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A Christian
Christian
(/ˈkrɪstʃən, -tiən/ ( listen)) is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. "Christian" derives from the Koine Greek
Koine Greek
word Christós (Χριστός), a translation of the Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew
term mashiach (Biblical Hebrew: מָשִׁיחַ).[7] While there are diverse interpretations of Christianity
Christianity
which sometimes conflict,[8][9] they are united in believing that Jesus
Jesus
has a unique significance.[8] The term "Christian" is also used as an adjective to describe anything associated with Christianity, or in a proverbial sense "all that is noble, and good, and Christ-like."[10] According to a 2011 Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
survey, there were 2.2 billion Christians
Christians
around the world in 2010, up from about 600 million in 1910.[2] By 2050, the Christian
Christian
population is expected to exceed 3 billion.[2] According to a 2012 Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
survey Christianity
Christianity
will remain the world's largest religion in 2050, if current trends continue. Today, about 37% of all Christians
Christians
live in the Americas, about 26% live in Europe, 24% live in sub-Saharan Africa, about 13% live in Asia and the Pacific, and 1% live in the Middle East
Middle East
and North Africa.[2] About half of all Christians
Christians
worldwide are Catholic, while more than a third are Protestant
Protestant
(37%).[2] Orthodox communions comprise 12% of the world's Christians.[2] Other Christian
Christian
groups make up the remainder. Christians
Christians
make up the majority of the population in 158 countries and territories.[2] 280 million Christians
Christians
live as a minority.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Early usage

2.1 Nazarenes

3 Modern usage

3.1 Definition 3.2 Hebrew terms 3.3 Arabic terms 3.4 Asian terms 3.5 Russian terms 3.6 Other non-religious usages

4 Demographics

4.1 Socioeconomics

5 Notable individuals 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography

Etymology The Greek word Χριστιανός (Christianos), meaning "follower of Christ", comes from Χριστός (Christos), meaning "anointed one",[11] with an adjectival ending borrowed from Latin to denote adhering to, or even belonging to, as in slave ownership.[12] In the Greek Septuagint, christos was used to translate the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Mašíaḥ, messiah), meaning "[one who is] anointed."[13] In other European languages, equivalent words to Christian
Christian
are likewise derived from the Greek, such as Chrétien in French and Cristiano in Spanish. Early usage

The Church of Saint Peter
Church of Saint Peter
near Antioch
Antioch
(modern-day Antakya), the city where the disciples were called "Christians".

The first recorded use of the term (or its cognates in other languages) is in the New Testament, in Acts 11:26,[14] after Barnabas brought Saul (Paul) to Antioch
Antioch
where they taught the disciples for about a year, the text says: "[...] the disciples were called Christians
Christians
first in Antioch." The second mention of the term follows in Acts 26:28,[15] where Herod Agrippa II
Herod Agrippa II
replied to Paul the Apostle, "Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian." The third and final New Testament
New Testament
reference to the term is in 1 Peter
1 Peter
4:16, which exhorts believers: "Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf."[16] Kenneth Samuel Wuest holds that all three original New Testament verses' usages reflect a derisive element in the term Christian
Christian
to refer to followers of Christ who did not acknowledge the emperor of Rome.[17] The city of Antioch, where someone gave them the name Christians, had a reputation for coming up with such nicknames.[18] However Peter's apparent endorsement of the term led to its being preferred over "Nazarenes" and the term Christianoi from 1 Peter becomes the standard term in the Early Church Fathers
Early Church Fathers
from Ignatius and Polycarp
Polycarp
onwards.[19] The earliest occurrences of the term in non- Christian
Christian
literature include Josephus, referring to "the tribe of Christians, so named from him;"[20] Pliny the Younger
Pliny the Younger
in correspondence with Trajan; and Tacitus, writing near the end of the 1st century. In the Annals he relates that "by vulgar appellation [they were] commonly called Christians"[21] and identifies Christians
Christians
as Nero's scapegoats for the Great Fire of Rome.[22] Nazarenes Another term for Christians
Christians
which appears in the New Testament
New Testament
is "Nazarenes". Jesus
Jesus
is named as a Nazarene in Math 2:23, while Saul-Paul is said to be Nazarene in Acts 24:5. The latter verse makes it clear that Nazarene also referred to the name of a sect or heresy, as well as the town called Nazareth. The term Nazarene was also used by the Jewish lawyer Tertullus (Against Marcion 4:8) which records that "the Jews
Jews
call us Nazarenes." While around 331 AD Eusebius
Eusebius
records that Christ was called a Nazoraean from the name Nazareth, and that in earlier centuries "Christians," were once called "Nazarenes."[23] The Hebrew equivalent of "Nazarenes", Notzrim, occurs in the Babylonian Talmud, and is still the modern Israeli Hebrew term for Christian. Modern usage

The Latin cross and Ichthys
Ichthys
symbols, two symbols often used by Christians
Christians
to represent their religion

Definition A wide range of beliefs and practices is found across the world among those who call themselves Christian. Denominations and sects disagree on a common definition of "Christianity". For example, Timothy Beal notes the disparity of beliefs among those who identify as Christians in the United States
United States
as follows:

Although all of them have their historical roots in Christian
Christian
theology and tradition, and although most would identify themselves as Christian, many would not identify others within the larger category as Christian. Most Baptists
Baptists
and fundamentalists (Christian Fundamentalism), for example, would not acknowledge Mormonism or Christian
Christian
Science as Christian. In fact, the nearly 77 percent of Americans who self-identify as Christian
Christian
are a diverse pluribus of Christianities that are far from any collective unity.[24]

Linda Woodhead
Linda Woodhead
attempts to provide a common belief thread for Christians
Christians
by noting that "Whatever else they might disagree about, Christians
Christians
are at least united in believing that Jesus
Jesus
has a unique significance."[8] Philosopher Michael Martin, in his book The Case Against Christianity, evaluated three historical Christian
Christian
creeds (the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
and the Athanasian Creed) to establish a set of basic assumptions which include belief in theism, the historicity of Jesus, the Incarnation, salvation through faith in Jesus, and Jesus
Jesus
as an ethical role model.[25] Hebrew terms

Nazareth
Nazareth
is described as the childhood home of Jesus. Many languages employ the word "Nazarene" as a general designation for those of Christian
Christian
faith.

The identification of Jesus
Jesus
as the Messiah is not accepted by Judaism. The term for a Christian
Christian
in Hebrew is נוֹצְרִי (Notzri—"Nazarene"), a Talmudic term originally derived from the fact that Jesus
Jesus
came from the Galilean village of Nazareth, today in northern Israel.[26] Adherents of Messianic Judaism
Messianic Judaism
are referred to in modern Hebrew as יְהוּדִים מְשִׁיחִיִּים (Yehudim Meshihi'im—"Messianic Jews"). Arabic terms In Arabic-speaking cultures, two words are commonly used for Christians: Naṣrānī (نصراني), plural Naṣārā (نصارى) is generally understood to be derived from Nazareth
Nazareth
through the Syriac (Aramaic); Masīḥī (مسيحي) means followers of the Messiah.[27] The term Nasara rose to prominence in July 2014, after the Fall of Mosul to the terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The nun or ن— the first letter of Nasara—was spray-painted on the property of Christians
Christians
ejected from the city.[28] Where there is a distinction, Nasrani refers to people from a Christian culture
Christian culture
and Masihi is used by Christians
Christians
themselves for those with a religious faith in Jesus.[29] In some countries Nasrani tends to be used generically for non- Muslim
Muslim
Western foreigners, e.g. "blond people."[30] Another Arabic word sometimes used for Christians, particularly in a political context, is Ṣalībī (صليبي "Crusader") from ṣalīb (صليب "cross") which refers to Crusaders and has negative connotations.[27][31] However, Ṣalībī is a modern term; historically, Muslim
Muslim
writers described European Christian
Christian
Crusaders as al-Faranj or Alfranj (الفرنج) and Firinjīyah (الفرنجيّة) in Arabic.[32] This word comes from the name of the Franks
Franks
and can be seen in the Arab history text Al-Kamil fi al-Tarikh by Ali ibn al-Athir.[33][34] Asian terms The most common Persian word is Masīhī (مسیحی), from Arabic. Other words are Nasrānī (نصرانی), from Syriac for "Nazarene", and Tarsā (ترسا), from Middle Persian
Middle Persian
word Tarsāg, also meaning "Christian", derived from tars, meaning "fear, respect".[35] The Syriac term Nasrani (Nazarene) has also been attached to the Saint Thomas Christians
Christians
of Kerala, India. In the Indian subcontinent, Christians
Christians
call themselves Isaai (Hindi: ईसाई, Urdu: عیسائی‎), and are also known by this term to adherents of other religions.[36] This is related to the name they call Jesus, 'Isa Masih, and literally means 'the followers of 'Isa'. In the past, the Malays used to call the Portuguese Serani from the Arabic Nasrani, but the term now refers to the modern Kristang creoles of Malaysia. The Chinese word is 基督徒 (pinyin: jīdū tú), literally "Christ follower." The two characters now pronounced Jīdū in Mandarin Chinese, were originally pronounced Jīdū (基督)[37] in Cantonese as representation of Latin "Christus".[38][39] In Vietnam, the same two characters read Cơ đốc, and a "follower of Christianity" is a tín đồ Cơ đốc giáo.

Japanese Christians
Christians
("Kurisuchan") in Portuguese costume, 16–17th century

In Japan, the term kirishitan (written in Edo period documents 吉利支丹, 切支丹, and in modern Japanese histories as キリシタン), from Portuguese cristão, referred to Roman Catholics in the 16th and 17th centuries before the religion was banned by the Tokugawa shogunate. Today, Christians
Christians
are referred to in Standard Japanese
Standard Japanese
as キリスト教徒, Kirisuto-kyōto or the English-derived term クリスチャン kurisuchan. Korean still uses 기독교도, Kidok-kyo-do for "Christian", though the Greek form Kurisudo 그리스도 has now replaced the old Sino-Korean Kidok, which refers to Christ himself. In Thailand, the most common terms are คนคริสต์ (khon khrit) or ชาวคริสต์ (chao khrit) which literally mean "Christ person/people" or " Jesus
Jesus
person/people." The Thai word คริสต์ (khrit) is derived from "Christ." Russian terms The region of modern Eastern Europe
Europe
and Central Eurasia (Russia, Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet bloc) has a long history of Christianity
Christianity
and Christian
Christian
communities on its lands. In ancient times, in the first centuries after the birth of Christ, when this region was called Scythia, the geographical area of Scythians
Scythians
- Christians
Christians
already lived there.[40] Later the region saw the first states to adopt Christianity
Christianity
officially - initially Armenia
Armenia
(301 AD) and Georgia (337 AD), later Bulgaria (c. 864) and the Great Russian Principality (Kyivan Rus, Russian: Великое княжество Русское, c. 988 AD). In some areas, people of that time[when?] came to denote themselves as Christians
Christians
(Russian: христиане, крестьяне) and as Russians (Russian: русские). Both terms had strong Christian connotations.[citation needed] It is also interesting that in time the Russian term "крестьяне" (khrest'yanye) acquired the meaning "peasants of Christian
Christian
faith" and later "peasants" (the main part of the population of the region), while the term "христиане" (khristianye) retained its religious meaning and the term "русские" (russkiye) began to mean representatives of the heterogeneous Russian nation formed on the basis of common Christian faith and language,[citation needed] which strongly influenced the history and development of the region. In the region the term "Pravoslav faith" (Russian: православная вера - Orthodox faith) or "Russian faith" (Russian: русская вера) from earliest times became almost as known as the original "Christian faith" (христианская, крестьянская вера).[citation needed] Also in some contexts the term "cossack" (Russian: козак, казак - "free man" by the will of God[citation needed]) was used[by whom?] to denote "free" Christians of steppe origin and Russian language. Other non-religious usages Nominally "Christian" societies made "Christian" a default label for citizenship or for "people like us".[41] In this context, religious or ethnic minorities can use "Christians" or "you Christians" loosely as a shorthand term for mainstream members of society who do not belong to "our" group - even in a thoroughly secular (though formerly Christian) society.[42] Demographics For a detailed breakdown of Christian
Christian
demographics, see Christianity by country. As of the early 21st century, Christianity
Christianity
has approximately 2.4 billion adherents.[43][44][45] The faith represents about a third of the world's population and is the largest religion in the world. Christians
Christians
have composed about 33 percent of the world's population for around 100 years. The largest Christian denomination
Christian denomination
is the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church, with 1.17 billion adherents, representing half of all Christians.[46] Christianity
Christianity
remains the dominant religion in the Western World, where 70% are Christians.[2] According to 2012 Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
survey if current trends continue, Christianity
Christianity
will remains the world's largest religion by year 2050. By 2050, the Christian
Christian
population is expected to exceed 3 billion. While Muslims
Muslims
have an average of 3.1 children per woman—the highest rate of all religious groups. Christians
Christians
are second, with 2.7 children per woman. High birth rates and conversion were cited as the reason for the Christian
Christian
population growths. A 2015 study found that approximately 10.2 million Muslim
Muslim
converted to Christianity.[47] Christianity
Christianity
is growing in Africa,[48][49] Asia,[49][50] Latin America,[51] Muslim
Muslim
world,[52] and Oceania.

Percentage of Christians
Christians
worldwide, June 2014

Christians
Christians
(self-described) by region (Pew Research Center, 2011)[53][54][55]

Region Christians % Christian

Europe 558,260,000 75.2

Latin America–Caribbean 531,280,000 90.0

Sub-Saharan Africa 517,340,000 62.9

Asia
Asia
Pacific 286,950,000 7.1

North America 266,630,000 77.4

Middle East–North Africa 12,710,000 3.7

World 2,173,180,000 31.5

Socioeconomics According to a study from 2015, Christians
Christians
hold the largest amount of wealth (55% of the total world wealth), followed by Muslims
Muslims
(5.8%), Hindus
Hindus
(3.3%) and Jews
Jews
(1.1%). According to the same study it was found that adherents under the classification Irreligion or other religions hold about 34.8% of the total global wealth.[56] A study done by the nonpartisan wealth research firm New World
World
Wealth found that 56.2% of the 13.1 million millionaires in the world were Christians.[57] A Pew Center
Pew Center
study about religion and education around the world in 2016, found that Christians
Christians
ranked as the second most educated religious group around in the world after Jews
Jews
with an average of 9.3 years of schooling,[58] and the highest of years of schooling among Christians
Christians
found in Germany
Germany
(13.6),[58] New Zealand
New Zealand
(13.5)[58] and Estonia
Estonia
(13.1).[58] Christians
Christians
were also found to have the second highest number of graduate and post-graduate degrees per capita while in absolute numbers ranked in the first place (220 million).[58] Between the various Christian
Christian
communities, Singapore
Singapore
outranks other nations in terms of Christians
Christians
who obtain a university degree in institutions of higher education (67%),[58] followed by the Christians of Israel (63%),[59] and the Christians
Christians
of Georgia (57%).[58] According to the study, Christians
Christians
in North America, Europe, Middle East, North Africa
North Africa
and Asia
Asia
Pacific
Pacific
regions are highly educated since many of the world universities were built by the historic Christian Churches,[58] in addition to the historical evidence that "Christian monks built libraries and, in the days before printing presses, preserved important earlier writings produced in Latin, Greek and Arabic".[58] According to the same study, Christians
Christians
have a significant amount of gender equality in educational attainment,[58] and the study suggests that one of the reasons is the encouragement of the Protestant
Protestant
Reformers in promoting the education of women, which led to the eradication of illiteracy among females in Protestant communities.[58] Notable individuals Main articles: Lists of Christians, List of Christian
Christian
Nobel laureates, and List of converts to Christianity See also

Christianity
Christianity
portal

Christendom Christian
Christian
Church Christian
Christian
population growth Conversion to Christianity Cultural Christian Early Christianity List of Christian
Christian
denominations List of Christian denominations
Christian denominations
by number of members List of Christian
Christian
synonyms List of religions and spiritual traditions List of religious organizations

References

^ " Christianity
Christianity
2015: Religious Diversity and Personal Contact" (PDF). gordonconwell.edu. January 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u ANALYSIS (19 December 2011). "Global Christianity". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ "Discrimination in the EU in 2012" (PDF), Special
Special
Eurobarometer, 383, European Union: European Commission, p. 233, 2012, retrieved 14 August 2013  The question asked was "Do you consider yourself to be...?" With a card showing: Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Other Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, Hindu, Atheist, and Non-believer/Agnostic. Space was given for Other (SPONTANEOUS) and DK. Jewish, Sikh, Buddhist, Hindu did not reach the 1% threshold. ^ Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (PDF). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2015.  ^ A history of ancient Greek by Maria Chritē, Maria Arapopoulou, Centre for the Greek Language (Thessalonikē, Greece) pg 436 ISBN 0-521-83307-8 ^ Wilken, Robert Louis. The First Thousand Years: A Global History of Christianity. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-300-11884-1.  ^ Bickerman (1949) p. 145, The Christians
Christians
got their appellation from "Christus," that is, "the Anointed," the Messiah. ^ a b c Woodhead, Linda (2004). Christianity: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. n.p.  ^ Beal, Timothy (2008). Religion
Religion
in America: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 35, 39.  Beal states that, "Although all of them have their historical roots in Christian theology
Christian theology
and tradition, and although most would identify themselves as Christian, many would not identify others within the larger category as Christian. Most Baptists
Baptists
and Fundamentalists, for example, would not acknowledge Mormonism or Christian
Christian
Science as Christian. In fact, the nearly 77 percent of Americans who self-identify as Christian
Christian
are a diverse pluribus of Christianities that are far from any collective unity." ^ Schaff, Philip. "V. St. Paul and the Conversion of the Gentiles (Note 496)". History of the Christian
Christian
Church.  ^ Christ at Etymology Online ^ Bickerman, 1949 p. 147, All these Greek terms, formed with the Latin suffix -ianus, exactly as the Latin words of the same derivation, express the idea that the men or things referred to, belong to the person to whose name the suffix is added. p. 145, In Latin this suffix produced proper names of the type Marcianus and, on the other hand, derivatives from the name of a person, which referred to his belongings, like fundus Narcissianus, or, by extension, to his adherents, Ciceroniani. ^ Messiah at Etymology Online ^ Acts 11:26 ^ Acts 26:28 ^ 1 Peter
1 Peter
4:16 ^ #Wuest-1973 p. 19. The word is used three times in the New Testament, and each time as a term of reproach or derision. Here in Antioch, the name Christianos was coined to distinguish the worshippers of the Christ from the Kaisarianos, the worshippers of Caesar. ^ #Wuest-1973 p. 19. The city of Antioch
Antioch
in Syria had a reputation for coining nicknames. ^ Christine Trevett Christian
Christian
women and the time of the Apostolic Fathers 2006 "'Christians' (christianoi) was a term first coined in Syrian Antioch
Antioch
(Acts 11: 26) and which appeared next in Christian sources in Ignatius, Eph 11.2; Rom 3.2; Pol 7.3. Cf. too Did 12.4; MPol 3.1; 10.1; 12.1-2; EpDiog 1.1; 4.6; 5.1;" ^ Josephus. "Antiquities of the Jews — XVIII, 3:3".  ^ Tacitus, Cornelius; Murphy, Arthur (1836). The works of Cornelius Tacitus: with an essay on his life and genius, notes, supplements, &c. Thomas Wardle. p. 287.  ^ Bruce, Frederick Fyvie (1988). The Book of the Acts. Eerdmans. p. 228. ISBN 0-8028-2505-2.  ^ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies: Volume 65, Issue 1 University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies - 2002 "... around 331, Eusebius
Eusebius
says of the place name Nazareth
Nazareth
that 'from this name the Christ was called a Nazoraean, and in ancient times we, who are now called Christians, were once called Nazarenes';6 thus he attributes this designation ..." ^ Beal, Timothy (2008). Religion
Religion
in America: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 35.  ^ Martin, Michael (1993). The Case Against Christianity. Temple University Press. p. 12. ISBN 1-56639-081-8.  ^ Nazarene at Etymology Online ^ a b Society for Internet Research, The Hamas Charter, note 62 (erroneously, "salidi"). ^ Euronews 22 July 2014 "Over the weekend, while the world’s gaze was on Gaza and Syria, the situation of Christians
Christians
in northern Iraq took a sharp turn for the worse, with thousands forced to flee their homes. ... In Mosul, IS militants marked with a spray-painted ن (the Arabic letter for “N”) all Christian
Christian
property to be seized after the ultimatum." ^ Jeffrey Tayler, Trekking through the Moroccan Sahara. ^ "Nasara". Mazyan Bizaf Show.  ^ Akbar S. Ahmed, Islam, Globalization, and Postmodernity, p 110. ^ Rashid al-din Fazl Allâh, quoted in Karl Jahn (ed.) Histoire Universelle de Rasid al-Din Fadl Allah Abul=Khair: I. Histoire des Francs (Texte Persan avec traduction et annotations), Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1951. (Source: M. Ashtiany) ^ سنة ٤٩١ - "ذكر ملك الفرنج مدينة أنطاكية" في الكامل في التاريخ ^ "Account of al-Faranj seizing Antioch" Year 491AH, The Complete History ^ MacKenzie, D. N. (1986). A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-713559-5 ^ " Catholic
Catholic
priest in saffron robe called 'Isai Baba'". The Indian Express. December 24, 2008. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012.  ^ Christ in Cantonese, translation, English- Cantonese
Cantonese
Dictionary ^ Christian
Christian
- Meaning Definition Synonym Synopsis ^ Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Christus ^ Вселенские Соборы читать, скачать - профессор Антон Владимирович Карташёв ^ Compare: Cross, Frank Leslie; Livingstone, Elizabeth A., eds. (1957). "Christian". The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Christian Church
(3 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press (published 2005). p. 336. ISBN 9780192802903. Retrieved 2016-12-05. In modern times the name Christian
Christian
[...] has tended, in nominally Christian
Christian
countries, to lose any credal significance and imply only that which is ethically praiseworthy (e.g. 'a Christian
Christian
action') or socially customary (' Christian
Christian
name').  ^ Compare: Sandmel, Samuel (1967). We Jews
Jews
and You Christians: An Inquiry Into Attitudes. Lippincott. Retrieved 2016-12-06.  ^ 33.39% of 7.174 billion world population (under "People and Society") "World". CIA world facts.  ^ "The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions". foreignpolicy.com. March 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-04.  ^ "Major Religions Ranked by Size". Adherents.com. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ Pontifical Yearbook 2010, Catholic
Catholic
News Agency. Accessed September 22, 2011. ^ Johnstone, Patrick; Miller, Duane Alexander (2015). "Believers in Christ from a Muslim
Muslim
Background: A Global Census". Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion. 11: 8. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ "Study: Christianity
Christianity
growth soars in Africa
Africa
– USATODAY.com". USATODAY.COM. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2015.  ^ a b Ostling, Richard N. (24 June 2001). "The Battle for Latin America's Soul". TIME.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015.  ^ "In China, Protestantism's Simplicity Yields More Converts Than Catholicism". International Business Times. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015.  ^ Chris Arsenault. "Evangelicals rise in Latin America". Retrieved 14 February 2015.  ^ Believers in Christ from a Muslim
Muslim
Background: A Global Census ^ ANALYSIS (19 December 2011). "Europe". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ ANALYSIS (19 December 2011). "Americas". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ ANALYSIS (19 December 2011). "Global religious landscape: Christians". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ " Christians
Christians
hold largest percentage of global wealth: Report". deccanherald.com. 2015-01-14.  ^ The religion of millionaires ^ a b c d e f g h i j k " Religion
Religion
and Education Around the World" (PDF). Pew Research Center. December 19, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2016.  ^ "المسيحيون العرب يتفوقون على يهود إسرائيل في التعليم". Bokra. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 

Bibliography Etymology

Bickerman, Elias J. (April 1949). "The Name of Christians". The Harvard Theological Review. 42 (2): 109–124. doi:10.1017/s0017816000019635. JSTOR 1507955.  also available in Bickerman, Elias J. (1986). Studies in Jewish and Christian
Christian
history. ISBN 90-04-04395-0.  (from which page numbers are cited) Wuest, Kenneth Samuel (1973). Wuest's word studies from the Greek New Testament. 1. ISBN 978-0-8028-2280-2. 

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