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The CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION IN BAVARIA (_ CSU – Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern_ (help ·info )) is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany . The CSU operates only in Bavaria , while its larger counterpart, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), operates in the other fifteen states of Germany . The CSU has 56 seats in the Bundestag making it the smallest of the five parties represented.

The CSU was founded in some ways as a continuation of the Weimar -era Catholic Bavarian People\'s Party (BVP). At the federal level, the CSU forms a common ' CDU/CSU ' faction in the Bundestag with the CDU, which is frequently referred to as the Union Faction (_die Unionsfraktion_). Until the 2013 federal election, the CDU/CSU formed federal government in coalition with the Free Democratic Party (FDP).

In the state of Bavaria, the CSU has governed alone with an absolute majority since 1966 until 2008-2013, when it was the leading party of a coalition government with the FDP. The CSU differs from their partners, the CDU, by being somewhat more conservative in social matters while the CSU is economically a bit more pro-interventionist.

BAVARIA

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Bavaria

Constitution

* Constitution

Executive

* Minister-President

* Horst Seehofer

* Cabinet

Legislature

* Landtag

* President

* Barbara Stamm

Divisions

* Administrative regions (Regierungsbezirke) * Landkreise/kreisfreie cities * Gemeinden (municipalities)

Elections

* Legislative: 2003 , 2008 , 2013

Foreign policy

* Politics of Bavaria * Politics of Germany * European Union politics

* Other countries * Atlas

* v * t * e

The CSU is a member of the European People\'s Party (EPP) and the International Democrat Union . The CSU currently has three ministers in the cabinet of Germany of the federal government in Berlin, while party leader Horst Seehofer serves as Minister-President of Bavaria , a position that CSU representatives have held from 1946 to 1954 and again since 1957.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Relationship with the CDU

* 3 Leaders

* 3.1 Party chairmen * 3.2 Ministers-President

* 4 Politicians

* 5 Election results

* 5.1 Federal Parliament (_Bundestag_) * 5.2 European Parliament * 5.3 Landtag of Bavaria

* 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links

HISTORY

Chairman Franz Josef Strauß in 1976

Franz Josef Strauß (1915–1988) had left behind the strongest legacy as a leader of the party, having led the party from 1961 until his death in 1988. His political career in the federal cabinet was unique in that he had served four ministerial posts in the years between 1953 and 1969. From 1978 until his death in 1988, Strauß served as the Minister-president of Bavaria. Strauß was the first leader of the CSU to be a candidate for the German chancellery, in 1980. In the 1980 federal election Strauß ran against the incumbent Helmut Schmidt of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), but lost thereafter, as the SPD and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) managed to secure an absolute majority together, forming a Social-liberal coalition .

The CSU has led the Bavarian state government since it came into existence in 1946, save from 1950 to 1953 when the Bavaria Party formed a state government in coalition with the state branches of the SPD and FDP. Before the 2008 elections in Bavaria, the CSU perennially achieved absolute majorities at the state level by itself. This level of dominance is unique among Germany's 16 states. Edmund Stoiber took over the CSU leadership in 1999. He ran for Chancellor of Germany in 2002, but his preferred CDU/CSU –FDP coalition lost against the SPD candidate Gerhard Schröder 's SPD-Green alliance .

In the 2003 Bavarian state election , the CSU won 60.7% of the vote and 124 of 180 seats in the state parliament. This was the first time any party had won a 2/3 majority in a German state parliament. _The Economist _ later suggested that this exceptional result was due to a backlash against Schröder's government in Berlin. The CSU's popularity declined in subsequent years. Stoiber stepped down from the posts of Minister-President and CSU chairman in September 2007. A year later, the CSU lost its majority in the 2008 Bavarian state election , with its vote share dropping from 60.7% to 43.4%. The CSU remained in power by forming a coalition with the Free Democratic Party . In the 2009 general election , the CSU received only 42.5% of the vote in Bavaria in the 2009 election, which constitutes its weakest showing in the party's history.

The CSU made gains in the 2013 Bavarian state election and the 2013 federal election , which were held a week apart in September 2013. The CSU regained their majority in the Bavarian Landtag and remained in government in Berlin. They have three ministers in Angela Merkel\'s current cabinet : Christian Schmidt (Minister of Food and Agriculture), Alexander Dobrindt (Minister of Transport and Digital Infrastructure) and Gerd Müller (Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development).

RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CDU

The CSU is the sister party of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Together, they are called 'The Union'. The CSU operates only within Bavaria, and the CDU operates in all other states, but not Bavaria. While virtually independent, at the federal level, the parties form a common CDU/CSU faction. No Chancellor has ever come from the CSU, although Strauß and Edmund Stoiber were CDU/CSU candidates for Chancellor in the 1980 federal election and the 2002 federal election , respectively, which were both won by the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). Below the federal level, the parties are entirely independent.

Since its formation, the CSU has been more conservative than the CDU. The CSU and the state of Bavaria decided not to sign the _Grundgesetz _ of the Federal Republic of Germany, as they could not agree with the division of Germany into two states, after World War 2. Although Bavaria has a separate police and justice system (distinctive and non-federal), the CSU has actively participated in all political affairs of the German Parliament, the German Government, the German Bundesrat, the parliamentary elections of the German President, the European Parliament, and meetings with Gorbachev in Russia.

LEADERS

PARTY CHAIRMEN

CHAIRMAN FROM TO

1st Josef Müller 17 December 1945 28 May 1949

2nd Hans Ehard 28 May 1949 22 January 1955

3rd Hanns Seidel 22 January 1955 16 February 1961

4th Franz Josef Strauß 18 March 1961 3 October 1988

5th Theodor Waigel 16 November 1988 16 January 1999

6th Edmund Stoiber 16 January 1999 29 September 2007

7th Erwin Huber 29 September 2007 25 October 2008

8th Horst Seehofer 25 October 2008 _Present day_

MINISTERS-PRESIDENT

The CSU has contributed eleven of the twelve Ministers-President of Bavaria since 1945, with only Wilhelm Hoegner (1945–46, 1954–57) of the SPD also holding the office.

MINISTER-PRESIDENT FROM TO

Fritz Schäffer 28 May 1945 28 September 1945

Hans Ehard (1st time) 21 December 1946 14 December 1954

Hanns Seidel 16 October 1957 22 January 1960

Hans Ehard (2nd time) 26 January 1960 11 December 1962

Alfons Goppel 11 December 1962 6 November 1978

Franz Josef Strauss 6 November 1978 3 October 1988

Max Streibl 19 October 1988 27 May 1993

Edmund Stoiber 28 May 1993 30 September 2007

Günther Beckstein 9 October 2007 27 October 2008

Horst Seehofer 27 October 2008 _Present day_

POLITICIANS

See: List of Bavarian Christian Social Union politicians

ELECTION RESULTS

FEDERAL PARLIAMENT (_BUNDESTAG_)

ELECTION YEAR # of constituency votes # of party list votes % of party list votes # of overall seats won +/–

1949

1,380,448 5.8 24 / 402

1953 2,450,286 2,427,387 8.8 52 / 509 28

1957 3,186,150 3,133,060 10.5 55 / 519 3

1961 3,104,742 3,014,471 9.6 50 / 521 5

1965 3,204,648 3,136,506 9.6 49 / 518 1

1969 3,094,176 3,115,652 9.5 49 / 518 0

1972 3,620,625 3,615,183 9.72 48 / 518 1

1976 4,008,514 4,027,499 10.6 53 / 518 5

1980 3,941,365 3,908,459 10.3 52 / 519 1

1983 4,318,800 4,140,865 10.6 53 / 520 1

1987 3,859,244 3,715,827 9.8 49 / 519 4

1990 3,423,904 3,302,980 7.1 51 / 662 2

1994 3,657,627 3,427,196 7.3 50 / 672 1

1998 3,602,472 3,324,480 6.8 47 / 669 3

2002 4,311,178 4,315,080 9.0 58 / 603 11

2005 3,889,990 3,494,309 7.4 46 / 614 12

2009 3,191,000 2,830,238 6.5 45 / 622 1

2013 3,544,079 3,243,569 7.4 56 / 631 11

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

ELECTION YEAR # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/–

1979 2,817,120 10.1 (#3) 8 / 81

1984 2,109,130 8.5 (#3) 7 / 81 1

1989 2,326,277 8.2 (#4) 7 / 81 0

1994 2,393,374 6.8 (#4) 8 / 99 1

1999 2,540,007 9.4 (#4) 10 / 99 2

2004 2,063,900 8.0 (#4) 9 / 99 1

2009 1,896,762 7.2 (#6) 8 / 99 1

2014 1,567,258 5.3 (#6) 5 / 96 3

LANDTAG OF BAVARIA

ELECTION YEAR # of constituency votes # of party list votes % of overall votes # of overall seats won +/–

1946

1,593,908 52.2 104 / 180

1950 1,264,993 1,262,377 27.4 64 / 204 40

1954 1,855,995 1,835,959 37.9 83 / 204 19

1958 2,101,645 2,091,259 45.5 101 / 204 18

1962 2,343,169 2,320,359 47.5 108 / 204 7

1966 2,549,610 2,524,732 48.1 110 / 204 2

1970 3,205,170 3,139,429 56.4 124 / 204 14

1974 3,520,065 3,481,486 62.0 132 / 204 8

1978 3,394,096 3,387,995 59.1 129 / 204 3

1982 3,557,068 3,534,375 58.2 133 / 204 4

1986 3,142,094 3,191,640 55.7 128 / 204 5

1990 3,007,566 3,085,948 54.9 127 / 204 1

1994 3,063,635 3,100,253 52.8 120 / 204 7

1998 3,168,996 3,278,768 52.9 123 / 204 3

2003 3,050,456 3,167,408 60.6 124 / 180 1

2008 2,267,521 2,336,439 43.4 92 / 187 32

2013 2,754,256 2,882,169 47.7 101 / 180 9

SEE ALSO

* conservatism portal

* Christian Democratic Union of Germany * Politics of Germany

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ "Mitgliederzahlen: SPD baut Vorsprung gegenüber CDU aus". _Der Spiegel_. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-16. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck * ^ _A_ _B_ Budge, Ian; Robertson, David; Hearl, Derek (1987). _Ideology, Strategy, and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-war Election Programmes in 19 Democracies_. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 296. ISBN 9780521306485 . * ^ Christina Boswell; Dan Hough (2009). _Politicizing migration: Opportunity or liability for the centre-right in Germany_. _Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe: Why Politics – and the Centre-Right – matter_. Routledge. pp. 18, 21. * ^ Klaus Detterbeck (2012). _Multi-Level Party Politics in Western Europe_. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 105. * ^ Margret Hornsteiner; Thomas Saalfeld (2014). _Parties and the Party System_. _Developments in German Politics_. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 80. * ^ Hans Slomp (2011). _Europe, a Political Profile: An Americ