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Axia Epicimelia

Synonyms

Axiidae Rebel, 1919

Cimeliidae or the "Gold moths" (formerly known as Axiidae[1]) is a family of moths whose precise relationships within the Macrolepidoptera are currently uncertain, but they currently represent the only family in a recently recognized superfamily whose nearest relatives include the butterflies, Calliduloidea, Drepanoidea, Geometroidea, Bombycoidea, Mimallonoidea and Lasiocampoidea, and the Noctuoidea. Uniquely, they have a pair of pocket-like organs on the seventh abdominal spiracle of the adult moth[2] which are only possibly sound receptive organs.[3] They are quite large and brightly coloured moths that occur only in Southern Europe and feed on species of Euphorbia. Sometimes they are attracted to light.[2] Further reading[edit]

J. J. De Freina & T. J. Witt (1987). Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis. ISBN 3-926285-00-1.  Christopher O'Toole, ed. (2002). Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.  Ahmet Ömer Koçak (1983). "Additions and corrections to the names published in "Systematic and synonymic list of the Lepidoptera of France, Belgium and Corsica" by Leraut, 1980". Priamus. Ankara. 2: 137–157. 

References[edit]

^ Shen-Horn Yen & Joël Minet (2007). "Cimelioidea: a new superfamily name for the gold moths (Lepidoptera: Glossata)" (PDF). Zoological Studies. 46 (3): 262–271.  ^ a b J. Minet (1999). "The Axioidea and Calliduloidea". In N. P. Kristensen. Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York. pp. 257–261.  ^ J. Minet & A. Surlykke (2003). "Auditory and sound producing organs". In N. P. Kristensen. Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. Volume 2: Morphology and Physiology. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. 289–323. 

Yen, S.-H.; Minet, J. 2007: Cimelioidea: a new superfamily name for the gold moths (Lepidoptera: Glossata). Zoological studies, 46(3): 262-271. [1]

External links[edit]

Tree of Life Axiidae Aracnet Image

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Arthropoda - Insecta - Superfamilies of Lepidoptera

Butterflies

Hedyloidea Hesperioidea Papilionoidea

Larger Moths

Bombycoidea Calliduloidea Cimelioidea Drepanoidea Geometroidea Immoidea Lasiocampoidea Mimallonoidea Noctuoidea Sphingoidea

Microlepidoptera

Monotrysia Andesianoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Tischerioidea Palaephatoidea

Ditrysian micros Acanthopteroctetoidea Alucitoidea Choreutoidea Copromorphoidea Cossoidea Epermenioidea Galacticoidea Gelechioidea Gracillarioidea Hyblaeoidea Incurvarioidea Pterophoroidea Pyraloidea Schreckensteinioidea Sesioidea Simaethistoidea Thyridoidea Tineoidea Tortricoidea Urodoidea Whalleyanoidea Yponomeutoidea Zygaenoidea

Basal lineages Micropterigoidea Agathiphagoidea Eriocranioidea Hepialoidea Heterobathmioidea Lophocoronoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Neopseustoidea

v t e

Extant Lepidoptera families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Endopterygota

Suborder Zeugloptera

Micropterigoidea

Micropterigidae (mandibulate archaic moths)

Suborder Aglossata

Agathiphagoidea

Agathiphagidae (kauri moths)

Suborder Heterobathmiina

Heterobathmioidea

Heterobathmiidae

Suborder Glossata

Dacnonypha

Eriocranioidea

Eriocraniidae

Acanthoctesia

Acanthopteroctetoidea

Acanthopteroctetidae (archaic sun moths)

Lophocoronina

Lophocoronoidea

Lophocoronidae

Neopseustina

Neopseustoidea

Neopseustidae (archaic bell moths)

Exoporia

Hepialoidea

Anomosetidae Hepialidae (swift moths, ghost moths) Neotheoridae (Amazonian primitive ghost moths) Palaeosetidae (miniature ghost moths) Prototheoridae (African primitive ghost moths)

Mnesarchaeoidea

Mnesarchaeidae (New Zealand primitive moths)

H e t e r o n e u r a

M o n o t r y s i a

Incurvarioidea

Adelidae (fairy longhorn moths) Cecidosidae Crinopterygidae Heliozelidae Incurvariidae Prodoxidae (yucca moths)

Andesianoidea

Andesianidae (Andean endemic moths)

Nepticuloidea

Nepticulidae (pigmy, or midget moths) Opostegidae (white eyecap moths)

Palaephatoidea

Palaephatidae (Gondwanaland moths)

Tischerioidea

Tischeriidae (trumpet leaf miner moths)

D i t r y s i a

Simaethistoidea

Simaethistidae

Tineoidea

Acrolophidae (burrowing webworm moths) Arrhenophanidae Eriocottidae (Old World spiny-winged moths) Lypusidae Psychidae (bagworm moths) Tineidae (fungus moths)

Gracillarioidea

Bucculatricidae (ribbed cocoon makers) Douglasiidae (Douglas moths) Gracillariidae Roeslerstammiidae

Yponomeutoidea

Acrolepiidae (false diamondback moths) Bedelliidae Glyphipterigidae (sedge moths) Heliodinidae Lyonetiidae Plutellidae Yponomeutidae (ermine moths) Ypsolophidae

Gelechioidea

Autostichidae Batrachedridae Blastobasidae Coleophoridae (case-bearers, case moths) Cosmopterigidae (cosmet moths) Elachistidae (grass-miner moths) Gelechiidae (twirler moths) Lecithoceridae (long-horned moths) Metachandidae Momphidae (mompha moths) Oecophoridae (concealer moths) Pterolonchidae Scythrididae (flower moths) Xyloryctidae (timber moths)

Galacticoidea

Galacticidae

Zygaenoidea

Heterogynidae Zygaenidae (burnet, forester, or smoky moths) Himantopteridae Lacturidae Somabrachyidae Megalopygidae (flannel moths) Aididae Anomoeotidae Cyclotornidae Epipyropidae (planthopper parasite moths) Dalceridae (slug caterpillars) Limacodidae (slug, or cup moths)

Cossoidea

Cossidae (carpenter millers, or goat moths) Dudgeoneidae (dudgeon carpenter moths)

Sesioidea

Brachodidae (little bear moths) Castniidae (castniid moths: giant butterfly-moths, sun moths) Sesiidae (clearwing moths)

Choreutoidea

Choreutidae (metalmark moths)

Tortricoidea

Tortricidae (tortrix moths)

Urodoidea

Urodidae (false burnet moths)

Schreckensteinioidea

Schreckensteiniidae (bristle-legged moths)

Epermenioidea

Epermeniidae (fringe-tufted moths)

Alucitoidea

Alucitidae (many-plumed moths) Tineodidae (false plume moths)

Pterophoroidea

Pterophoridae (plume moths)

Whalleyanoidea

Whalleyanidae

Immoidea

Immidae

Copromorphoidea

Copromorphidae (tropical fruitworm moths) Carposinidae (fruitworm moths)

Hyblaeoidea

Hyblaeidae (teak moths)

Pyraloidea

Pyralidae (snout moths) Crambidae (grass moth)

Thyridoidea

Thyrididae (picture-winged leaf moths)

Mimallonoidea

Mimallonidae (sack bearer moths)

Lasiocampoidea

Lasiocampidae (eggars, snout moths, or lappet moths)

Bombycoidea

Anthelidae (Australian lappet moth) Bombycidae (silk moths) Brahmaeidae (Brahmin moths) Carthaeidae (Dryandra moth) Endromidae (Kentish glory and relatives) Eupterotidae Lemoniidae Saturniidae (saturniids) Sphingidae (hawk moths, sphinx moths and hornworms) Phiditiidae

Noctuoidea

Doidae Erebidae (underwing, tiger, tussock, litter, snout, owlet moths) Euteliidae Noctuidae (daggers, sallows, owlet moths, quakers, cutworms, darts) Nolidae (tuft moths) Notodontidae (prominents, kittens) Oenosandridae

Drepanoidea

Epicopeiidae (oriental swallowtail moths) Drepanidae (hook-tips)

Geometroidea

Sematuridae Uraniidae Geometridae (geometer moths)

Cimelioidea

Cimeliidae (gold moths)

Calliduloidea

Callidulidae (Old World butterfly-moths)

Superfamily unassigned

Millieriidae

Rhopalocera (butterflies)

Hedyloidea

Hedylidae (American moth-butterflies)

Hesperioidea

Hesperiidae (skippers)

Papilionoidea (true butterflies)

Lycaenidae (gossamer-winged butterflies: blues, coppers and relatives) Nymphalidae (brush-footed, or four-footed butterflies) Papilionidae (swallowtail butterflies) Pieridae (whites, yellows, orangetips, sulphurs) Riodinidae (metalmarks)

Note: division Monotrysia is not a clade.

Taxonomy of the Lepidoptera Lists by region

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1322883 EoL: 773 Fauna Europaea: 305790 GBIF: 8025 iNaturalist: 319909 NCBI: 398011

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