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C. baduri Ulfig, Guarro & Vidal-Leir. ined. C. botryoides Skou C. carmichaelii Oorschot C. europae Sigler, Guarro & Punsola C. filiforme Sigler, J.W. Carmich. & H.S. Whitney C. georgiae (Varsavsky & Ajello) Oorschot C. globiferum Skou C. hispanicum Skou C. holmii Skou C. inops J.W. Carmich. C. keratinophilum D. Frey ex J.W. Carmich. C. kreiselii Dominik C. littoralis Ulfig, Guarro & Vidal-Leir. ined. C. lobatum Scharapov C. longisporum Stchigel et al. C. lucknowense Garg C. medium Skou C. mephiticum Sigler C. merdarium (Ehrenb.) J.W. Carmich. C. minor Skou C. pannicola (Corda) Oorschot & Stalpers C. pilosum Gené, Guarro & Ulfig C. pseudomerdarium Oorschot C. pyriformis Skou C. queenslandicum Apinis & R.G. Rees C. roseum Guarro, Ulfig & Vidal-Leir. ined. C. siglerae Cano & Guarro C. sulfureum (Fiedl.) Oorschot & Samson C. synchronum Oorschot C. tropicum J.W. Carmich. C. undulatum P. Vidal, Guarro & Ulfig C. vallenarense Oorschot & Piont. C. vespertilii Guarro, P. Vidal & De Vroey C. xerophilum Pitt C. zonatum Al-Musallam & C.S. Tan

Chrysosporium
Chrysosporium
is a type of hyaline hyphomycetes fungi in the family Onygenaceae. Chrysosporium
Chrysosporium
colonies are moderately fast-growing, flat, white to tan to beige in color; they often have a powdery or granular surface texture. Hyaline, one-celled (ameroconidia) are produced directly on vegetative hyphae by non-specialized conidiogenous cells. Conidia are typically pyriform to clavate with truncate bases (6 to 7 by 3.5 to 4 um) and are formed either intercalary (arthroconidia), laterally (often on pedicels), or terminally. Clinical significance[edit] Species
Species
of Chrysosporium
Chrysosporium
are occasionally isolated from skin and nail scrapings, especially from feet, but, because they are common soil saprotrophs, they are usually considered as contaminants. There are about 22 species of Chrysosporium, several are keratinophilic with some also being thermotolerant, and cultures may closely resemble some dermatophytes, especially Trichophyton
Trichophyton
mentagrophytes, and some strains may also resemble cultures of Histoplasma
Histoplasma
and Blastomyces. Chrysosporium
Chrysosporium
has been identified as an emerging infectious disease, first in Canada affecting reptiles at around 1995.[1] It infected eastern massasauga rattlesnakes (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus).[2] By 2011, it had affected northern copperheads (Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen), timber rattlesnakes, black rat snakes, black racer snakes and eastern garter snakes in New Jersey.[1] References[edit]

^ a b Michele S. Byers (February 14, 2013). " Fungus
Fungus
is killing off our snakes". The Messenger-Gazette.  ^ Allender, M. C.; Dreslik, M.; Wylie, S.; Phillips, C.; Wylie, D. B.; Maddox, C.; Delaney, M. A.; Kinsel, M. J. (2011). "Chrysosporiumsp. Infection in Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 17 (12): 2383–2384. doi:10.3201/eid1712.110240. PMC 3311193 . PMID 22172594. 

External links[edit]

Chrysosporium
Chrysosporium
in Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database[permanent dead link]

v t e

Fungal infection and mesomycetozoea (B35–B49, 110–118)

Superficial and cutaneous (dermatomycosis): Tinea
Tinea
= skin; Piedra (exothrix/ endothrix) = hair

Ascomycota

Dermatophyte (Dermatophytosis)

By location

Tinea
Tinea
barbae/tinea capitis

Kerion

Tinea
Tinea
corporis

Ringworm Dermatophytids

Tinea
Tinea
cruris Tinea
Tinea
manuum Tinea
Tinea
pedis (athlete's foot) Tinea
Tinea
unguium/onychomycosis

White superficial onychomycosis Distal subungual onychomycosis Proximal subungual onychomycosis

Tinea
Tinea
corporis gladiatorum Tinea
Tinea
faciei Tinea
Tinea
imbricata Tinea
Tinea
incognito Favus

By organism

Epidermophyton floccosum Microsporum canis Microsporum audouinii Trichophyton
Trichophyton
interdigitale/mentagrophytes Trichophyton
Trichophyton
tonsurans Trichophyton
Trichophyton
schoenleini Trichophyton
Trichophyton
rubrum Trichophyton
Trichophyton
verrucosum

Other

Hortaea werneckii

Tinea
Tinea
nigra

Piedraia hortae

Black piedra

Basidiomycota

Malassezia
Malassezia
furfur

Tinea
Tinea
versicolor Pityrosporum folliculitis

Trichosporon

White piedra

Subcutaneous, systemic, and opportunistic

Ascomycota

Dimorphic (yeast+mold)

Onygenales

Coccidioides immitis/Coccidioides posadasii

Coccidioidomycosis Disseminated coccidioidomycosis Primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis. Primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis

Histoplasma
Histoplasma
capsulatum

Histoplasmosis Primary cutaneous histoplasmosis Primary pulmonary histoplasmosis Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis

Histoplasma
Histoplasma
duboisii

African histoplasmosis

Lacazia loboi

Lobomycosis

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Paracoccidioidomycosis

Other

Blastomyces
Blastomyces
dermatitidis

Blastomycosis North American blastomycosis South American blastomycosis

Sporothrix schenckii

Sporotrichosis

Penicillium marneffei

Penicilliosis

Yeast-like

Candida albicans

Candidiasis Oral Esophageal Vulvovaginal Chronic mucocutaneous Antibiotic candidiasis Candidal intertrigo Candidal onychomycosis Candidal paronychia Candidid Diaper candidiasis Congenital cutaneous candidiasis Perianal candidiasis Systemic candidiasis Erosio interdigitalis blastomycetica

C. glabrata C. tropicalis C. lusitaniae Pneumocystis jirovecii

Pneumocystosis Pneumocystis pneumonia

Mold-like

Aspergillus

Aspergillosis Aspergilloma Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis Primary cutaneous aspergillosis

Exophiala jeanselmei

Eumycetoma

Fonsecaea pedrosoi/Fonsecaea compacta/Phialophora verrucosa

Chromoblastomycosis

Geotrichum candidum

Geotrichosis

Pseudallescheria boydii

Allescheriasis

Basidiomycota

Cryptococcus neoformans

Cryptococcosis Trichosporon spp Trichosporonosis

Zygomycota (Zygomycosis)

Mucorales (Mucormycosis)

Rhizopus oryzae Mucor indicus Lichtheimia corymbifera Syncephalastrum racemosum Apophysomyces variabilis

Entomophthorales (Entomophthoramycosis)

Basidiobolus ranarum

Basidiobolomycosis

Conidiobolus coronatus/Conidiobolus incongruus

Conidiobolomycosis

Microsporidia (Microsporidiosis)

Enterocytozoon bieneusi/Encephalitozoon intestinalis

Mesomycetozoea

Rhinosporidium seeberi

Rhinosporidiosis

Ungrouped

Alternariosis Fungal folliculitis Fusarium

Fusariosis

Granuloma gluteale infantum Hyalohyphomycosis Otomycosis Phaeohyphomycosis

v t e

Diseases of the skin and appendages by morphology

Growths

Epidermal

wart callus seborrheic keratosis acrochordon molluscum contagiosum actinic keratosis squamous-cell carcinoma basal-cell carcinoma Merkel-cell carcinoma nevus sebaceous trichoepithelioma

Pigmented

Freckles lentigo melasma nevus melanoma

Dermal and subcutaneous

epidermal inclusion cyst hemangioma dermatofibroma (benign fibrous histiocytoma) keloid lipoma neurofibroma xanthoma Kaposi's sarcoma infantile digital fibromatosis granular cell tumor leiomyoma lymphangioma circumscriptum myxoid cyst

Rashes

With epidermal involvement

Eczematous

contact dermatitis atopic dermatitis seborrheic dermatitis stasis dermatitis lichen simplex chronicus Darier's disease glucagonoma syndrome langerhans cell histiocytosis lichen sclerosus pemphigus foliaceus Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome Zinc deficiency

Scaling

psoriasis tinea (corporis cruris pedis manuum faciei) pityriasis rosea secondary syphilis mycosis fungoides systemic lupus erythematosus pityriasis rubra pilaris parapsoriasis ichthyosis

Blistering

herpes simplex herpes zoster varicella bullous impetigo acute contact dermatitis pemphigus vulgaris bullous pemphigoid dermatitis herpetiformis porphyria cutanea tarda epidermolysis bullosa simplex

Papular

scabies insect bite reactions lichen planus miliaria keratosis pilaris lichen spinulosus transient acantholytic dermatosis lichen nitidus pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta

Pustular

acne vulgaris acne rosacea folliculitis impetigo candidiasis gonococcemia dermatophyte coccidioidomycosis subcorneal pustular dermatosis

Hypopigmented

tinea versicolor vitiligo pityriasis alba postinflammatory hyperpigmentation tuberous sclerosis idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis leprosy hypopigmented mycosis fungoides

Without epidermal involvement

Red

Blanchable Erythema

Generalized

drug eruptions viral exanthems toxic erythema systemic lupus erythematosus

Localized

cellulitis abscess boil erythema nodosum carcinoid syndrome fixed drug eruption

Specialized

urticaria erythema (multiforme migrans gyratum repens annulare centrifugum ab igne)

Nonblanchable Purpura

Macular

thrombocytopenic purpura actinic/solar purpura

Papular

disseminated intravascular coagulation vasculitis

Indurated

scleroderma/morphea granuloma annulare lichen sclerosis et atrophicus necrobiosis lipoidica

Miscellaneous disorders

Ulcers

Hair

telogen effluvium androgenic alopecia alopecia areata systemic lupus erythematosus tinea capitis loose anagen syndrome lichen planopilaris folliculitis decalvans acne keloidalis nuchae

Nail

onychomycosis psoriasis paronychia ingrown nail

Mucous membrane

Aphthous stomatitis oral candidiasis lichen planus leukoplakia pemphigus vulgaris mucous membrane pemphigoid cicatricial pemphigoid herpesvirus coxsackievirus syphilis systemic histoplasmosis squamous-cell carcinoma

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q5114948 EoL: 16301 EPPO: 1CHRUG Fungorum: 7645 GBIF: 2526789 iNaturalist: 328018 MycoBank: 7645 NCBI: 40411 WoRMS: 100216

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