CHORLEYWOOD is a village and civil parish in
Three Rivers District
Three Rivers District ,
Hertfordshire . It is situated in the far south-west of Hertfordshire
on the border with
Buckinghamshire approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi)
Charing Cross . It is part of the London commuter belt
and included in the government-defined
Greater London Urban Area
Greater London Urban Area .
Chorleywood as a parish was created in 1845 from part of the parish of
The parish had a population of 11,286 people at the 2011 census . In
a 2004 survey of neighbourhoods carried out by the Office of the
Deputy Prime Minister ,
Chorleywood was found to be the neighbourhood
England with the highest quality of life. Of the 32,482
Chorleywood came out top using thirty-seven
* 1 History
* 2 Transport
* 4 Politics
* 5 Schools
* 6 Demography
* 7 Twin town
* 8 Footnotes
* 9 External links
Chorleywood dates to the
Paleolithic era when the
plentiful flint supply led to swift development of tools by man. The
Romans built a village on the ancient site complete with a mill and
A large influx of Saxon settlers called it 'Cerola Leah', meaning a
meadow in a clearing. Through
Chorleywood runs the line that once
divided the Kingdoms of
Wessex and now divides the counties
Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire.
Edward the Confessor
Edward the Confessor gave
Chorleywood to the Monastery of
St Albans .
By 1278, it was known as 'Bosco de Cherle' or 'Churl's Wood', Norman
for 'Peasant's Wood'. Upon the
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Dissolution of the Monasteries , it
passed to the Bishopric of London, being renamed 'Charleywoode'. It
became Crown property during the reign of Elizabeth I . The Turnpike
Act (1663) gave
Chorleywood a chance to exploit its strategic
position, allowing locals the opportunity to charge civilians to use
the road from Hatfield to Reading .
Chorleywood is most famous for its Quakers . Non-conformists flocked
to Chorleywood, promised sanctuary by the locals.
William Penn founded
Pennsylvania Colony with settlers from Chorleywood, Rickmansworth
and nearby towns in southern Buckinghamshire, having lived and married
Chorleywood House , a Regency mansion, was built in 1822 by John
Barnes, replacing an earlier house.
John Saunders Gilliat
John Saunders Gilliat , the
Governor of the Bank of
England in 1883-1885, lived in it. In 1892,
the house was bought by Lady Ela Sackville Russell, eldest daughter of
the 9th Duke of Bedford . She modified and enlarged the house, turning
the grounds into a model estate with market gardens.
The population was 1,500 in 1897; two years later the railway was
Chorleywood on 8 July 1889.
Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894 created districts as subdivisions
of the newly created county councils ,
Chorleywood became part of the
Watford Rural District , which encircled
Watford . In 1913, the town
was separated from
Watford Rural District to become
In the early 1960s, researchers at the British Baking Industries
Research Association in
Chorleywood improved upon an earlier American
bread making process. This resulted in the
Chorleywood Bread Process
which is now used in over 80% of commercial bread production
throughout the UK.
In the 1973
BBC Television documentary,
Metro-land , Sir John
Chorleywood as "essential
In 1974, the Urban District, along with
Rickmansworth Urban District
and most of
Watford Rural District were merged to form the Three
Rivers non-metropolitan district .
Chorleywood has grown remarkably in the past century following the
extension of the
Metropolitan line of the
London Underground which
Chorleywood in 1889.
Chorleywood station is in Zone 7 on the
Metropolitan line, situated between Chalfont and Latimer and
Rickmansworth . The majority of trains stopping at
London Underground and the station is also on Chiltern
Railways line running between Marylebone and Aylesbury stations.
Junction 18 of the M25 with the A404 is at Chorleywood.
The 336 bus route runs via
High Wycombe and
Chorleywood Urban District in 1971 was
a small authority separated from
Watford Rural District
Chorleywood Common is 0.8 square kilometres (200 acres) of wooded
common land . It is a County Heritage Site, with significant
biodiversity. Since cattle grazing ended soon after the First World
War , the land has been used for recreational purposes. Chorleywood
Golf Club maintains a nine-hole golf course on the Common.
In the 19th century, the MCC established a cricket pitch on the
Common, which is used by
Chorleywood Cricket Club's senior and junior
teams to this day.
Map of "Metro-land", from the 1924
Metro-land booklet published
by the Metropolitan Railway
Chorleywood is a part of the UK Parliament constituency , South West
David Gauke , a resident, is the Member of Parliament
(MP) and the current
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
Chief Secretary to the Treasury .
Chorleywood constituency, including Chorleywood,
Abbots Langley is represented by Chris Hayward, Conservative ,
Hertfordshire County Council .
At a district level,
Chorleywood is part of Three Rivers ; the two
Chorleywood North &
Chorleywood South & Maple
Cross, are divided by the railway line.
Chorleywood South Chorleywood
Sarratt includes the north part of Chorleywood, Loudwater ,
Sarratt and Belsize .
Chorleywood parish covers all Chorleywood, Loudwater and
north-western parts of
Chorleywood Parish councillors
are currently ten Liberal Democrats and seven Conservatives.
St Clement Danes School
St Clement Danes School is a mixed academy school . Russell School,
Chorleywood Primary and Christ Church schools are all mixed primary
At the 2011 census, the parish of
Chorleywood had a resident
population of 11,286, of whom:
(parish) THREE RIVERS
* ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics.
Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
* ^ "Suburbs score in quality of life". BBC News. 6 May 2004.
Retrieved 10 September 2006.
* ^ A B C D E F "Local History".
Chorleywood Parish Council.
Retrieved 11 June 2008.
* ^ "The
Chorleywood Bread Process, Training course, Campden and
Chorleywood Food Research Association (CCFRA)". Archived from the
original on 28 September 2007.
* ^ Davidson, Max (5 June 2002). "End of the line for a poet\'s
The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph . London. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
* ^ "
David Gauke MP". Conservative Party . Retrieved 10 June 2008.
* ^ "Age structure".
United Kingdom Census 2011. Office for
National Statistics. 12 February 2013.
* ^ "Ethnic group".