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Cilento
Cilento
is an Italian geographical region of Campania
Campania
in the central and southern part of the Province of Salerno
Province of Salerno
and an important tourist area of southern Italy.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Inland Communes 3 History

3.1 Greek colony 3.2 Sixth province of Campania

4 National Park 5 Coast 6 Language 7 Cilento
Cilento
DOC 8 Photogallery 9 See also 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

Geography[edit] The coast (on Tyrrhenian Sea) is located between Paestum
Paestum
and the Gulf of Policastro, near the town of Sapri. More of touristic towns by the coast are "frazioni"; as for example Santa Maria di Castellabate, Acciaroli, Velia, Palinuro, Marina di Camerota, Scario
Scario
and Policastro Bussentino. The inner boundaries are the Alburni mountains and Vallo di Diano, sometimes considered as part of cilentan geographical region, which has in Sala Consilina
Sala Consilina
its largest center. The most important towns in this area are Vallo della Lucania
Vallo della Lucania
(in the middle), Sapri
Sapri
and Agropoli: this is the largest town of Cilento
Cilento
and the principal harbour. Most of this area is included in " Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park". The place is well known for the Mediterranean Diet. The old Cilento
Cilento
is between the town of Agropoli
Agropoli
and the river Alento. Some cities in this zone are: Rutino, Lustra and Prignano Cilento. Cilento
Cilento
drifts by the Latin word Cis Alentum: "On this side of the Alento".[1] Inland Communes[edit]

Capaccio Monteforte Cilento Felitto Stio Campora Laurino Piaggine Sacco Ottati Tortorella

History[edit] Greek colony[edit] The region is steeped in Greek mythology and legends, as in the names of some towns, which is also visible in the remains of the colonies of Velia
Velia
(ancient Elea) and Paestum
Paestum
(ancient Poseidonia). Velia
Velia
was also the seat of "Eleatics", a school of pre-Socratic philosophers as Parmenides, Zeno of Elea
Zeno of Elea
and Melissus of Samos). Sixth province of Campania[edit] In the 1990s it was proposed to make Cilento
Cilento
a new province of Campania.[2] This proposal has never come near to implementation; in particular there was the difficulty of choosing an administrative centre. The four candidates were Vallo della Lucania
Vallo della Lucania
(in the most central position), Agropoli
Agropoli
(the largest town, situated in the north), Sala Consilina
Sala Consilina
(the most populous town of Vallo di Diano) and Sapri (in the centre of southern Cilento, with the most important railway station). Another more recent proposal was to move Cilento
Cilento
from Campania
Campania
to Basilicata, as a third province[3] together with the existing provinces of Potenza and Matera. National Park[edit] Main article: Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park In a great part of the territory of Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
there was instituted, on 1991, a national park, to protect the territory from building speculation and mass tourism. In 1998 the park became a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
of UNESCO. Coast[edit] Main article: Cilentan Coast The Cilentan Coast, or Costiera Cilentana in Italian, is a stretch of coastline situated in the gulfs of Salerno and Policastro, extending in 16 municipalities; from Capaccio- Paestum
Paestum
in the north-west to Sapri in the south-east. Language[edit] Main article: Cilentan language Cilento
Cilento
was part of ancient Lucania, and its language is influenced by Lucanian. In the north of Cilento
Cilento
the dialect is more influenced by Neapolitan, but in the south it has many similarities with Sicilian. Cilento
Cilento
DOC[edit] Italian wine, both red, white and rose, under the Cilento
Cilento
DOC appellation comes from this area. Grapes destined for DOC product must be harvested to a maximum yield of 12 tonnes/hectare with the finished red wines fermented to a minimum alcohol level of 11.5% and the whites and roses fermented to 11%.[4] Red Cilento
Cilento
wines are a blend of 60-70% Aglianico, 15-20% of Piedirosso
Piedirosso
and/or Primitivo, 10-20% Barbera
Barbera
and up to 10% of other local red grape varieties. The whites are a blend of 60-65% Fiano, 20-30% Trebbiano, 10-15% of Greco and/or Malvasia bianca
Malvasia bianca
with up to 10% of other local white varieties. The roses are blends of 70-80% Sangiovese, 10-15% of Piedirosso
Piedirosso
and/or Primitivo
Primitivo
and up to 10% of other local red grape varieties. A separate varietal Aglianico
Aglianico
can also be produced under the Cilento
Cilento
DOC provided that at least 85% of the wine is Aglianico
Aglianico
with Primitivo
Primitivo
and/or Piedirosso
Piedirosso
permitted to fill in the remainder and that the wine is aged at least one year before it is released.[4] Photogallery[edit]

Agropoli

Velia

Licosa
Licosa
island in the Comune of Castellabate

Paestum

Paestum

Romagnano al Monte

S.Maria di Castellabate

Cape Palinuro

See also[edit]

Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park Vallo di Diano Velia
Velia
("Elea") Paestum
Paestum
("Poseidonia") Pruno Cilento Cilentan language Gulf of Salerno Agropoli Vallo della Lucania Sapri Sala Consilina Marina di Camerota Certosa di Padula
Certosa di Padula
(Padula) Cape Palinuro
Palinuro
(Palinuro)

References[edit]

^ (in Italian) Cis Alentum: The origin of the name "Cilento" ^ (in Italian) Information about the new province ^ (in Italian) Article on Corriere della Sera ^ a b P. Saunders Wine Label Language
Language
pg 139 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X

Bibliography[edit]

Maurizio Tortora: Cilientu mia. Edizione del Delfino, 1977, Naples Giuseppe Vallone: Dizionarietto etimologico del basso Cilento. Editore UPC, 2004 Pietro Rossi: Ieri e oggi 1955-2005. Poesie in cilentano. Grafiche Erredue, 2005 Barbara Schäfer: Limoncello mit Meerblick. Unterwegs an der Amalfiküste und im Cilento. Picus, 2007, ISBN 978-3-85452-924-8 Peter Amann: Cilento
Cilento
aktiv mit Costa di Maratea - Aktivurlaub im ursprünglichen Süditalien. Mankau, 2007, ISBN 3-938396-08-3 Peter Amann: Golf von Neapel, Kampanien, Cilento. Reise Know-How, 2006, ISBN 3-8317-1526-2 Barbara Poggi: La Cucina Cilentana - Köstlichkeiten aus der Cilento-Küche. Mankau, 2006, ISBN 3-938396-02-4 Luciano Pignataro: Le ricette del Cilento. Ed. Ippogrifo, 2007, ISBN 978-88-88986-43-2

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cilento.

What to do and see in Cilento
Cilento
and Tourism
Tourism
in Cilento
Cilento
(in Italian) Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
(in Italian) (in English) Historical and other infos about Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park (in English) Cilento
Cilento
Photos (in English) Tourism
Tourism
in the National park
National park
of Cilento
Cilento
(in Italian) Tourism
Tourism
and holidays in Cilento
Cilento
(in Italian) Cilento
Cilento
Social Network (in Italian)

v t e

Towns, villages and zones of Cilentan Coast

Torre Kernot Laura Paestum Licinella Mattine Agropoli Tresino Santa Maria San Marco Licosa Ogliastro Marina Case del Conte Agnone Cilento Mezzatorre Acciaroli Pioppi Marina di Casalvelino Velia Marina di Ascea Marina di Pisciotta Caprioli Palinuro Cape Palinuro Marina di Camerota Porto Infreschi Scario Policastro Bussentino Capitello Villammare Sapri

v t e

Campania

Provinces

Avellino Benevento Caserta Naples Salerno

Places

Amalfi Coast Cilento Irpinia Islands Samnium Sorrentine Peninsula Terra di Lavoro Vallo di Diano Cities, towns and villages

History

Kingdom of Naples Monarchs Viceroys Two Sicilies Magna Græcia Samnite Wars Italia province Duchy of Naples Duchy of Benevento Principality of Capua Principality of Salerno Duchy of Amalfi Duchy of Sorrento Duchy of Apulia and Calabria

Politics and government

Elections in Campania List of Presidents of Campania

Categories

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

Northwest

Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
Roero
and Monferrato

Northeast

Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Central

Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa d'Este

South

Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
Oplontis
and Villa Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera

Islands

Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa Romana del Casale

Countrywide

Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
Croatia
and Montenegro

Coordinates: 40°17′24″N 15°28′34″E / 40.290°N 15.476°E / 40

.