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The Church of Sweden
Sweden
(Swedish: Svenska kyrkan) is an Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
national church in Sweden. A former state church, headquartered in Uppsala, with 6.0 million baptised members at yearend 2017 it is the largest Christian denomination
Christian denomination
in Sweden. It is the largest Lutheran
Lutheran
denomination in Europe
Europe
and the third-largest in the world after the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus and the Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Tanzania,[2]. A member of the Porvoo Communion, the Church professes the Lutheran branch of Christianity. It is composed of thirteen dioceses, divided into parishes.[3] It is an open national church which, working with a democratic organisation and through the ministry of the church, covers the whole nation. The Primate of the Church of Sweden
Sweden
is the Archbishop
Archbishop
of Uppsala
Uppsala
— currently Antje Jackelén, Sweden's first female archbishop. Today, the Church of Sweden
Sweden
is an Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
church.[4] It is liturgically and theologically "high church", having retained priests, vestments, and the Mass during the Swedish Reformation. In common with other Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
churches (particularly in the Nordic and Baltic states), the Church of Sweden
Sweden
maintains the historical episcopate. Some Lutheran
Lutheran
churches have congregational polity or modified episcopal polity without Apostolic succession, but the historic episcopate is maintained in Sweden
Sweden
and the other Lutheran nations of the Porvoo Communion. The Church of Sweden
Sweden
is known for its liberal position in theological issues, particularly the question of homosexuality. When Eva Brunne was consecrated as Bishop
Bishop
of Stockholm
Stockholm
in 2009, she became the first openly lesbian bishop in the world.[5] Despite a significant yearly loss of members (lately 2% annually), its membership of 6,008,356 people accounts for 59.4% (yearend 2017) of the Swedish population.[1] Until 2000 it held the position of state church. The high membership numbers are because until 1996 all newborn children were made members, unless their parents had actively cancelled their membership.[6] Approximately 2% of the church's members regularly attend Sunday services. According to a Gallup poll conducted in 2009, 17% of the Swedish population considered religion as an important part of their daily life.[7]

Contents

1 Theology 2 History

2.1 Middle Ages 2.2 Reformation 2.3 Emigration aspects 2.4 Lutheran
Lutheran
orthodoxy 2.5 Coat of arms

3 Synodical structure 4 Ordained ministry 5 Dioceses and bishops 6 Monasteries and convents 7 Partner churches 8 See also

8.1 Other Nordic national Lutheran
Lutheran
churches

9 Footnotes 10 References 11 External links

Theology[edit]

Uppsala, with its large cathedral, remains the seat of the Church of Sweden.

King
King
Gustav I Vasa instigated the Church of Sweden
Sweden
in 1536 during his reign as King
King
of Sweden. This act separated the church from the Roman Catholic Church and its canon law. In 1571, the Swedish Church Ordinance became the first Swedish church order following the Reformation. The Church of Sweden
Sweden
became Lutheran
Lutheran
at the Uppsala
Uppsala
Synod
Synod
in 1593 when it adopted the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
to which most Lutherans adhere. At this synod, it was decided that the church would retain the three original Christian creeds: the Apostles', the Athanasian, and the Nicene. In 1686, the Riksdag of the Estates
Riksdag of the Estates
adopted the Book of Concord, although only certain parts, labelled Confessio fidei, were considered binding, and the other texts merely explanatory. Confessio dei included the three aforementioned Creeds, the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
and two Uppsala
Uppsala
Synod
Synod
decisions from 1572 and 1593.

Preparing for the celebration of mass in Strängnäs
Strängnäs
Cathedral, Church of Sweden

During the 19th and 20th centuries, a variety of teachings were officially approved, mostly directed towards ecumenism:

1878 development of the Catechism the Uppsala
Uppsala
Creed
Creed
of 1909, preparing for Eucharistic communion with the Church of England the constitutions of World Council of Churches
World Council of Churches
(WCC) the constitutions of Lutheran
Lutheran
World Federation (LWF) Church of Sweden's official response to the "Lima document" a Council of the Bishops Letter in Important Theological Questions the 1995 Treaty of Communion with the Philippine Independent Church

In practice, however, the Lutheran
Lutheran
creed texts play a minor role, and instead the parishes rely on Lutheran
Lutheran
tradition in coexistence with influences from other Christian denominations and diverse ecclesial movements such as Low Church, High Church, Pietism
Pietism
("Old Church") and Laestadianism, which locally might be strongly established, but which have little nationwide influence. During the 20th century the Church of Sweden
Sweden
oriented itself strongly towards liberal Christianity
Christianity
and human rights. In 1957, the church assembly rejected a proposal for ordination of women, but then the Riksdag
Riksdag
changed the law in spring 1958 and forced the church assembly to accept the new law in autumn 1958. Since 1960, women have been ordained as priests, and since 1994, men who oppose collaboration with women priests have not been allowed ordination. A proposal to perform same-sex weddings was approved on October 22, 2009 by 176 of 249 voting members of the Church of Sweden
Sweden
Synod.[8] In 2000 the Church of Sweden
Sweden
ceased to be a state church, but there remains a strong tradition of community connection with churches, particularly in relation to rites of passage, with many infants baptized and teenagers confirmed (currently 40% of all 14 year olds[9]) for families without formal church membership. History[edit] Middle Ages[edit] See also: History of Sweden
Sweden
(800–1521)

Church of Sweden
Sweden
statistics[1][10]

Year Population Church members Percentage % change (avg.)

1972 8,146,000 7,754,784 95.2%

1975 8,208,000 7,770,881 94.7% 0.2%

1980 8,278,000 7,690,636 92.9% 0.3%

1985 8,358,000 7,629,763 91.5% 0.3%

1990 8,573,000 7,630,350 89.0% 0.5%

1995 8,837,000 7,601,194 86.0% 0.6%

2000 8,880,000 7,360,825 82.9% 0.6%

2005 9,048,000 6,967,498 77.0% 1.2%

2010 9,415,570 6,589,769 70.0% 1.4%

2011 9,482,855 6,519,889 68.8% 1.2%

2012 9,555,893 6,446,729 67.5% 1.3%

2013 9,644,864 6,357,508 65.9% 1.6%

2014 9,747,355 6,292,264 64.6% 1.3%

2015 9,850,452 6,225,091 63.2% 1.4%

2016 9,995,153 6,116,480 61.2% 2.0%

2017 10,120,242 6,008,356 59.4% 1.8%

While some Swedish areas had Christian minorities in the 9th century, Sweden
Sweden
was, because of its geographical location in northernmost Europe, not Christianized until around AD 1000, around the same time as the other Nordic countries, when the Swedish King
King
Olof was baptized. This left only a modest gap between the Christianization
Christianization
of Scandinavia and the Great Schism, however there are some Scandinavian/Swedish saints who are venerated eagerly by many Orthodox Christians, such as St. Olaf. However, Norse paganism
Norse paganism
and other pre-Christian religious systems survived in the territory of what is now Sweden
Sweden
later than that; for instance the important religious center known as the Temple at Uppsala
Uppsala
at Gamla Uppsala
Uppsala
was evidently still in use in the late 11th century, while there was little effort to introduce the Sami of Lapland to Christianity
Christianity
until considerably after that. The Christian church in Scandinavia was originally governed by the archdiocese of Bremen. In 1104 an archbishop for all Scandinavia was installed in Lund. Uppsala
Uppsala
was made Sweden's archdiocese in 1164, and remains so today. The papal diplomat William of Modena attended a church meeting in Skänninge
Skänninge
in March 1248, where the ties to the Catholic Church were strengthened. The most cherished national Catholic saints were the 12th-century King Eric the Saint
Saint
and the 14th-century visionary Bridget, but other regional heroes also had a local cult following, including Saint Botvid and Saint
Saint
Eskil in Södermanland, Saint
Saint
Helena of Skövde[11] and Saint
Saint
Sigfrid in Småland. In their names, miracles were performed and churches were named. Reformation[edit] Shortly after seizing power in 1523, Gustav Vasa
Gustav Vasa
addressed the Pope
Pope
in Rome
Rome
with a request for the confirmation of Johannes Magnus
Johannes Magnus
as Archbishop
Archbishop
of Sweden, in the place of Gustav Trolle who had been formally deposed and exiled by the Riksdag
Riksdag
of the Estates. Gustav promised to be an obedient son of the Church, if the pope would confirm the elections of his bishops. But the pope requested Trolle to be re-instated. King
King
Gustav protested by promoting the Swedish reformers, the brothers Olaus and Laurentius Petri, and Laurentius Andreae. The king supported the printing of reformation texts, with the Petri brothers as the major instructors on the texts. In 1526 all Catholic printing-presses were suppressed, and two-thirds of the Church's tithes were appropriated for the payment of the national debt. A final breach was made with the traditions of the old religion at the Riksdag
Riksdag
called by the king at Västerås
Västerås
in 1544.[12] Other changes of the reformation included the abolition of some Catholic rituals. However, the changes were not as drastic as in Germany; in many Swedish churches there still today remain artifacts from Catholic times, such as crosses, crucifixes and icons. And many holy days, based on saints days, were not removed from the calendar until the late 18th century due to strong resistance from the population. After the death of Gustav Vasa, Sweden
Sweden
was ruled by a king with Catholicizing tendencies, John III, and another openly Catholic one, John's son Sigismund, who was also ruler of Catholic Poland
Poland
but eventually deposed from the Swedish throne by his uncle. The latter, who acceded to the throne as Charles IX used the Lutheran
Lutheran
church as an instrument in his power struggle against his nephew, but is known to have had Calvinist leanings. The New Testament was translated to Swedish in 1526 and the entire Bible in 1541. Revised translations were published in 1618 and 1703. New official translations were adopted in 1917 and 2000. Many hymns were written by Swedish church reformers and several by Martin Luther were translated. A semi-official hymnal appeared in the 1640s. Official hymnals of the Church of Sweden
Sweden
(Swedish: Den svenska psalmboken) were adopted in 1695, 1819, 1937 and 1986. The last of these is ecumenical and combines traditional hymns with songs from other Christian denominations, including Seventh-day Adventist, Baptist, Catholic, Mission Covenant, Methodist, Pentecostalist, and the Salvation Army. In October 2013, the Church of Sweden
Sweden
elected Antje Jackelén
Antje Jackelén
as Sweden's first female archbishop.[13] Emigration aspects[edit] In the 1800s-1900s the Church of Sweden
Sweden
supported the Swedish government by opposing both emigration and preachers' efforts recommending sobriety (alcoholic beverages are sold in Sweden
Sweden
by a government monopoly). This escalated to a point where its ministers even were persecuted by the church for preaching sobriety, and the reactions of many congregation members to that contributed to an inspiration to leave the country (which however was against the law until 1840).[14] Lutheran
Lutheran
orthodoxy[edit] Main article: Lutheran
Lutheran
orthodoxy Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of the Church of Sweden

Coat of arms of the Lutheran
Lutheran
Archdiocese of Uppsala

The 19th century coat of arms is based on that of the Archdiocese of Uppsala. It is blazoned Or on a cross Gules an open crown of the field and thus features a gold/yellow field with a red cross on which there is a gold/yellow crown.[15] The crown is called the victory crown of Christ, based on the royal crowns used in medieval times and corresponds in form to the crowns in the Swedish coat of arms
Swedish coat of arms
and to that resting on the head of Saint
Saint
Eric in the coat of arms of Stockholm. Synodical structure [edit] See also: Elections to the Church Assembly, 2005 The Church adopted, at the time that it was still a state church, an administrative structure largely modelled after the state. Direct elections are held to the General Synod
Synod
(Swedish: Kyrkomötet, The Church Assembly), and the diocesan and parish (Swedish: Församling) assemblies (and in some cases, confederation of parishes (Swedish: kyrklig samfällighet, 'church association') assemblies and directly elected parish councils). The electoral system is the same as used in the Swedish parliamentary or municipal elections (see Elections in Sweden). To vote in the Church general elections, one must be member of the Church of Sweden, at minimum 16 years of age, and nationally registered as living in Sweden. The groups that take part in the elections are called nominating groups (Swedish: nomineringsgrupper). In some cases the nationwide political parties take part in the elections, such as the Social Democrats and the Centre Party. After the formal separation of Church of Sweden
Sweden
from the State of Sweden, the growing tendency in the elections is towards independent parties forming for candidature, either based on a political conviction, for example Folkpartister i Svenska kyrkan founded by Liberal People's Party members, or a pure church party such as the political independents' Partipolitiskt obundna i Svenska kyrkan (POSK) and Frimodig kyrka. Ordained ministry[edit]

Sung Mass with the ordinations of two deacons and seven priests by the Bishop
Bishop
of Stockholm, in St Nicholas's Cathedral (Storkyrkan)

The Church of Sweden
Sweden
maintains the historic threefold ministry of bishops, priests, and deacons, and has approximately 5,000 ordained clergy in total.[16] It practices direct ordination, also called ordination per saltum (literally, ordination by a leap), in which candidates are directly ordained to the specific Order of ministry for which they have trained. This is an alternative approach to the sequential ordination of other historic churches (including the Anglican, Orthodox, and Roman Catholic churches) in which candidates must be ordained in the strict sequence of deacon, then priest, then bishop. A Church of Sweden
Sweden
priest will be ordained directly to that office, without any previous ordination as a deacon. In the history of Holy Orders
Holy Orders
direct ordination seems to have been commonplace in the Church before the fourth century,[17][18] whilst the two systems (direct ordination and sequential ordination) seem to have co-existed in different places, until the eleventh century, when sequential ordination became universally normal and requisite,[18] under Pope
Pope
Gregory VII (1073-1085). After the Reformation, the Swedish Church seems to have practiced variously both direct ordination and sequential ordination. Although direct ordination was more widespread, and became normative, the practice of sequential ordination is attested in the seventeenth century Swedish Church. Bishop
Bishop
Johannes Rudbeckius (1619-1646) habitually ordained men to the diaconate in advance of ordaining them to the priesthood,[19] and this was said by Archbishop
Archbishop
Johannes Lenaeus of Uppsala
Uppsala
(in 1653) to be usual Church of Sweden practice.[20]:415 In the Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
churches, including the Church of Sweden, ministerial function is indicated by the usual vestments of western tradition, including the stole, worn straight or crossed by priests, and diagonally by deacons. However, whereas in Roman Catholic or Anglican ordinations the candidates for priesthood will already be wearing the diagonal deacon's stole, in the Church of Sweden candidates for both diaconate and priesthood are unordained at the start of the service. Dr Tiit Pädam, of Uppsala
Uppsala
University and a Swedish-based priest of the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church writes: "At the beginning of the [Evangelical Lutheran] ordination service, the candidates are dressed in white albs and no one wears a stole at the beginning of the rite. In this way the churches express a significant aspect of their understanding of ordination. The white alb, used both by the ordinands to the diaconate as well as to the priesthood, is a sign that the ordination is a new beginning, rooted in the priesthood of all the baptised."[21]:276 The Church of Sweden
Sweden
employs full-time deacons to staff its extensive outreach and social welfare diakonia programme. Whilst deacons have the traditional liturgical role (and vesture) in the Swedish Church, their principal focus of work is outside the parish community, working in welfare roles. Nonetheless, deacons are attached to local parishes, and so connected with church communities, and with a parish priest. In common with other western rite churches, the clergy of the Church of Sweden
Sweden
wear clerical shirts which are black for priests and purple for bishops. Unlike other denominations, however, the Church of Sweden officially promotes green clerical shirts for its ordained deacons, as a further distinctive sign of their ministry.[22] Dioceses and bishops[edit]

Antje Jackelén, Archbishop
Archbishop
of Uppsala
Uppsala
(centre), with Johan Dalman, Bishop
Bishop
of Strängnäs
Strängnäs
(left), and Mikael Mogren, Bishop
Bishop
of Västerås (right)

The Church of Sweden
Sweden
is divided into thirteen dioceses (Swedish: stift), each with a bishop and cathedral chapter (Swedish: domkapitel). A bishop is elected by priests, deacons and some laity in the diocese and is the chairman of the cathedral chapter. Priest
Priest
and deacon members of a cathedral chapter are elected by priests and deacons in the diocese and its lay members by stiftsfullmäktige, a body elected by church members.[23] A diocese is divided into "contracts" kontrakt (deaneries), each with a kontraktsprost (provost), as the leader. Deaneries with a diocesan cathedral are called domprosteri. Titular provosts can also sometimes be appointed, in Swedish called prost or titulärprost. The dean and head minister of a cathedral is called domprost, "cathedral dean" or "cathedral provost", and is a member of the cathedral chapter as its vice chairman.[23] At the parish level a parish is called församling.[23] A more archaic term for a parish in Swedish is socken, which was used both in the registry and in the church administration. After the municipal reforms in 1862 the latter usage officially was replaced with församling, a term somewhat meaning "congregation", originally and still used for the Lutheran
Lutheran
territorial and nonterritorial congregations in cities and also for other religious congregations. One or several parishes are included in something called pastorat[23] with a head minister or vicar called kyrkoherde[23] (literally "church shepherd") and sometimes other assistant priests called komminister (minister). At a cathedral an assistant minister is called domkyrkosyssloman. In addition to the 13 dioceses, the Church of Sweden
Sweden
Abroad (Swedish: Svenska kyrkan i utlandet - SKUT) maintains more than 40 overseas parishes. Originally a collection of overseas churches under the direction of a committee of the General Synod, SKUT was remodelled from 1 January 2012 with a quasi-diocesan structure. Under this remodelling it gained a governing Council, constituent seats on the General Synod
Synod
of the Church of Sweden
Sweden
(like the 13 mainland dioceses), and for the first time full-time deacons to provide a programme of social welfare alongside the work of priests and lay workers.[24]:20 However, SKUT does not have its own bishop, and is placed under the episcopal oversight of the Bishop
Bishop
of Visby.

Map of Swedish dioceses

Diocese Seat Cathedral Founded Current bishop

Archdiocese of Uppsala Uppsala Uppsala
Uppsala
Cathedral 1123 Antje Jackelén
Antje Jackelén
(Archbishop) Ragnar Persenius
Ragnar Persenius
(Bishop)

Diocese
Diocese
of Linköping Linköping Linköping
Linköping
Cathedral 12th century Martin Modéus

Diocese
Diocese
of Skara Skara Skara
Skara
Cathedral 1014 Åke Bonnier

Diocese
Diocese
of Strängnäs Strängnäs Strängnäs
Strängnäs
Cathedral 1129 Johan Dalman

Diocese
Diocese
of Västerås Västerås Västerås
Västerås
Cathedral 12th century Mikael Mogren

Diocese
Diocese
of Växjö Växjö Växjö
Växjö
Cathedral 1165 Fredrik Modéus

Diocese
Diocese
of Lund Lund Lund
Lund
Cathedral 1048 Johan Tyrberg

Diocese
Diocese
of Gothenburg Gothenburg Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Cathedral 1620 Susanne Rappmann

Diocese
Diocese
of Karlstad Karlstad Karlstad
Karlstad
Cathedral 1581 Sören Dalevi

Diocese
Diocese
of Härnösand Härnösand Härnösand
Härnösand
Cathedral 1647 Eva Nordung Byström

Diocese
Diocese
of Luleå Luleå Luleå
Luleå
Cathedral 1904 Åsa Nyström (Bishop-elect)

Diocese
Diocese
of Visby Visby Visby
Visby
Cathedral 1572 Thomas Petersson (Bishop-elect)

Diocese
Diocese
of Stockholm Stockholm Stockholm
Stockholm
Cathedral 1942 Eva Brunne

The Diocese
Diocese
of Kalmar existed as superintendentia 1603–1678 and as a diocese between 1678–1915 when it was merged with the Diocese
Diocese
of Växjö. Another diocese which no longer exists is the Diocese
Diocese
of Mariestad which existed as superintendentia between 1580–1646 and was replaced by the Diocese
Diocese
of Karlstad. The dioceses of Uppsala, Strängnäs, Västerås, Skara, Linköping, Växjö
Växjö
and the now Finnish diocese of Turku, are the original seven Swedish dioceses, dating from the Middle Ages. The rest have come into existence after that time and the Swedish reformation in the 16th century. The Diocese
Diocese
of Lund
Lund
was founded in 1060, became an archdiocese in 1104 and lay in Denmark. The Province of Lund
Lund
consisted of Denmark, Sweden
Sweden
and Finland throughout the Middle Ages (originally also Norway and Iceland), although Uppsala
Uppsala
had their own subordinate ecclesiastical province and archbishop from 1164. Monasteries and convents[edit]

Alsike Convent (extant) (founded 1978): Protestant
Protestant
sisters, Order of the Holy Paraclete (Helgeandssystrarna)[25] Östanbäck Monastery
Östanbäck Monastery
(extant) (founded 1975) in Sala, Västmanland: Lutheran
Lutheran
Benedictine monks (Heliga korsets brödraskap)[26]

Partner churches[edit] Since 1994 the Church of Sweden
Sweden
has been part of the Porvoo Communion, bringing it into full Communion with the Anglican churches of the British Isles
British Isles
and the Iberian Peninsula, together with the other Lutheran
Lutheran
churches of the Nordic nations and the Baltic states. In 1995 full communion was achieved with the Philippine Independent Church. Since 2015, the Church of Sweden
Sweden
has also been in full communion with the Episcopal Church of the United States.[27] See also[edit]

Archbishop
Archbishop
of Uppsala Church of Sweden
Sweden
Abroad List of Lutheran
Lutheran
dioceses and archdioceses Church of Sweden
Sweden
Parishes Swedish churches in London List of the largest Protestant
Protestant
bodies

Other Nordic national Lutheran
Lutheran
churches[edit]

Church of Denmark Church of the Faroe Islands Church of Iceland Church of Norway Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Finland

Footnotes[edit]

^ a b c d "Svenska kyrkan i siffror". Svenska kyrkan (in Swedish).  ^ Member churches The Lutheran
Lutheran
World Federation ^ "SFS 1998:1591", Riksdagen ^ website Church of Sweden ^ Wockner, Rex. "Lesbian bishop consecrated in Sweden". QX. QX Förlag AB. Retrieved 20 July 2014.  ^ Wendy Sloane (1995-10-04). " Sweden
Sweden
Snaps Strong Ties Between Church and State". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2016-01-15.  ^ " Liturgy
Liturgy
and Worship" Archived April 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Church of Sweden ^ "Church of Sweden
Sweden
says yes to gay marriage". The Local: Sweden's News in English. 2009-10-22. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2012-06-03.  ^ [1] ^ Church of Sweden: Svenska kyrkans medlemsutveckling år 1972–2012 Archived 2016-03-10 at the Wayback Machine. Svenska kyrkan ^ Saint
Saint
Helen of Skofde Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. Patron Saints Index ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Eleventh Edition, article Sweden ^ " Sweden
Sweden
elects its first female archbishop, the German-born bishop of Lund
Lund
– Fox News". Fox News Channel. 15 October 2013.  ^ Vår svenska stam på utländsk mark; Svenska öden och insatser i främmande land; I västerled, Amerikas förenta stater och Kanada, Ed. Axel Boëthius, Stockholm
Stockholm
1952, Volume I, pp. 92, 137, 273 & 276; for the whole section ^ Gold is represented as yellow in non-metallic representations of coats of arms. ^ Structure and numbers of clergy listed on the official website in English. ^ Hallenbeck, Edwin (1996). The Orders of Ministry: Reflections on Direct Ordination
Ordination
(First ed.). North American Association for the Diaconate.  ^ a b "Direct Ordination". The Episcopal Church of the United States of America. Retrieved 19 February 2017.  ^ "Report of the Commission Appointed by the Archbishop
Archbishop
of Canterbury, In Pursuance of Resolution 74 of the Lambeth Conference of 1908 on the Relation of the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
to the Church of Sweden". The Young Churchman (1911), reproduced by Project Canterbury. Retrieved 19 February 2017.  ^ Whitelocke, Bulstrode (1772). A Journal of the Swedish ambassy in the years MDCLIII and MDCLIV from the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland : with an appendix of original papers, written by the ambassador, the Lord Commissioner Whitelocke (1772 republication ed.).  ^ Pädam, Tiit (2011). Ordination
Ordination
of Deacons in the Churches of the Porvoo Communion: A Comparative Investigation in Ecclesiology (First ed.). Kirjastus TP (Uppsala). ISBN 978-9949-21-785-4.  ^ See report Mobilise the Greenshirts!. ^ a b c d e Kyrkoordningen (in Swedish) (internal church regulations). ^ Anders Wejryd, Archbishop
Archbishop
(2012). 2011 Review and financial summary for the Church of Sweden, national level (First ed.). Trossamfundet Svenska kyrkan.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-06-08.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-21. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  ^ Referenced here.

References[edit]

Gustafsson, Berndt (1983) [1973]. Svensk kyrkohistoria. Handböcker i teologi (in Swedish) (6th ed.). Helsingborg: Plus Ultra. ISBN 91-970355-7-2. LIBRIS 7791193. 

External links[edit]

Official website in English Media related to Church of Sweden
Sweden
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Church of Sweden

Archbishop
Archbishop
of Uppsala
Uppsala
(List)

Dioceses

Archdiocese of Uppsala Diocese
Diocese
of Linköping Diocese
Diocese
of Skara Diocese
Diocese
of Strängnäs Diocese
Diocese
of Västerås Diocese
Diocese
of Växjö Diocese
Diocese
of Kalmar (defunct) Diocese
Diocese
of Lund Diocese
Diocese
of Gothenburg Diocese
Diocese
of Mariestad (defunct) Diocese
Diocese
of Karlstad Diocese
Diocese
of Härnösand Diocese
Diocese
of Luleå Diocese
Diocese
of Visby Diocese
Diocese
of Stockholm

Assembly Elections

2001 2005 2009 2013 2017

Nominating groups

Centre Party Christian Democrats in the Church of Sweden
Sweden
(linked to the Christian Democrats) Greens in the Church of Sweden
Sweden
(linked to the Green Party) Elävä seurakunta – Levande församling Frimodig kyrka Kyrklig samverkan i Visby
Visby
stift Left-wing in the Church of Sweden
Sweden
(linked to the Left Party) Liberals in the Church of Sweden Non-partisans in the Church of Sweden Right-wing Alternative (linked to the Moderate Party) Senior Citizen Interest Party Social Democrats Sweden
Sweden
Democrats Öppen kyrka – en kyrka för alla

Monasteries

Alsike Convent Daughters of Mary Sisters of Saint
Saint
Francis Östanbäck Monastery

See also

Church of Sweden
Sweden
Abroad Swedish Evangelical Mission

Links to related articles

v t e

Archbishops of Uppsala

Catholic Church in Sweden
Sweden
(1164–1557), Protestant
Protestant
Church of Sweden (1531–)

12th century

Stefan Johannes Petrus

13th century

Olov Lambatunga Valerius Olov Basatömer Jarler Lars Folke Johansson Ängel Jakob Israelsson Johan Odulfsson Magnus Bosson Johan Nils Allesson

14th century

Nils Kettilsson Olov Björnsson Petrus Filipsson Hemming Nilsson Petrus Torkilsson Birger Gregersson Henrik Karlsson

15th–16th century

Jöns Gerekesson Johan Håkansson Olov Larsson Arnold of Bergen Nicolaus Ragvaldi Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna Tord Pedersson (Bonde) Jakob Ulvsson Gustav Trolle

Reformation

Johannes Magnus
Johannes Magnus
1 Olaus Magnus
Olaus Magnus
2

Post-Reformation

Laurentius Petri
Laurentius Petri
(Nericius) Laurentius Petri
Laurentius Petri
Gothus Andreas Laurentii Björnram Abraham Angermannus Nicolaus Olai Bothniensis

17th century

Olaus Martini Petrus Kenicius Laurentius Paulinus Gothus Johannes Canuti Lenaeus Lars Stigzelius Johan Baazius the younger Olov Svebilius

18th century

Erik Benzelius the elder Haquin Spegel Mathias Steuchius Johannes Steuchius Erik Benzelius the younger Jakob Benzelius Henric Benzelius Samuel Troilius Magnus Beronius Carl Fredrik Mennander Uno von Troil

19th century

Jakob Axelsson Lindblom Carl von Rosenstein Johan Olof Wallin Carl Fredrik af Wingård Hans Olof Holmström Anton Niklas Sundberg

20th century

Johan August Ekman Nathan Söderblom Erling Eidem Yngve Brilioth Gunnar Hultgren Ruben Josefson Olof Sundby Bertil Werkström Gunnar Weman Karl Gustav Hammar

21st century

Anders Wejryd Antje Jackelén

Catholicism portal Catholic titular Archbishops in exile in Rome
Rome
during the Reformation in Sweden: 1 = 1533–1544; 2 = 1544–1557

v t e

Christianity
Christianity
in Sweden

Denominations

Church of Sweden

Evangelical Mission

Uniting Church in Sweden Pentecostal Movement Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Evangelical Reformed Church in Sweden Lutheran
Lutheran
Confessional Church Concordia Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Missionsprovinsen Evangelical Free Church in Sweden Swedish Alliance Mission Catholic Church Adventist Church LDS Church Jehovah's Witnesses

Former denominations

Mission Covenant Church Baptist Union United Methodist Church Örebro Mission

Church buildings

List of churches

Youth organisations

Equmenia Church of Sweden
Sweden
Youth

Ecumenical agencies

Christian Council of Sweden YWCA-YMCA

Christian-influenced politics

Christian Democratic Party Swedish Association of Christian Social Democrats

Development agencies

Church of Sweden

Traditions

Saint
Saint
Lucy's Day Christmas

Julotta

v t e

Porvoo Communion

Anglican churches

Church of England Church of Ireland Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church Scottish Episcopal Church Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church Church in Wales

Lutheran
Lutheran
churches

Church of Denmark Estonian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Finland Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Great Britain Church of Iceland Latvian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Abroad Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Lithuania Church of Norway Church of Sweden

Observer churches

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Latvia

v t e

Lutheran
Lutheran
World Federation

Africa

Central and Eastern Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Congo

Eritrea

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Eritrea

Ethiopia

Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus

Kenya

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Kenya Kenya Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Madagascar

Malagasy Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Rwanda

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Rwanda

Tanzania

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Tanzania

Southern Africa

Angola

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Angola

Botswana

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Botswana

Malawi

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Malawi

Mozambique

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Mozambique

Namibia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Namibia Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in the Republic of Namibia Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Namibia (GELK)

South Africa

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Southern Africa Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Southern Africa (Cape Church) Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Southern Africa (N-T) Moravian Church in South Africa

Zambia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Zambia

Zimbabwe

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Zimbabwe

Western Africa

Cameroon

Church of the Lutheran
Lutheran
Brethren of Cameroon Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Cameroon

Central African Republic

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of the Central African Republic

Republic of Congo

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Congo

Ghana

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Ghana

Liberia

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Liberia

Nigeria

The Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Christ
Christ
in Nigeria The Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Nigeria

Senegal

The Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Senegal

Sierra Leone

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Sierra Leone

Asia and Pacific

North East Asia

China – Hong Kong

Hong Kong and Macau Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Chinese Rhenish Church Hong Kong Synod Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Hong Kong Tsung Tsin Mission of Hong Kong

Taiwan

Taiwan Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of the Republic of China

Japan

Japan Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Japan Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Kinki Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

South Korea

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Korea

West and South Asia

Bangladesh

Bangladesh Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Bangladesh Northern Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Georgia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

India

Andhra Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Arcot Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Madhya Pradesh Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in the Himalayan States Good Shepherd Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Gossner Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Chotanagpur and Assam India Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Jeypore Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Northern Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church South Andhra Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Tamil Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Israel

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Jordan and the Holy Land

Jordan

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Jordan and the Holy Land

Kazakhstan

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

Kyrgyzstan

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

Myanmar

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Myanmar Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Myanmar Myanmar Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Mara Evangelical Church

Nepal

Nepal Northern Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Palestinian territories

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Jordan and the Holy Land

Sri Lanka

Lanka Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Uzbekistan

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

South East Asia

Australia

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Australia

Indonesia

Batak Christian Community Church Christian Communion of Indonesia Church in Nias Christian Protestant
Protestant
Church in Indonesia Christian Protestant
Protestant
Angkola Church Indonesian Christian Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Pakpak Dairi Christian Protestant
Protestant
Church Protestant
Protestant
Christian Batak Church Protestant
Protestant
Christian Church Protestant
Protestant
Christian Church in Mentawai Simalungun Protestant
Protestant
Christian Church United Protestant
Protestant
Church

Malaysia

Basel Christian Church of Malaysia Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Malaysia Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Malaysia Protestant
Protestant
Church in Sabah

Papua New Guinea

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Papua New Guinea Gutnius Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Philippines

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in the Philippines

Singapore

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Singapore

Thailand

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Thailand

Europe

Central Eastern Europe

Belarus

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

Croatia

Evangelical Church in the Republic of Croatia

Czech Republic

Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession

Estonia

Estonian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Hungary

Evangelical- Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Hungary

Latvia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Latvia

Lithuania

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Lithuania

Poland

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
in Poland

Romania

Evangelical Church of Augustan Confession in Romania Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Romania

Russia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Ingria in Russia

Serbia

Slovak Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
in Serbia

Slovakia

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
in Slovakia

Slovenia

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
in Slovenia

Ukraine

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Russia and Other States

Central Western Europe

Austria

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
in Austria

Belgium

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Belgium: Arlon and Christian Mission

France

Union of Protestant
Protestant
Churches of Alsace and Lorraine United Protestant
Protestant
Church of France Malagasy Protestant
Protestant
Church in France

Germany

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Baden Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Bavaria Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Brunswick Evangelical- Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Hanover Latvian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Abroad Church of Lippe
Church of Lippe
( Lutheran
Lutheran
classis) Evangelical Church in Middle Germany Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Northern Germany Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Oldenburg Evangelical- Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Saxony Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Schaumburg-Lippe Evangelical Church in Württemberg

Ireland

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Ireland

Italy

Lutheran
Lutheran
Evangelical Church in Italy

Netherlands

Protestant
Protestant
Church in the Netherlands

Switzerland

Federation of Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Churches in Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein

United Kingdom

Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Great Britain The Lutheran
Lutheran
Council of Great Britain

Nordic countries

Denmark

Church of Denmark

Finland

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Finland

Iceland

Church of Iceland

Norway

Church of Norway Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Free Church of Norway

Sweden

Church of Sweden

Latin America and the Caribbean

Central America and the Caribbean

Costa Rica

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Costa Rica Lutheran
Lutheran
Costa Rican Church

El Salvador

Salvadoran Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Guatemala

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Congregation "La Epifania"

Honduras

Christian Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Honduras

Mexico

German-Speaking Evangelical Congregation in Mexico Mexican Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Nicaragua

Nicaraguan Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Faith and Hope

South America

Argentina

Evangelical Church of the Rio de la Plata United Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Bolivia

Bolivian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church German Speaking Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Congregation in Bolivia

Brazil

Evangelical Church of the Lutheran
Lutheran
Confession in Brazil

Chile

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Chile Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Chile

Colombia

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church of Colombia St. Martin's Lutheran
Lutheran
Congregation St. Matthew's Lutheran
Lutheran
Church

Ecuador

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Ecuador

Guyana

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Guyana

Peru

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Peru Peruvian Lutheran
Lutheran
Evangelical Church

Suriname

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Suriname

Venezuela

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Venezuela

North America

Canada

Estonian Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church Abroad Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in Canada

United States

Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in America

Lutheranism
Lutheranism
portal Sweden
Sweden
portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157043528 LCCN: n79034436 GND: 117958-5 SELIBR: 220127 SUDOC: 034227067 BNF: cb12500476n (data)

Coordinates: 59°51′35″N 17°37′50″E / 59.85972°N 17.63056°E /

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