royals wore a uniform with the team name written vertically on the left side, with the number on the right. In 1971, the team would adopt a red crown with a blue half-basketball below it. The word "CINCINNATI", in blue, was placed above the logo. The word "ROYALS", in white, was placed on the crown. The logo change also reflected on the uniforms, now featuring a script 'Royals' in front with red numbers. However, blue names and numbers at home, and white names and numbers on the road were written at the back of the uniform, with the unusual arrangement of the number above the name being used for the first time. Kansas
Kansas
City(–Omaha) Kings[edit] For the 1972–73 season, the renamed and relocated Kansas
Kansas
City-Omaha Kings kept their uniforms and logos, with the exception of the name change. After settling in Kansas
Kansas
City for good in 1975, the Kings changed their road uniforms back to reading the city name in front. Beginning with the 1981–82 season, the road uniforms reverted to the team name in front, while numbers in front took on the same color schemes as the numbers in the back. Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings[edit] Following their move from Kansas
Kansas
City in 1985 the Kings still used the same color scheme of red, white and blue. The logo of a crown atop a bottom half of the basketball was also carried over. However, the shades of blue used on their home and road uniforms were different for five seasons. The home uniforms use royal blue, while the road uniforms use powder blue. The striping patterns were also different between the two uniforms, with the script "Kings" wordmark on the sides of the road shorts, and basic side stripes on the home uniforms. Carrying over from Kansas
Kansas
City was the unusual placing of player names at the bottom of the number at the front of the uniforms The uniforms changed slightly in 1990, with royal blue now used on the road; the shorts now incorporate the Kings logo, and the name and number switch places to a more standard basketball jersey. The player names were now in a standard monotone serif font which was used by several NBA teams. This version would mark the last time the classic script "Kings" wordmark was used until 2005. Change to purple and black[edit] In 1994, the Kings radically changed their look, adopting a new color scheme of purple, silver, black and white.[47] The uniform set consists of one wide side stripe running through the right leg of the shorts, with the primary Kings logo prominently featured. The home uniform is in white, while the road uniform is in black (by later coincidence, the NHL's Los Angeles Kings
Los Angeles Kings
would use that exact color scheme). From 1994 to 1997, a half-purple, half-black uniform, featuring checkerboard side panels, was used as an alternate uniform, which was panned by fans. However, the uniform was revived for the 2012–13 season during Hardwood Classics Nights. A new purple uniform, which shares the same template from the home and road uniforms, was introduced in the 1997–98 season. Before the start of the 2002–03 NBA season, the Kings changed their uniforms once again. This set included a modernized version of the "Kings" script on the home jersey, and the city name on the purple road jersey. The side stripes now run through the uniform. In the 2005–06 season they introduced a gold alternate uniform, featuring the classic script "Kings" wordmark. However, this alternate lasted only two seasons. In 2008, the team introduced a new style of uniforms, with the names switching designations with a modernized "Kings" script on the road jersey in black text, and "Sacramento" on the home jersey still in white text. In doing this, the Kings became unique; most professional franchises place the team nickname on the home jerseys and the city name on the road jerseys. The numbers are black on both uniforms. The side panels were revamped, now only featured on the shorts and at the top half of the uniform. Before the 2011–12 season a black alternate uniform was introduced, sharing the same template as the home and road uniforms, but with the classic script "Kings" wordmark and silver numbers. For the 2014–15 season, the Kings made a few tweaks to their home and away uniforms. While the team kept the 2008-era template, they brought back the 1994–2002 "Kings" script from the primary logo on both uniforms, along with purple (home) and white (away) numbers. The black alternate uniform was kept without any alterations. In addition, the crown logo at the back was replaced by the NBA logo, while a gold tab above it represents the franchise's 1951 NBA championship.[48] The team announced it would wear an updated version of the powder blue 1985–90 uniforms 10 times during the season, including at the last home game at Sleep Train Arena, April 9 vs. the Oklahoma City Thunder.[49] For the 2016–17 season, the Kings are changing their brand once more, adopting a logo reminiscent of their 1971–1994 design and dispatching of the black from their logo while keeping the purple and silver.[50] The Kings unveiled their new uniforms on June 15, 2016, featuring four different designs. Both the home white and purple away uniforms feature a modernized "Kings" script, an updated crown on top, and gray side stripes. The so-called 'City' uniforms are similar to the away uniforms, except that the abbreviation "SAC" in gray appears in front. The black 'Global' uniforms substitute the crown for a standing lion crest on top, along with a solid gray side stripe on the right and the primary logo on the left leg. All uniforms feature a baby blue collar, stitches, and tab that says " Sacramento
Sacramento
Proud", a nod to the franchise's first few seasons in Sacramento.[51][52] Beginning with the 2017–2018 season, the jerseys will be sponsored by Blue Diamond Growers.[53] As part of the switch to Nike as the NBA's uniform provider, the home and away uniform designations were abolished. The Kings kept their uniforms mostly intact, but the erstwhile primary purple uniforms were retired in favor of the 'City' alternate purple uniforms. The Kings' primary uniform set now consist of the white 'Association' uniforms, the purple 'Icon' uniforms and the black 'Statement' uniforms.[54] City special edition uniforms[edit] Nike also released a special edition 'City' uniform that pays tribute to both local culture and team heritage. Sacramento's 2017–18 'City' uniforms feature a white and powder blue base with red trim, echoing the road uniform colors the team wore from 1985–90. A recolored lion head logo in red and gray is also emblazoned in front.[55] Mascot[edit] Since the 1997–98 season, the official Kings mascot is Slamson the Lion.[56][57] Previous to that, the Kings mascot was "The Gorilla." Season-by-season records[edit] Main article: List of Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings seasons Head coaches[edit] Main article: List of Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings head coaches Home arenas[edit]

Edgerton Park Arena (1949–1954) Rochester War Memorial
Rochester War Memorial
(1955–1957) Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Gardens (1957–1972) Omaha Civic Auditorium
Omaha Civic Auditorium
(1972–1978) Kansas
Kansas
City Municipal Auditorium (1972–1974) Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
(1974–1985) ARCO Arena I (1985–1988) Sleep Train Arena
Sleep Train Arena
(formerly ARCO Arena II/Power Balance Pavilion) (1988–2016) Golden 1 Center
Golden 1 Center
(2016–present)

Rivalries[edit] Prior to moving to Ohio, the Royals' biggest rival was the Syracuse Nationals. That team went on to become the Philadelphia 76ers. This left upstate New York without a team until the Buffalo Braves
Buffalo Braves
were established in 1970. This third attempt did not last, with the Braves moving to San Diego, California
San Diego, California
in 1978 to become the San Diego Clippers. In 1970, the Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers were established. This brought a new rival for the Royals, as well as a new team in Ohio. This rivalry did not last, and the Royals moved to Kansas
Kansas
City only a few years later. Although the NBA previously had a team in St. Louis, Missouri
Missouri
in the form of the St. Louis
St. Louis
Hawks, that team moved to Atlanta
Atlanta
in 1968, thus preventing a potential new rivalry for the Kings. This made the Kings the first team in the state in four years. 13 years later, the Kings moved to California, leaving Missouri
Missouri
without a team. Los Angeles Lakers[edit] The rivalry with the Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Lakers
began when the Kings traded for Chris Webber
Chris Webber
in 1998. Featuring matchups such as Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
vs. Shaquille O'Neal, it became one of the most competitive in the NBA, climaxing when the two teams met in the 2002 Western Conference Finals.[58] From that point on, injuries and trades would dull the rivalry,[59] though it has begun to emerge again with the Kings drafting center DeMarcus Cousins, and the Lakers trading for center Dwight Howard.[60] Both teams, however, have had a lack of success, with the Kings failing to make the playoffs and the Lakers being swept in the first round as the number 7 seed in the 2013 playoffs and losing many of their star players to injuries ( Kobe Bryant
Kobe Bryant
and Steve Nash) or free agency (Howard to the Houston Rockets) in the following season.[61] Players[edit] All-time roster[edit] Main article: Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings all-time roster Current roster[edit]

Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings roster

v t e

Players Coaches

Pos. No. Name Height Weight DOB (YYYY-MM-DD) From

1.5 !G 7000800000000000000♠8 Bogdanović, Bogdan 7000198120000000000♠6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) 205 lb (93 kg) 1992–08–18 Serbia

4.0 !F 7001220000000000000♠22 Caboclo, Bruno 7000205740000000000♠6 ft 9 in (2.06 m) 205 lb (93 kg) 1995–09–21 Brazil

2.5 !G/F 7001150000000000000♠15 Carter, Vince 7000198120000000000♠6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) 220 lb (100 kg) 1977–01–26 North Carolina

6.0 !C 5000000000000000000♠00 Cauley-Stein, Willie 7000213360000000000♠7 ft 0 in (2.13 m) 240 lb (109 kg) 1993–08–18 Kentucky

6.0 !C 7001450000000000000♠45 Cooley, Jack (TW) 7000208279999999999♠6 ft 10 in (2.08 m) 274 lb (124 kg) 1991–04–12 Notre Dame

1.5 !G 7000500000000000000♠5 Fox, De'Aaron 7000190500000000000♠6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) 175 lb (79 kg) 1997–12–20 Kentucky

5.5 !F/C 7001200000000000000♠20 Giles, Harry 7000208279999999999♠6 ft 10 in (2.08 m) 240 lb (109 kg) 1998–04–22 Duke

4.0 !F 7001130000000000000♠13 Hayes, Nigel 7000200659999999999♠6 ft 7 in (2.01 m) 254 lb (115 kg) 1994–12–16 Wisconsin

1.5 !G 7001240000000000000♠24 Hield, Buddy 7000193040000000000♠6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) 214 lb (97 kg) 1993–12–17 Oklahoma

4.0 !F 7001250000000000000♠25 Jackson, Justin 7000203200000000000♠6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) 210 lb (95 kg) 1995–03–28 North Carolina

6.0 !C 7001410000000000000♠41 Koufos, Kosta 7000213360000000000♠7 ft 0 in (2.13 m) 265 lb (120 kg) 1989–02–24 Ohio State

5.5 !F/C 7000700000000000000♠7 Labissière, Skal 7000210820000000000♠6 ft 11 in (2.11 m) 225 lb (102 kg) 1996–03–18 Kentucky

1.5 !G 7001100000000000000♠10 Mason, Frank 7000180340000000000♠5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) 190 lb (86 kg) 1994–04–03 Kansas

4.0 !F 7001500000000000000♠50 Randolph, Zach 7000205740000000000♠6 ft 9 in (2.06 m) 250 lb (113 kg) 1981–07–16 Michigan State

4.0 !F 7001290000000000000♠29 Sampson, JaKarr (TW) 7000205740000000000♠6 ft 9 in (2.06 m) 207 lb (94 kg) 1993–03–20 St. John's

1.5 !G 7000900000000000000♠9 Shumpert, Iman 7000195580000000000♠6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) 220 lb (100 kg) 1990–06–26 Georgia Tech

2.5 !G/F 7001170000000000000♠17 Temple, Garrett 7000198120000000000♠6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) 195 lb (88 kg) 1986–05–08 LSU

Head coach

Dave Joerger

Assistant coach(es)

Bryan Gates Nancy Lieberman Jason March Bob Thornton Duane Ticknor Elston Turner Larry Lewis (player development)

Legend

(C) Team captain (DP) Unsigned draft pick (FA) Free agent (S) Suspended (GL) On assignment to G League affiliate (TW) Two-way affiliate player Injured

Roster • Transactions Last transaction: 2018-02-11

Retained draft rights[edit] The Kings hold the draft rights to the following unsigned draft picks who have been playing outside the NBA. A drafted player, either an international draftee or a college draftee who is not signed by the team that drafted him, is allowed to sign with any non-NBA teams. In this case, the team retains the player's draft rights in the NBA until one year after the player's contract with the non-NBA team ends.[62] This list includes draft rights that were acquired from trades with other teams.

Draft Round Pick Player Pos. Nationality Current team Note(s) Ref

2015 2 59 Agravanis, DimitriosDimitrios Agravanis F/C  Greece Olympiacos (Greece) Acquired from the Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers [63]

2015 2 60 Mitrović, LukaLuka Mitrović F  Serbia Brose Bamberg
Brose Bamberg
(Germany) Acquired from the Philadelphia 76ers [64]

2013 2 57 Oriakhi, AlexAlex Oriakhi F  United States Vaqueros de Bayamón
Vaqueros de Bayamón
(Puerto Rico) Acquired from the Phoenix Suns [65]

Retired numbers[edit] All of the Kings retired numbers are hanging on the rafters in the Golden 1 Center

Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings retired numbers

No. Player Position Tenure

— ARCO Arena/Sleep Train Arena — 1988–2016 1

1 Nate Archibald
Nate Archibald
2 G 1970–1976 3

2 Mitch Richmond G 1991–1998 4

4 Chris Webber F 1998–2005 4

6 Fans ("The Sixth Man") — 1985–present

11 Bob Davies G 1948–1955 5

12 Maurice Stokes F 1955–1958 6

14 Oscar Robertson
Oscar Robertson
2 G 1960–1970 7

16 Peja Stojaković
Peja Stojaković
8 F 1998–2006 4

21 Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
9 C 1998–2004 4

27 Jack Twyman F 1955–1966 10

44 Sam Lacey C 1970–1981 11

Notes:

1 The home of the Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings from 1988 to 2016. 2 Archibald and Robertson were named two of the NBA's 50 Greatest Players in 1996. 3 1970–1972 Cincinnati, 1972–1976 Kansas
Kansas
City. 4 All in Sacramento. 5 All in Rochester. 6 1955–1957 Rochester, suffered a career-ending injury in 1957–58, the team's first season in Cincinnati. 7 All in Cincinnati. 8 Stojaković is currently working for the Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings as the director of player personnel. 9 Divac is the team's current general manager. 10 1955–1957 in Rochester, 1957–1966 in Cincinnati. 11 1970–1972 in Cincinnati, 1972–1981 in Kansas
Kansas
City.

The Sacramento
Sacramento
Monarchs' 2005 WNBA season champions banner, as well as the Monarchs 2006 Western Conference champions banner, also hang from the rafters of the Golden 1 Center. Naismith Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Famers[edit]

Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings Hall of Famers

Players

No. Name Position Tenure Inducted

11 Bob Davies G 1948–1955 1970

14 Oscar Robertson G 1960–1970 1980

16 Jerry Lucas F/C 1963–1969 1980

27 Jack Twyman F 1955–1966 1983

9 Bobby Wanzer G 1948–1957 1987

34 Clyde Lovellette C/F 1957–1958 1988

1 10 Nate Archibald G 1970–1976 1991

14 Arnie Risen C 1948–1955 1998

15 32 34 Wayne Embry
Wayne Embry
2 C 1958–1966 1999

12 Maurice Stokes F 1955–1958 2004

50 Ralph Sampson C 1989–1990 2012

5 Guy Rodgers G 1967–1968 2014

2 Mitch Richmond G 1991–1998 2014

13 Šarūnas Marčiulionis G 1995–1996 2014

12 Jo Jo White G 1980–1981 2015

Coaches

Name Position Tenure Inducted

Bill Russell
Bill Russell
1 Head coach 1987–1988 1975

Contributors

Name Position Tenure Inducted

Lester Harrison HC/Owner 1948–1955 1980

Notes:

1 Inducted as player. Never played for the Kings. 2 Inducted as a contributor.

FIBA Hall of Famers[edit]

Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings Hall of Famers

Players

No. Name Position Tenure Inducted

14 Oscar Robertson G 1960–1970 2009

21 Vlade Divac C 1998–2004 2010

13 Šarūnas Marčiulionis G 1995–1996 2015

Franchise leaders[edit] Main article: Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings accomplishments and records See also[edit]

Pete Carril Scott Moak

References[edit]

^ a b "Franchise Timeline". NBA.com/Kings. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved April 4, 2018.  ^ "History: Team by Team" (PDF). Official National Basketball Association Guide 2017-18. National Basketball
Basketball
Association. October 30, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2018.  ^ "NBA.com/Stats– Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings seasons". National Basketball Association. Retrieved February 17, 2016.  ^ Kramers, Alex (April 27, 2016). "Making Of: Kings New Logos". NBA.com/Kings. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved June 21, 2016.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings Reproduction and Usage Guideline Sheet". NBA Properties, Inc. Retrieved August 10, 2016.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings, Blue Diamond Partner to Showcase California Growers and Inspire Health and Wellness". NBA.com/Kings (Press release). NBA Media Ventures, LLC. October 10, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2017.  ^ "NBA approves Kings sale to Sacramento
Sacramento
group". NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Associated Press. May 28, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2015.  ^ "Wait Continues for Leon Wood". Los Angeles Times. January 18, 1991. Retrieved February 16, 2016.  ^ Sheridan, Chris (June 11, 2008). "2002 Lakers-Kings Game 6 at heart of Donaghy allegations". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Gallagher, Matt (June 6, 2012). "Did NBA Referees Snatch Destiny From The Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings?". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Cohen, Stefanie (June 11, 2008). "DIRTY REF CALLS PLAYOFFS BIG RIG". New York Post. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ [1] ^ Aldridge, David (June 2, 2002). "Perception more harmful to NBA than reality". ESPN. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Rzodkiewicz, Oscar (March 27, 2015). "Should the 2002 Sacramento Kings have won an NBA title?". SportsBlog. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Pedowitz, Lawrence B. (October 1, 2008). "Report to the Board of Governors of the National Basketball
Basketball
Association" (PDF). National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved September 12, 2012.  ^ Stein, Marc (July 31, 2008). "Rockets agree to send pick, Greene, Jackson to Kings for Artest". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 31, 2008.  ^ "Kings fire interim coach Natt, four assistant coaches". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. April 23, 2009. Retrieved April 23, 2009.  ^ "Kings' Evans takes home T-Mobile Rookie of Year award" (Press release). National Basketball
Basketball
Association. April 29, 2010. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ "Blake Griffin named 2010–11 T-Mobile Rookie of the Year". NBA.com. Retrieved 30 June 2015.  ^ "NBA.com: Evans, Jennings, Curry unanimous All-Rookie team picks". Retrieved 30 June 2015.  ^ "Unanimous pick Griffin leads T-Mobile All-Rookie team roster". NBA.com. Retrieved 30 June 2015.  ^ "Thomas Robinson, 2012 No. 5 overall pick, dealt by Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings to Houston Rockets". ESPN. February 21, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.  ^ Pierson, David (January 13, 2009). "Some businesses think big during the downturn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Liddane, Lisa (May 24, 2013). "Swimwear magnate invests in NBA's Kings". OC Register. Retrieved August 21, 2013.  ^ "Kings to stay in Sacramento
Sacramento
as owners reject Seattle
Seattle
move". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. May 15, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Bizjak, Tony; Ryan Lillis; Dale Kasler (May 16, 2013). "Sacramento group, Maloof family
Maloof family
reach deal for Kings". Sacramento
Sacramento
Bee. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.  ^ Bizjak, Tony (May 28, 2013). "NBA Board of Governors unanimously approves sale of Kings". Sacramento
Sacramento
Bee. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.  ^ "NBA approves Kings sale to Sacramento
Sacramento
group". National Basketball Association. Associated Press. May 28, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.  ^ Helin, Kurt (May 31, 2013). "Kings sale closes escrow, final price is record $534 million". NBC Sports. Retrieved May 31, 2013.  ^ Young, Royce (May 27, 2013). "Report: New Kings ownership to let GM Geoff Petrie
Geoff Petrie
go". CBS Sports. Retrieved May 27, 2013.  ^ " Keith Smart
Keith Smart
Relieved of Head Coaching Duties" (Press release). Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.  ^ "Mike Malone hired as head coach". ESPN. May 30, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.  ^ "D'Alessandro begins 'dream job' as Kings GM". National Basketball Association. June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.  ^ Wise, Jason (October 5, 2014). "Kings Show Depth in Preseason Opener". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved October 5, 2014.  ^ " DeMarcus Cousins
DeMarcus Cousins
Named to 2015 NBA All-Star Team". Sacramento Kings. January 30, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ "Kings Name Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
Vice President of Basketball
Basketball
and Franchise Operations". NBA.com. March 3, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.  ^ "Kings Sign Rondo, Belinelli, Koufos". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. July 13, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.  ^ "Kings select Willie Cauley-Stein
Willie Cauley-Stein
with No. 6 pick in 2015 NBA draft". Sports Illustrated. June 26, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.  ^ "Kings fire Karl, search for 9th coach since '07". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ "Gleaming Golden 1 Center
Golden 1 Center
a big upgrade from Kings' previous eight homes". sacbee. Retrieved 2016-12-19.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings hire Dave Joerger
Dave Joerger
as next head coach". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ "2016 NBA Draft: Kings pick Marquese Chriss at No. 8, trade him to Suns". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ "Report: Kings trade Marco Belinelli
Marco Belinelli
to Hornets for No. 22 pick". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ "Kings turn one first-round pick into three in NBA draft". sacbee. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings 2016 Team Transactions: Trades, Injured List, Free Agents and Signings - ESPN". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2016-12-19.  ^ "Kings Acquire Hield, Evans, Galloway, and 2017 Draft Selections". NBA.com. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ Kramers, Alex (November 3, 2011). "Making Of: Kings Logo/Team Colors". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ Cracchiolo, Katie (August 11, 2014). "Kings Unveil Jersey Updates For 2014–15 Season". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Creamer, Chris (August 21, 2015). " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings to Wear Baby Blue Uniforms Ten Times in 2016". SportsLogos.net. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings Unveil New Branding, Honoring Team's Deep Connection to a Transforming, Passionate City" (Press release). Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. April 26, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.  ^ "New Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings Uniforms Reflect Franchise Connection to City, Pride and Foundation" (Press release). Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. June 15, 2016. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ "The Bold New Look of Sacramento
Sacramento
Proud". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. June 15, 2016. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings (October 10, 2016). " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings, Blue Diamond Partner to Showcase California
California
Growers and Inspire Health and Wellness". nba.com. Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. Retrieved October 10, 2016. Beginning in the 2017 season, a Blue Diamond logo will be incorporated in all of the Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings uniforms.  ^ "WHERE INNOVATION IS KING" (Press release). Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ " Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings City Edition Uniform Salutes Franchise History, Updated for the Future With New Emblems" (Press release). Sacramento Kings. Retrieved December 28, 2017.  ^ "Slamson Home". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. March 26, 2011. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2011.  ^ "KINGS: Slamson's Biography". Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings. March 21, 2011. Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved March 21, 2011.  ^ "O'Neal rises to the occasion; Lakers force Game 7". ESPN. May 31, 2002. Retrieved March 22, 2013.  ^ "Sixers send three to Kings for Webber, others". ESPN. February 24, 2005. Retrieved March 22, 2013.  ^ Markazi, Arash (August 11, 2012). " Dwight Howard
Dwight Howard
traded to Los Angeles Lakers". ESPN. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Busfield, Steve (April 29, 2013). "Lakers swept out of NBA playoffs as Spurs and Heat cruise to second round". The Guardian. Retrieved April 29, 2013.  ^ Coon, Larry. "NBA Salary Cap FAQ – 2011 Collective Bargaining Agreement". Retrieved April 13, 2014. If the player is already under contract to, or signs a contract with a non-NBA team, the team retains the player's draft rights for one year after the player's obligation to the non-NBA team ends. Essentially, the clock stops as long as the player plays pro ball outside the NBA.  ^ "Hawks Draft Pair Of International Prospects In Second Round". NBA.com. June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2015.  ^ "Kings Acquire Draft Rights to Two Players in Five-Player Trade with 76ers". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015.  ^ "Kings Acquire Alex Oriakhi". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. July 12, 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Martin, Barry (2016). Bob Davies: a basketball legend. Rochester, N.Y.: RIT Press. ISBN 1939125286. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sacramento
Sacramento
Kings.

Official website

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Sacramento
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Kings

Founded in 1923 Formerly the Rochester Seagrams (1923–1942), Rochester Eber Seagrams (1942–1943), Rochester Pros (1943–1945), Rochester Royals (1945–1957), Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Royals (1957–1972); played in Kansas City-Omaha (1972–1975), Kansas
Kansas
City (1975–1985) Based in Sacramento, California

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NBA Championships (1)

1951

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