Chitose River
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is a river in
Hokkaidō , officially Hokkaidō Circuit Prefecture, is the Japanese archipelago, second largest island of Japan and comprises the largest and northernmost Prefectures of Japan, prefecture. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaidō from Honshu; the two islan ...
,
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
. The river is a class A river. In the city of Ebetsu, the river is sometimes known as . In the
Ainu language Ainu ( ''Ainu-itak'') or more precisely Hokkaido Ainu, is a language spoken by a few elderly members of the Ainu people The Ainu or the Aynu ( ain, アィヌ, , ; ja, アイヌ, ; russian: Áйны, ), also known as the in historical Jap ...
Chitose was originally called ''shikot'', meaning big depression or hollow, like
Lake Shikotsu is a caldera lake in Chitose, Hokkaidō, Chitose, Hokkaidō, Japan. It is a part of the Shikotsu-Toya National Park. Geography Lake Shikotsu is located in the south-west part of Hokkaidō. It has an average depth of and a maximum depth of , ...
a
caldera lake A volcanic crater lake is a lake in a crater that was formed from explosive activity or collapse during a types of volcanic eruptions, volcanic eruption. Lakes in calderas fill large craters formed by the collapse of a volca ...
. To the Japanese, this sounded too much like , so it was changed to ''Chitose''. The name of the river was changed in 1805.


Course

The Chitose River is the outflow of Lake Shikotsu. From the lake the river flows through a series of power plants owned by the
Oji Paper Company is a Japanese manufacturer of papermaking, paper products. In 2012 the company was the third largest company in the global forest industry, forest, paper industry, paper and packaging industry. The company's stock is listed on the Tokyo Stock Ex ...
. The Chitose River flows through the center of the city of Chitose, before entering the
Ishikari Plain Ishikari Plain () is a plain In geography, a plain is a flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation, and is primarily treeless. Plains occur as lowlands along valleys or at the base of mountains, as coastal plains, ...
. On the plain, the river feeds and is fed by numerous irrigation canals. Here the Chitose River forms part of the border between
Ishikari is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be ...

Ishikari
and
Sorachi Subprefecture is a Subprefectures of Hokkaido, subprefecture of Hokkaido, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. As of 2004, its estimated population is 373,736 and its area is 6,558.26 km². Geography Cities 10 cities are located in Sorachi Subprefecture: Towns an ...

Sorachi Subprefecture
s. Finally, the river passes through the city of
Ebetsu is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be ...
before it flows into the
Ishikari River is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be ...
.


Flooding

The Chitose River causes flooding damage about every two years, widening to as many as . The last major flood was in 1981, where the river flooded 2700 homes and of land. National, prefectural, and local governments have been adopting numerous measures to try to reduce the severity of the flooding.


References


External links


Geographical Survey Institute
{{Authority control Rivers of Hokkaido Rivers of Japan