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Synonyms

Chondrochilus Heckel, 1843 Chondrorhynchus Heckel, 1843 Machaerochilus Fitzinger, 1873 Nasus Basilewsky, 1855

Chondrostoma
Chondrostoma
(from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots χόνδρος (khondros, “lump”) + στόμα (stoma, “mouth”) = “lump-mouth”) is a genus of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. They are commonly known as nases, though this term is also used locally to denote particular species, most frequently the common nase (C. nasus). The common name refers to the protruding upper jaw of these fishes; it is derived from the German term Nase, meaning "nose." Several species have a very restricted range. Some of these endemics are very rare nowadays, and at least one species is globally extinct. It is commonly described as a native species in Slovenia rivers and canals, as for example in the Sava. By its close colours, fins and shape, it can be confused with the common roach (Rutilus rutilus).

Contents

1 Systematics 2 Species 3 Footnotes 4 References

Systematics[edit] In 2007 it was determined that the presumed monophyletic group consisted of six at least partly independent lineages of Leuciscinae, meaning that the rasping feeding apparatus evolved more than once. It was proposed to split the genus in six in consequence: Achondrostoma, Chondrostoma, Iberochondrostoma, Pseudochondrostoma, Protochondrostoma and Parachondrostoma. But at least Achondrostoma
Achondrostoma
and Iberochondrostoma may not be separable.[1] Species[edit] There are currently 20 recognized species in this genus:[2]

Chondrostoma angorense
Chondrostoma angorense
Elvira, 1987 Chondrostoma beysehirense
Chondrostoma beysehirense
Bogutskaya, 1997 Chondrostoma colchicum
Chondrostoma colchicum
Derjugin, 1899 (Colchic nase) Chondrostoma cyri
Chondrostoma cyri
Kessler, 1877 (Kura nase) Chondrostoma fahirae
Chondrostoma fahirae
(Ladiges, 1960) Chondrostoma holmwoodii
Chondrostoma holmwoodii
(Boulenger, 1896) Chondrostoma kinzelbachi
Chondrostoma kinzelbachi
Krupp, 1985 Chondrostoma knerii
Chondrostoma knerii
Heckel, 1843 Chondrostoma kubanicum
Chondrostoma kubanicum
L. S. Berg, 1914 (Kuban's nase) Chondrostoma meandrense
Chondrostoma meandrense
Elvira, 1987 Chondrostoma nasus
Chondrostoma nasus
(Linnaeus, 1758) (Common nase, sneep) Chondrostoma orientale Bianco & Bănărescu, 1982 Chondrostoma oxyrhynchum
Chondrostoma oxyrhynchum
Kessler, 1877 (Terek nase) Chondrostoma phoxinus
Chondrostoma phoxinus
Heckel, 1843 (Minnow-nase) Chondrostoma prespense
Chondrostoma prespense
S. L. Karaman, 1924 Chondrostoma regium
Chondrostoma regium
(Heckel, 1843) † Chondrostoma scodrense
Chondrostoma scodrense
Elvira, 1987 Chondrostoma soetta
Chondrostoma soetta
Bonaparte, 1840 Chondrostoma vardarense
Chondrostoma vardarense
S. L. Karaman, 1928 Chondrostoma variabile
Chondrostoma variabile
Yakovlev, 1870 (Volga undermouth)

Footnotes[edit]

^ Gante et al. (2007), Robalo et al. (2008) ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species
Species
of Chondrostoma
Chondrostoma
in FishBase. December 2012 version.

References[edit]

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Species
Species
of Chondrostoma in FishBase. August 2011 version. Gante, Hugo F.; Santos, Carlos D. & Alves, Maria Judite (2007): A new species of Chondrostoma
Chondrostoma
Agassiz, 1832 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) with sexual dimorphism from the lower Rio Tejo Basin. Zootaxa 1616: 23–35. PDF abstract Robalo, J.I; Doadrio, I.; Valente, A. & Almada, V.C. (2008): Insights on speciation patterns in the genus Iberochondrostoma (Cyprinidae): Evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear data.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q141255 ADW: Chondrostoma EoL: 13106 EPPO: 1CSTMG Fauna Europaea: 304430 GBIF: 2360535 ITIS: 638877 NCBI: 5

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