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CHISLEHURST (/ˈtʃɪzəlˈhɜːrst/ ) is an affluent suburban district in south east London , England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley . It borders the London Boroughs of Bexley and Greenwich , and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup . It is 10.5 miles (16.9 km) south east of Charing Cross .

CONTENTS

* 1 Toponymy * 2 History * 3 Present * 4 Education * 5 Notable residents * 6 Places of worship

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Rail * 7.2 Bus

* 8 Nearby Areas * 9 References

TOPONYMY

The name "Chislehurst" is derived from the Saxon words _cisel_ 'gravel', and _hyrst_ 'wooded hill'.

HISTORY

Camden Place in 2011

Camden Place (now Chislehurst Golf Club, 51° 24′ 40.05″N 0° 3′ 55.69″E ) takes its name from the antiquary William Camden , who lived in the former house on the site from c.1609 until his death in 1623. The present house was built shortly before 1717, and was given a number of additions in the late 18th and very early 19th centuries by the architect George Dance the younger . In about 1760, the house and estate were bought by Charles Pratt , the Attorney General , and later Lord Chancellor . Pratt was ennobled in 1765, taking the title Baron Camden, of Camden Place: in 1786 he was created Earl Camden . A later occupant of the house, from 1871 until his death there in 1873, was the exiled French Emperor, Napoleon III . His body and that of the Prince Imperial were originally buried in St Mary\'s Church , before being removed to St Michael\'s Abbey, Farnborough . The Emperor's widow, the Empress Eugénie , remained at Camden Place until 1885. There is a memorial to Napoléon Eugène on Chislehurst Common, and the area's connections with the imperial family are found in many road names and in the local telephone code, 467, which in its earlier format corresponded to the letters IMP (for _imperial_).

Chislehurst Common (and nearby St Paul's Cray Common) were saved from development in 1888 following campaigns by local residents. They were a popular destination for bank holiday trips in the early 20th century, and now provide a valuable green space. Nearby Petts Wood , Hawkwood and Scadbury have also been preserved as open spaces following local campaigns.

The Chislehurst civil parish formed an urban district of Kent from 1894 to 1934. In 1934 it became part of the Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District , which was split in 1965 between the London boroughs of Bromley and Bexley .

Chislehurst is home to the Derwent House , designed by William Willett .

The Walsingham family, including Christopher Marlowe 's patron, Sir Thomas Walsingham and Queen Elizabeth I\'s spymaster, Francis Walsingham , had a home in Scadbury Park , now a nature reserve in which the ruins of the house can still be seen.

A water tower used to straddle the road from Chislehurst to Bromley until it was demolished in 1963 as one of the last acts of the Chislehurst and Sidcup UDC. It marked the entrance to the Wythes Estate in Bickley , but its narrow archway meant that double-decker buses were not able to be used on the route.

PRESENT

Royal Parade St Nicholas' Church and Charles A Janson Memorial Drinking Fountain Chislehurst Caves entrance

Chislehurst is regarded as an affluent area and one of the most expensive places to live in South East London. Chislehurst West may be found by going towards Mottingham and this area includes the biggest of the ponds and the High Street which has many pubs and restaurants. Chislehurst West was previously known as "Pricking" and "Prickend".

A local attraction is Chislehurst Caves . The caves are considered to be of very ancient origin. They were originally used to mine flint and chalk. During World War II , thousands of people used them nightly as an air raid shelter. There is even a chapel. One child was born in the caves during World War II, and was given a middle name of 'Cavena'. The caves have also been used as a venue for live music; Jimi Hendrix , the Who and the Rolling Stones have all played there.

Chislehurst is one of the starting points for the Green Chain Walk , linking to places such as Crystal Palace , Erith , the Thames Barrier and Thamesmead .

EDUCATION

* Bullers Wood School (all-girls) * Chislehurst School for Girls * Coopers School * Farrington's School * Chislehurst C of E Primary School * Edgebury Primary School * Red Hill Primary School * Mead Road Infant School

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

* Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte , President of France 1848–52, Emperor of the French 1854–70. * William Camden (1551–1623), antiquary , historian, and Clarenceux King of Arms , lived in the house later known as Camden Place from _c_.1609 until his death there in 1623. * Malcolm Campbell , former land and water speed record holder, was born in Chislehurst and is buried in St. Nicholas Parish Church next to his parents. * George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822–1882), eminent architect lived at Walpole, Manor Park. He is buried in the St Nicholas' churchyard. * Richmal Crompton , author of the _ Just William _ series of books. * John Hemming-Clark, author. * E. J. May (1853–1941), architect, lived locally and designed a number of local buildings. * Countess of Teba and Empress of France, Eugénie de Montijo . * Charles Pratt (1714–1794), Baron Camden from 1765 and 1st Earl Camden from 1786, Attorney General , Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas , and Lord Chancellor , lived at Camden Place from c.1760. * Siouxsie Sioux , singer, most famous for being in the band Siouxsie and the Banshees * Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is buried in St Nicholas's Church, Chislehurst. He was an owner of Scadbury Park , and the city of Sydney, Australia is named after him. * Sir Francis Walsingham , spymaster to Elizabeth I , and his son, Sir Thomas Walsingham . * Alan Watts , philosopher, born and raised in Chislehurst, moved to the United States in 1938. * William Willett , a campaigner for daylight saving time , lived most of his adult life in Chislehurst. * Ted Willis , creator of Dixon of Dock Green. * William Hyde Wollaston , chemist and physicist who discovered rhodium and palladium .

PLACES OF WORSHIP

* Chislehurst Baptist Church * St Patrick's Catholic Church * Christ Church Chislehurst * Elmstead Baptist Church * Chislehurst Methodist Church * The Annuncation * St. Nicholas * Darul Uloom Mosque and School * Ichthus Christian Fellowship * St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, original burial place of Napoleon III and his son the Prince Imperial (killed when acting as an observer in the Boer War)

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Chislehurst station links the area with National Rail services to London Charing Cross and to Sevenoaks via Orpington .

BUS

* 61 to Bromley North via Orpington * 160 to Catford via Eltham and to Sidcup * 161 to North Greenwich via Eltham and Woolwich * 162 to Eltham and to Beckenham Junction via Bromley * 269 to Bexleyheath via Sidcup and to Bromley North * 273 to Lewisham via Grove Park and to Petts Wood * R7 to Chelsfield Village via Orpington

NEARBY AREAS

Chislehurst borders New Eltham to the north, Sidcup to the north east and east, St Paul\'s Cray to the south east, Petts Wood to the south, Bickley to the south west, Elmstead to the west and Mottingham to the north west.

REFERENCES

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHISLEHURST _.

* ^ " Bromley Ward population 2011". _Neighbourhood Statistics_. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 October 2016. * ^ Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, _ London 2: South_, Buildings of England (Harmondsworth, 1983), p. 180. * ^ _ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chislehurst". Encyclopædia Britannica _. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 247. * ^ Vision of Britain - Chilsehurst UD (historic map) * ^ Vision of Britain - Chislehurst and Sidcup UD (historic map) * ^ Friends of Scadbury Park * ^ The baby was christened Rose Cavena Wakeman according to the official guides. Birth records show that a baby called Rose L.C. Wakeman was born in Chislehurst in 1946, which is consistent with the story. * ^ "MEDIA - IN YOU GO! by John Hemming-Clark". _www.inyougo.webeden.co.uk_. Retrieved 2015-05-08. * ^ Chislehurst Baptist Church * ^ Christ Church Chislehurst * ^ Elmstead Baptist Church, Chislehurst * ^ Chislehurst * ^ Chislehurst, Chislehurst: The Annunciation Church - Kent Diocese of Rochester * ^ Chislehurst, Chislehurst: St Nicholas Church - Kent Diocese of Rochester * ^ Ichthus Chislehurst

* v * t * e

London Borough of Bromley

DISTRICTS

* Anerley * Aperfield * Beckenham * Berry\'s Green * Bickley * Biggin Hill * Bromley * Bromley Common * Broom Hill * Chelsfield * Chislehurst * Crystal Palace * Cudham * Downe * Eden Park * Elmers End * Elmstead * Farnborough * Foxbury * Goddington * Green Street Green * Hayes * Hazelwood * Hockenden * Horns Green * Keston * Leaves Green * Locksbottom * Longlands * Luxted * Mottingham * New Beckenham * Orpington * Park Langley * Penge * Petts Wood * Plaistow * Poverest * Pratt\'s Bottom * Ruxley * St Mary Cray * St Paul Cray * Shortlands * Single Street * Southborough * South Street * Sundridge * Sydenham * Upper Norwood * West Wickham * Widmore

ATTRACTIONS

* Bromley Museum * Chislehurst Caves * Churchill Theatre * Crofton Roman Villa * Crystal Palace Museum * Down House * Wickham Theatre

PARKS AND OPEN SPACES

* Betts Park * Bromley Wood * Chislehurst Common * Covet Wood * Crystal Palace Park * Cuckoo Wood * Cudham Frith * Darrick Wood * Elmstead Wood * Hayes Common * High Elms Country Park * Jubilee Country Park * Kelsey Park * Norman Park * Poverest Recreation Ground * Scadbury Park * Sundridge Park

PLACES OF WORSHIP

* St George\'s Church, Beckenham * St John the Evangelist\'s Church, Penge * St Mark\'s Church, Bromley * St Mary\'s Church, Downe * St Mary the Virgin, Hayes * St Peter and St Paul\'s Church, Bromley

CONSTITUENCIES

* Beckenham * Bromley and Chislehurst * Lewisham West and Penge * Orpington

Rail stations and tram stops

* Anerley * Avenue Road * Beckenham Road * Beckenham Junction * Bickley * Birkbeck * Bromley North * Bromley South * Chelsfield * Chislehurst * Clock House * Crystal Palace * Eden Park * Elmers End * Elmstead Woods * Hayes * Kent House * Knockholt * Lower Sydenham * New Beckenham * Orpington * Penge East * Penge West * Petts Wood * Ravensbourne * St Mary Cray * Shortlands * Sundridge Park * West Wickham

OTHER TOPICS

* Coat of arms * Council * Grade I and II* listed buildings * Parks and open spaces * People * Public art * Schools

* v * t * e

Areas of London

CENTRAL ACTIVITIES ZONE

* Bloomsbury * City of London wards * Holborn * Mayfair * Paddington * Soho * Vauxhall * Waterloo * Westminster

TOWN CENTRE NETWORK

INTERNATIONAL

* Knightsbridge * West End

METROPOLITAN

* Bromley * Croydon * Ealing * Harrow * Hounslow * Ilford * Kingston * Romford * Shepherd\'s Bush * Stratford * Sutton * Uxbridge * Wood Green

MAJOR

* Angel * Barking * Bexleyheath * Brixton * Camden Town * Canary Wharf * Catford * Chiswick * Clapham Junction * Dalston * East Ham * Edgware * Eltham * Enfield Town * Fulham * Hammersmith * Holloway Nags Head * Kensington High Street * Kilburn * King\'s Road East * Lewisham * Orpington * Peckham * Putney * Queensway / Westbourne Grove * Richmond * Southall * Streatham * Tooting * Walthamstow * Wandsworth * Wembley * Whitechapel * Wimbledon * Woolwich

Districts (principal)

* Acton * Beckenham * Bethnal Green * Brentford * Camberwell * Canada Water * Carshalton * Chadwell Heath * Chingford * Clapham * Crystal Palace * Coulsdon * Cricklewood * Dagenham * Deptford * Dulwich * Edmonton * Elephant and Castle * Erith * Feltham * Finchley * Forest Gate * Forest Hill * Golders Green * Greenwich * Harlesden * Hampstead * Harringay * Hendon * Hornchurch * Kentish Town * Leyton * Mill Hill * Mitcham * Morden * Muswell Hill * New Cross * New Malden * Northwood * Notting Hill * Penge * Pinner * Purley * Ruislip * Sidcup * Southgate * South Norwood * Stoke Newington * Surbiton * Sydenham * Teddington * Thamesmead * Tolworth * Twickenham * Tulse Hill * Upminster * Upper Norwood * Wanstead * Wealdstone * Welling * West Hampstead * West Norwood * Willesden Green * Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

* Abbey Wood * Alperton * Anerley * Barnes * Barnsbury * Battersea * Beckton * Bermondsey * Bow * Brent Cross * Brockley * Canonbury * Charlton * Chelsea * Chessington * Chipping Barnet * Chislehurst * Clerkenwell * Elmers End * Gidea Park * Gunnersbury * Hackbridge * Hackney * Harold Wood * Highams Park * Highbury * Highgate * Hillingdon * Hook * Holloway * Hoxton * Ickenham * Isle of Dogs * Isleworth * Islington * Kensal Green * Kew * Lambeth * Manor Park * Marylebone * Mortlake * Northolt * Nunhead * Poplar * Roehampton * Rotherhithe * Seven Kings * Seven Sisters * Shoreditch * Southwark * Stepney * St Helier * Surrey Quays * Tottenham * Upper Clapton * Walworth * Wapping * West Ham * Worcester Park

LISTS OF ALL AREAS BY BOROUGH

* Barking and Dagenham * Barnet * Bexley * Brent * Bromley * Camden * Croydon * Ealing * Enfield * Greenwich * Hackney * Hammersmith and Fulham * Haringey * Harrow * Havering * Hillingdon * Hounslow * Islington * Kensington and Chelsea * Kingston upon Thames * Lambeth * Lewisham * Merton * Newham * Redbridge * Richmond upon Thames * Southwark * Sutton * Tower Hamlets * Waltham Forest * Wandsworth * Westminster

London Plan, Annex Two: London\'s Town Centre Network

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