Chiseldon is a village and civil parish in the borough of Swindon,
Wiltshire, England. It takes its name from the Old English cisel dene,
or gravel valley, being noted in the
Domesday Book as Chiseldene.
The village lies on the edge of the Marlborough Downs, a mile south of
junction 15 of the M4 motorway, on the A346 between
Marlborough. The large village of Wroughton is 2.5 miles (4 km)
to the east. The parish includes the hamlets of Badbury. Badbury Wick,
Draycot Foliat, Hodson, and Ridgeway View; in the north it includes
the hamlet of Coate, on the edge of the southeast suburbs of Swindon.
The ancient manor of Burderop is also within the parish.
The village houses a school, the
Chiseldon Primary School, which
currently has some 158 pupils enrolled, most of them from the village
itself. The Holy Cross Church is also located in Chiseldon. The church
was built in the thirteenth century along with other local churches in
Ogbourne St. George
Ogbourne St. George and Ogbourne St. Andrew. The village has a
surgery, as well as two hotels one of which is
Chiseldon House Hotel,
an attractive historic property. It also has an
Esso petrol station,
two shops (one housing a post office) and various other businesses.
The engineering consultancy firm Halcrow Group Limited, soon to be
CH2MHill, operates from Burderop Park, located in the parish.
There are two pubs in the village, The Patriots Arms and the Plough
Inn. There is also the Social Club. The Elm Tree Pub has now closed
down; this was originally a thatched beer house and was constructed in
1845 . The pub was named after the elm tree which was
located on the village green until the 1970s.
Chiseldon telephone exchange serves 1048 residential and 39
3 The Parish
4 Local government
5 Local businesses
7 External links
Settlements in the area date back to prehistoric and Roman times, but
Chiseldon itself was started by the Saxons. The
Domesday Book of 1086
recorded a large settlement of 70 households at Chiseldene. At one
point the nearby hamlet of
Draycot Foliat was larger than Chiseldon.
Chiseldon lies on one of the country's oldest highways, the Icknield
Way, although this section of the road is more commonly known as The
In 2004, a large group of Iron Age cauldrons was discovered at a site
close to the centre of the village. This unique find, the largest
group of Iron Age cauldrons to be discovered in Europe, was excavated
in June 2005. Now thought to comprise 17 cauldrons, they were taken to
the British Museum for conservation and research.
Midland and South Western Junction Railway line was constructed in
1881 and ran through the centre of the village until 1961, with a
station that linked the village directly to
Swindon Town station to
the north and Marlborough to the south.
Chiseldon Army Camp was opened in 1914 and closed in 1962. During both
World Wars it was heavily used as a training base for troops and was
in World War II a major base for US Army Troops. The remaining houses
are now known as Ridgeway View.
Chiseldon Local History Group maintain a web site with information
about the history of the village. They also organise a program of
lectures and have a museum in the village.
Most of the population are members of the Church of England[citation
needed] but other denominations of Christianity are present. Holy
Cross Church of
England parish church has a dwindling regular
attendance but many more attend on special occasions. There is a small
congregation of Methodists in the village. The Methodists had a
19th-century church in the village, but sold it in 2006 due to low
finances, low attendance, and regulations requiring the Methodist
church to comply with the Disability Discrimination Act by building a
ramp, which the church could not afford. Holy Cross
parish now lets the Methodists use the church hall for services. The
two groups co-operate on occasions, such as a joint service in 2007 to
commemorate the abolition of slavery.
Some villagers adhere to other major religions, but they are limited
to a few families. Holy Cross parish is in the Church
England Diocese of Salisbury, unlike the rest of the borough of
Swindon, which is within the Diocese of Bristol, but like the rest of
May Day at
Chiseldon School 1934, by Fred C Palmer
The Parish of
Chiseldon encompasses not only the village but also the
neighbouring hamlets of Coate,
Draycot Foliat and Hodson. Draycot
Foliat had its own church and parish in the medieval period, but in
1571 the Bishop of Salisbury ordered the church in Draycot to be
demolished, as neither parish could sustain their own rectors any
Chiseldon was the larger, Draycot was incorporated into its
parish, and the materials from the church in Draycot were used to
repair the church in Chiseldon.
As well as having its own elected parish council,
Chiseldon also falls
within the area of the
Borough of Swindon
Borough of Swindon unitary authority, which is
responsible for all significant local government functions.
Local shops declined in the 20th century, like in many other villages,
due to more people shopping in larger towns (Swindon) rather than in
the village. Current local shops include Chaplins (a small
newsagency), a hairdresser and a small supermarket (that offers many
commodities and is larger than Chaplins or any other store in
Chiseldon). The store was an old army barracks later converted into a
shop. Until recently it was a
SPAR convenience store but is now part
of the 'Premier' chain, named Meadow Stores. Previous local businesses
included a chip shop, which was run by a coal miner, whose customers
apparently used to find traces of coal in their chips[citation
needed]. Many other non-shop businesses survive. There also used to be
a small village post office which was renamed the 'Penny Black' in
2007. It closed and the post office services were then offered in
Meadow Stores until they stopped in 2013. The post office is now part
of the Spa store which is on the site of the old Chaplins shop.
Chiseldon - 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for
National Statistics. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
Chiseldon in the Domesday Book
^ Winterburn, John B (January 2008). "The
Current Archaeology (214): 25–32.
^ "The British Mueum".
Chiseldon cauldrons Unearthing and conserving
an Iron Age feast. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
Chiseldon Local History Group".
Chiseldon Local History Group.
Retrieved 6 April 2017.
Victoria County History, Wiltshire, Vol.9, 1970, Parishes: Chiseldon,
Chiseldon Parish Council
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